The Belt and Road initiative focuses on promoting policy coordination, connectivity of infrastructure and facilities, unimpeded trade, financial integration and closer people-to-people ties through a consultative process and joint efforts with a goal of bringing benefits to all. Despite the advantages of the BRI, the initiative has sprawled debates on its political, economic and strategic ... [Show full abstract] implications in international system, especially in Africa and particularly in Nigeria. This paper examines Nigeria accession into the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) while dwelling on different perspective about the initiative. The paper adopts Relational Theory of World Politics to provide a scientific backing to this paper as a neutral theory amidst other theories that back or criticize the initiative because no nation can operate in isolation without relating with other states in the international system. Descriptive research instrument from the secondary methodology was used for gathering data. The paper finds out that the BR initiative is a prospect for Nigeria to explore for human and infrastructural development, the arguments of the BRI critiques will be right if Nigeria failed to refrain from; policy abortion, policy summersault and lack of proper implementation. The paper therefore recommends that China should encourage equal beneficial partnership and, abide by international norms and legal standards to enable a level playing ground for all.