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Agreeableness: A dimension of personality

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... Another connecting link between the constructs of empathy and individualismcollectivism could be agreeableness, which, despite different labels and theoretical perspectives has been long recognized as a basic dimension of personality among personality psychologists (see Graziano and Eisenberg 1997, for a detailed overview). According to Graziano and Eisenberg (1997), agreeableness could be best conceptualized as "a general latent variable that summarizes more specific tendencies and behaviors (e.g., being kind, considerate, likable, cooperative, helpful)" (p. ...
... Another connecting link between the constructs of empathy and individualismcollectivism could be agreeableness, which, despite different labels and theoretical perspectives has been long recognized as a basic dimension of personality among personality psychologists (see Graziano and Eisenberg 1997, for a detailed overview). According to Graziano and Eisenberg (1997), agreeableness could be best conceptualized as "a general latent variable that summarizes more specific tendencies and behaviors (e.g., being kind, considerate, likable, cooperative, helpful)" (p. 815). ...
... Along with the described cognitive approach, several biologically based affective/motivational models of agreeableness exist in the literature (see Graziano and Eisenberg 1997). Yet another perspective on agreeableness involves prosocial behavior, typically defined "as voluntary behavior to benefit another" (Graziano and Eisenberg 1997:808). ...
... However, these traits are needed to be an example for other students in managing the school environment. It is important to note that the basic measure of agreeableness is extraordinary communality (Graziano & Eisenberg, 1997). Meanwhile, the provision of an adequate solution to problems in communal areas requires prioritizing social interests which are to be realized in the form of traits such as cooperation and empathy and avoiding selfishness. ...
... Meanwhile, the provision of an adequate solution to problems in communal areas requires prioritizing social interests which are to be realized in the form of traits such as cooperation and empathy and avoiding selfishness. This is in line with the psychoanalytic approach to attachment (Graziano & Eisenberg, 1997) which relates being positive to other people in the community as part of the responses to feelings of inadequacy. This means people with personalities associated with persuasive actions are needed in leadership positions in a community. ...
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Many schools carry out mitigation and adaptation action programs through changing student behavior. This is due to the fact that green schools with sustainable environmental programs are expected to produce individuals with environmentally responsible behavior. Therefore, this study was designed to analyze the environmentally responsible behavior (REB) in schools with an environmental culture based on the personality possessed by the high school students. This paper presented descriptive correlation metode. The green high school students used as respondents were selected through multiple random sampling techniques. The results showed that agreeableness and consciousness played an important role in shaping the environmental management and persuasive actions of the students. It was also discovered that agreeableness was very important to economic actions. Stakeholders need to consider on individuals with high conscientiousness and agreeableness personality traits in implementing environmentally responsible activities Keywords: Agreeableness; Conscientiousness; Environmentally responsible behavior; Green School.
... Agreeableness merupakan dimensi penting untuk menilai individu dalam suatu kelompok (Graziano & Eisenberg, 1977). Individu dengan agreeableness rendah menunjukkan kecenderungan untuk tidak kooperatif, hingga relasi sosial dan ikatan dengan norma kelompok menjadi rendah. ...
... Individu dengan agreeableness rendah menunjukkan kecenderungan untuk tidak kooperatif, hingga relasi sosial dan ikatan dengan norma kelompok menjadi rendah. Penner dan Fritzsche (dikutip oleh Graziano & Eisenberg, 1977) serta Soto (2018) menjelaskan bahwa agreeableness memiliki hubungan yang dekat dengan simpati, orientasi pemahaman moral terhadap orang lain, afiliasi dan perilaku prososial. Agreeableness dapat menjadi prediktor tambahan yang signifikan terhadap faktor antisosial, sebagai faktor prediktor residivisme, sehingga semakin rendah agreeableness dan semakin tinggi antisosial, maka semakin tinggi peluang narapidana menjadi residivis (Mededović, Kujačić, & Knežević, 2012;Jones, Miller, & Lynam, 2011). ...
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Various researches on drug abuse crimes have focused more on drug users or addicts. Meanwhile, investigations into drug dealers and producers have received very little attention. The majority of drug convicts in prisons are drug traffickers, which has resulted in a significant increase in drug trafficking cases in Indonesia. This study aimed to identify differences in personality traits, guilt, and shame of non-recidivists and drug dealers. The research was conducted on one hundred and fifty-five prisoners at the Cibinong Penitentiary, West Java, Indonesia. The measurement uses a scale of the big five personality traits which has been adapted into Indonesian, and the Guilt and Shame Proneness Scale (GASP) was developed by Cohen, Wolf, Panter, and Insko. This study found that there were differences in personality traits in terms of agreeableness and neuroticism between non-recidivists and recidivists. The difference test concluded that guilt and shame did not show any differences between the two groups of prisoners. This conclusion can provide a basis for consideration of developing a program to develop drug trafficking convicts to prevent the re-offense of crimes after being released. Keywords : Personality traits, guilt, shame, non-recidivists, recidivists Abstrak. Berbagai penelitian kejahatan penyalahgunaan narkoba selama ini lebih memfokuskan pada pengguna atau pecandu narkoba. Sedangkan penyelidikan terhadap para pengedar dan produsen narkoba masih sangat kurang mendapatkan perhatian. Mayoritas narapidana kejahatan narkoba di lembaga pemasyarakatan adalah para pengedar narkoba yang mengakibatkan peningkatan yang signifikan dalam kasus peredaran obat terlarang di Indonesia. Studi ini bertujuan mengidentifikasi perbedaan dalam sifat kepribadian, rasa bersalah, dan rasa malu nonresidivis dan residivis pengedar narkoba. Penelitian dilakukan pada seratus lima puluh lima narapidana di Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Cibinong, Jawa Barat, Indonesia, Pengukuran menggunakan skala the big five personality traits yang telah diadaptasi ke dalam bahasa Indonesia dan Guilt and Shame Proneness Scale (GASP) dikembangkan oleh Cohen, Wolf, Panter dan Insko. Studi ini menemukan ada perbedaan personality traits dalam aspek pada agreeableness dan neuroticism non-residivis dengan residivis. Uji perbedaan menyimpulkan rasa bersalah dan rasa malu tidak menunjukkan perbedaan antara kedua kelompok narapidana. Kesimpulan ini dapat memberikan dasar pertimbangan pembuatan program pembinaan narapidana pengedar narkoba untuk mencegah pengulangan kejahatan setelah bebas.
... (2) Agreeableness: High levels of this trait are characterised by pro-social behaviours and a concern for the welfare of others (empathy and altruism). Low levels of agreeableness indicate an excessive or exclusive concern for self-interest and selfadvantage (Graziano and Eisenberg, 1997). (3) Conscientiousness: High levels of conscientiousness suggest high capacity for selfcontrol, regularisation and awareness of one's behaviour and its impact. ...
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Purpose-Prediction is a critical task in targeted online advertising, where predictions better than random guessing can translate to real economic return. This study aims to use machine learning (ML) methods to identify individuals who respond well to certain linguistic styles/persuasion techniques based on Aristotle's means of persuasion, rhetorical devices, cognitive theories and Cialdini's principles, given their psychometric profile. Design/methodology/approach-A total of 1,022 individuals took part in the survey; participants were asked to fill out the ten item personality measure questionnaire to capture personality traits and the dysfunctional attitude scale (DAS) to measure dysfunctional beliefs and cognitive vulnerabilities. ML classification models using participant profiling information as input were developed to predict the extent to which an individual was influenced by statements that contained different linguistic styles/persuasion techniques. Several ML algorithms were used including support vector machine, LightGBM and Auto-Sklearn to predict the effect of each technique given each individual's profile (personality, belief system and demographic data). Findings-The findings highlight the importance of incorporating emotion-based variables as model input in predicting the influence of textual statements with embedded persuasion techniques. Across all investigated models, the influence effect could be predicted with an accuracy ranging 53%-70%, indicating the importance of testing multiple ML algorithms in the development of a persuasive communication (PC) system. The classification ability of models was highest when predicting the response to statements using rhetorical devices and flattery persuasion techniques. Contrastingly, techniques such as authority or social proof were less predictable. Adding DAS scale features improved model performance, suggesting they may be important in modelling persuasion. Research limitations/implications-In this study, the survey was limited to English-speaking countries and largely Western society values. More work is needed to ascertain the efficacy of models for other populations, cultures and languages. Most PC efforts are targeted at groups such as users, clients, shoppers and voters with this study in the communication context of education-further research is required to explore the capability of predictive ML models in other contexts. Finally, long self-reported psychological questionnaires may not be suitable for real-world deployment and could be subject to bias, thus a simpler method needs to be devised to gather user profile data such as using a subset of the most predictive features. Practical implications-The findings of this study indicate that leveraging richer profiling data in conjunction with ML approaches may assist in the development of enhanced persuasive systems. There are © Annye Braca and Pierpaolo Dondio. Published by Emerald Publishing Limited. This article is published under the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 4.0) licence. Anyone may reproduce, distribute, translate and create derivative works of this article (for both commercial and non-commercial purposes), subject to full attribution to the original publication and authors. The full terms of this licence may be seen at many applications such as online apps, digital advertising, recommendation systems, chatbots and e-commerce platforms which can benefit from integrating persuasion communication systems that tailor messaging to the individual-potentially translating into higher economic returns. Originality/value-This study integrates sets of features that have heretofore not been used together in developing ML-based predictive models of PC. DAS scale data, which relate to dysfunctional beliefs and cognitive vulnerabilities, were assessed for their importance in identifying effective persuasion techniques. Additionally, the work compares a range of persuasion techniques that thus far have only been studied separately. This study also demonstrates the application of various ML methods in predicting the influence of linguistic styles/persuasion techniques within textual statements and show that a robust methodology comparing a range of ML algorithms is important in the discovery of a performant model. Abbreviations ANOVA = Analysis of variance; AUC = Area under curve; AI = Artificial intelligence; BalAcc = Balanced accuracy; DAS = Dysfunctional attitude scale; LDA = Linear discriminant analysis; LightGBM = Light gradient boosting machine; ML = Machine learning; MCC = Matthews correlation coefficient; TIPI = Personality traits; PC = Persuasive communication PCA = Principal component analysis; QDA = Quadratic discriminant analysis; ROC = Receiver operating characteristic; RUS = Random under sampling; Sens = Sensitivity; Spec = Specificity; and SVM = Support vector machine.
... The feature associated with the HEXACO Hfactor weakens representation in the Big Five and the FFM dimensions. As a result, it would be expected that the variables would show a strong link with the H-factor but a different link with other personality models that the HEXACO models could better accommodate than the Big five Model or the FFM (Graziano, & Eisenberg, 1997). ...
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This research paper aims to study personality traits with the HEXACO personality account. The five personality traits include extraversion, conscientiousness, openness to experience, neuroticism, and agreeableness. In addition, HEXACO has added another trait of personality known as honesty. The author studies these traits in detail.
... Relational investment. In their seminal review, Graziano and Eisenberg (1997) proposed that Agreeableness could be defined in motivational terms. That is, Agreeableness is a summary label for individual differences in the motivation to maintain positive relationships with others. ...
... Still, agreeableness in leadership has vague definitions and relationships. In line with the discussion, the studies of McCrae and Costa (1987) and Graziano and Eisenberg (1997) defined agreeableness with the characteristics such as gentle, kind, generous and warm. These are related to the characteristics of authentic leadershipagreeable leaders came up with more positivity for their followers (Bowling et al., 2005). ...
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Purpose The objectives of the current study were to identify the antecedents and outcomes of authentic leadership. For antecedents, the research considered the HEXACO (Honesty-Humility, Emotionality, eXtraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Openness to Experience) personality model and thereby identified the impact of authentic leadership on employee performance with the mediating role of psychological safety and employee engagement by using the trait theory. Design/methodology/approach The current study adopted a positivism research philosophy followed by a deductive approach. Overall, 347 samples were collected from the public sector organizations using quantitative research techniques, and data were gathered through a self-administrated questionnaire. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were used through structural equation modeling (SEM)-Mplus to generate the results and test the formulated hypotheses. Findings The results revealed that honesty-humility significantly impacts authentic leadership (β = 0.094 and p < 0.05). Similarly, other dimensions of HEXACO also play a significant role in forming authentic leadership. After analyzing the HEXACO as the antecedent of authentic leadership, sequential mediation of psychological safety and employee engagement was checked and identified that authentic leadership in the presence of mediators was insignificant. Hence the full mediation has been recorded. Originality/value Since its inception, a plethora of research has been available on the authentic leadership theory. However, the empirical evidence revealed that most research is related to outcomes of authentic leadership. As far as antecedents of authentic leadership are concerned, the literature is still silent, specifically on the development of authentic leaders. The current study is significantly contributing to the theory of authentic leadership, and in this context, the study is unique since it is taking the HEXACO personality model as an antecedent of authentic leadership to investigate its role in the development of authentic leaders. Moreover, the study is also identified as the impact of authentic leadership on task performance, not in isolation, but by taking psychological safety and employee engagement as a mediating mechanism.
... By contrast, people low on agreeableness tend to be "critical, skeptical, try to push limits, express hostility directly, and show condescending behavior to others" (Graziano & Tobin, 2016, p. 105). Agreeableness is a multi-faceted construct; what appears to be common to most agreeable persons, however, is that they seek to maintain positive relations with others (Graziano & Eisenberg, 1997). ...
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Why do people become opposition activists in authoritarian regimes where dissent invites social censure and can be dangerous? We make a new contribution to answering this classic question: personality. For the first time outside of democratic contexts, we investigate the association between personality traits and opposition activism, arguing that some traits work universally, while others interact with political context. We propose that—as in democracies—high extraversion predicts political activism, regardless of its pro- or anti-regime orientation, and, in particular, that extraversion is critical to explain the shift from online to offline action. We also argue that—contrary to democratic contexts—low agreeableness predicts opposition activism in autocracies, because it reduces the perceived costs of non-conformity. We test these arguments based on two independent survey samples from Russia, a stable authoritarian regime. In a series of statistical tests, including two case-control designs, we find consistent support for all hypotheses.
... In their study, Baumgartner et al. (2015) identified agreeableness as the trait that was mentioned most often for Scrum developers. People rating high in agreeableness are often described as altruistic, empathic, considerate, supportive and friendly (Graziano & Eisenberg 1997). This should help in interactions with team members, customers or other stakeholders, as it is particularly encouraged in agile organization models and reflected in the attitude towards collaborative exchange of an agile mindset. ...
Conference Paper
Agile IT projects need employees who not only follow agile structures but have a specific attitude called the agile mindset. While the relevance of the agile mindset is clear, findings on when it can be developed, are very limited. Stable personality traits, like the big five, influence attitude. Providing how these traits interact with the agile mindset gives orientation regarding in which cases an agile mindset is more trainable than in other cases. To investigate these relationships, we conducted an online survey with 327 students of a project management lecture. As a result of our SEM and QCA analysis, we found three combinations of personality traits that influence the agile mindset including different extents of conscientiousness, openness, agreeableness and neuroticism. We deepen and extend the theory around the agile mindset and enable practitioners to choose data-driven cases for development activities. Limitations and future research based on these results are given.
... Agreeableness have been referred as an interpersonal trait that reflects love and hate (Digman & Inouye, 1986). It reflects one's tendency to selflessly and kindly endorse interpersonal cooperation (Graziano & Eisenberg, 1997). Organizational members are more likely to discover unethical behaviors or wrongdoing in the workplace when the leader stresses ethical rules. ...
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The present study examines the impact of the Big Five personality on whistleblowing behaviors on Twitter. Meanwhile, two opposite moderators are explored that the weak situations of whistleblowing on Twitter can activate users' trait. Hierarchical regression analyses were conducted to test the hypotheses, with the Big Five personality traits as predictors and whistleblowing behaviors on Twitter as criterion variables. First, individuals high in extraversion and conscientiousness tend to perform both the original and retweeting whistleblowing on Twitter; Individuals low in agreeableness are more likely to reveal original wrongdoing information, while those high in agreeableness tend to retweet information; individuals high in openness enjoy retweeting but not original whistleblowing. The degree of moral identity moderates the positive relationship between extraversion / agreeable / conscientiousness and (retweeting) whistleblowing on Twitter, such that the relationship is stronger as moral identity increases. The degree of politics perceptions moderates the relationship between extraversion/agreeable/conscientiousness and (retweeting) whistleblowing on Twitter, such that the relationship is weaker as politics perceptions increases. The degree of moral identity moderates the negative relationship between agreeableness and original whistleblowing on Twitter, such that the relationship is weaker as moral identity increases. The degree of politics perceptions moderates the negative relationship between agreeableness and original whistleblowing on Twitter, such that the relationship is stronger as politics perceptions increases. This paper gives a form of weak situations on whistleblowing. A pair of opposite cues may build the weak situations. Modern identity shows the positive power for potential whistleblowers to express their trait, while politics perceptions prevent them exert personality by whistleblowing. The paradox situations could give a behavioral model how observers with different traits respond to the wrongdoings in these situations.
... Antagonism (that is about lower-level traits as trust, straightforwardness, people's compatibility with other people, their concern for social harmony, kindness and generosity, entails the maintenance of stable social relationships) (Costa & McCrae, 1992; 116 Graziano & Eisenberg, 1997) and Conscientiousness vs Lack of direction (that consists of traits such as considering others when making decisions, self-discipline, and strive for achievement (Costa & McCrae, 1992), might be regarded as a socialization factor underlying connection in the processes through which humans maintain stability), the Beta, consisting of Extraversion vs Introversion (which is about people's interest in other people, approach behaviour, novelty/excitement seeking and willingness to participate in events) (Carver et al., 2000;Costa & McCrae, 1992;Depue & Collins, 1999;R. Lucas et al., 2000;Watson & Clark, 1992) and Openness vs Closedness to experience (reflects the recurrent need of adventure, curiosity, appreciation of art, and flexibility in considering ideas, or feelings (Digman & Inouye, 1986;Goldberg, 1992Goldberg, , 1993McCrae & Costa, 1997;Tupes & Christal, 1992), that can be identified as the factor of personal growth and might be considered as different aspects of a more basic disposition). ...
Thesis
La croissance rapide de l'industrie du tourisme a créé des défis importants en matière de marketing touristique pour de nombreuses destinations. Les destinations touristiques doivent se concurrencer pour attirer de nouveaux touristes ou persuader les précédents de renouveler leur visite. En conséquence, ils doivent imaginer une image tentante pour leur marché cible. Par conséquent, l'image de la destination est un concept marketing crucial qui joue un rôle central dans la compréhension de la sélection de la destination (Baloglu & McCleary, 1999). A l’origine, Echtner et Ritchie (1991) définissent l'image de la destination touristique comme un ensemble de qualités fonctionnelles (utilitaires) liées au comportement touristique, telles que les infrastructures touristiques, les attractions et la tarification des produits touristiques (Echtner & Ritchie, 1993 ; P. Pearce, 1982). Cependant, de nombreux autres facteurs influents peuvent jouer un rôle important. Cette recherche de doctorat en philosophie (PhD) explore le rôle des événements et des innovations culturelles (telles que la gamification) dans l'amélioration de l'image de la destination touristique en étudiant leurs impacts, car l'image peut affecter directement le choix de la destination touristique (Beerli et al., 2007 ; Crompton, 1992 ; MacKay & Fesenmaier, 1997 ; Seddighi & Theocharous, 2002 ; Sirakaya et al., 2001 ; Um, 1998 ; Walmsley & Young, 1998).Les événements, en particulier les plus petits, pourraient être considérés comme l'un des outils utilisés en faveur des destinations touristiques lorsqu'elles sont en concurrence avec d'autres. Cependant, une grande partie de l'attention a été concentrée sur des événements à grande échelle ou méga-événements, avec peu de connaissances ou de compréhension des contributions apportées par leurs homologues beaucoup plus petits. Les événements culturels locaux, contrairement aux méga-événements, nécessitent peu d'investissements ou de développement d'infrastructures (Gursoy et al., 2004), ce qui les rend facilement accessibles aux milliers de petites lieux qui cherchent à renforcer leur image.Outre les événements, les innovations culturelles dans les destinations touristiques deviennent un nouveau mot à la mode dans les destinations ; la gamification fait partie des tendances qui pourraient aider les destinations dans cette compétition, notamment en ce qui concerne le goût des nouvelles générations (Gen Y et Z). Cependant, comme il s'agit d'un nouveau sujet, peu d'études ont été utilisées pour analyser le résultat de cette tendance et si la gamification peut aider les destinations à améliorer leur image. L'objectif global de cette thèse est d'offrir des informations solides sur la façon dont les destinations peuvent améliorer leur image et attirer plus de touristes en utilisant des moyens créatifs, dans les dimensions qui viennent d’être évoquées. De plus, les événements culturels et les innovations, populaires dans de nombreux endroits, ont de bons résultats en matière d'économie, de socialisation et de culture et sont considérés comme des outils pratiques. En conséquence, les organisations de marketing de destination (OMD) et les décideurs auront plus d'informations et de connaissances sur ce domaine d'étude et d’arguments pour soutenir leurs processus de prise de décision. Ce domaine spécifique est actuellement sous-étudié et a sa place dans l'étude plus large de l'industrie du tourisme et des impacts des événements. En conséquence, cette thèse tente d'enrichir la littérature théorique et méthodologique en se concentrant sur la question des événements et des innovations culturelles ; comment peuvent-ils contribuer efficacement à l'amélioration de l'image des destinations et les rendre plus attrayantes ou tentantes pour les touristes ?
... In summary, agreeableness requires the highest overall resolutions, while other traits exhibit mutually similar behavior, with openness requiring the lowest overall resolution. Individuals who score high on agreeableness tend to be compliant and cooperative, and to conform with rules not to upset others [14]. In our study, viewers with agreeableness as dominant personality trait might have focused on the task of changing resolution as their goal in this experiment, and thus have been more keen on changing the resolution in order to satisfy the requirements of the study. ...
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While the evolution of mobile computing is experiencing considerable growth, it is at the same time seriously threatened by the limitations of battery technology, which does not keep pace with the evergrowing increase in energy requirements of mobile applications. Yet, with the limits of human perception and the diversity of requirements that individuals may have, a question arises of whether the effort should be made to always deliver the highest quality result to a mobile user? In this work we investigate how a user’s physical activity, the spatial/temporal properties of the video, and the user’s personality traits interact and jointly influence the minimal acceptable playback resolution. We conduct two studies with 45 participants in total and find out that the minimal acceptable resolution indeed varies across different contextual factors. Our predictive models inferring the lowest acceptable playback resolution, together with the reduced power consumption we measure at lower resolutions, open an opportunity for saving a mobile’s energy through context-adaptable approximate computing.
... It also implies altruism, compliance, modesty, trustworthiness, a straightforward demeanor, and tender-minded character [111]. Other traits include being considerate, cooperative, kind, likable, and willing to help [112]. ...
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This study examines nurses' Continuance Intention (CI) to use electronic health records (EHRs) through a combination of three conceptual frameworks: the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT), the theory of expectation-confirmation (ECT), and the Five-Factor Model (FFM). A model is developed to examine and predict the determinants of nurses' CI to use EHRs, including top management support (TMS) and the FFM's five personality domains. Data were collected from a survey of 497 nurses, which were analyzed using partial least squares. No significant relationship was found between TMS and CI. The study revealed that performance expectancy significantly mediated the influences of two different hypotheses of two predictors: agreeableness and openness to testing CI. A significant moderating impact of conscientiousness was found on the relationship between performance expectancy and CI and the relationship between social influence and CI. The findings of this study indicated that rigorous attention to the personality of individual nurses and substantial TMS could improve nurses' CI to use EHRs. A literature gap was filled concerning the mediating effects of performance expectancy on the FFM-CI relationship, and the moderation effects of Conscientiousness on UTAUT constructs and CI are another addition to the literature. The results are expected to assist government agencies, health policymakers, and health institutions all over the globe in their attempts to understand the post-adoption use of EHRs.
... Extraversion represents the tendency to be sociable [38], to engage with the external world, and experience positive emotions [39]. Agreeableness refers to the tendency to be warm [40], kind, and compliant [41], and in so doing, form friendly relationships [42] and promote belongingness-related behaviours [43]. Conscientiousness indicates a tendency for self-discipline [44], and orderly behaviours [45]. ...
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Interoception is the perception of internal bodily signals. It is considered fundamental to developing emotional awareness. For this reason, interoceptive deficits are often associated with alexithymia, a condition characterized by difficulty identifying feelings (DIF), difficulty describing feelings (DDF), and an externally-oriented style of thinking (EOT). Yet, the atypical interoception found in alexithymia might be of a similar type and/or more serious than those found in other partially overlapping constructs that entail emotional difficulties and behavioural patterns associated with specific emotional styles. Our study explores this issue by examining the relationship between the interoceptive deficits associated with alexithymia and the Big Five personality traits. A non-clinical sample (N = 504) completed the Toronto Alexithymia Scale, the Big Five Inventory and the Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness. Data were analysed using a network analytic approach that conceives psychological traits as networks of interacting symptoms. The estimated network highlighted that EOT is the alexithymia component least associated with interoception and most associated with lower Openness to Experience. Conversely, DIF and Neuroticism are, respectively, the dimensions of alexithymia and the Big Five most highly associated with interoception. We also compared interoceptive abilities in the four groups of participants whose scores were a) high for both alexithymia and neuroticism, b) high only for alexithymia c), high only for neuroticism, and d) low for both. High alexithymia was especially associated with the tendency to ignore sensations of pain or discomfort, while neuroticism was more indicative of the tendency to worry about these sensations. These results suggest that while high alexithymia and neuroticism share some interoceptive deficits, others are unique to alexithymia and contribute to overall lower interoceptive ability in this condition. Our findings suggest that interventions to enhance awareness of bodily sensations can be beneficial especially for profiles who present high neuroticism and alexithymia.
... Social and intrinsic values (e.g., making friends, helping others) and concern for others (e.g., empathy, desire to volunteer) have declined over time (Konrath et al., 2011;Twenge et al., 2012). Because people who score high on agreeableness display greater concern for others, altruism, and prosocial behaviors (Graziano & Eisenberg, 1997), the prevalence of agreeableness might have been diminishing. Furthermore, extant research indicates a decline in collectivistic values (Greenfield, 2013;Twenge, 2014) and that agreeableness positively relates to collectivism (Benet-Martinez and Karakitapoglu-Aygün, 2003). ...
Article
Full-text access to a view-only version: https://rdcu.be/cTCKE . Abstract: Using a panel data set (n = 49,626), this research tests opposing hypotheses about the influence of brand personality dimensions (BPDs) on customer-based brand equity (CBBE) and the evolution of this influence over an 18-year period. The results show that, on average, the BPDs of excitement, competence, and sincerity have more positive effects on CBBE than sophistication and ruggedness. Furthermore, the effects of sincerity, sophistication, and ruggedness on CBBE have declined over time while the effects of excitement and competence have grown more positive: A 1% change in excitement is associated with a .45% change in CBBE in 2001 and a .71% change in 2018 (a 58% increase), while a 1% change in competence is associated with a .42% change in CBBE in 2001 and a .60% change in 2018 (a 43% increase). How these effects vary between countries, industry sectors, and brand types is also explored.
... Increased agreeableness conceptually aligns within both the "progressive" and "insightful" factors, both of which we found to be significantly predictive of floodwater driving aversion in our sample. As agreeableness can be conceptually viewed as collaborative, considerate, sociable, and altruistic (Graziano and Eisenberg, 1997), involuntary situations may lead such individuals to consider the macro effect of their risk-taking behavior rather than their own motivations. When compared to the sociability of extraversion, it is possible that the two traits work in opposition across involuntary and voluntary risk-taking, such that increased agreeableness fulfills a similar psychosocial function in involuntary situations that extraversion fulfills in voluntary situations. ...
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As anthropogenic climate change progresses, there is an increasing need for individuals to make appropriate decisions regarding their approach to extreme weather events. Natural hazards are involuntary risk environments (e.g., flooded roads); interaction with them cannot be avoided (i.e., a decision must be made about how to engage). While the psychological and sociocultural predictors of engagement with voluntary risks (i.e., risk situations that are sought out) are well-documented, less is known about the factors that predict engagement with involuntary risk environments. This exploratory study assessed whether mental health (depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms), personality traits, and cultural worldviews combine to predict engagement with involuntary risk, using the situation of floodwater driving. An Australian sample (N = 235) was assessed via questionnaire and scenario measures. Results were analyzed in a binomial logistic regression assessing which individual factors predicted decision-making in a proxy floodwater driving scenario. Agreeableness and gender were individually significant predictors of floodwater driving intention, and four factors (named “affect,” “progressiveness,” “insightfulness,” and “purposefulness”) were derived from an exploratory factor analysis using the variables of interest, though only two (“progressiveness” and “insightfulness”) predicted floodwater driving intention in an exploratory binomial logistic regression. The findings highlight the need for further research into the differences between voluntary and involuntary risk. The implication of cultural worldviews and personality traits in interaction with mental health indicators on risk situations is discussed.
... Overall, these findings suggest that people who are more communal and open with other humans also tend to extend these dispositions to nonhuman animals (see also Hopwood & Bleidorn, 2021). This is an interesting finding because these traits are generally understood in the psychological literature in terms of relations among humans (Graziano & Eisenberg, 1997). This suggests that the speciesist assumptions common in daily Note: Grayed boxes were predicted to be significant and larger than non-grayed boxes. ...
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People vary in their compassion for animals, likely due in part to more variation in more basic personality and interpersonal behavior attributes. Previous research has generally suggested that more communal and agreeable people also tend to be more compassionate to animals. However, this research is limited regarding the range and depth of individual differences used to examine this issue. The goal of this preregistered study was to extend previous research by examining associations between compassion for animals and a wider range of variables than has been previously examined. In a representative sample of American adults (n = 992), we tested associations between compassion for animals and (a) Big Five personality trait domains, (b) Big Five trait aspects, (c) maladaptive Big Five trait domains, (d) interpersonal values, and (e) interpersonal problems. Results supported our hypothesis that compassion for animals is related to communion/agreeableness and openness to experience. Consistent with our hypotheses, the compassionate aspect of agreeableness drove correlations with that trait. Contrary to our hypotheses, maladaptive antagonism was not more strongly related to compassion for animals than normal-range agreeableness. The results provide a fuller portrait of the personological foundation of compassion for animals. Specifically, people who are more communal/agreeable and open tend to be more compassionate toward animals. This suggests that personality-related patterns of behavior among humans extend to human-animal interactions. Results also provide a basis for future work examining the mechanisms underlying human compassion for animals.
... In the clinical sample, in light of the characteristics of the Socialization and Isolation HQ-25 subscales, the former mainly measuring social withdrawal and lack of interest in close relationships, and the latter focusing on the tendency to isolate at home, we expected both to be highly correlated with Detachment and Negative Affectivity, two negative correlates of Extraversion (Góngora & Castro Solano, 2017). Because the Isolation subscale also contains one item assessing to what extent one tends to live by society's rules and values, we expected it to correlate moderately to highly with Antagonism, which previous studies showed to negatively correlate with Agreeableness, being characterized by a lack of motivation to maintain positive interpersonal relationships (Graziano & Eisenberg, 1997) and a dislike of others' interpersonal behavior (Lynam & Miller, 2019). Moreover, we expected that Emotional Support, mainly characterized by a perception of not being understood by others and a significant lack of social and emotional support, would highly correlate with Psychoticism, the latter including items such as "My thoughts often don't make sense to others" and "I often have thoughts that make sense to me but that other people say are strange", and to a lesser extent, with Detachment and Negative Affectivity. ...
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Introduction: The present study aimed to adapt the 25-item Hikikomori Questionnaire to the Italian context (HQ-25-I) and to test its psychometric properties in two samples, particularly a sample of residents with psychiatric conditions (n = 117) and a sample of individuals from the community (n = 209). Methods: We tested the fit of the original three-factor structure (Socialization, Isolation, and Emotional Support) and measurement invariance across the two groups, and the reliability, convergent, and criterion (concurrent) validity of the HQ-25-I. Results: The results showed that the original measurement model fitted the data well and that it was invariant across the two groups. The measure was reliable and positively correlated with some maladaptive personality trait domains (PID-5-BF), Depression (BDI-II), and Hopelessness (BHS) in both groups, with higher scores observed in the clinical sample. However, low correlations were found between the HQ-25-I and the PID-5-BF Detachment and Negative Affectivity. Conclusions: The results from the study showed that the HQ-25-I is reliable, but further examination of its validity is warranted. Implications for theory and future research are discussed.
... In the personality domain, the confluence of agreeableness, conscientiousness, and emotional stability have been identified as key traits reflecting adaptive functioning in adulthood (DeYoung et al., 2002;Digman, 1997). Agreeableness is often associated with prosocial behavior and tendencies toward being likeable, cooperative, and helpful (Graziano & Eisenberg, 1997). Conscientiousness is described as the tendency to be organized, responsible, and hardworking (VandenBos, 2007). ...
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Experiences with parents and romantic partners during adolescence are theorized to have long-term effects on youth development. However, little research has empirically examined the relative contributions of experiences in each type of relationship at different points during adolescence to positive development in young adulthood. The goal of the present study was to predict relative changes in youth positive personality characteristics, relational competence, and functional independence during young adulthood from specific behaviors experienced from parents and romantic partners during early and late adolescence. A diverse community sample of 147 individuals (59 males, 88 females) from the southeastern United States was repeatedly assessed across a 14-year period from age 13 to age 27. As hypothesized, parental acceptance and successful parental positive influence behavior toward adolescents at age 13 predicted relative increases in positive personality traits (e.g., agreeableness, conscientiousness, emotional stability) between ages 23 and 27. These same parental behaviors measured at age 18 were less robust predictors of key outcomes relative to similar qualities of romantic relationships. Instead, romantic behaviors of toleration and appreciation at age 18 predicted relative increases in functional independence and relational competence between ages 23 and 27 (e.g., attachment closeness, reliable alliance, nurturance, and functional independence). Results suggest that parents’ successful efforts to positively influence and accept their children during early adolescence may lay a foundation for future positive personality growth, and that similar positive behaviors experienced in late adolescent romantic relationships may help prepare youth to develop broader supportive social relationships and independence skills in young adulthood.
... in terms of the Big Five model, agreeableness seems to be the personality trait commonly associated with social functioning in conflict situations. Agreeableness refers to the individual difference in the desire for social harmony and cooperation (Graziano & eisenberg, 1997). individuals high in agreeableness seem to be more emotionally responsive toward others, and more prone to help others, even in the absence of typical factors enhancing helping like kinship or empathy (Graziano, Habashi, Sheese, & Tobin, 2007). ...
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Conflict and conflict resolution
... Language-based cues of agreeableness represent another salient source of personally identifying information in the written narrative of entrepreneurs' charitable appeals. Agreeableness refers to an individual's tendency to prioritize social harmony (Graziano & Eisenberg, 1997). Furthermore, individuals viewed as agreeable exhibit three characteristics that are likely important to driving donations: honesty (Ashton et al., 2014), transparency (Shum et al., 2019), and prosocial behavior (Graziano et al., 2007). ...
Article
Catastrophic events challenge the resilience of society and require entrepreneurs to act proactively. Government COVID-19 responses forced thousands of businesses to close, resulting in a staggering loss of revenue for small businesses. Many small business entrepreneurs turned to crowdfunding to make public funding appeals. Through the lens of the identifiable victim effect, we examine how donations to affected businesses are related to language-based cues of personality traits embedded in appeals. Using the IBM Watson Personality Insights algorithm, we assess charitable appeals for language-based cues that convey entrepreneurs’ Big Five personality traits. We test our model using 6,803 donation-based campaigns between March and May 2020. We further tested how crisis salience influenced prosocial behavior, discovering that donation effects were increased for appeals that highlighted the pandemic’s impact on the business. Our results suggest that language-based cues of personality traits have significant associations with public support when embedded in charitable appeals.
... The role of agreeableness in educational achievement is less consistently documented compared to conscientiousness and openness. As an interpersonal dimension, agreeableness refers to the quality of relations with others, resulting in prosocial and cooperative attitudes (Graziano & Eisenberg, 1997). Meta-analytic evidence underlines that agreeableness is particularly important for student achievement in primary education, while this relation for self-ratings of agreeableness diminishes at the secondary and tertiary level (Poropat, 2009). ...
Article
In this study, we examined the mediating role of academic self-efficacy and motivational learning strategies in the relationship between personality and elementary school students’ achievement. The data were collected using a questionnaire that was administered to 511 Croatian eighth-grade students (14–15 years old) and analysed using Hayes’s PROCESS procedure. The results suggest that conscientious students have higher grade point average (GPA) which can partially be explained with their relatively high academic self-efficacy and avoidance of using strategies of protecting self-esteem. Findings also indicate serial mediating effects of academic self-efficacy and strategies of protecting self-esteem on the relationship between conscientiousness and GPA. Openness was positively related to GPA, but only indirectly, through academic self-efficacy. Furthermore, we found an indirect effect of agreeableness on GPA through less frequent use of strategies aimed at protecting self-esteem. Neuroticism and extraversion showed no direct nor indirect effects on GPA. Additionally, students with higher academic self-efficacy were less inclined to use strategies of protecting self-esteem. However, there was no effect of academic self-efficacy on strategies of promoting learning process. This study adds to the existing literature by specifically examining serial mediation of academic self-efficacy and learning strategies in the relationship between personality and GPA.
... When it comes to assessing the quality of one's interpersonal attitude, agreeableness is a personality attribute (e.g. disbelieving vs. believing) (Costa Jr et al., 1991;Graziano & Eisenberg, 1997). ...
... ❖Self-efficacy is related to prosocial behaviour. A person is more likely to help when they consider that their efforts to help will be successful (Graziano & Eisenberg, 1997). ...
Conference Paper
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The Science of Kindness: A Critical Exploration ECPP 2022 workshop Presenters: Dr Rona Hart and Joh Foster, Presentation type: Workshop Category: Positive psychology: Theory / Basic Research Track/focus: Society Theme: Relationships In recent years the concept of kindness has attracted significant academic as well as public interest, yet despite the burgeoning literature, the concept of kindness remains theoretically ambiguous and underdeveloped. Kindness is defined as action intended to benefit others (Curry et al., 2018). While there is some agreement around this definition, scholarly work seems unclear as to what kindness is: is it a behaviour, a moral emotion, an attitude or a motivation, a trait or a state, a character strength or a value? Scholars have also noted the indistinction of kindness from other prosocial concepts (such as helping, altruism or compassion). Moreover, the measures of kindness often explore other concepts (such as volunteering, donating, or helping), which raises questions around measurement validity. Additionally, kindness raises some intriguing dilemmas around the merit of kind acts: Who decides whether an act is kind - the giver or the receiver? Should it be judged by its intentions or outcomes? Do selfish intentions diminish its value? What are the costs of kindness? In this workshop we will explore these aspects of kindness (and several others) through a combination of presentations, group exercises and discussions with an intention to critically deconstruct, clarify, and refine the contours of the concept of kindness.
... In terms of organizational behaviors, agreeable employees are highly compatible. Therefore, agreeable employees tend to find tasks that require mutual interaction and thus perform higher if this need is met (Graziano & Eisenberg, 1999). Bradley, Baur, Banford, and Postlethwaite (2013) showed that there is a positive correlation between agreeableness and job performance and success. ...
Thesis
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The personality congruence of supervisors and subordinates and its influence on work outcomes is a relatively new topic in social and behavioral sciences. Most well-known personality theory is Big Five that includes openness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, extraversion and agreeableness traits. LMX theory focuses on the mutual relationship between a supervisor and a subordinate. There is a gap in the literature regarding the mediating role of LMX perceptions of subordinates on the relationship between personality congruence of supervisors and subordinates and affective commitment (AC). The purpose of this cross-sectional design was first to explore the direct relationship between supervisors and subordinates personality congruence and AC of subordinates. The second purpose of this study was to explore the role of LMX as a mediator between the personality congruence of supervisors and subordinates and AC of the subordinates. A cluster sampling method was used to gather 400 supervisorsubordinate dyads from 3 technopolises in Ankara, who completed self-reported questionnaires. A technopolis is a technology science park. Polynomial regression analysis was conducted to measure the congruence level of dyads’ personality traits and structural equation modeling was used to analyze the mediating effect of LMX. Results revealed that, LMX has no mediating effect on personality congruence and AC. The results also revealed that there is a significant relation between the agreeableness congruence of supervisors and subordinates, and AC. This information can be used by organizations by pairing up agreeable dyad members to increase affective commitment. The findings of this study may create positive social change by promoting optimum functioning organizations that have committed employees which would affect the society and economy in a positive way.
... Relational investment. In their seminal review, Graziano and Eisenberg (1997) proposed that Agreeableness could be defined in motivational terms. That is, Agreeableness is a summary label for individual differences in the motivation to maintain positive relationships with others. ...
Article
Agreeableness impacts people and real-world outcomes. In the most comprehensive quantitative review to date, we summarize results from 142 meta-analyses reporting effects for 275 variables, which represent N > 1.9 million participants from k > 3,900 studies. Arranging variables by their content and type, we use an organizational framework of 16 conceptual categories that presents a detailed account of Agreeableness’ external relations. Overall, the trait has effects in a desirable direction for 93% of variables (grand mean 𝜌M = .16). We also review lower order trait evidence for 42 variables from 20 meta-analyses. Using these empirical findings, in tandem with existing theory, we synthesize eight general themes that describe Agreeableness’ characteristic functioning across variables: self- transcendence, contentment, relational investment, teamworking, work investment, lower results emphasis, social norm orientation, and social integration. We conclude by discussing potential boundary conditions of findings, contributions and limitations of our review, and future research directions.
... When it comes to assessing the quality of one's interpersonal attitude, agreeableness is a personality attribute (e.g. disbelieving vs. believing) (Costa Jr et al., 1991;Graziano & Eisenberg, 1997). ...
... Conceptually and empirically, Empathy has been most strongly associated with, and treated as a facet of Agreeableness (Chopik et al., 2017;Graziano & Eisenberg, 1997;Melchers et al., 2016;Mooradian et al., 2011). Anger and Hostility are typically considered facets of Neuroticism and may be related to low Agreeableness (Sanz et al., 2010). ...
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Objective: Research on associations between parents' personality and parenting has a long history, but mechanisms that explain them remain unsettled. We examined parents' explicit and implicit negative Internal Working Models (IWMs) of the child, assessed at toddler age, as linking parental personality and parenting. Method: Mothers and fathers from 200 community families provided personality self-reports (Neuroticism, Agreeableness, Empathy, and Anger/Hostility) when their children were infants. When children were toddlers, the explicit negative IWMs included self-reported low-mentalizing reflective functioning and resentment regarding the child. The implicit negative IWMs were coded as negative relational schemas from parental interviews. Parental positive affect, responsiveness, and power-assertive control were observed in lengthy interactions. Measures were parallel for mother- and father-child dyads. Results: Mothers' implicit IWMs linked the association between low Empathy and more power-assertive control. Fathers' explicit IWMs linked the associations between high Neuroticism and low Agreeableness and lower responsiveness. Additionally, fathers' Agreeableness and Empathy directly predicted their parenting. Two paths (Agreeableness → implicit IWMs, and explicit IWMs → responsiveness) significantly differed between mothers and fathers. Conclusions: IWMs may link parental personality with parenting. The findings integrate and inform several bodies of literature in personality, social cognition, and developmental psychology.
... This is in line with the results of the linear regression model ( Table 6) and also of the boxplot distribution of end resolutions for each dominant personality type ( Figure 8): agreeableness requires the highest overall resolutions, while other traits exhibit similar behavior, with openness requiring the lowest overall resolution. Individuals who score high on agreeableness tend to be compliant and cooperative, and to conform with rules not to upset others [36,16]. In our study, viewers with agreeableness as dominant personality trait might have focused on the task of changing resolution as their goal in this experiment, and thus have been more keen on changing the resolution in order to satisfy the requirements of the study. ...
Preprint
While the evolution of mobile computing is experiencing a considerable growth, it is at the same time seriously threatened by the limitations of the battery technology, which does not keep pace with the evergrowing increase in energy requirements of mobile applications. A novel approach for reducing the energy appetite of mobile apps comes from the approximate computing field, which proposes techniques that in a controlled manner sacrifice computation accuracy for higher energy savings. Building on this philosophy we propose a context-aware mobile video quality adaptation that reduces the energy needed for video playback, while ensuring that a user's quality expectations with respect to the mobile video are met. We confirm that the decoding resolution can play a significant role in reducing the overall power consumption of a mobile device and conduct two user studies to investigate how the context in which a video is played, its content, and the user's personality, modulate a user's quality expectations. We discover that a user's physical activity, the spatial/temporal properties of the video, and the user's personality traits interact and jointly influence the minimal acceptable playback resolution, paving the way for context-adaptable approximate mobile computing.
... Empirical findings present indirect support by indicating that people high in Agreeableness are more sensitive to the warmth-coldness of other people's behavior than are people low in Agreeableness (Kammrath & Scholer, 2011). In addition, people who are high in Communion Trait, a personality trait representing variation in warmth-coldness and highly correlated with Agreeableness (Graziano & Eisenberg, 1997;McCrae & Costa, 1989), expect others to respond more strongly to behaviors that vary in warmth-coldness than do people who are low in this trait (Kammrath, 2011). ...
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Extending the body shape literature to the field of product-design and marketing, this research explores how anthropomorphic products' human-like body shapes influence consumer evaluation and purchase intention. Findings in Studies 1-2 indicate that a chubby product shape is more likely to trigger perceptions of Agreeableness whereas a thin humanized shape is more likely to trigger perceptions of Conscientiousness. Moreover, product attitudes are more favorable and purchase intention is higher when products' internal attributes (i.e., warmth and competence) match product humanized body shapes (i.e., chubby shape-warmth attribute or thin shape-competence attribute) than when shapes and product attributes mismatch (Studies 3-5). The effect of such body-shape-product-attribute congruity is mediated via perceptions of Agreeableness and Conscientiousness (Studies 3-5), and generalizable to marketing scenarios involving buyers/users' various occupations and different personality traits (Studies 6-7).
... Using factor analysis, they suggest that high and low agreeableness represent high communion-low agency behaviors and low communion-high agency tendencies, respectively. This suggestion receives lackluster attention as the interpersonal circumplex model has gone out of favor within the personality research community (Graziano & Eisenberg, 1997). ...
Article
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The role congruity theory and research on gender stereotypes suggest that communion and agency tendencies explain gender discrimination in performance evaluations. We propose that high agreeableness, a Big Five personality trait, captures the communal dimension of an individual’s concern for others. Across two studies conducted in India and the United States, we found evidence that the relationship between agreeableness and performance evaluations is nonlinear for female employees. Women are rated as high performers when they exhibit moderate levels of agreeableness. For male employees, we find a communal bonus effect in which they benefit from being agreeable in the workplace. Our findings demonstrate the stability of these findings across Indian and North American cultures. Our findings contribute to the literature on role congruity, personality theories, and job performance.
... Несмотря на многообразие определений, приписываемых понятию эмпатии, большинство исследователей сходятся на том, что эта способность играет значимую роль в межличностном взаимодействии. С высоким уровнем развития эмпатии связывают просоциальное поведение (Eisenberg, Miller, 1987;Lockwood et al., 2014), дружелюбие как один из факторов Большой пятерки (Graziano, Eisenberg, 1997), лидерство (Kellett et al., 2006. Дефицит способности к эмпатии наблюдается в ряде психических расстройств, таких как психопатия (Blair, 2005), расстройство аутистического спектра (Baron-Cohen, Wheelwright, 2004), шизофрения (Lee et al., 2004. ...
Article
В статье представлены результаты апробации Опросника когнитивной и аффективной эмпатии Р. Реньерс на русскоязычной выборке. В отличие от других направленных на диагностику эмпатии методик, доступных русскоязычному исследователю, данный оп­ро­сник демонстрирует хорошие психометрические показатели, а также пригоден для измерения как когнитивной, так и аффективной эмпатии. В исследовании приняли участие 788 человек в возрасте от 18 до 66 лет (M = 26, SD = 10.1; 707 женщин и 81 мужчина). Методом конфирматорного факторного анализа была подтверждена заявленная в оригинальной версии опросника факторная структура, обе проверенные модели демонстрируют удовлетворительный уровень соответствия данным. Шкалы методики показывают высокие значения надежности-согласованности, составляющие их субшкалы — удовлетворительные значения на­деж­ности-согласованности. Конвергентная валидность подтверждается наличием корреляций со шкалами эмоционального интеллекта, психопатии, макиавеллизма. Когнитивная эмпатия положительно связана со всеми субшкалами эмоционального интеллекта, аффективная эмпатия положительно связана с межличностным эмоциональным интеллектом, но отрицательно — с внутриличностным эмоциональным интеллектом. Психопатия и макиавеллизм отрицательно связаны с аффективной эмпатией и одной из субшкал когнитивной эмпатии. Женщины демонстрируют более высокий уровень аффективной эмпатии, чем мужчины, гендерных различий в уровне когнитивной эмпатии выявлено не было. Полученные результаты позволяют рассматривать предложенную версию методики в качестве инструмента оценки когнитивной и аффективной эмпатии. Наличие надежного и валидного русскоязычного инструмента диагностики эмпатии может расширить возможности практической и исследовательской деятельности, в том числе кросс-культурных исследований.
... An agreeable personality is described as kind, helpful, considerate, and unselfish toward others (Graziano and Eisenberg, 1997;John and Srivastava, 1999). First, agreeableness is related to relationships with others. ...
Article
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Many messengers and social networking services (SNSs) use emojis and stickers as a means of communication. Stickers express individual emotions well, allowing long texts to be replaced with small pictures. As the use of stickers increased, stickers were commercialized on a few platforms and showed remarkable growth as people bought and used stickers with their favorite characters, products, or entertainers online. Depending on their personality, individuals have different motivations for using stickers that determine the usefulness and enjoyment of stickers, affecting their purchase decisions. In the present study, participants ( n = 302) who were randomly recruited from a university completed an online questionnaire assessing the Big Five personality characteristics, motivations for using stickers, and the technology acceptance model (TAM). Results using partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) revealed that each personality trait affected different motivations for using stickers. Moreover, motivations for using stickers also influenced different technology acceptance variables. Finally, perceived usefulness, enjoyment, and ease of use had a positive effect on the intention to purchase stickers. This study has implications in that it is an exploratory approach to the intention to purchase stickers, which has been investigated by few prior studies, and it sheds light on the relationship between personality, motivation, and TAM in purchasing stickers. It also suggests that personality and motivation factors can be considered in personalized recommendation services.
... Conscientiousness, for instance, may seem to have a clear disposition to favor a positive emotional state, but the reality is that conscientiousness can drive behaviors eliciting both positive and negative emotions depending on the circumstance (Boyce et al., 2010). The emotional functioning predicted by agreeableness, by contrast, is more clearly disposed to inhibiting negative emotions and is rooted at the level of neurobiology (Graziano & Eisenberg, 1997). The final Big Five trait, openness, has few connections to emotional states at all (McCrae & Costa, 1997). ...
Article
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The promotion of mental health, and the prevention of psychological disease, have come increasingly into focus in recent years. This is especially true for adolescents and young adults, who due to their stages in development face unique challenges in achieving good mental health. Among these challenges is the formation of major psychological constructs such as self-esteem and personality. The interaction between these variables and others such as subjective well-being and internalizing problems may help explain how a person’s mental health is determined. 150 college students answered self-report questionnaires on self-esteem, the Big Five traits, subjective well-being, and internalizing problems. The results showed that self-esteem played a mediating role between subjective well-being and internalizing problems. One Big Five trait, neuroticism, was found to play a moderating role in this mediation relationship between self-esteem and internalizing problems. Our findings suggest that a person’s psychological development, influenced by a complex mix of cognitive, behavioral, and emotional forces, plays a unique role in the dynamic between mental wellness and mental illness. The broader impact of the findings is to develop mental health treatment plans for emerging adults to promote positive development.
... People high in openness to experience value change and exhibit training proficiency and engage in learning, making them more receptive to more recent technologies (Barrick et al., 2001;McCrae and Costa, 1997). Agreeable personalities are kind, cooperative, helpful, likable and considerate (Graziano and Eisenberg, 1997). People high on agreeableness consider new technology to be more beneficial than those less agreeable. ...
Article
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Purpose-This study aims to evaluate the role of personality in digital library systems (DLS) adoption intention among Generation Z (Gen-Z) students. The study uses the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology-2 and the five-factor model to investigate personality's influence on Gen-Z's DLS adoption intention. Design/methodology/approach-The study is a descriptive causal investigation based on primary data collected through a self-administered survey using pre-validated tools. The study uses structural equation modeling to investigate personality dimensions' direct and moderating effect on the dependent, independent variables and their relation. Findings-The study results indicate that personality has no significant influence on Gen-Z's DLS adoption, suggesting the ubiquity and inevitability of technology in current times. Also, only performance expectancy had a considerable impact on DLS adoption among Gen-Z going to college-a deviation from past studies where multiple independent variables have influenced DLS adoption when examined from different technology adoption model angles. Research limitations/implications-The current research is done on Gen-Z, and thus the results are ideographic to the cohort. Practical implications-The results of the study can be used to effectively design and communicate technology-enabled information solutions among the Cohort. Social implications-The results of the study help better understand the factors affecting the technology adoption intentions of Gen-Z. Such understanding can help in better design and implementation of technology-enabled solutions for the cohort, maximizing such system adoption and its effective and efficient utilization. Originality/value-The study explores the impact of personality on DLS adoption intentions, hitherto unexplored. The research also focuses on Gen-Z-a cohort born in a technology-enabled world whose attitude and preferences towards technology might differ. The study's findings will help understand the influence of personality on DLS adoption among the Gen-Z and can be used to design, promote and evaluate such systems.
Article
Values and personality influence decision-making, motivation, attitude, interpersonal relationships, behavior, and performance. Personal values influence traits; people try to behave in a way that is consistent with their values. Values are the drivers of behavior, including workplace behavior. The relationship between personal values and behavioral outcomes may have been explored empirical studies in various disciplines but limited to a few studies in management. In addition, the effect of job values on performance, in general, was investigated. However, when the effect of personal values on performance and job satisfaction is considered, it becomes clear how important it is to study this subject. Although many studies identify the antecedents of job satisfaction, the relationship of the Big Five personalities with job satisfaction has been much less studied. The aim of this study; It examines both direct and mediating relationships between values, personality, job satisfaction, and performance. Relationships were examined within the framework of Value Perception Theory. In the analysis, personal traits and personal values were measured formatively, while job satisfaction and sales performance were measured reflectively. It was found that personality traits do not have a mediating effect on the relationship between personal values and job satisfaction, and personality traits have a mediating effect on the relationship between personal values and sales performance. The theoretical contribution; It examines the mediating role of personality traits and provides more detailed information on the effects of values on sales performance and job satisfaction. The practical contribution; considering the impact of personality traits and values on performance, the candidate offers ideas for determining personality traits and values before making the final hiring decision.
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The present study explores the cause and effect relationship between organizational justice and occupational stress and applies the moderation and mediation analysis to this relationship. An attempt is made to identify the best predictor of occupational stress among the forms of organizational justice. Furthermore, indirect relationships (moderation, mediation and moderated mediation effects) are explored by introducing intermediary variables (moderators – social support, neuroticism and extraversion; mediator – organizational environment). The study also focuses on the direct and indirect relationships between organizational justice, occupational stress and job satisfaction. Organizational justice and occupational stress: The study results show that among the forms of organizational justice distributive justice is the only predictor of occupational stress. Interactional justice mainly predicts personal strain, and procedural justice – personal resources (rational coping with stressful situation, readiness for recreational activities, etc.) A moderated mediation effect has been demonstrated in the relationship between organizational justice and occupational stress. This relationship is fully mediated by organizational environment and moderated by neuroticism. Social support, organizational justice and occupational stress: It has been proved that social support (in particular, supervisor emotional support) is a reliable predictor of stress. Another reliable predictor of organizational justice is practical support. A moderated mediation effect has been demonstrated in the relationship between social support and occupational stress. In particular, this relationship is fully mediated by organizational justice and moderated by extraversion. Organizational justice, occupational stress and job satisfaction: The study shows that out of the forms of organization justice, only distributive and interactional justices are reliable predictors of job satisfaction. Among the dimensions of occupational stress only occupational role stress and personal strain are the predictors of job satisfaction. It has been also proved that occupational stress is a partial mediator of the relationship between organizational justice and job satisfaction.
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Internet addiction and its related variables (i.e., internet gaming addiction, social media addiction, fear of missing out, phubbing) have mostly been investigated in the general population without considering possible gender differences. The present study aimed to investigate the specific characteristics of men and women in the possible development of pathological behaviors related to internet addiction. A total of 276 participants (of ages ranging from 18 to 30 years old) were recruited in the study (46.7% were males) and responded to online questionnaires on variables related to internet addiction and psychological traits. The results showed that gender represents a key factor in explaining why individuals are addicted to the internet in different ways. Stepwise linear regression analyses showed that both genders shared social media addiction as the primary predictor of internet addiction but also exclusive predictors for each gender. Knowing the variables underlying the development of internet Addiction can be useful for both prevention and treatment and tailoring intervention for this addictive behavior.
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