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Biofield Energy Treatment: A Potential Strategy for Modulating Physical, Thermal and Spectral Properties of 3-Chloro-4-fluoroaniline

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  • Trivedi Global, Inc
Article

Biofield Energy Treatment: A Potential Strategy for Modulating Physical, Thermal and Spectral Properties of 3-Chloro-4-fluoroaniline

Abstract and Figures

3-Chloro-4-fluoroaniline (CFA) is used as an intermediate for the synthesis of pharmaceutical compounds. The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of biofield energy treatment on the physical, thermal and spectral properties of CFA. The study was performed in two groups (control and treated). The control group remained as untreated, and the treated group received Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment. The control and treated CFA samples were further characterized by x-ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, and ultra violet-visible spectroscopy (UV-vis) analysis. The XRD analysis of treated CFA showed significant changes in the intensity of peaks as compared to the control. However, the average crystallite size (G) was significantly decreased by 22.08% in the treated CFA with respect to the control. The DSC analysis showed slight decrease in the melting temperature of treated CFA (47.56°C) as compared to the control (48.05°C). However, the latent heat of fusion in the treated sample was considerably changed by 4.28% with respect to the control. TGA analysis showed increase in maximum thermal decomposition temperature (Tmax) of the treated sample (163.34°C) as compared to the control sample (159.97°C). Moreover the onset temperature of treated CFA (148 °C) was also increased as compared to the control sample (140°C). Additionally, the weight loss of the treated sample was reduced (42.22%) with respect to the control (56.04%) that may be associated with increase in thermal stability. The FT-IR spectroscopic evaluation showed emergence of one new peak at 3639 cm-1 and alteration of the N-H (stretching and bending) peak in the treated sample as compared to the control. Overall, the result demonstrated that Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment has paramount influence on the physical, thermal and spectral properties of CFA.
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Trivedi et al., J Thermodyn Catal 2015, 6:3
http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2157-7544.1000151
Research article Open Access
Thermodynamics & Catalysis
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ISSN: 2157-7544
Volume 6 • Issue 3 • 1000151
J Thermodyn Catal
ISSN: 2157-7544 JTC, an open access journal
Biofield Energy Treatment: A Potential Strategy for Modulating Physical,
Thermal and Spectral Properties of 3-Chloro-4-fluoroaniline
Mahendra Kumar Trivedi1, Rama Mohan Tallapragada1, Alice Branton1, Dahryn Trivedi1, Gopal Nayak1, Rakesh Kumar Mishra2 and
Snehasis Jana2*
1Trivedi Global Inc., 10624 S Eastern Avenue Suite A-969, Henderson, NV 89052, USA
2Trivedi Science Research Laboratory Pvt. Ltd., Hall-A, Chinar Mega Mall, Chinar Fortune City, Hoshangabad Rd., Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
*Corresponding author: Snehasis Jana, Trivedi Science Research Laboratory Pvt.
Ltd., Hall-A, Chinar Mega Mall, Chinar Fortune City, Hoshangabad Rd., Bhopal-462
026, Madhya Pradesh, India, Tel: 917556660006; E-mail: publication@trivedisrl.com
Received September 01, 2015; Accepted October 01, 2015; Published October
15, 2015
Citation: Trivedi MK, Tallapragada RM, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, et al.
(2015) Bioeld Energy Treatment: A Potential Strategy for Modulating Physical,
Thermal and Spectral Properties of 3-Chloro-4-uoroaniline. J Thermodyn Catal 6:
151. doi:10.4172/2157-7544.1000151
Copyright: © 2015 Trivedi MK, et al. This is an open-access article distributed
under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits
unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the
original author and source are credited.
Keywords: 3-Chloro-4-Fluoroaniline; Bioeld energy treatment;
ermal analysis; X-ray diraction; Fourier transform infrared
analysis; Ultra violet-visible spectroscopy
Abbreviations: CFA: 3-Chloro-4-uoroaniline; XRD: X-Ray
Diraction; DSC: Dierential Scanning Calorimetry; TGA: ermo
Gravimetric Analysis; FT-IR: Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy;
UV-vis: Ultra Violet-Visible Spectroscopy; CAM: Complementary and
Alternative Medicine
Introduction
e amine derivatives are used as the building units in the
construction of channel type supramolecular structure revealing its
catalytic and separation properties due to their ability to generate
intermolecular interactions [1,2]. 3-Chloro-4-uoroaniline (CFA) is
an amine derivative which is used as intermediate compound for the
synthesis of herbicides [3]. Moreover, CFA is used as an intermediate
for the synthesis of ciprooxacin hydrochloride which is approved for
the treatment of bone, joint infections, diarrhea, lower respiratory tract
infections, and urinary tract infections [4]. Further, CFA is also used for
the synthesis of noroxacin that is the rst representative of uorinated
quinolone derivatives. Noroxacin drug has wide antimicrobial actions,
and it was approved for the treatment of respiratory tract, ear, throat,
nose and other infective and inammatory diseases [5]. e chemical
and physical stability of the pharmaceutical compounds are more
desired quality attributes that directly aect its safety, ecacy, and shelf
life [6]. Hence, it is required to explore some new alternate approach
that could alter the physical and thermal properties of the compounds.
Recently, bioeld energy treatment has substantially changed the
physical and thermal properties of metals [7,8], ceramics [9], organic
product [10] and spectral properties of various pharmaceutical drugs
[11]. Aer considering the pharmaceutical applications of CFA as
intermediate, authors wish to investigate the impact of bioeld energy
treatment on CFA and analyzed its physical, thermal and spectral
properties. e National Center for Complementary and Alternative
Medicine (NCCAM), a part of the National Institute of Health (NIH),
recommends the use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine
(CAM) therapies as an alternative to the healthcare sector and about
36% of Americans regularly uses some form of CAM [12]. CAM
includes numerous energy-healing therapies; bioeld therapy is one of
the energy medicine used worldwide to improve the health. e bioeld
treatment is being used in healing process to reduce pain, anxiety and
to promote the overall health of human being [13,14]. Recently it was
discovered that electrical process occurring in the human body has
a relation with the magnetic eld. According to Ampere’s law, the
moving charge produces the magnetic eld in surrounding space.
Likewise, human body emits the electromagnetic waves in the form of
bio-photons, which surrounds the body, and it is commonly known
as bioeld. erefore, the bioeld consists of an electromagnetic
eld, being generated by moving electrically charged particles (ions,
Abstract
3-Chloro-4-uoroaniline (CFA) is used as an intermediate for the synthesis of pharmaceutical compounds.
The objective of this study was to investigate the inuence of bioeld energy treatment on the physical, thermal
and spectral properties of CFA. The study was performed in two groups (control and treated). The control group
remained as untreated, and the treated group received Mr. Trivedi’s bioeld energy treatment. The control and
treated CFA samples were further characterized by x-ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry
(DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, and ultra violet-visible
spectroscopy (UV-vis) analysis. The XRD analysis of treated CFA showed signicant changes in the intensity of
peaks as compared to the control. However, the average crystallite size (G) was signicantly decreased by 22.08%
in the treated CFA with respect to the control. The DSC analysis showed slight decrease in the melting temperature
of treated CFA (47.56°C) as compared to the control (48.05°C). However, the latent heat of fusion in the treated
sample was considerably changed by 4.28% with respect to the control. TGA analysis showed increase in maximum
thermal decomposition temperature (Tmax) of the treated sample (163.34°C) as compared to the control sample
(159.97°C). Moreover the onset temperature of treated CFA (148 °C) was also increased as compared to the control
sample (140°C). Additionally, the weight loss of the treated sample was reduced (42.22%) with respect to the control
(56.04%) that may be associated with increase in thermal stability. The FT-IR spectroscopic evaluation showed
emergence of one new peak at 3639 cm-1 and alteration of the N-H (stretching and bending) peak in the treated
sample as compared to the control. Overall, the result demonstrated that Mr. Trivedi’s bioeld energy treatment has
paramount inuence on the physical, thermal and spectral properties of CFA.
Citation: Trivedi MK, Tallapragada RM, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, et al. (2015) Bioeld Energy Treatment: A Potential Strategy for Modulating
Physical, Thermal and Spectral Properties of 3-Chloro-4-uoroaniline. J Thermodyn Catal 6: 151. doi:10.4172/2157-7544.1000151
Page 2 of 6
Volume 6 • Issue 3 • 1000151
J Thermodyn Catal
ISSN: 2157-7544 JTC, an open access journal
cell, molecule, etc.) inside the human body [15,16]. Rivera-Ruiz et al.
reported that electrocardiography has been extensively used to measure
the bioeld energy of the human body [17]. us, human beings have
the ability to harness the energy from the environment/Universe and
can transmit into any object (living or non-living) around the Globe.
e object(s) will always receive the energy and responding in a useful
manner that is called bioeld energy. Mr. Trivedi’s unique bioeld
treatment is also known as e Trivedi Eect®. Mr. It is known to
transform the characteristics of various living and nonliving things.
Moreover, the bioeld treatment has improved the growth and
production of agriculture crops [18-20] and signicantly altered the
phenotypic characteristics of various pathogenic microbes [21,22]. e
present work was focused to study the impact of bioeld treatment on
physical, thermal and spectral properties of CFA and characterized by
XRD, DSC, TGA, FT-IR and UV-visible spectroscopy analysis.
Materials and Methods
3-Chloro-4-uoroaniline (CFA) was procured from Sisco Research
Laboratories (SRL), India.
Bioeld treatment
CFA was divided into two parts; one was kept as a control sample,
while the other was subjected to Mr. Trivedi’s bioeld treatment and
coded as treated sample. e treatment group was in sealed pack and
handed over to Mr. Trivedi for bioeld treatment under laboratory
condition. Mr. Trivedi provided the treatment through his energy
transmission process to the treated group without touching the sample.
Aer bioeld treatment the control and treated group was subjected
to physicochemical characterization under standard laboratory
conditions. e control and treated samples were characterized by
XRD, DSC, TGA, FT-IR, and UV-visible analysis.
Characterization
X-ray diraction (XRD) study: XRD analysis of control and
treated CFA was carried out on Phillips, Holland PW 1710 X-ray
diractometer system, which had a copper anode with nickel lter.
e radiation of wavelength used by the XRD system was 1.54056 Å.
e data obtained from this XRD were in the form of a chart of 2θ vs.
intensity and a detailed table containing peak intensity counts, d value
(Å), peak width (θ°), relative intensity (%) etc. e average crystallite
size (G) was calculated by using formula:
G=kλ/(bCosθ)
Here, λ is the wavelength of radiation used, b is full width half-
maximum (FWHM) of peaks and k is the equipment constant (=0.94).
Percentage change in average crystallite size was calculated using
following formula:
Percentage change in crystallite size=[(Gt-Gc)/Gc] × 100
Where, Gc and Gt are the crystallite size of control and treated
powder samples respectively.
Dierential scanning calorimetry (DSC)
DSC was used to investigate the melting temperature and latent
heat of fusion (∆H) of samples. e control and treated CFA samples
were analyzed using a Pyris-6 Perkin Elmer DSC at a heating rate of
10°C/min under air atmosphere and the air was ushed at a ow rate of
5 mL/min. Predetermined amount of sample was kept in an aluminum
pan and closed with a lid. A blank aluminum pan was used as a
reference. e percentage change in latent heat of fusion was calculated
using following equations:
Treated Control
Control
[H -
Change in latent heat H]
% = ×100
H
of fusion ∆∆
Where, ΔH Control and ΔH Treated are the latent heat of fusion of
control and treated samples, respectively.
ermogravimetric analysis-dierential thermal analysis
(TGA-DTA)
e thermal stability of control and treated CFA were analyzed
by using Mettler Toledo simultaneous TGA and Dierential thermal
analyzer (DTA). e samples were heated from room temperature to
400°C with a heating rate of 5°C/min under air atmosphere.
FT-IR spectroscopy
e FT-IR spectra were recorded on Shimadzu’s Fourier transform
infrared spectrometer (Japan) with the frequency range of 4000-500
cm-1. e analysis was accomplished to evaluate the eect of bioeld
treatment at an atomic level like dipole moment, force constant and
bond strength in chemical structure [23]. e treated sample was
divided in two parts T1 and T2 for FT-IR analysis.
UV-Vis spectroscopic analysis
UV spectra of the control and treated CFA samples were recorded
on Shimadzu UV-2400 PC series spectrophotometer with 1 cm quartz
cell and a slit width of 2.0 nm. e spectroscopic analysis was carried
out using wavelength in the range of 200-400 nm and methanol was
used as a solvent. e UV spectra was analyzed to determine the eect
of bioeld treatment on the energy gap of highest occupied molecular
orbital and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (HOMO–LUMO gap)
[23]. e treated sample was divided in two parts T1 and T2 for the
UV-Vis spectroscopic analysis.
Results and Discussion
XRD analysis
e XRD diractogram of control and treated CFA are shown
in Figure 1. XRD diractogram of the control CFA sample showed
intense crystalline peaks that can be correlated to its crystalline nature.
e XRD diractogram showed peaks at 2θ equal to 13.10°, 20.58°,
22.16°, 22.29°, and 28.40°. However, the treated sample also showed
intense crystalline peaks at 2θ equal to 20.73°, 22.12°, 23.08°, 29.97°,
and 30.30°. e XRD peaks originally present at 2-theta equal to 20.58°,
28.40°, 29.77° and 30.33° were shied to Bragg’s angle 2-theta equal to
20.73°, 28.37°, 29.97° and 30.30°. e intensities of these XRD peaks
were increased substantially as compared to the control. is may be
inferred as increase in the crystallinity of the treated CFA as compared
to the control. e crystallite size was calculated using Scherrer
formula and the results are presented in Figure 2. e crystallite size
of the control sample was 94.80 nm, and it was decreased to 73.86 nm
in the treated sample. e crystallite size was decreased by 22.08% in
treated CFA with respect to control. e decrease in crystallite size of
treated sample could be ascribed to bioeld treatment that may cause
increase in compressive stress that leads to increase in dislocation
density and decrease in crystallite size. Zhao et al. showed that increase
in compressive stress in the material causes decrease in crystallite size
[24]. Moreover, Schicker et al. reported that crystallite size is inversely
proportional to the milling speed, thus increase in milling speed
decreases the crystallite size [25,26]. Mahmoud et al. reported that
Citation: Trivedi MK, Tallapragada RM, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, et al. (2015) Bioeld Energy Treatment: A Potential Strategy for Modulating
Physical, Thermal and Spectral Properties of 3-Chloro-4-uoroaniline. J Thermodyn Catal 6: 151. doi:10.4172/2157-7544.1000151
Page 3 of 6
Volume 6 • Issue 3 • 1000151
J Thermodyn Catal
ISSN: 2157-7544 JTC, an open access journal
improve its reaction rate [30] and it could be utilized for the synthesis
of pharmaceutical compounds.
DSC analysis
e DSC was used to investigate the melting temperature and latent
heat of fusion of the control and treated CFA. e DSC thermograms of
control and treated CFA are presented in Figure 3. DSC of control CFA
showed a sharp endothermic peak at 48.05°C which corresponded to
melting temperature of the sample. However, the treated CFA showed
a slight change in the melting temperature (47.56°C) as compared to
the control sample. It was reported that the thermal energy required
for completing the phase change from solid to liquid of a substance
is known as the latent heat of fusion (∆H). e latent heat of fusion
of control CFA was 159.98 J/g; however aer bioeld treatment it was
changed to 153.14 J/g. e result showed that latent heat of fusion of
the treated CFA was changed by 4.27% with respect to the control. It
is assumed that bioeld treatment might altered the internal energy
stored in the treated CFA which may lead to change in latent heat of
fusion with respect to the control.
TGA-DTA analysis
TGA was conducted to investigate the thermal stability of control
and treated CFA. e TGA thermogram of control CFA showed
one-step thermal degradation (Figure 4). e thermal degradation
commenced at around 140°C, and it was terminated at around 189°C
in control sample. During this process, the sample lost 56.04% of
its weight. However, the TGA thermogram of treated CFA showed
thermal degradation at around 148 °C, and it was terminated at 185°C.
During this event, the sample lost around 42.22% of its weight. Hence,
the onset temperature was increased in treated CFA as compared to
control. Additionally, the result showed a reduction in weight loss of
the treated CFA with respect to the control.
e DTA thermogram of control and treated CFA are presented in
Figure 4. DTA thermogram of control sample showed an endothermic
peak at 170.89°C, which corresponded to thermal degradation
temperature of the sample. Nevertheless, the treated sample exhibited
an endothermic peak at 172.64°C that attributed to thermal degradation
of the sample. e DTG thermogram of control and treated samples
are presented in Figure 4. e temperature where maximum thermal
decomposition (Tmax) occurred is recorded from DTG and data are
tabulated in Table 1. DTG of control sample showed Tmax at 159.97°C;
however it was increased to 163.34 °C in treated compound. e
increase in Tmax of bioeld treated compound showed an increase in the
thermal resistance with respect to the control. Overall, the increase in
onset temperature, Tmax and reduction in weight loss of treated sample
showed the superior thermal stability as compared to the control.
e increase in thermal stability of treated CFA was may be due to
conformational changes and crosslinking caused by bioeld treatment
[31].
FT-IR spectroscopy
e FT-IR spectra of control and treated samples are shown in
Figure 1: XRD diffractogram of control and treated 3-chloro-4-uoroaniline.
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
Control Treated
Crystallite size (nm)
Figure 2: Crystallite size of control and treated 3-chloro-4-uoroaniline.
lattice strain induced by mechanical milling may causes a signicant
reduction in crystallite size [27]. Previously our research group reported
that bioeld treatment had substantially reduced the crystallite size of
vanadium pentoxide powders. It was proposed that internal strains
made dislocations to move on the slip planes and intersecting slip
planes built in stress concentration to such an extent causing the crystal
to fracture at the sub boundaries [9]. Hence, it is assumed here that
bioeld energy treatment may provide the compressive stress through
energy milling, which may lead to the reduction in the crystallite size of
treated CFA as compared to the control.
It was previously suggested that nano scale particle size and small
crystallite size can overcome slow diusion rate by reducing overall
diusion distance and this enhances the net reaction rate [28,29].
Hence, it is assumed that the lower crystallite size of treated CFA may
Parameter Control Treated
Latent heat of fusion ΔH (J/g) 159.98 153.14
Melting temperature (°C) 48.05 47.56
Tmax (°C) 159.97 163.34
Weight loss (%) 56.04 42.22
Table 1: Thermal analysis data of control and treated 3-chloro-4-uoroaniline. Tmax:
Maximum thermal decomposition temperature.
Citation: Trivedi MK, Tallapragada RM, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, et al. (2015) Bioeld Energy Treatment: A Potential Strategy for Modulating
Physical, Thermal and Spectral Properties of 3-Chloro-4-uoroaniline. J Thermodyn Catal 6: 151. doi:10.4172/2157-7544.1000151
Page 4 of 6
Volume 6 • Issue 3 • 1000151
J Thermodyn Catal
ISSN: 2157-7544 JTC, an open access journal
Figure 5. FT-IR spectrum of the control CFA showed characteristic
peaks in the region of 3211-3439 cm-1 due to the N-H stretching
vibration peaks. Vibration peak at 3049 cm-1 was due to the –CH
aromatic stretching. Additionally, FT-IR peak at 1624 cm-1 was mainly
due to the N-H bending vibration peak. e vibration peaks at 1500,
1599 cm-1 were corresponded to the C-C in ring stretching of aromatics.
Absorption peaks at 1215 and 1259 cm-1 were due to the C-N stretching
(aromatic) vibrations. e peak at 848 and 908 cm-1 were due to the
–CH out of plane bending vibrations. Vibration peak at 769 cm-1 was
attributed to chloro group attached to the phenyl ring [32]. e peak at
1045-1130 cm-1 were attributed to uorine attached to the phenyl ring.
FT-IR spectrum of treated sample (T1) showed the N-H stretching
vibration peaks in the region of 3211-3439 cm-1. e –CH aromatic
group stretching was observed at 3049 cm-1. Vibrations peaks for the
N-H bending and C-C in ring stretching were observed at 1620, 1599,
and 1494 cm-1. e C-N stretching vibration peaks were observed at
1215 and 1259 cm-1. e C-H out of plane stretching vibrations were
observed at 848 and 908 cm-1. e C-Cl stretch was observed at 767
cm-1. Additionally the absorption peaks in the region of 1045-1130 cm-1
were due to the uorine group attached with phenyl ring.
e FT-IR spectrum of treated sample (T2) showed the N-H
stretching vibration peaks in the region of 3215-3446 cm-1. e –CH
aromatic stretching was observed at 3049 cm-1. Vibration peaks for the
N-H bending and C-C in ring stretching were observed at 1637, 1602
and 1518 cm-1 respectively. e C-H out of plane bending vibrations
were observed at 852 and 910 cm-1. Vibration peak for a C-Cl stretch
was observed at 775 cm-1. e C-F stretching bond was observed in
the range of 1057-1130 cm-1. It is worthwhile to mention here that
FT-IR spectrum of treated sample (T2) showed the emergence of new
absorption peak at 3639 cm-1 that may be due to the intermolecular
hydrogen bonding in the treated sample (T2). Moreover, the FT-
IR spectrum of T2 sample showed an alteration in the region of
3439→3446 cm-1 (N-H stretch) and 1624-1637 cm-1 (N-H bending)
which may be associated with an increase in hydrogen bonding aer
bioeld treatment. Overall, the FT-IR result showed an increase in
hydrogen bonding of treated CFA aer bioeld treatment as compared
to the control.
UV-visible spectroscopy
UV spectra of control and treated CFA are shown in Figure 6. e
UV spectrum of control CFA showed three absorption peaks i.e., 205,
235 and 301 nm. e UV spectrum of CFA (T1) showed the occurrence
of three absorption peaks i.e., 210, 237 and 286 nm. However, the UV
spectrum of CFA (T2) showed absorption peaks at 204, 235 and 301
nm. e results showed that as compared to the control alteration in
absorption peaks was noticed in CFA (T1) sample. e absorption
peak originally present at 205 nm in control, which was shied to 210
nm in T1 sample. Additionally, the absorption peak present at 301 nm
in control was shied downward to 286 nm in T1 sample. According
to Cinarli et al. the absorption peak appears in the region of 210-290
are mainly due to n→ π* and π - π* transition of the aromatic rings
[33]. Hence it is assumed here that due to bioeld treatment alterations
occurred in electron i.e., bonding (n→ π* and π→π* transition) from
the ground state to excited state in the treated CFA as compared to the
control.
Conclusion
In summary, the XRD analysis revealed a decrease in crystallite size
by 22.08% in treated CFA as compared to the control. It is assumed
Figure 3: DSC thermogram of control and treated 3-chloro-4-uoroaniline.
Figure 4: TGA thermogram of control and treated 3-chloro-4-uoroaniline.
Citation: Trivedi MK, Tallapragada RM, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, et al. (2015) Bioeld Energy Treatment: A Potential Strategy for Modulating
Physical, Thermal and Spectral Properties of 3-Chloro-4-uoroaniline. J Thermodyn Catal 6: 151. doi:10.4172/2157-7544.1000151
Page 5 of 6
Volume 6 • Issue 3 • 1000151
J Thermodyn Catal
ISSN: 2157-7544 JTC, an open access journal
that occurrence of micro strain might cause a decrease in crystallite
size in the treated CFA. However, the latent heat of fusion of treated
sample was altered by 4.28% with respect to the control. e TGA
analysis revealed an increase in Tmax, and onset temperature as well as
a reduction in the weight loss in treated sample as compared to the
control. is indicated the increase in thermal stability of treated the
CFA as compared to the control sample. e FT-IR spectroscopic
analysis of treated CFA showed alterations in the N-H stretching and
bending peaks as compared to the control. is may be due to bioeld
treatment that increased intermolecular hydrogen bonding in the
sample as compared to the control. Additionally, UV-visible analysis
showed alterations in absorption peaks of aromatic ring in the treated
compound as compared to the control. e decrease in crystallite size,
and increase in thermal stability of the treated sample showed that
bioeld energy treatment has signicant impact on physical, thermal
and spectral properties of CFA.
Acknowledgements
The authors would like to thank all the laboratory staff of MGV Pharmacy
College, Nashik for their assistance during the various instrument characterizations.
The authors would also like to thank Trivedi Science, Trivedi Master Wellness and
Trivedi Testimonials for their support during the work.
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Figure 5: FTIR spectra of control and treated (T1 and T2) 3-chloro-4-
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Figure 6: UV visible spectra of control and treated (T1 and T2) 3-chloro-4-
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Citation: Trivedi MK, Tallapragada RM, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, et al. (2015) Bioeld Energy Treatment: A Potential Strategy for Modulating
Physical, Thermal and Spectral Properties of 3-Chloro-4-uoroaniline. J Thermodyn Catal 6: 151. doi:10.4172/2157-7544.1000151
Page 6 of 6
Volume 6 • Issue 3 • 1000151
J Thermodyn Catal
ISSN: 2157-7544 JTC, an open access journal
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Citation: Trivedi MK, Tallapragada RM, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, et
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Catal 6: 151. doi:10.4172/2157-7544.1000151
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