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Proyecto del Atlas Lingüístico y Etnográfico de las Islas Canarias

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... The study of the Spanish language spoken in the Canary Islands has been the subject of significant research. Earlier work that has had a powerful impact on traditional dialectological studies in this linguistic field is the "Linguistic and Ethnographic Atlas of the Canary Islands" (ALEICan), by Alvar (Alvar 1975). This important atlas was created within the context of linguistic geography in order to arrange data from the Canary Islands in the form of printed cartography, and subsequently trying to identify regularities and differences derived from them. ...
... Dialectology in the Canary Islands has been the subject of numerous studies and, within the field of linguistic geography, specifically regarding ALEICan by Alvar (1975Alvar ( -1978; however, prosodic studies are toorecent. The research carried out by AMPERCan has contributed significantly to the development of these studies by providing numerous prosodic data that have allowed for the distinction of intonational patterns that determine the level of intonation and stress in the Canary Islands (Dorta 2002(Dorta -2019. ...
... Dialectology in the Canary Islands has been the subject of numerous studies and, within the field of linguistic geography, specifically regarding ALEICan by Alvar (Alvar 1975); however, prosodic studies are toorecent. The research carried out by AMPERCan has contributed significantly to the development of these studies by providing numerous prosodic data that have allowed for the distinction of intonational patterns that determine the level of intonation and stress in the Canary Islands (Dorta 2002(Dorta -2019. ...
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Traditional linguistic geography has not dealt with issues relating to the prosodic study of languages and linguistic varieties. The international project AMPER (Atlas Multimédia Prosodique de l’Espace Roman) achieves a key milestone in this area by studying the prosody of Romance languages and varieties in order to disseminate research outcomes in the form of interactive online atlases. Using prosodic data from a wide corpus of declarative and interrogative sentences, obtained from a range of informants from the seven Canary Islands (AMPERCan), a dialectometric study was carried out with a tool especially designed within the framework of AMPER. Correlation values, dendrograms as well as multivariate analysis by means of the multidimensional scaling technique (MDS), have enabled us to establish relationships of close prosodic proximity among the Canary Islands.
... During this time, he studied the Spanish of the area-and other adjacent ones-using three analytical schemes: the predominant being that of the Atlas lingüístico y etnográfico de las Islas Canarias (ALEICan - Alvar, 1978). For Alvar, the main objective of this research was to find the continuity between the vestigial Spanish of Louisiana and that of the Canarian settlers who had settled there in the 18th century. ...
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Dialectology, linguistic geography and sociolinguistics have frequently utilized the phonetic transcription of texts to illustrate the ways of speaking analyzed in dialect monographs, linguistic atlases and variation studies. This article retrieves ten of these works on Spanish in the United States that were published between 1912 and 2006. The work in which the phonetic texts appear (with a sample of each), its methodological framework and the system of transcription are described. Although today they are forgotten, dispersed or difficult to find in the linguistic bibliography, the compilation, homogeneous presentation and adequate historiographical contextualization of the materials that make up this work is of interest for higher education, research and the philological description of Spanish spoken in the USA.
... Durante este tiempo, sometió el español de la zona -y de otras adyacentesa tres esquemas de análisis: uno, predominante, es el del Atlas Lingüístico y etnográfico de las Islas Canarias (ALEICan - Alvar, 1978). Para Alvar el objetivo principal de la investigación es hallar la continuidad entre el español vestigial de Luisiana y el de los colonos canarios que allí se habían establecido en el siglo XVIII. ...
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Resumen: La dialectología, la geografía lingüística y la sociolingüística han recurrido con frecuencia a la transcripción fonética de textos para ilustrar los modos de hablar analizados en las monografías dialectales, los atlas lingüísticos y los estudios variacionistas. En este artículo se recuperan diez de estos trabajos sobre el español de Estados Unidos que se publicaron entre 1912 y 2006. Se describe la obra en que aparecen los textos fonéticos (con una muestra de cada uno), su marco metodológico y el sistema de transcripción empleado. Aunque hoy se hallen olvidados, dispersos o difíciles de encontrar en la bibliografía lingüística, la compilación, presentación homogénea y adecuada contextualización historiográfica de los materiales que conforman este trabajo resulta de interés para la enseñanza superior, la investigación y la descripción filológica del español hablado en EE. UU. Palabras clave: español en Estados Unidos, dialectología, geografía lingüística, sociolingüística, historia de la lingüística, transcripción fonética.
... This island is the most heavily populated, and constitutes both a cultural and a linguistic norm centre. There are several descriptive works focusing on the phonetic description and sociolinguistic aspects of the Spanish spoken there (Alvar 1972, 1975, Almeida 1990, Herrera Santana 1997; all of these mention the process of intervocalic voicing of /p t k/ as a typical feature, especially among illiterate speakers from rural areas. This, alongside other processes, is referred to as lenition by Oftedal (1985), who provides a detailed phonetic description. ...
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This study explores ongoing lenition of postvocalic /p t k b d g/ in the Spanish of Gran Canaria. Duration, intensity and harmonics-to-noise ratio of 16,454 sounds produced by 44 native speakers were measured, with the latter phonetic parameter used for the first time to investigate lenition. The results show a path of gradual sound shortening and opening from voiceless stops to open approximants, as well as systematic use of six different variants depending on the underlying representation and phonological context: two types of [p t k], two types of [b d g] and two types of [β˕ ð˕ ɣ˕]. We interpret this as continuity lenition that leads to the flattening of the intensity contour and harmonicity of the target segment with respect to the flanking sounds. We argue that a phonological analysis of this process that accounts for its non-neutralising character requires the use of a scalar [aperture] feature.
... ALEICan Alvar (1975) ALEANR Alvar (1979Alvar ( -1983) ALEC Flórez (1981Flórez ( -1983 ...
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The linguistic analysis of Lope de Vega’s comedies has traditionally been dissociated from the literary research. However, cooperation between these areas may shed light on important topics affecting both linguistic and literary studies. Orthography is a clear example of this, since intense discussion on the spelling norm was taking place in the Spanish Golden Age and had important consequences on the writers’ style and graphic choices. In fact, such debates were closely related to ideological positions concerning language. Lope de Vega was not impartial in this dispute and sided with the innovative movement which had the starting point in Nebrija and was developed by Mateo Alemán, among others. Actually, the spelling decisions of Lope de Vega in his comedies, which were in line with the proposal of Alemán (1609), may prove of interest in the dating process of plays like 'La doncella Teodor' or 'Los melindres de Belisa'. Available at: https://journals.openedition.org/criticon/20289.
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Manuel Alvar published the only linguistic work known on the Spanish from the island of La Graciosa (Canary Islands) in 1965, focused on the town of Caleta del Sebo, to document, in the field of Linguistic geography, the ALEICan (Linguistic and ethnographic atlas of the Canary Islands [1975-1978]). Alvar's studies used to cover the lexical, grammatical (morphology and syntax) and phonetic levels of the segmental type, but he did not consider prosodic aspects of speech which would later be incorporated into a new generation of atlases, which would go from paper format to multimedia. As the main exponent, the AMPER project (Atlas Multimédia Prosodique de l'Espace Roman) was created in 2001 and, within its framework, we intend to describe the melodic characteristics of a group of sentences emitted by a man and a woman from Caleta del Sebo, completing thus the study started by Alvar fifty-five years ago. In this way, the results will show for the first time if there is a prosodic proximity between the eighth island and the seven main islands, which have been widely described in previous works considering the formal corpus and the informal one.
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Como ya he defendido en otras ocasiones, son muchas las ventajas que, desde una perspectiva didáctica, ofrecen los diccionarios integrales frente a los diferenciales, pues estos últimos pueden proporcionar al alumno una visión incompleta de la realidad de una modalidad lingüística. Nuestra propuesta, que combina una doble metodología (contrastiva e integradora), supone un indudable reto lexicográfico, al realizarlo a partir de la modalidad canaria, dialecto meridional en el que podemos encontrar las más variadas situaciones lingüísticas, diatópicas y diastráticas.
Las Palmas (y dos encuestas con pescados, a las que ya he hecho mención). Guía, Teror, Agaete, Artenara, San Nicolás de Tolentino
  • Gran Caxaria
GRAN CAXARIA: Las Palmas (y dos encuestas con pescados, a las que ya he hecho mención). Guía, Teror, Agaete, Artenara, San Nicolás de Tolentino, San Bartolomé de Tirajana, Mogán (y otra encuesta complementaria muy extensa en Puerto de Mogán), Agüimas y Arquineguín.