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New Partnership for Africa’s Development and Challenges of Poverty Alleviation in Nigeria

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... The proponents of the Neo-liberalism campaign vigorously for the use of international organizations such as World Bank, International Monetary Fund, United Nations and its associated agencies like World Trade Organization, among others to advance the interest of the market and other developmental blueprints. Unfortunately, in the tenets of the NEPAD initiative, the leaders of Africa states were implored to work hand in hand with some international organization like the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Bank, and the United Nations (UN) agencies to speed up the adoption and execution of the Comprehensive Development Framework, the Poverty Reduction Strategy and related approaches (Chilaka and Odoh, 2014). Again, the provisions of the development initiative includes the proposal that African leaders should sustain or maintain the existing poverty reduction program at the multilateral level, such as the Comprehensive Development Framework of the World Bank and the Poverty Reduction Strategy approach linked to the debt relief initiative for Highly Indebted Poor Countries HIPCs ( NEPAD, 2001:29) The Structures and Mandates of the Africa Development Initiative ...
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Abstracts : The NEPAD development initiative is an amalgam of two different plans for economic regeneration of Africa in own time, namely, the MAP, Millennium African Recovery Plan and the OMEGA Plan for Africa, whose main objective is to generate an enabling environment in Africa where the qualities of live and the capacity to conquer daily needs is utterly improved. This study attempt to ascertain the degree to which these objectives have been achieved between 2001 and 2016, with data empirically generated from the secondary source. Using the theory of neo-liberalism as its framework of analysis this study contends that the persistence development quandary in Africa is rooted on the foundations of the development paths Africa have chosen over the years which is infested with neo-liberal tendencies. It argues that the processes NEPAD development initiative seeks to accomplish with foreign institutions such as the World Bank, the IMF, and WTO, will on the contrary further lock Africa‟s economies unfavorably in the global economic relations. The study therefore recommend that Africa must go beyond the expressions of development betrayal, and establish a home-grown alternative framework for Africa‟s development, an autochthonous development initiative that will genuinely empowers African people for Africa and gets beyond the neoliberal project that has become the bane of Africa‟s development since early 1960s
... Deducing from the above findings, it could be said that the beekeeping industry is still largely indigenous in nature, and improving the farming system would call for introduction or establishment of schools with more emphasis on improvement of the indigenous methods first, as the larger chunk of the population of farming communities are illiterates (Okuneye et al., 2004;NWG, 2013), then advancing the more sophisticated methods. Adoption of these improved methods of farming system would definitely go a long way in alleviation of poverty among what Sola (2010) and Chigozie and Ituma (2014) termed as poor majority of Nigerians. ...
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Abstract: Various methods of teaching beekeeping in the very few institutions of higher learning that offer such courses have been studied. This survey attempted to review the numerous methods of instructions applied in achieving better learning outcomes on apiculture in tertiary institutions. Secondary information were mainly used to source for data for the survey. However, interview schedules were conducted to solicit for primary data from the students on their perception on best methodology for learning the subject. Descriptive statistics and percentage score were used to analyse the involvement of institutions in instructing learners, and capture learners’ perception on most preferred teaching methods of the course, respectively. Although findings indicated that a classroom lectures method, a combination of lecture and demonstration methods, field trip method, laboratory method, project methods, among others, existed as pedagogies used for ensuring that learners have had thorough understanding of the subject matter, majority of learners opted for the field trip method of teaching apiculture as the most preferred way of stimulating students toward enhanced learning outcomes. Based on the findings of the study, it’s concluded that a combination of field trip and lecture methods of instruction is the most effective way of teaching beekeeping in tertiary schools. Therefore, institutions and organisations of public and private origins that intend to improve on the knowledge of apiculture among youths and all, should capture field trip and lecture methods in their curricula of learning as the most preferred way of instruction.
... Deducing from the above findings, it could be said that the beekeeping industry is still largely indigenous in nature, and improving the farming system would call for introduction or establishment of schools with more emphasis on improvement of the indigenous methods first, as the larger chunk of the population of farming communities are illiterates (Okuneye et al., 2004;NWG, 2013), then advancing the more sophisticated methods. Adoption of these improved methods of farming system would definitely go a long way in alleviation of poverty among what Sola (2010) and Chigozie and Ituma (2014) termed as poor majority of Nigerians. ...
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Primary education is the base of all advanced education levels, developments and innovations; it should therefore be meticulously done so as not to disadvantage the learners. In a bid to do it well, those involved in primary education have tried and are still trying strategies that can give the learners maximum advantage, for instance, grade retention and grade promotion. This research aimed at assessing the Zimbabwean primary school teachers’ stance on grade retention. The researcher took the advantage of Block-Release students at Solusi University in April 2016 (these are teachers from all over Zimbabwe and other countries in Africa who come for their degree studies at Solusi University during the holidays) to collect data through interviews from a purposive sample of these teachers. Collected data was coded and analyzed descriptively. Findings showed that: 56% of the respondents indicated that retention is taking place at the primary schools where they are teaching but usually on a minimal scale since it is usually done upon parents’ request; 67% of the respondents said that retention is necessary and helpful; retention can be most suitably done at infant grades (1-3); however, the effect of retention on pupils’ performance is not clear due to other factors that affect performance. Findings also showed that the Zimbabwean Government is neither for retention nor grade promotion but for ERI (Early Reading Initiative) and PLAP (Performance Lag Address Programme) which have been recently introduced.
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Active involvement of youths contributes greatly to the development of a nation’s economy which leads to empowerment to overcome many of the emerging economic challenges. The paper examined the persistent existence of youth unemployment in Nigeria over the years which has rendered majority of the youths victims of poverty. Out of the different dimensions of poverty, absolute poverty takes preeminence in this situation. Thus, poverty unnecessarily hinders socio-economic development and exposes the youths to various vices. The paper is of the opinion that the present teaching and learning conditions of Technical and Vocational Education characterized by shortage of necessary teaching and learning facilities, irregular and irrelevant re-training programmes for the teaching personnel, societal wrong attitude are the major factors that hinder the beneficiaries’ opportunity of acquiring necessary job skills that further expose them to unemployment challenges. The paper, therefore, recommends that overhauling and reactivation of TVE is urgently required.
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