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Garbhasanskar: Knowledge, Attitude and Practice among Antenatal Mothers of Dharwad, Karnataka

Authors:
  • Zydus Medical College and Hospital, Dahod

Abstract

As good nutritional food provides physical health, the unborn child in womb require Sanskar to acquire mental health to thrive. The activity of the mother during pregnancy in the form of prayer (good rational thoughts), Manshakti (positive emotion), conversation with fetus (talk) or expressing feeling (touch) is not only recognized by unborn baby but it has positive effects on physical and mental health. Hence Garbhasanskar is scientific way of molding mental health of unborn child. In the present paper, we are expressing findings of the first phase of our study that is knowledge, attitude and practice among antenatal mothers of Dharwad. Present study concludes, sample population of ANC mothers are not aware of proper scientific knowledge about GS, the source of whatever obscure idea and concept they have is mainly from sr. family members in the form of spiritual preaching hence there is a need for proper training of scientific knowledge about garbhasanskar which is missing. The practices followed are not conductive and nonscientific.
International Journal of Advances in Nursing Management 3(4): October-December 2015
319
ISSN 2347-8632 (Print) www.anvpublication.org
2454-2652 (Online)
RESEARCH ARTICLE
Garbhasanskar: Knowledge, Attitude and Practice among Antenatal
Mothers of Dharwad, Karnataka.
Vijaylaxmi Shindhe1*, Dhiraj J. Trivedi1, Asha Naravi2
1Nursing tutor, Department of Nursing, SDM Institute of Nursing Sciences, Sattur, Dharwad, Karnataka, (India)
2Professor, Department of Biochemistry, SDM College of Medical Sciences and Hospital, Sattur, Dharwad,
Karnataka, India,
3Professor, Department of OBG and Gynecology, SDM College of Medical Sciences and Hospital, Sattur,
Dharwad, Karnataka, India
*Corresponding Author’s Email: vijaylaxmishindhe@gmail.com,dhiraj99trivedi@gmail.com
ABSTRACT:
As good nutritional food provides physical health, the unborn child in womb require Sanskar to acquire mental
health to thrive. The activity of the mother during pregnancy in the form of prayer (good rational thoughts),
Manshakti (positive emotion), conversation with fetus (talk) or expressing feeling (touch) is not only recognized
by unborn baby but it has positive effects on physical and mental health. Hence Garbhasanskar is scientific way
of molding mental health of unborn child. In the present paper, we are expressing findings of the first phase of
our study that is knowledge, attitude and practice among antenatal mothers of Dharwad. Present study concludes,
sample population of ANC mothers are not aware of proper scientific knowledge about GS, the source of
whatever obscure idea and concept they have is mainly from sr. family members in the form of spiritual
preaching hence there is a need for proper training of scientific knowledge about garbhasanskar which is
missing. The practices followed are not conductive and nonscientific.
KEYWORDS: Garbhasansakar, Pregnancy, Antenatal mother, Sanskar, Nursing
INTRODUCTION:
A good nutritional status maintained by the mother
during pregnancy help to grow strong, healthy placenta,
which determines the birth weight and future health of
baby in adult life[1,2]. Similarly positive emotions like
love, joy, gratitude and healthy thought by parent brings
the growth of the unborn child in the womb of the
mother, Whereas negative thoughts, depression and
stress injures the unborn child[3-5].
Received on 03.08.2015 Modified on 24.08.2015
Accepted on 28.08.2015 © A&V Publication all right reserved
Int. J. Adv. Nur. Management 3(4): Oct. -Dec. 2015; Page 319-324
DOI: 10.5958/2454-2652.2015.00025.6
Hence the concept of Sanskar (good thought) imparted
right from prenatal stage i.e. when the child is in the
womb of mother is important. It has been documented
that the activity of the mother during pregnancy in the
form of prayer (good rational thoughts), Manshakti
(positive emotion), conversation with fetus (talk) or
expressing feeling (touch) is not only recognized by
unborn baby but it has positive effects on physical and
mental health[6]. Thus, such mental and physical activity
performed by parents with the intension of creating a
positive environment and obtaining a growth of the baby
is called Garbhasanskar. A Garbhasanskar is an
intentional activity which helps to develop an intuitive
connection with the unborn baby. It increases
communication and bonding with baby, it can transmit
positive thought, love and emotions to the fetus, so as to
increase the likely hood of calm, happier and healthier
International Journal of Advances in Nursing Management 3(4): October-December 2015
320
baby. Thus Garbhasanskar is a scientific way of editing
baby in the womb by educating mother to involve her
positive emotions and share with baby during pregnancy.
Awareness to the sensation, mothers imbibe through her
five senses, can provide a positive environment for a
child to thrive[7]. The root of Garbhasanskar can be
traced back to Abhimanyu in the era of the Mahabharata,
and also the common personality of positivity among
Lord Buddha, Pralhad and Vivekanand was inculcated
by a positive thought of their mother’s prayer. Today,
many organizations are working towards the goal of
molding the future generation through Garbhasanskar[8].
There are reports available about practice of
Garbhasanskar from Maharashtra, Gujarat and Madhya
Pradesh in India, but no such activity reports from
Karnataka. Hence in the light of these facts we planned
this study under three phase viz. 1. Confirming the
knowledge, attitude and practice among antenatal
mothers. 2. Imparting training to such mothers through
scientific methods and 3. Observing the outcome of
these practices among offspring for the period of next
10years. In the present paper, we are expressing our
findings of the first phase of our study that is knowledge,
attitude and practice among antenatal mothers of
Dharwad.
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY:
1. To assess the knowledge of Garbhasanskar and
attitude as self reported practices among antenatal
mothers regarding Garbhasanskar.
2. To correlation between the knowledge with their
attitude as self reported practices on Garbhasanskar
OPERATIONAL DEFINITIONS:
• Knowledge:
In this study refers to the understanding the idea
regarding the Garbhasanskar
• Attitude:
In this study it refers to the action intended or performed
to put knowledge of Garbhasanskar in practice.
• Self reported practice:
Act of Garbhasanskar performed in any form is reported
by Antenatal mother under study.
• Garbhasanskar:
Act in any form to achieve physical, mental, spiritual,
emotional and social development of fetus performed by
the parent.
Planned Pregnancy:
Proper scientific method of Garbhasanskar adopted for
planning of healthy labor, delivery and arrival of new
family member.
Hypotheses:
There will be no significant correlation between the
knowledge with their attitude as self reported practices
on Divine Garbhasanskar among Antenatal mothers
visiting ANC OPD of SDM Medical College Hospital,
Dharwad.
Assumptions:
The Antenatal mothers may be having some
knowledge about Garbhasanskar
The Antenatal mothers may be showing their
positive attitude towards Garbhasanskar
The Antenatal mother may be practicing some act of
Garbhasanskar
Research Design:
A. Population, Samples, Sampling technique:
The study population consists of 100 ANC mothers
visiting outpatient department of OBG-ANC Clinic of
SDM College of Medical Sciences and hospital,
Dharwad, Karnataka (India). A Nonprobability
purposive sampling method was adopted for the present
study. Pregnant mothers In their first trimester and
belonging to 20 to 50 years age group were included in
the Study population.
B. Institutional and Ethical permission:
A permission for the present study of ANC mothers
visiting OBG-ANC Clinic of our hospital was obtained
from the concerned authorities. The researcher has
oriented ANC mothers by informing the purpose of the
study and after obtaining their consent ANC mothers
were included in the study group. Confidentiality and
ethics were maintained during data collection.
C. Duration of Study: 1 month
D. Collection and processing of Data:
D1. Development and Description of the
Questionnaire:
A descriptive survey method was adopted for data
collection in the present study. A structured
questionnaire was prepared to extract information on
1. Knowledge
2. Attitude and
3. Practices about Garbhsanskar.
The Questionnaire was developed in 3 pacts.
Part A
Deals with the demographic data of the ANC mother
Part B
Deals with the assessment of knowledge on
Gurbhasanskar.
International Journal of Advances in Nursing Management 3(4): October-December 2015
321
Part C:
Deals with Attitude and practice regarding
Garbhsanskar.
D2. Analysis of the Data:
Data collected by above method were tabulated and
analyzed by using descriptive statistic.
RESULT:
On analysis of data the major observations emerged from
our result are as follows:
Age:
Among 100 ANC mothers, 35% mothers were in 20-25
years age group, 39% mothers were in 25-30 years age
group, 24% mothers were in 30-35 years age and only
2% mothers were above 35years of age. Chart 1
Education:
Among 100 mothers, only 7% were illiterate were as out
of 93% educated females. 24% were graduates, 42%
studied up to higher secondary and 27% were educated
up to 10th standard. Chart 2A&B
Employment:
Out of 100 pregnant mothers, 54% were working women
attending government (11%) Private company (43%)
offices in a radius of 20-25km from home. 46% mothers
were either remaining at home or involved in household
work. Chart 3A&B.
42
44
46
48
50
52
54
Unemployed
Employe d
46
54
Employment Chart 3A
International Journal of Advances in Nursing Management 3(4): October-December 2015
322
Religion:
Among 100 pregnant mothers, 87% were Hindu, 12%
were Muslin and 1% mothers were christian. Chart 4
Type of Family:
Among 100 expected mothers, 22 % were staying in
nuclear family whereas 78 % were staying in joint
family. Chart 5
Nuclear
Joint
22
78
Type of Family Chart 5
Monthly family income: Among 100 expected
mothers, 29 % have reported their monthly family
income as 2000-4000Rs. , 35 % as 4000 to 6000Rs, 36
% were having monthly family income in the 6000 to
8000 Rs range. Chart 6
Awareness of garbhasanskar:
Among 100 enrolled expected mothers, 39 % of mothers
expressed that they were having some idea about
garabhasanskara whereas for 61% of mothers this was
totally a new concept. Chart 7
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
Aware
Not Aware
39
61
Awareness of GS
Chart 7
Source of Knowledge about Garbhasanskar:
Among 39% ANC mothers who have some idea about
garbhsanskar received this information either from
senior family members (40%) from books and media
(35%) and by discussing with their friends and
contemporaries (25%). Chart 8
International Journal of Advances in Nursing Management 3(4): October-December 2015
323
Faith and belief about Garbhasanskar:
About 35% ANC mothers expressed faith in
Garbhasanskar and they believe a positive result of
practicing of Garbhasanskar. Chart 9
Practicing of Garbhasanskar:
Though correct scientific method of garbhasankar was
absent among practicing ANC mothers, still 40% of
expected mothers are practicing some kind which can be
included as method of Garbhasanskar. Remaining 60%
women did not adopt any method to plan their
pregnancy. Chart 10
The Methods adopted as part of Garbhasanskar:
According to their belief various methods of
Garbhasanskar like performing JAPA (9%) Listing
Devine Music (22%) Chanting mantras (8%) performing
Homa and Pooja (2%) were expressed. Though these
methods are included as part of Garbhasanskar it may
not be effective because the fetus in the womb was not
taken together while practice. About 60% of mothers did
not perform any such activity may be due to modern
education or lack of time due to employment. Chart 11
International Journal of Advances in Nursing Management 3(4): October-December 2015
324
DISCUSSION:
Method of Garbhasanskar is explained in Charakakriyas.
It has also been accepted by science today. As this is a
time of modernization, the modern society is losing their
knowledge and backing of cultural customs. Once these
were the strong bonds in building cultured society. Our
observation of present study points towards loss of
awareness and practice of Garbhasanskar due to
education, employment and modern electronic gadgets
which does not leave any time to think in this direction.
There are only few centres to educate people in this
direction. Another factor is a nuclear family, due to
which there is a lack of communication and exchanges
of thoughts among senior family members, which leads
to loss of old practices and customs. Even though some
aquire awareness they cannot practice due to lack of
either time or proper direction.
CONCLUSION:
1. Present study concludes, sample population of ANC
mothers are not aware of proper scientific knowledge
about GS, the source of whatever obscure idea and
concept they have is mainly from sr. family members in
the form of spiritual preaching hence there is a need for
proper training of scientific knowledge about
garbhasanskar which is missing.
2. The practices followed are not contusive and
nonscientific
IMPLICATION:
The findings of the study have varied implication about
Garbhasanskar in department of OBG, Community
education and Nursing training.
Nursing Practice:
Since present study shown that most of ANC mothers
are not having knowledge on Garbhasanskar. Few of the
ANC mothers practicing without the knowledge and they
don’t have a scientific reason behind it. They have only
belief regarding Garbhasanskar, hence the present study
would enable them to become aware about the scientific
way of Garbhasanskar.
Nursing and Community Education:
This study emphasized the need for Garbhasanskar
education in nursing curriculum and community
education.
Nursing Research:
The present study conducted by the group can be the
source of review of literature for others who are
intending to conduct study on Garbhasanskar
LIMITATION:
We accept our shortfall in Sample size and our limitation
in acquiring 100% answers from expected ANC mothers
with respect to Garbhasanskar.
RECOMMENDATION:
1) A similar study of large sample size including all
communities may through correct light.
2) A study can be conducted in the community area
where ANC mothers exist.
3) A study with a proper plan and including control
group may give more conclusive results.
AKNOWLEDGEMENT:
We thank SDM Society’s Management for permitting
this study and offering all the support required for our
study. We Thank Mr. Ajay Kotkar for his help in
monograph typing.
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3. Mr. Sajeev Kumar Bansal, Dr. Deepak Jaiswal, The era of strange
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(www.aarhat.com)
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in India IJPP vol 4(2)Sept 2010 Editorial P5
8. http://www.garbhsanskarhome.com/articles.html.
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The era of strange learning strategies -garbhasanskar
  • Mr
  • Sajeev Kumar
  • Dr Bansal
Mr. Sajeev Kumar Bansal, Dr. Deepak Jaiswal, The era of strange learning strategies -garbhasanskar, EIIRJ, 2012,Vol 1(4), 107 (www.aarhat.com)
  • Dr
  • Shastri
  • . G Prasad Dr
  • Rao
Dr. PC Shastri, Dr. G Prasad Rao, Child mental health movement in India IJPP vol 4(2)Sept 2010 Editorial P5