100% Renewable Energy in North- and South-East Asia

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Presentation on the occasion of the CLIC Innovation & FinCEAL Plus Seminar: RE-Energizing International Cooperation – Renewable Energy with Third Countries in Helsinki on November 19, 2015.

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Presentation on the occasion of the Rio 15 – World Climate & Energy Event in Rio de Janeiro on September 4, 2015.
Further development of the North-East Asian energy system is at a crossroads due to severe limitations of the current conventional energy based system. For North-East Asia it is proposed that the excellent solar and wind resources of the Gobi desert could enable the transformation towards a 100% renewable energy system. An hourly resolved model describes an energy system for North-East Asia, subdivided into 14 regions interconnected by high voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission grids. Simulations are made for highly centralized, decentralized and countrywide grids scenarios. The results for total system levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) are 0.065 and 0.081 €/(kW&h) for the centralized and decentralized approaches for 2030 assumptions. The presented results for 100% renewable resources-based energy systems are lower in LCOE by about 30–40% than recent findings in Europe for conventional alternatives. This research clearly indicates that a 100% renewable resources based energy system is THE real policy option.