Conference Paper

9.6 Cloud SME – Sustainable computer aided engineering for SME´s

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The authors describes a manufacturing support process, Computer Assisted Engineering (CAE) concept, with a Cloud Computing approach, mainly oriented to SME´s that takes account of manufacturing sustainability in several perspectives such as economic, environmental, innovation and social. This case is a result of the CloudPyme Project (CPP), where the main objective is providing this CAD/CAE tools to SME´s, which in normal cases can´t access to this tools, related to acquisitions issues (e.g. high costs in software, hardware and training). The concept has been running for providing a structure and services (SaaS), using Cloud Computing, based on Open Source Software (OSS) and support services, given the opportunity to SME´s to improve their products using advanced engineering tools at low price. With this service, small manufacturing companies can design new products in a more efficient way. SME´s using this support service can spend less energy, time, materials and more durable.

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Many manufacturing firms have adopted advanced manufacturing technologies to remain competitive when faced with rapid improvements in technology, globalisation of markets and environmental requirements. SMEs may be able to develop a sustainable competitive advantage from operations capabilities, but face various constraints including lack of resources and experience. To explore how well SMEs are adopting manufacturing technologies, this paper compares the past use, payoffs and expected future use by large firms and SMEs of a range of advanced manufacturing technologies and improvement programs as reported by manufacturing managers in a global survey. . The analysis of data from 632 firms from both OECD and non-OECD countries indicates that in general, SMEs have used advanced technologies less than larger firms in the past and received a lower payoff. They also expect to use such these technologies less in the future.
The global era of manufacturing is going on. Digital Manufacturing is one of the core strategies of the European Manufuture vision and strategic agenda towards the knowledge based production. It is driven by the application and standardization of information and communication technologies and the increasing demand for the efficiency of operations in global networks. The environment of manufacturing is turbulent and requires permanent adaptation of the manufacturing systems. Manufacturing Engineering covers wide scales from networks to processes and from real-time to long-term operations. The tools of future engineering and management of manufacturing are digital and distributed. Strategic aspects and the potential and the needs of research and development are the main positions of the presentation.
The major global challenges we are facing today need to be addressed in the multifaceted context of economy, society, environment and technology (ESET). In recent years, the consensus of calling for sustainable development (SD) and implementation has emerged. Along with this belief, high added value, knowledge-based, competitive sustainable manufacturing (CSM) has been widely considered as main enabler. This paper presents the necessary steps from economic growth to sustainable development. The reference model for proactive action (RMfPA) is proposed to develop and implement CSM, at national and global levels. Furthermore, we also review strategies to pursue CSM at the macro–meso–field level in addition to ongoing national initiatives in different countries and by international organizations. A case study concerning the European Manufuture initiative is cited. The overall results conclude that RMfPA is a good ground for pursuing CSM. Necessary actions by stakeholders at different levels, spanning from policymakers to Industry, University and Research Institutes, are also discussed. CIRP, as a global academy, can play a relevant role at strategic, scientific and technological levels for the incoming global technological and industrial revolution: CSM.
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In this paper, crucial aspects of technology transfer are considered from the perspective of a small open economy with a predominantly small and medium-sized enterprise structure. The paper uses empirical data from an investigation which prepared the ground for developing a model for the active support of technology transfer in Austria. Experience from technology transfer strategics in other European countries was introduced and integrated in the formulation of policy proposals. These proposals are valid for a broad range of different technologies, while taking into account the possibilities and limitations of technology transfer policy in small open economies. Copyright 2002 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
This paper reviews our understanding of the growing open source movement. We highlight how many aspects of open source software appear initially puzzling to an economist. As we have acknowledged, our ability to answer confidently many of the issues raised here questions is likely to increase as the open source movement itself grows and evolves. At the same time, it is heartening to us how much of open source activities can be understood within existing economic frameworks, despite the presence of claims to the contrary. The labor and industrial organization literatures provide lenses through which the structure of open source projects, the role of contributors, and the movement's ongoing evolution can be viewed.
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