Article

Effects of 7 weeks of rope-jump training on cardiovascular endurance, speed, and agility in middle school student boys

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a 7-week of rope-jump training on speed, endurance and agility in middle school male students. Twenty eight male students (age 11.87±0.33 year, weight 40.30±9.72, height 1.49±0.08 m) were recruited from pre-high school and randomly were assigned into rope-jump training (n = 14) and control (n =14) groups. The rope-jump training group (RJT) underwent 7 weeks of jump rope training (15-50 min/d, 3 d/wk). The 7-wk rope jump training significantly improved cardiovascular endurance (10.33%) and agility (3.17%) compared to control group. The 50-m sprint test was also improved by 0.29% in RJT compared to control group (p>0.05). In conclusion, the current findings indicate that 7 weeks rope jump training is a feasible and safe training method for improving cardiovascular endurance and agility in middle school student boys. However, rope jump training confers small improvements in sprint performance in middle school student boys.

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... Skipping may consist of only one person swinging and jumping over the rope or more than two participants, two of whom swing the rope while the other participants jump over the rope [15]. The rope is portable and relatively inexpensive compared to other exercise equipment [16]. Skipping has been performed by children as a fun game, used by boxers as a warm-up exercise and by regular exercisers as a cardio exercise since time immemorial [17,18]. ...
... Skipping has been performed by children as a fun game, used by boxers as a warm-up exercise and by regular exercisers as a cardio exercise since time immemorial [17,18]. Recently, many countries around the globe have incorporated skipping in their PE lessons [16] in an effort to help children achieve a better quality of life, and improve or maintain their physical fitness via PA. This was informed by the recommendation of Janssen and LeBlanc [19], who indicated that children and youth should accrue 30 min of daily moderate-to-vigorous intensity PA for optimum health. ...
... Some studies have shown that performing skipping for a period of six weeks can improve the physical fitness of the participants [24][25][26]. Other studies also reported a significant improvement in the physiological variables of participants after performing skipping for seven weeks [16,27], eight weeks [28,29], 12 weeks [30,31], 15 weeks [19] and 40 weeks [32]. Based on the successes of these skipping interventions to improve the participants' physical fitness variables after a minimum of six weeks and a maximum of 40 weeks, it was conceptualized that nine weeks of skipping training may positively influence certain health outcomes of school-aged children. ...
Article
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Studies examining the effectiveness of rope skipping training to improve the body mass index (BMI) of school children are scarce. Hence, this study examined the effectiveness of nine-week skipping training on the BMI of primary six school-aged children (n = 77). The participants underwent 30 min of skipping training three days per week over a nine-week period. The participants’ BMI was measured at the baseline and during weeks 3, 6 and 9. The results from a one-way ANOVA with repeated measures indicated a statistically significant difference in the BMI for both males [F(3,111) = 9.42, p < 0.001, hp2 = 0.203] and females [F(3,114) = 7.35, p < 0.001, hp2 = 0.162], suggesting an improvement in BMI. Post hoc comparisons with a Bonferroni adjustment revealed significant differences in BMI after nine weeks of intervention for males between the pre-test (M = 21.47, SD = 4.94) and the 9-week post-test (M = 20.15, SD = 4.36), and for females between the pre-test (M = 21.56, SD = 5.80) and the 9-week post-test (M = 20.68, SD = 5.32). This study demonstrated that regular participation in vigorous physical activity such as skipping training could promote child health by preventing the likelihood of young children being overweight. This result has implications for the inclusion of skipping training into the school life of school-aged children to help manage their BMI levels.
... Therefore, the standing long jump performance is very important, and it is also an important factor in measuring physical fitness. Besides, rope skipping exercises the whole body that can improve body mass index, cardiorespiratory endurance, motor coordination, agility, speed, force and balance ability, and plays a prominent role in the improvement of athletic ability [4][5][6][7][8][9]. The activity is extremely safe, requires little space, is inexpensive, and can be performed at home. ...
... The activity is extremely safe, requires little space, is inexpensive, and can be performed at home. Moreover, rope skipping offers clear advantages for a wide range of participants including health-conscious adults, exercising teenagers, specialist athletes, and growing children [4,[10][11][12][13]. ...
... The study is considered a key performance index for volleyball players. Separate reports describe improvements in cardiovascular endurance (10.33%) and agility (3.17%) of adolescent boys following 7-week rope skipping training (3 times per week and for 15-50 min) [4]. In addition, teenagers' body mass index can be increased and their physical fitness improved by 8 weeks of rope skipping [13]. ...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to explore the utility of an 8-week rope skipping intervention in enhancing standing long jump performance was assessed by means of specific kinematic parameters acquired by 3-D space photography. The fifteen male college students from the physical education institute were randomly recruited as the research subjects. Participants first completed a standing long jump test without rope skipping intervention. Participants subsequently took part in a second standing long jump test after rope skipping training. Two high-speed digital cameras with 100 Hz sampling rate were synchronized to capture the movement. The captured images were processed using motion analysis suite, and the markers attached to joints on images were optical auto capture. Based on the results, the velocity of the center of gravity at take-off and landing were significantly improved. In addition, the study confirmed the requirement for forward tilt of the hip joint at landing to increase the velocity of the center of gravity and hence long jump distance. The detailed kinematic analysis described here provided further evidence of the benefits of integrating non-specialized and specialized training activities to enhance athletic performance and offers a contribution to movement theory and practice.
... The objective of the study was to determine the effectiveness of the eight-week training program in increasing the cardiovascular endurance of the subjects by measuring the VO 2 max among University students. Currently, there is limited research whether jump-rope based program can be used as a training method to the Physical Fitness Levels among University Students improve the physical fitness among University students [14]. The main findings of the study revealed that the 8-week training program significantly improves the cardiovascular endurance among the participants. ...
... The study indicates that the Multistage Jumping Rope Program is an effective method for improving cardiovascular endurance among University students. These findings are supported by the study of Partavi [14] who concluded that the 7-week rope jump training is and effective method for improving cardiovascular endurance among adolescent boys and Chao-Chien and Yi-Chun [15] who showed that the 12-week jumping rope training significantly influence the cardiovascular endurance among students who are intellectually impaired. Further, the study is consistent with previous literatures which reported that a rope-jump based training program significantly improves cardiovascular endurance [14,[16][17][18][19]. ...
... These findings are supported by the study of Partavi [14] who concluded that the 7-week rope jump training is and effective method for improving cardiovascular endurance among adolescent boys and Chao-Chien and Yi-Chun [15] who showed that the 12-week jumping rope training significantly influence the cardiovascular endurance among students who are intellectually impaired. Further, the study is consistent with previous literatures which reported that a rope-jump based training program significantly improves cardiovascular endurance [14,[16][17][18][19]. ...
Article
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Several studies have shown that there has been a sudden decrease in physical activity levels among University students. This is alarming as physical inactivity is a known risk factor for many chronic diseases. Hence, Universities are in the best position to examine the personal and professional lifestyles among their students. The study was conducted in order to determine the effectiveness of the eight week multistage jumping rope training program in enhancing the physical fitness levels of Filipino university students. The study utilized a quasi-experimental research design and employed a purposive sample of 70 participants, who were screened using Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire+ and were required to undergo a progressive eight-week jumping rope test. Cardiovascular endurance was assessed through volume of oxygen uptake or VO 2 max before and after the multistage jumping rope training program. Data was analyzed using frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation and paired t-test. The results revealed a significant difference in the VO 2 max of males and females after the multistage jumping rope training program. The study affirms the effectiveness of the multistage jumping rope test in increasing the VO 2 max of the participants. Hence, integrating the said program in the school curriculum can significantly enhance their cardiovascular fitness.
... The fact that boys are more active than girls is a relatively accepted finding. However, the extent to which gender make differences seems to depend on the type and intensity of activity [9]. ...
... They attributed the reason for this result to the fact that speed is an inherited biological factor. In contrast, Partavi [9] found that seven weeks of jump rope training improves the speed of male students aged 11 to 12. Also, Ozer et al. [13] showed that 12-week jump rope training significantly improves the speed of girl volleyball players aged 14 to 15. ...
Preprint
Different types of training methods can affect children's physical fitness as well as performance in different ways. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of jump rope training on some of the physical and motor fitness factors between male and female primary school students. Forty-three male and female students from primary school volunteered. The students participated in a jump rope training program for 6 weeks (3 sessions per week). Before and after the training periods physical and motor fitness tests including cardiovascular endurance, agility, speed, legs explosive power, hands muscle endurance, hands power, static and dynamic balance were taken from the participants. The data were analyzed using the ANCOVA and dependent T-tests at a significance level of P<0.05. The results showed no significant difference between male and female students in the indices of cardiovascular endurance, speed, hands muscular endurance, hands muscle power, legs explosive power, static and dynamic balance (P>0.05), while the agility index was improved in male students. It is suggested that male and female primary school students use Jump Rope trainings to improve their physical fitness and motor factors.
... Ayrıca ip atlama egzersizi hem açık alanda hem de kapalı alanda yapılabildiğinden dolayı hava şartlarından etkilenmeyen bir egzersiz yöntemi olduğu söylenebilir (Rosato, 1986). Şiddeti ve sıçrama sayısı esnetilebilen bir aktivite olan ip atlama egzersizi, kas dayanıklılığı ve kardiovasküler sistemin muhafaza edilmesinde ve geliştirilmesinde önemli bir uygulama olmasının yanında spor branşlarına hazırlığa yardımcı olabilmekte ve ayak hareketlerini geliştirebilmektedir (Kato ve arkadaşları, 2006;Pulur, 2010;Partavi, 2013). Egzersizlerde bir ısınma ya da koordinasyon yöntemi olarak kullanılan ip atlama çalışmaları, Organizmanın koordinasyon gelişiminde çok önemli bir yer tutar. ...
... 12 haftalık antrenmandan sonra elde edilen 30 metre sürat ön test-son test bulguları ağırlıklı ip atlama grubu lehine anlamlı artış bulunmuştur (Turgut, Çolakoğlu, Güzel, Karacan ve Baltacı, 2016). Partavi'nın yapmış olduğu ortaokul öğrencilerinde 7 haftalık ip atlama egzersizinin kardiyovasküler dayanıklılık, hız ve çeviklik üzerine etkilerini incelediği araştırma sonucunda, ip atlama egzersiz grubunun kontrol grubuna oranla 50 m sprint performansları önemli düzeyde olmamasına rağmen küçük bir gelişme gözlenmiştir (Partavi, 2013). Şahin'in yapmış olduğu farklı hızlarda ip atlayan 20 antrenmanlı kadın üzerinde yapmış olduğu çalışmada ip atlama gruplarının 50 metre sürat performanslarının geliştiği şeklinde bulguya ulaşmıştır (Şahin, 2017). ...
... Moreover, it can improve cardiovascular endurance, agility, and functional balance. [37][38][39] It parallels the research of Ghaderiyan et al 40 who found that rope plyometrics improves postural control and static and dynamic balance in individuals with a cavus foot. In addition, Duthie et al 41 reported that a 6-week plyometric exercise program improves balance in hockey players. ...
... Many studies have shown improvements in instability by examining the performance and overall static and dynamic balance of healthy young and older adults following a balanced training program that included balance and plyometric exercises. 37,51 Many studies showed a positive effect of balance training on balance performance and decreased injury incidence in different musculoskeletal conditions (anterior cruciate ligament [ACL], ankle sprain, and chronic ankle instability). 52 57 Several other studies concluded that strength training induces an increase in static and dynamic balance. ...
Article
Introduction Plyometrics and balance exercises have been shown to reduce lower limb injury incidence. The effects of combining these exercises on dynamic balance have not been investigated. Objective This study aimed to evaluate the effect of plyometrics and balance exercises and a combination of both exercises on postural stability among female athletes compared to those who did not perform any specific exercise (control). Design Randomized controlled trial. Setting Sports Medicine Laboratory. Participants Two hundred female athletes aged 21.9±2.4 years were randomly assigned to a plyometrics exercises group (n = 50), a balance exercises group (n = 50), a combination of both exercises group (n = 50), or a control group (n = 50). One hundred seventy-nine female college athletes completed the study. Interventions Plyometrics exercises, balance exercises and a combination of both exercises. Outcome Measures Limits of stability, which was assessed using the Biodex Stability System to assess the performance of the dynamic balance. It was measured pre and post-intervention after six weeks. Results There were no differences in baseline data between groups (p = .557). All groups showed significant improvements in limits of stability (p < .001). The most marked improvement in the limits of stability was shown in the combination group compared to the control group (MD = 4.1 %, 95% CI [2.8, 5.3], p < .001). Conclusions Combining plyometrics and balance exercises significantly increases the dynamic balance performance post-intervention among female athletes compared to the control group. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
... It also develops the coordination of neuromuscular skills, muscle strength, and cardiovascular endurance [7]. Several studies, mostly from Asia, tested whether the inclusion of jumping rope routines or programs in PE classes would be beneficial to students--most of them with children as subjects [8,9]. It was found that the training had significant effects on their cardiovascular endurance, flexibility, and muscular strength and endurance [10]. ...
... The following protocols were observed for each of the three field tests: Table 1 shows the rope jumping test routine for eight weeks held at the school gym. This was slightly patterned after Partavi's rope-jump training program [8]. It starts with the usual warm-up exercise which is dynamic stretching for 10 minutes except for the first week with only 5 minutes. ...
... Interestingly, the waist circumference of the traditional jump rope group increased significantly (7.88%; d = 0.84) while other two groups had no significant changes. The findings contradicted previous studies' results that jump rope-based interventions significantly reduced participants' body fatness [25,39]. This might be due to different measures, in which body mass index (BMI) was frequently used in the previous research [25,39]. ...
... The findings contradicted previous studies' results that jump rope-based interventions significantly reduced participants' body fatness [25,39]. This might be due to different measures, in which body mass index (BMI) was frequently used in the previous research [25,39]. Although it might be difficult to elucidate this contradictive result, our study recognized that the participants' waist circumferences were within the non-risky range of overweight or obese (≤88.9-101.6 cm) [56]. ...
Article
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The major purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a jump rope-based physical activity afterschool program on middle school students’ physical fitness. Sixty students (Mage = 13.37, SD = 0.58; 53.3% female) participated in a 12-week jump rope-based afterschool program (45 min/time, three times/week). Participants were randomly assigned to three groups: (a) freestyle rope skipping (N = 20), traditional jump rope (N = 20), and a control group (N = 20). Physical fitness tests, including muscular strength (standing long jump, right-hand grip, and left-hand grip), flexibility, body composition, and bone mineral density (BMD) were measured in pre- and post-tests. A 2 (time) × 3 (groups) repeated measure multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was performed. The results found significant improvements in muscular strength (standing long jump, right-hand grip, and left-hand grip) in both intervention groups (p < 0.001; ds = 0.2–0.44). Only the freestyle rope skipping group had increased BMD (p < 0.05, d = 0.33). Compared to the traditional jump rope, the freestyle rope skipping group showed significantly higher improvement in flexibility (p < 0.05, d = 0.83). These findings suggest that the jump rope-based afterschool program with freestyle rope skipping would be more effective than traditional jump rope to promote physical fitness performance among adolescents.
... Moreover, it can improve cardiovascular endurance, agility, and functional balance. [37][38][39] It parallels the research of Ghaderiyan et al 40 who found that rope plyometrics improves postural control and static and dynamic balance in individuals with a cavus foot. In addition, Duthie et al 41 reported that a 6-week plyometric exercise program improves balance in hockey players. ...
... Many studies have shown improvements in instability by examining the performance and overall static and dynamic balance of healthy young and older adults following a balanced training program that included balance and plyometric exercises. 37,51 Many studies showed a positive effect of balance training on balance performance and decreased injury incidence in different musculoskeletal conditions (anterior cruciate ligament [ACL], ankle sprain, and chronic ankle instability). 52 57 Several other studies concluded that strength training induces an increase in static and dynamic balance. ...
Conference Paper
Background: Single-Leg Stance (SLS) and Jumping exercises (JE) have been evaluated and shown significantly reduce in injury incidence. However, their effects on improving the static balance have not been investigated and yet may be important. The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of SLS and JE on postural stability compares to no treatment (control) among female college students. Methods: Female college students aged 19-25 years were randomly assigned to SLS and JE group (n = 47), SLS group (n = 44), JE group (n = 42) or a control group (n = 46). All groups performed the pre-post treatment test using Biodex Balance Stability System to assess the postural stability (primary outcome measure). Paired t test and analysis of variance (ANOVA) with Tukey's post hoc tests were used to analyze the differences among group. The data was analyzed using IBM SPSS software. Results: There were no significant differences on baseline data between groups. SLS group (44.30 ± 5.36; p < 0.001), JE group (43.93 ± 5.37; p < 0.001) and JE + SLS (48.51 ± 6.09; p < 0.001) showed significant improvements post treatment more than control group (27.54 ± 4.79) in postural stability among young female college students. The combined group of JE + SLS showed the most significant improvement in postural stability compared to other groups. Discussion: Although no other studies investigated SLS and JE treatments on the changes of postural stability, evidence support the use of both approaches for injury prevention. Poor balance performance has been associated with an elevated risk for injury. The implementation of SLS and JE can improve postural stability among female college students, leading to reduce injury risk in that population. Trial registration: The trial was registered in the Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry Number Registry (ACTRN12618002037280).
... The fact that boys are more active than girls is a relatively accepted finding. However, the extent to which gender make differences seems to depend on the type and intensity of activity [9]. ...
... They attributed the reason for this result to the fact that speed is an inherited biological factor. In contrast, Partavi [9] found that seven weeks of jump rope training improves the speed of male students aged 11 to 12. Also, Ozer et al. [13] showed that 12-week jump rope training significantly improves the speed of girl volleyball players aged 14 to 15. ...
... Endo et al. (2007) reported that when the rope-jump was used in an efficient way in the growth attack period between 9 and 13 age group, the sprint performance values increased [24]. Partavi (2013) determined that the agility values of the male children (6 th Grade) increased at a significant level (3,17%) after s rope-jump training for 7 weeks [25]. The results of this study are similar to ours. ...
... Endo et al. (2007) reported that when the rope-jump was used in an efficient way in the growth attack period between 9 and 13 age group, the sprint performance values increased [24]. Partavi (2013) determined that the agility values of the male children (6 th Grade) increased at a significant level (3,17%) after s rope-jump training for 7 weeks [25]. The results of this study are similar to ours. ...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study is to examine the effects of rope-jump training program in physical education lessons on strength, speed and VO2 max in 10-12 year old boys. 240 male students; rope-jump group (n=120) and control group (n=120) participated in the study. Rope-Jump group continued 10 weeks of regular physical education and sport lessons and at the same time rope jump training program exercise 3 days a week, while the control group continued physical education and sports lessons only. Body weight, body fat percentage, leg strength, 20m speed test and VO2 max test measurements were taken before and after the 10 week period in both groups. The obtained data were evaluated in the SPSS 16 program. In the statistical analysis, t test was used in dependent and independent groups.As a result of pre-test and post-test, significant differences were found in all parameters except speed of control group (p<0.05). When the measurement differences between pre-test and post-test were compared according to the groups, it was determined that weight, body fat ratio, 20m sprint, VO2 max and leg strength measurements were significantly different in favor of rope jump group (p<0.05). In 10-12 year old boys, rope-jump training program was the result of having a positive effect on strength, VO2 max and especially speed. As a result, the inclusion of rope-jump programs in physical education and sports lesson curriculum, and in sports branch training programs may contribute to the development of children's motor skills and accelerate the development of the children. Keywords:Rope Jump, Speed, Strength, VO2 max, Physical Education Lesson
... Endo et al. (2007) reported that when the rope-jump was used in an efficient way in the growth attack period between 9 and 13 age group, the sprint performance values increased [24]. Partavi (2013) determined that the agility values of the male children (6 th Grade) increased at a significant level (3,17%) after s rope-jump training for 7 weeks [25]. The results of this study are similar to ours. ...
... Endo et al. (2007) reported that when the rope-jump was used in an efficient way in the growth attack period between 9 and 13 age group, the sprint performance values increased [24]. Partavi (2013) determined that the agility values of the male children (6 th Grade) increased at a significant level (3,17%) after s rope-jump training for 7 weeks [25]. The results of this study are similar to ours. ...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study is to examine the effects of rope-jump training program in physical education lessons on strength, speed and VO2 max in 10-12 year old boys. 240 male students; rope-jump group (n=120) and control group (n=120) participated in the study. Rope-Jump group continued 10 weeks of regular physical education and sport lessons and at the same time rope jump training program exercise 3 days a week, while the control group continued physical education and sports lessons only. Body weight, body fat percentage, leg strength, 20m speed test and VO2 max test measurements were taken before and after the 10 week period in both groups. The obtained data were evaluated in the SPSS 16 program. In the statistical analysis, t test was used in dependent and independent groups. As a result of pre-test and post-test, significant differences were found in all parameters except speed of control group (p<0.05). When the measurement differences between pre-test and post-test were compared according to the groups, it was determined that weight, body fat ratio, 20m sprint, VO2 max and leg strength measurements were significantly different in favor of rope jump group (p<0.05). In 10-12 year old boys, rope-jump training program was the result of having a positive effect on strength, VO2 max and especially speed. As a result, the inclusion of rope-jump programs in physical education and sports lesson curriculum, and in sports branch training programs may contribute to the development of children's motor skills and accelerate the development of the children
... Physical education (PE) is considered the primary tool to increase motor fitness of students. In fact, students are not very physically active during traditional school PE classes (Carlson et al., 2013; Ha, Lonsdale, Ng, & Lubans, 2014; Partavi, 2013) [4, 13, 29] . Considering the low physical activity level in many PE lessons, more interventions are needed to enhance physical and motor fitness level of students. ...
... Physical education (PE) is considered the primary tool to increase motor fitness of students. In fact, students are not very physically active during traditional school PE classes (Carlson et al., 2013; Ha, Lonsdale, Ng, & Lubans, 2014; Partavi, 2013) [4, 13, 29] . Considering the low physical activity level in many PE lessons, more interventions are needed to enhance physical and motor fitness level of students. ...
Article
Background/Purpose: Physical education (PE) is considered the primary tool to increase physical fitness (PF) of students. In fact, students are not very physically active during traditional school PE classes. Considering the low physical activity level will lead to a poor motor performance in Chinese college students, more physical activity interventions are needed to increase motor fitness of students. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to assess the preliminary effects of an 8-week school-based Bamboo Dance intervention on motor performance among college students in China. Method: Thirty (male = 18, female = 12) college students (BMI = 22.45±2.61; age = 20.8±2.07) were recruited from the northwest region of China and randomly assigned into experiment and control group. Subjects in the training group were required to participate in Bamboo Dance exercise in regular physical education class. The intervention underwent 8 weeks of training session (90 min per week). Agility, balance, speed, and power were measured before and after the training session for each group. Results: The results of the study indicated that participants in the intervention program showed significantly promotions in balance (102% vs. 3.6%), agility (6.1% vs. .18%), strength (9.6% vs. .33%), and explosive power (8.4% vs. .42%) than students in control group. Conclusions: performing Bamboo Dance provides the health benefits to college students in terms of developing lower extremity-related motor abilities. The study demonstrated that a school-based Bamboo Dance programme is able to initiate changes in college students and could be implemented to other colleges throughout China.
... Skipping rope is a cheap and portable material that is affordable to everyone and also needs only minimum space. It is a low-cost physical activity, thus its impact on physical fitness is being studied by various researchers Skipping rope exercise involves the muscles in the arms and legs, and it also improves cardiovascular function and metabolism (Partavi, 2013). The modern soccer game is very fast by its nature, the spectators and the players enjoy the game of football with a great amount of merriment. ...
Research
Full-text available
The main purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of skipping rope training on resting heart rate and cardio-respiratory endurance among soccer players. A total of forty male soccer players (age 19-24 years) were selected from Manipur University, Imphal, Manipur (India) who participated in the national-level competition. The subjects were randomly assigned into two equal groups, the experimental group (n=20) and the control group (n=20). The groups were measured before the intervention with resting heart rate and cardio-respiratory endurance to find out the overall significant effect among soccer players. After the initial test, the subjects of the experimental group participated in a supervised skipping rope training program, where no special exercise was administered to the control group. Skipping rope training programs were carried out for a period of six weeks, five days of training (Monday to Friday), and 60 minutes for each session. The experimental group showed improved scores in resting heart rate and cardio-respiratory endurance compared to the control group (p<0.05). The mean of the resting heart rate for the pre-test and post-test of the experimental group were 58.60 and 56.45 respectively. The values of the cardio-respiratory endurance were 72.41 and 80.47 respectively. The significant improvement in skipping rope training of the experimental group might be due to the six weeks of the soccer players. Skipping rope training program significantly improved physiological variables such as resting heart rate and motor fitness variables such as cardio-respiratory endurance of the male soccer players.
... Skipping rope exercise merupakan salah satu jenis latihan kelincahan dengan menggunakan seutas tali lalu di ayunkan ke bawah dan ke atas. Menurut penelitian oleh (Partavi, 2013), Salah satu kegiatan yang dapat diberikan untuk peningkatan kelincahan adalah dengan memanfaatkan latihan dengan lompat tali, kegiatan ini juga dapat dimanfaatkan untuk meningkatkan kecepatan dan pernafasan. Menurut (Supaeni, 2011) Skipping adalah suatu kegiatan raga yang cukup simpel, sehingga bisa menarik atensi seluruh orang dari golongan umur, namun cukup susah serta rumit, sehingga merupakan tantangan untuk olahragawan yang memiliki koordinasi baik, kebugaran yang besar serta berbakat. ...
Article
Full-text available
Dalam penelitian ini memiliki tujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh latihan shuttle run dan skipping rope terhadap shadow 6 titik cabor bulutangkis UKM Badminton UM. Metode dalam penelitian ini yaitu pre-experimental two group pretest-posttest design. Subjek pada penelitian ini berjumlah 14 atlet. Teknik pengambilan data menggunakan instrumen tes olah kaki. Data di uji dengan normality test, homogeneity of variance test, dan t test dibantu dengan aplikasi SPSS 25. Hasil dari penelitian menunjukan bahwa terdapat pengaruh latihan shuttle run dan skipping rope terhadap kelincahan shadow 6 titik, dibuktikan dengan diperoleh nilai sig 0,000<0.05 pada latihan shuttle run dan nilai sig 0,003<0.05 pada latihan skipping rope. Latihan shuttle run memiliki kelebihan dalam efektivitas untuk meningkatkan kelincahan shadow 6 titik dengan diperoleh nilai mean 2.29>1.43 dari latihan skipping rope.
... The findings also indicate an integration of multiple elements into jump rope exercise (Pangrazi and Beighle, 2010;Trecroci et al., 2015). Concurrent development in agility, coordination, balance, and reaction can be achieved by means of variations in rope swing, skipping drills, movement directions, and stepping rhythms (Orhan, 2013;Partavi, 2013;Eler and Acar, 2018;Yang et al., 2020). In addition, the quick stretch-shortening cycle contractions during repetitive jumps indicate the characteristics of plyometric training which has been proved effective in improving speed and jump performance (Miyaguchi et al., 2014;García-Pinillos et al., 2020). ...
Article
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Physical activity (PA) homework offers a promising approach for students to be physically active after school. The current study aims to provide holistic insights into PA homework design and the effects of implementation in practice. In total, ninety-three middle school students were randomly assigned to a homework group (HG) or control group (CG). Participants in HG (n = 47) were requested to complete jump rope homework three times per week for 12 weeks, while their counterparts in CG attended one health education class every week. A homework sheet was used to provide instructions and record information for exercise behaviors during homework completion. Physical fitness tests were conducted to investigate the effects of the jump rope homework on the physical fitness of middle school students. After the intervention, participants in HG reported moderate to vigorous PA during jump rope exercise. The average duration for each practice was approximately 48 min. The returned homework sheets accounted for 86.88% of all homework assignments, indicating a good completion rate. Compared with their counterparts in CG, participants performing jump rope exercise indicated greater improvement in speed, endurance, power, and core muscular endurance. Jump rope homework strengthened physical fitness for middle school students, which provided a valuable addition to comprehensive school PA practice.
... The encouraging results from these previous studies have offered the support for future studies to begin developing targeted training programs for the unique needs of specific types of childhood cancer survivors. Research supports training programs that incorporate functional tasks that target the neuromuscular system, such as jumping rope, improve muscle strength and gross motor performance including balance and speed and agility in children without health conditions (20,21). ...
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Objectives This quasi-experimental study examined the efficacy of targeted exercise training on gross motor performance and neuromuscular impairments in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL CCS). Materials and Methods Ten ALL CCS (median age: 10 years; range: 6–14 years) performed a 6-week training program three times per week (five in-person sessions), including a warm-up, total body stretching, progressive jump rope training, and a cool down. Gross motor performance (test of gross motor proficiency) and lower extremity rate of muscle activation (electromyography), joint torques (motion capture and force plate), and jump height (motion capture) were measured during a countermovement jump at baseline and post-training. Results Post-training, ALL CCS demonstrated improvements in body coordination, strength and agilty, bilateral coordination, running speed and agility, and strength gross motor performance (mean change: 1.6–8.1; p < 0.05), the rate of muscle activation of the tibialis anterior and vastus lateralis muscles (mean change: 0.58–0.75; p < 0.05), hip and ankle joint torques (mean change: 0.07; p < 0.05), and jump height (mean change: 0.05; p < 0.05). Conclusion This study demonstrated that targeted exercise training can improve gross motor performance and neuromuscular impairments in ALL CCS post-medical treatment.
... RS exercises pose high aerobic and anaerobic physiological demands (Quirk and Sinning, 1982), which has resulted in the inclusion of RS in various fitness programs such as 'CrossFit' which in turn has contributed to a recent growth in popularity (Bruce et al., 2017). A PubMed search for 'rope skipping' or 'jump rope' yielded 90 results (05/2021), mainly investigating health related benefits, such as improved cardiovascular endurance, agility (Partavi, 2013), and higher calcaneal bone mineral density (Ha and Ng, 2017). In addition, strength and conditioning effects were found for RS as part of a general training regime in various sports including basketball (Orhan, 2013), volleyball (Ozer et al., 2011), and soccer (Trecroci et al., 2015). ...
Article
This study investigated biomechanical characteristics of Speed Rope Skipping (RS) and estimated the contribution of the lower and upper limbs to overall performance. Lower (jumping), upper (turning), and whole-body (skipping) performance were examined in 23 rope skippers. All tests were recorded by 2 D video and nine skipping tests were performed in a 3 D motion capture system. Similar movement patterns were observed for the lower limbs in all participants, while handle trajectories differed in shape and symmetry according to performance. In general, turning unlike jumping performance was close to and significantly correlated with skipping performance. Therefore, it appears that lower extremity movement may be adapted to the limiting capacity of the upper extremity to maintain movement stability.
... Single Rope Speed Skipping. Rope skipping has been shown to significantly improve cardiovascular fitness (Baker, 1968;Buyze et al., 1986;Partavi, 2013;Solis et al., 1988). It has been established as an international competitive sport in the last decades. ...
Article
An accurate estimate of one’s performance is an important prerequisite for success, and prevents people from taking excessive risks. Based on the selection-margins framework (Riediger et al., 2006), the current paper assessed maximum speed rope-skipping (study 1), soccer dribbling (study 2), and the fine motor task of tracing (study 3) in 5- to 37-year-olds. Participants predicted their performances for the upcoming trial. The better the predicted performance, the more points were gained in case of success. To discourage overestimations, participants received no points for unsuccessful trials. In rope skipping, older and more experienced athletes outperformed the beginners, and had fewer trials with 0 points. In soccer dribbling and tracing, older individuals again showed less overestimation, as reflected by a smaller deviation of predicted and actual performance (selection margins) and fewer 0 point trials. Athletes and coaches should be aware that younger and less-experienced athletes tend to overestimate their motor performances.
... Makaruk (2013) apuntan que "el desempeño del salto de cuerda depende principalmente de la coordinación motora gruesa que es la capacidad de coordinar brazos, piernas y movimientos de tronco cuando todo el cuerpo está en movimiento. Partavi (2013), apunta que saltar la cuerda envuelve los músculos de los brazos y de las piernas y mejora la función cardiovascular y metabólica. Para Heumann y Murray (2015), el salto de cuerda además de mejorar las habilidades motoras y la función cardiorrespiratoria también tiene un efecto en el dominio afectivo. ...
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Este estudio tiene el objetivo de determinar el efecto de 7 semanas de entrenamiento interválico con salto de cuerda sobre la resistencia cardiorrespiratoria en universitarios de la Universidad Pedagógica Nacional Francisco Morazán (UPNFM). Participaron 41 estudiantes de ambos sexos en edades comprendidas entre los 19 y 45 años de edad. Fueron formados dos grupos: 21 alumnos pertenecientes al grupo experimental y 20 alumnos pertenecientes al grupo control. El grupo experimental participó de 21 sesiones durante 7 semanas bajo el entrenamiento interválico 3 veces por semana utilizando 5 estilos de salto de cuerda, mientras el grupo control participó de entrenamiento técnico-táctico de voleibol. Para evaluar el rendimiento se utilizó el test de 20 metros shuttle-run test propuesto por Legér y Lambert en 1982, para determinar el consumo máximo de oxígeno (VO2max). Los resultados en el post test demostraron resultados significativos en el grupo experimental en el desarrollo de la resistencia cardiorrespiratoria (p < 0.05). Se concluye que 7 semanas de entrenamiento interválico con salto de cuerda produce resultados significativos sobre la resistencia cardiorrespiratoria en estudiantes universitarios.
... Sukadiyanto dan Muluk (2011) Dalam permainan futsal kelincahan sangat berperan penting untuk merubah arah, baik untuk mengejar atau menghindari lawan serta bereaksi terhadap pergerakan bola.Kelincahan adalah salah satu bentuk kemampuan dasar biomotorik yang diperlukan dalam setiap cabang olahraga.Kelincahan adalah kemampuan otot untuk menjawab rangsang dalam waktu sesingkat mungkin. Mylsidayu (2015) Kelincahan dipengaruhi oleh beberapa faktor antara lain sebagai berikut: (1) Komponen kondisi fisik yang meliputi kekuatan otot, speed, power otot, waktu reaksi, keseimbangan dan koordinasi, (2) Tipe tubuh, (3) Usia, (4) Jenis kelamin, (5) Kelelahan, dan (6) IMT. Agar dapat menunjang berbagai macam kebutuhan kondisi fisik dalam bermain futsal serta dapat menghasilkan kualitas bermain yang baik dan hasil pertandingan yang optimal, maka pemain futsal harus memiliki indeks massa tubuh yang ideal. ...
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Indeks Massa Tubuh (IMT) merupakan salah satu bentuk pengukuran atau metode skrining yang digunakan untuk mengukur komposisi tubuh yang di ambil dari perhitungan antara berat badan dan tinggi badan seseorang.Indeks Massa Tubuh (IMT) berat badan berperan penting terhadap kelincahan. Berat badan berlebih secara langsung akan mengurangi kelincahan karena adanya friksi jaringan lemak pada serabut otot sehingga kontraksi otot menjadi berkurang, yang berakibat menurunnya kecepatan dan kelincahan sehingga terjadi kelincahan yang buruk. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan indeks massa tubuh (IMT) terhadap kelincahan pada pemain futsal. Penelitian kuantitatif model observasional analitik dengan menggunakan metode pendekatan cross sectional. Responden dalam penelitian ini berjumlah 30 orang pemain futsal, Pengambilan sampel menggunakan teknik total sampling. Pengukuran nilai kelincahan menggunakan Illinois Agility Run Test, sedangkan pengukuran tinggi badan menggunakan microtoise dan berat badan menggunakan GEA Medical. Hasil analisis dengan menggunakan uji univariat dengan tabel distribusi frekuensi dengan uji bivariat menggunakan uji normalitas Shapiro Wilk dan uji korelasi rank spearman didapatkan hasil nilai sig.0,000 (p0,05) dan untuk nilai koefisien korelasi sebesar 0,081 yang berarti terdapat hubungan yang sangat kuat antara indeks massa tubuh (IMT) dengan kelincahan pada pemain futsal. Ada hubungan antara indeks massa tubuh (IMT) dengan kelincahan pemain futsal.
... Physical activities and sports for visual impairment (VI) population have been studied and showed in the literature. The involvement of VI population in physical activities and sports is generating multiple benefits in physiological, sociological, psychological and even neuropsychological aspect (Santer, 2013;Constancio, 2010;Partavi, 2013;Arazi et al., 2016;Jahromi & Gholami, 2015;Yildirim et al. 2013). Some research have been conducted on individuals with vision impairment (VI) in relating to their physical activity level or pattern. ...
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People with vision impairment (VI) are usually physically and socially inactive. 39% of visually impaired (VI) and physical disability youth were classified as sedentary. The aim of this study was to develop an education tool to educate and encourage the visually impaired (VI) population to be more physically active and thereby prevent health problems, improve their well-being, enhance social skills and help them to build self-confidence. Interview sessions with the VI adults (n=4) and two experts in this field were carried out and the inputs collected were used to modify the current Malaysian physical activity pyramid. The modified physical activity pyramid for the VI population was then being printed in Braille. It was also being tested by a small group of VI adults (n=10). All the participants understood the diagram and guidelines carried by the Braille physical activity pyramid and it was well-accepted by them. Finally, the physical activity pyramid in Braille for adults with VI was developed. It can be served as an education tool for the VI population as it has been tailored to their capability and daily lifestyle.
... Sonuç olarak; uzama kısalma döngüsünün frekans olarak daha fazla olmasının hızlı ip atlayan grupta dikey gücü olumlu etkilediği söylenebilir.Kısa süreli sıçrama antrenmanlarının sürati olumlu yönde etkilediği bilinmektedir[26,27]. Bu araştırmada sürat koşusundaki iyileşmeye bağlı olarak yavaş ip atlayan grubun yatay gücünde artış olmuştur (p<0,05). 11-12 yaşlarındaki çocuklarda yapılan bir araştırmada, çocukların 7 hafta ip atlama antrenmanları sonrası dayanıklılık, beceri ve 50 m sürat koşularında az da olsa iyileşme görülmüştür[28]. Hızlı ip atlayan grubun yatay güçlerinde de anlamlı iyileşme olmaması (p>0,05) sürat koşusunda değişimin anlamlı olmadığını göstermektedir. ...
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Bu çalışmanın amacı kadınlarda farklı hızlarda ip atlama antrenmanlarının, dikey, yatay, ortalama ve zirve anaerobik güç üzerindeki etkisini karşılaştırmaktır. Çalışmaya yavaş ip atlayan grup (n=10, yaş: 21,4±2,3 yıl, vücut ağırlığı 54,30±6,03 kg, boy uzunluğu: 161,30±6,99 cm) ve hızlı ip atlayan grup (n=10, yaş: 21±1,8 yıl, vücut ağırlığı: 56,50±5,91 kg, boy uzunluğu: 163,20±7,02 cm) olarak ayrılan toplamda 20 antrenmanlı kadın katılmıştır. İp atlama hızı metronom kullanılarak ayarlanmış ve tüm katılımcılar bir hafta içinde farklı günlerde 50 metre sürat, dikey sıçrama ve anaerobik teste katılmıştır. Ortalama ve zirve güç Wingate testi, yatay ve dikey güç formül kullanılarak hesaplanmıştır. İp atlama antrenmanları pazartesi, salı ve cuma günleri saat 14:00 ile 15:00 arasında gerçekleştirilmiştir. Tüm katılımcılar haftada üç gün ve sekiz hafta ip atlama antrenmanına katılmıştır. Antrenmandan önce yapılan testler sekiz hafta sonra tekrar uygulanmıştır. Tüm katılımcılar bilgilendirmiş ve yazılı onamları alınmıştır. Araştırma yöntemi ve içeriği Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi Etik kurul komisyonu tarafından onaylanmıştır. Antrenmandan sonra, yavaş ip atlayan grup ve hızlı ip atlayan grup arasında ortalama güç, zirve güç, yatay ve dikey anaerobik güç arasında anlamlı fark tespit edilmemiştir (p>0,05). Yavaş ip atlayan grubun antrenmandan önce ve sonra ortalama güç, zirve güç ve yatay güçleri arasındaki fark anlamlıdır (p<0,05), fakat dikey güç farkı anlamlı değildir (p>0,05). Hızlı ip atlayan grubun antrenmandan önce ve sonra dikey güç ve zirve güç gelişimi anlamlıdır (p<0,05), fakat yatay güç, ortalama güç gelişimi anlamlı değildir (p>0,05). Sonuç olarak düşük ve yüksek hızda ip atlama egzersizlerinin anaerobik güç üzerinde benzer şekilde etki edebileceği söylenebilir. Anahtar Kelimeler: Dikey güç, İp atlama, Ortalama güç, Yatay güç, Zirve güç
... Jump rope training was previously reported to be effective in increasing fitness and muscular function of the involved extremities; and improving cardiovascular functions and physical fitness (7)(8)(9)(10)(11)(12). This training requires the coordination of several muscle groups to sustain precisely timed and rhythmic plyometric movements, in order to be able to involve a high-intensity concentric contraction immediately after a rapid and powerful eccentric contraction (13). ...
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ABSTRACT Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of 12-week standard versus weighted jump rope training on physical fitness tests including anaerobic power, speed, agility and flexibility in female adolescent volleyball players. Methods: Twenty-five female volleyball players were recruited to the study. Participants were randomly separated into three study groups; weighted jump rope training (n=8), standard jump rope training (n=9) and control group (n=8). All participants were assessed at baseline and after 12-week training. Physical fitness was measured by using vertical jump test, 30-meter sprint test, hexagonal obstacle test, zigzag test and sit and reach test. Repeated-measures ANOVA was used for statistical analysis. Results: Comparisons showed that after 12-week training, weighted jump-rope training resulted in higher improvements in anaerobic power (p=0.03) and agility (p=0.003) when compared to control training; and higher improvement in agility when compared to standard jump rope training (p=0.001). In addition, at the end of training, speed and flexibility gains were similar in all groups (p>0.05). Discussion: Weighted jump rope training resulted in higher improvements of anaerobic power and agility in female adolescent volleyball players. The findings of the study provide basic knowledge for developing training protocols for adolescent volleyball players. Amaç: Bu çalışmanın amacı, adolesan kadın voleybol oyuncularında 12 ha alık standart ve ağırlıklı ip atlama eğitiminin anaerobik güç, hız, çeviklik ve esnekliği içeren fiziksel uygunluk testleri üzerine etkisini karşılaştırmaktır. Yöntemler: Yirmi beş kadın voleybol oyuncusu çalışmaya dahil edildi. Katılımcılar ağırlıklı ip atlama (n=8), standart ip atlama (n=9) ve kontrol grubu (n=8) olmak üzere 3 gruba ayrıldı. Tüm katılımcılar eğitim öncesi ve 12 ha alık eğitimin ardından tekrar değerlendirildi. Fiziksel uygunluk, dikey sıç- rama, 30 metre sprint, beşgen engel, zikzak test ve otur-uzan testleri kullanılarak değerlendirildi. İstatistiksel analizde ANOVA kullanıldı. Sonuçlar: On iki ha alık eğitimin ardından ağırlıklı ip atlama grubunda kontrol grubu ile karşılaş- tırıldığında anaerobik güç (p=0.03) ve çeviklikte (p=0.003); standart ip atlama grubu ile karşılaş- tırıldığında ise çeviklikte (p=0.001) daha fazla gelişme kaydedildi. Ayrıca, eğitim sonucunda hız ve esneklik kazanımı tüm gruplarda benzer bulundu (p> 0.05). Tartışma: Adolesan kadın voleybol oyuncularında ağırlıklı ip atlama eğitimi anaerobik güç ve çe- viklikte daha fazla kazanım ile sonuçlanmıştır. Bu çalışmanın bulguları, adolesan voleybol oyuncuları için eğitim protokolleri geliştirilmesinde temel bilgi sunmaktadır.
... En el presente trabajo la metodología global abarcó los juegos en espacio reducido en todas las sesiones y la metodología global poseyó trabajos específicos enfocados en la mejora de los desplazamientos utilizados en balonmano, así como componentes técnicos y tácticos trabajados de forma separada.En sujetos no entrenados la agilidad presenta mejorías significativas al trabajar 4 semanas ejercicios específicos 17 , en el presente estudio los sujetos trabajaron durante 6 semanas obteniendo mejorías en la agilidad de carrera indistintamente de la metodología utilizada. Así mismo, al comparar los efectos de 2 tipos de ejercicios pliométricos (unidimensional y multidimensional) se denota mejoría en la agilidad luego de 8 semanas en estudiantes universitarios 18 al igual que al trabajar con cuerda durante 7 semanas.19 Para clases de educación física se han encontrado mejorías significativas al implementar entrenamientos específicos de agilidad, no así al recibir lecciones normales con juegos 20 , dicho resultado difiere de lo hallado en la presente investigación. ...
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RESUMEN El propósito del estudio fue comparar el efecto de dos metodologías de enseñanza en la agilidad de carrera de estudiantes universitarios. Participaron 17 sujetos divididos en dos grupos: metodología global (n: 8, edad 18.6 ±1.4 años, IMC: 22.6 ± 3.4 kg/m2) y metodología analítica (n: 9, edad: 18.9 ± 1.4 años, IMC: 20.7 ± 2.2 kg/m2). Luego de 6 semanas de trabajo, ambos grupos mejoraron la agilidad de carrera (p = 0.02), no se presentaron diferencias entre metodologías (p = 0.40) ni interacción entre metodologías y mediciones (p = 0.78). En conclusión, ambas metodologías fueron efectivas para la mejora de la agilidad de carrera en los participantes. PALABRAS CLAVE: agilidad de carrera, metodología, enseñanza. ABSTRACT The aim of the study was to compare the effect of two teaching methodologies on the running agility of college students. Seventeen subjects divided into two groups: global methodology (n: 8, age 18.6 ± 1.4 years, BMI 22.6 ± 3.4 kg / m2) and analytical methodology (n = 9, age: 18.9 ± 1.4 years, BMI: 20.7 ± 2.2 kg / m2) joined this study. After 6 weeks of work, both groups improved agility (p = 0.02); no difference between methodologies (p = 0.40) or methodologies and measurement interaction (p = 0.78) was found. In conclusion, both methods improved running agility effectively.
... Also, our finding are consistent with previous studies reported that jumping rope training significantly improved balance, cardiovascular endurance, muscular strength, body composition, and flexibility [32,33,34]. Partavi indicate that rope jump training for 7 weeks is a feasible and effective method for improving cardiovascular endurance and agility performance in adolescent boys [35]. In the literature it was reported that while the skipping with rope had positive effects on the cardio-circulatory adaptation [36], it was a remarkable application in the muscular endurance and on the construction and maintaining of the cardiovascular system and it developed the feet movements by helping the preparation of the sports discipline. ...
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The purpose of this study was to compare of two aerobic training methods on health-related physicalfitness in 10 to 12 years old boys. Thirty-three male students (age 11.27±0.64 year, weight 40.58±9.03kg, height 151.45±6.34 cm) were recruited from preliminary school and randomly were assigned intorope-jump training (n=12), running training (n=11) and control (n=10) groups. Due to the grouping,each for 8 weeks did the rope jumping or running. Before and after the 8-week training period, factors ofhealth-related fitness, including flexibility, muscular endurance, aerobic power and fat Percentage of thesubjects were measured. The results indicated a significant positive effect of rope-jumping training onaerobic power, muscular endurance and body composition and meaningful improvement of aerobicpower and body composition by running training (P≤0.05). Due to increasing urbanization and lack ofspace in homes and schools, rope-jump training can be a good alternative rather than running forphysical fitness promotion.
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This research aims to describe locomotor motion in the traditional game of Block in Group B1 PAUD Negeri Pembina 1 Ternate City students. This type of research is qualitative research. The research subjects were 4 students of group B1 in PAUD Negeri Pembina 1 Ternate city. Data collection techniques used were observation, documentation and interviews with 2 teachers. Analysis of the research data used is a qualitative analysis technique which consists of data collection, data reduction and data verification/conclusion. This study has 1 variable, namely locomotor motion in the hitch game in which there are the following indicators: 1) changing places. 2) running and 3) jumping. The results showed that there was locomotor movement in the traditional game of Block played by students at PAUD Negeri Pembina 1 Ternate City. Based on the results of the analysis conducted by researchers of locomotor motion in the traditional game of Block played by students at PAUD Negeri Pembina 1 Ternate City is developing very well, this is evidenced by the results of direct observations by researchers who show that 4 students can play the blockade game and perform locomotor movements very well. The development of good locomotor motion in early childhood can be done by holding a traditional game development program because it is not only good for children's but can also participate in preserving traditional games that are rarely played by children today. Keywords: Locomotor Movement, Traditional Game Of Block, Children
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Research aims to identify the impact of training using Jumping-Rope Training on the of Some Physicals and Skillful Variables in Volleyball The researchers used experimental method, research sample consisted of two group (a control and experimental ) Students from 4th volleyball specialty academic year 2016/2017, sample volume 20 fourth division devoted student volleyball has been divided into two groups each (10) students, , the programme of Jumping-Rope exercises has been applied for (10) week, results showed that the Jumping-Rope Exercises training program has a positive impact on the certain physical and skills variables in volleyball, and that differences between the percent improvement was attributed to the experimental group. One of the most important recommendations attention Jumping-Rope exercises and in the light of the nature and style and requirements of each specialty sport because of their influence on performance, and that attention must be paid to the design of the rope jump exercises with movements of the arms with the derivation of ideas from the basic skills of various sports extent Possible. يهدف البحث إلى التعرف على تأثير تدريبات وثب الحبل على أداء بعض المتغيرات البدنية والمهارية قيد البحث للعبة الكرة الطائرة . وقد استخدم الباحث المنهج التجريبى ، وتكونت عينة البحث العمدية من مجموعتين (ضابطة وتجريبية) من طلاب الفرقة الرابعة تخصص الكرة الطائرة للعام الجامعى 2016/2017م ، وقد بلغ حجم العينة 20 طالب بالفرقة الرابعة تخصص الكرة الطائرة ، تم تقسيمهم إلى مجموعتين قوام كل منهما (10) طلاب إحداهما تجريبية والأخرى ضابطة ، وقد تم تطبيق برنامج وثب الحبل المقترح لمدة (10) أسابيع ، وأظهرت النتائج أن برنامج تدريبات وثب الحبل المقترح له تأثير إيجابى على مستوى أداء بعض المتغيرات البدنية والمهارية قيد البحث ، وأن الفروق بين نسب التحسن المئوية كانت لصالح المجموعة التجريبية . ومن أهم التوصيات ضرورة الاهتمام بتدريبات وثب الحبل وذلك فى ضوء طبيعة ونمط ومتطلبات كل رياضة تخصصية لما لها من تأثير فعّال على الأداء ، كما أنه يجب الاهتمام بتصميم تدريبات وثب الحبل مع الاهتمام بحركات الذراعين مع اشتقاق أفكارها من المهارات الأساسية للرياضات المختلفة قدر المستطاع .
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Aim: The research was conducted with the primary aim of determining the antropometric characteristics as well as motor and functional abilities of three groups of examinees over a two-year period of organized physical activity engagement. The secondary aims were to examine each group's nutritional status and their connection to the results achieved in the functional ability evaluation. Material and methods: In the total sample which consisted of 147 pupils, one group was engaged in martial arts (karate, wrestling, taekwondo and kick-boxing), the second group in team sports played with a ball (football, handball and basketball), while the third group was physically active only on Physical Education classes. Ten variables were used for the needs of the research, while to process the data, the Student's t-test for dependable samples, the discriminant analysis and the correlation analysis were used. Results: For all the three measurements, the results show the superiority of examinees - athletes compared to non-athletes. Engaging in team sports played with a ball at the age of 11 to 13 has a more positive influence on the analysed variables of the anthropological status than for peers who are non-athletes, but the same was not shown for athletes engaging in martial arts (p < 0.05). The highest values of nutritional status were measured in non-athletic pupils, while lower values of the body mass index condition the better results of the six-minute run test (p < 0.01). Conclusion: The obtained data lead to the conclusion that only regular Physical Education classes held two school hours a week cannot secure a long-term significant influence on the development of children and adolescents' kinanthropological characteristics, but it is necessary to encourage children to take part in extracurricular sport activities. Some of the reasons due to which the differences in improvements acquired by the two groups of athletes compared to the group of non-athletes were not significantly higher can be explained by inadequate work conditions and the children's lack of interest for a specific sport activity, as well as by the choice of the coaching staff.
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Some models for pilot training programs to some studies that have used rope jumping
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Introduction: The plantar arch is an architectural structure consisted of several joints, ligaments and muscles. It builds a functional unit that plays a vital role in weight bearing activities such as rope jumping. In this study, the effects of 12 weeks rope jumping on plantar arch in boy students with low, moderate, and high foot arches were evaluated. Materials and Methods: It was a controlled experimental study. At the beginning of study, the plantar arches of 450 boys (aged 10 to 13 years) were evaluated by Staheli index. Accordingly, 30 participants were recruited from every group with low, moderate, and high foot arches, provided their parents signed the informed consent form. Then, subjects of each study group were randomly assigned into control and experimental groups (n=15). Experimental groups took part in a 45- minute rope jumping program of 3 sessions per week, lasting for 12 weeks. Data were statistically analyzed by the use of Mixed ANOVA, using SPSS 22 software. Results Compared to pre-test, post-test scores of plantar arch showed no difference in any control groups, nor in moderate-arch and high-arch experimental groups, but it showed significant increase in low-arch experimental group (p<0.01). Conclusion Our findings demonstrated that rope jumping exercises could improve plantar arch in boy students 10-13 years old with flexible flat foot. Therefore, we recommend such exercises to boy adolescents and call for the same study on girl adolescents. Keyword: rope jumping exercise, plantar arch, student, flat foot (pes planus), pes cavus.
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