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First record of cacyreus marshalli butler, 1898 (lycaenidae) from Turkey

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Cacyreus marshalli Butler, 1898 (Lycaenidae) is recorded for the forst time from Turkey.
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189
Nota lepid. 36 (2): 189 – 190
First record of Cacyreus marshalli Butler, 1898 (Lycaenidae)
from Turkey
Tarkan Soyhan
1, Süha Başer 2 & Vazrick nazari
3
1 Goksu evleri Oyacicegi sk. B 160 A (34815), Anadoluhisari, Istanbul, Turkey;
tarkan.soyhan@yahoo.com
2 Valide cesme Aktarlar sk. Akdogan apt. 13/3 (34357) Besiktas, Istanbul, Turkey;
suha.baser@gmail.com
3 Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 3058-C KW Neatby bldg., 960 Carling Avenue, Ottawa,
ON K1A 0C6 Canada; nazariv@agr.gc.ca
Received 22 November 2012; reviews returned 8 January 2013; accepted 16 January 2013.
Subject Editor: Zdeněk F. Fric.
Cacyreus marshalli Butler, 1898, originally described from South Africa, was acciden-
tally introduced into the Balearic archipelago through importation of its ornamental
host plant (Pelargonium; Geraniaceae), and has been expanding its range in Europe and
northern Africa since 1988 (Marko & Verovnik 2009; Tshikolovets 2011). The rst re-
cords came from Mallorca (1988), Belgium (1991), mainland Spain (1992), Italy (1996)
and Morocco (1997). The current range of the species in the Palaearctic region is given
as Canary Islands, Madeira, Morocco, Iberian Peninsula, Balearic Islands, southern
France, Corsica, Sardinia, Italy, Switzerland, Slovenia, Croatia, Malta, Greece, as well
as single records of introduced individuals from southern England, the Netherlands,
Belgium and Germany (Tshikolovets 2011). In Greece, the species was rst found
on Corfu in 2008 (Parker 2010), and a year later also in Attica (Athens & Spétses
Island; Anastassiu et al. 2010; Coutsis et al. 2011; Martinou et al. 2011). Recorded
host plants include Geranium and Pelargonium (Geraniaceae) (South Africa) as well as
imported and cultivated Pelargonium in Europe (Eitschberger & Stamer 1990; Marko
& Verovnik 2009).
Cacyreus marshalli had never before been recorded in Turkey. Our rst observation
of a specimen was in Gündoğan (Bordum district) in August 2011. Because no speci-
mens were collected and photographed at that time, the region was surveyed again
in 2012. On the 23rd of October 2012, we collected the rst male specimen (Figs 1,
2) in Bodrum, Gündoğan (N 37° 8′ 56.48″, E 27° 20′ 9.55″; Fig. 3), nectaring on Pe-
lar gonium. The specimen is currently deposited in the research collection of the rst
author. A systematic investigation of the scale of larval damage to Pelargonium plants
in the area remains to be done. This area is a touristic region in the southwest of Turkey
near the Aegean Sea. The approximate location of our observation in Turkey is given
in the distribution map (Fig. 3). Bodrum Peninsula is only about 15 km linear distance
from the Greek Dodecanese island of Kalymnos, where C. marshalli was observed at
several locations near Panormos in October 2011 (Kissling 2012). It is to be expected
that this invasive species will spread further in the Eastern Mediterranean Region along
the Turkish coast.
Nota lepidopterologica, 20.12.2013, ISSN 0342-7536
190 Soyhan et al.: First record of Cacyreus marshalli from Turkey
Acknowledgements
We would like to thank two anonymous Nota reviewers for their valuable comments on an earlier draft
of this paper.
References
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Figs 1, 2. Cacyreus marshalli specimen from Turkey 1. Upper side. 2. Underside.
Fig. 3. Known distribution of Cacyreus marshalli in Europe and North Africa (shaded area; modied from
Tshikolovets 2011), and the approximate position of the observation in Turkey (red circle, arrow).
1 2
... Οι πρώτες καταγραφές έγιναν στη Μαγιόρκα (1988), Βέλγιο (1991), ηπειρωτική Ισπανία (1992), Ιταλία (1996) και Μαρόκο (1997). Η γνωστή, μέχρι σήμερα, εξάπλωση του είδους είναι η εξής: Ν. Αφρική, Μαρόκο, Κανάριοι Νήσοι, Ιβηρική χερσόνησος, Βαλεαρίδες Νήσοι, Ν. Γαλλία, Κορσική, Σαρδηνία, Ιταλία, Ελβετία, Σλοβενία, Κροατία, Μάλτα, Ελλάδα και Τουρκία (Souhan et al. 2013), επίσης Βοσνία-Ερζεγοβίνη (πρώτη καταγραφή εκεί το 2016) (Koren & Kulijer 2016). Στις παραπάνω περιοχές (εκτός φυσικά της Ν. Αφρικής όπου είναι ιθαγενές) το είδος δείχνει να έχει εγκατασταθεί, αλλά υπάρχουν και μεμονωμένες καταγραφές ατόμων από τη Ν. ...
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Butterflies of Europe and the Mediterranean Area. -Vadim Tshikolovets publications
  • V V Tshikolovets
Tshikolovets, V. V. 2011. Butterflies of Europe and the Mediterranean Area. -Vadim Tshikolovets publications, 544 pp.