High prevalence of Foxp3 and IL17 in MMR-proficient colorectal carcinomas

Department of Gastroenterology, Hôpital Henri Mondor, 51 Av. du Maréchal de Lattre de Tassigny, 94010 Créteil, France.
Gut (Impact Factor: 14.66). 07/2008; 57(6). DOI: 10.1136/gut.2007.123794
Source: PubMed


BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Colorectal cancer (CRC) harbours different types of DNA alterations, including microsatellite instability (MSI). Cancers with high levels of MSI (MSI-H) are considered to have a good prognosis, probably related to lymphocyte infiltration within tumours. The aim of the present study was to characterise the intratumoural expression of markers associated with the antitumour immune response in mismatch repair (MMR)-proficient (MSS) colon cancers. METHODS: Ninety human colon cancers (T) and autologous normal colon mucosa (NT) were quantified for the expression of 15 markers of the immune response with quantitiative reverse transcription-PCR (qRT-PCR). mRNA expression levels were correlated with MMR status. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was performed using both interleukin 17 (IL17) and CD3 antibodies. RESULTS: Expression of cytotoxic markers (FasL, granzyme B and perforin), inflammatory cytokines (IL1beta, IL6, IL8, IL17 and transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta)) and a marker of regulatory T cells (forkhead box P3 (Foxp3)) was significantly higher in tumours than in autologous normal tissues. Adjusting for MMR status, higher tumoural expression of both granzyme B and perforin was associated with the MSI-H phenotype, and the perforin T/NT ratio was higher in MSI-H tissues than in MSS tissues. Higher tumoural expression of Foxp3, IL17, IL1beta, IL6 and TGFbeta was associated with the MSS phenotype, and the IL17 T/NT ratio was higher in MSS tissues than in MSI-H tissues as assessed by both qRT-PCR and IHC. CONCLUSIONS: Immune gene expression profiling in CRC displayed different patterns according to MMR status. Higher Foxp3, IL6, TGFbeta and IL17 expression is a particular determinant in MMR-proficient CRC. These may be potential biomarkers for a new prognostic "test set" in sporadic CRCs.

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    • "It may be important in tumor cell growth and may contribute to the aggressiveness of human tumors [24]. Recently, accumulating evidence has shown that IL-17-positive cells are frequently present in multiple cancers, including prostate cancer [25], colorectal cancer [26], hepatocellular carcinoma [27], breast cancer [28], ovarian cancer [20] and non-small-cell lung cancer [29]. Researchers in some studies have reported that IL-17 cell expression in MPE is elevated [15,23]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Background Interleukin 17 (IL-17) is a proinflammatory cytokine produced mainly by CD4+ T-lymphocytes and may be important in tumor cell growth and progression. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the diagnostic and prognostic value of pleural effusion levels of IL-17 in lung cancer patients with malignant pleural effusion (MPE). Methods Pleural effusion samples were collected from 78 lung cancer patients with MPE and from 45 patients with nonmalignant pleural effusion. Pleural fluid concentrations of IL-17 were measured by using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Results Malignant effusion exhibited higher IL-17 levels than nonmalignant effusion (20.49 ± 5.27 pg/ml vs. 13.16 ± 2.25 pg/ml; P < 0.01). Lung cancer patients with pleural fluid IL-17 levels below 15 pg/ml had longer overall survival than those patients with higher levels (10.8 months vs. 4.7 months; P < 0.05). On the basis of multivariate analysis, we found that pleural fluid IL-17 level was an independent prognostic factor in lung cancer patients with MPE. Conclusions Measurement of IL-17 levels might be a useful diagnostic and prognostic test for lung cancer patients with MPE.
    Full-text · Article · May 2014 · European journal of medical research
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    • "IL-17 expression is elevated in several human tumors, such as ovarian cancer, cervical cancer, breast cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, esophageal cancer, gastric cancer, and CRC [28–34]. But the underlying mechanism of IL-17 in tumor initiation and progression is not completely clear yet. "
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    ABSTRACT: It is widely accepted that chronic inflammation plays an active role in cancer. Inflammatory immunocytes and related cytokines in the tumor microenvironment are supposed to be a "double-edged sword" in colorectal cancer (CRC) initiation and progression. Interleukin-17 (IL-17), a pleiotropic proinflammatory cytokine, can promote cancer-elicited inflammation and prevent cancer cells from immune surveillance. Despite controversy, IL-17 is generally considered to be a promoter in CRC progression. In this review, we devote to summarize the current progress regarding the role of IL-17 in tumor initiation and progression, as well as the prognostic value in CRC.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2013 · Clinical and Developmental Immunology
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    • "[48] Inhibition of IL-6, IL-11 or Stat3 signaling can suppress the development of inflammation-associated CRC, with IL-11-Stat3 signaling playing a more prominent role than IL-6 in colonic tumorigenesis.[36], [37], [49] In the present study, IL-6, IL-11 and TNF mRNA expression were increased in colonic tumors in Iron/DSS and Control/DSS mice (Fig. 6A,C,D) consistent with other reports.[50]–[52] Dietary iron increased the number and size of DSS-induced colonic tumors and enhanced intratumoral IL-6, and possibly IL-11, expression (Fig. 6C,D) suggesting that iron promotes colonic tumorigenesis via the Stat3 signaling pathway. "
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic intestinal inflammation and high dietary iron are associated with colorectal cancer development. The role of Stat3 activation in iron-induced colonic inflammation and tumorigenesis was investigated in a mouse model of inflammation-associated colorectal cancer. Mice, fed either an iron-supplemented or control diet, were treated with azoxymethane and dextran sodium sulfate (DSS). Intestinal inflammation and tumor development were assessed by endoscopy and histology, gene expression by real-time PCR, Stat3 phosphorylation by immunoblot, cytokines by ELISA and apoptosis by TUNEL assay. Colonic inflammation was more severe in mice fed an iron-supplemented compared with a control diet one week post-DSS treatment, with enhanced colonic IL-6 and IL-11 release and Stat3 phosphorylation. Both IL-6 and ferritin, the iron storage protein, co-localized with macrophages suggesting iron may act directly on IL-6 producing-macrophages. Iron increased DSS-induced colonic epithelial cell proliferation and apoptosis consistent with enhanced mucosal damage. DSS-treated mice developed anemia that was not alleviated by dietary iron supplementation. Six weeks post-DSS treatment, iron-supplemented mice developed more and larger colonic tumors compared with control mice. Intratumoral IL-6 and IL-11 expression increased in DSS-treated mice and IL-6, and possibly IL-11, were enhanced by dietary iron. Gene expression of iron importers, divalent metal transporter 1 and transferrin receptor 1, increased and iron exporter, ferroportin, decreased in colonic tumors suggesting increased iron uptake. Dietary iron and colonic inflammation synergistically activated colonic IL-6/IL-11-Stat3 signaling promoting tumorigenesis. Oral iron therapy may be detrimental in inflammatory bowel disease since it may exacerbate colonic inflammation and increase colorectal cancer risk.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2013 · PLoS ONE
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