Nota lepid. 36 (2): 189 – 190
First record of Cacyreus marshalli Butler, 1898 (Lycaenidae)
1, Süha Başer 2 & Vazrick nazari
1 Goksu evleri Oyacicegi sk. B 160 A (34815), Anadoluhisari, Istanbul, Turkey;
2 Valide cesme Aktarlar sk. Akdogan apt. 13/3 (34357) Besiktas, Istanbul, Turkey;
3 Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 3058-C KW Neatby bldg., 960 Carling Avenue, Ottawa,
ON K1A 0C6 Canada; email@example.com
Received 22 November 2012; reviews returned 8 January 2013; accepted 16 January 2013.
Subject Editor: Zdeněk F. Fric.
Cacyreus marshalli Butler, 1898, originally described from South Africa, was acciden-
tally introduced into the Balearic archipelago through importation of its ornamental
host plant (Pelargonium; Geraniaceae), and has been expanding its range in Europe and
northern Africa since 1988 (Marko & Verovnik 2009; Tshikolovets 2011). The rst re-
cords came from Mallorca (1988), Belgium (1991), mainland Spain (1992), Italy (1996)
and Morocco (1997). The current range of the species in the Palaearctic region is given
as Canary Islands, Madeira, Morocco, Iberian Peninsula, Balearic Islands, southern
France, Corsica, Sardinia, Italy, Switzerland, Slovenia, Croatia, Malta, Greece, as well
as single records of introduced individuals from southern England, the Netherlands,
Belgium and Germany (Tshikolovets 2011). In Greece, the species was rst found
on Corfu in 2008 (Parker 2010), and a year later also in Attica (Athens & Spétses
Island; Anastassiu et al. 2010; Coutsis et al. 2011; Martinou et al. 2011). Recorded
host plants include Geranium and Pelargonium (Geraniaceae) (South Africa) as well as
imported and cultivated Pelargonium in Europe (Eitschberger & Stamer 1990; Marko
& Verovnik 2009).
Cacyreus marshalli had never before been recorded in Turkey. Our rst observation
of a specimen was in Gündoğan (Bordum district) in August 2011. Because no speci-
mens were collected and photographed at that time, the region was surveyed again
in 2012. On the 23rd of October 2012, we collected the rst male specimen (Figs 1,
2) in Bodrum, Gündoğan (N 37° 8′ 56.48″, E 27° 20′ 9.55″; Fig. 3), nectaring on Pe-
lar gonium. The specimen is currently deposited in the research collection of the rst
author. A systematic investigation of the scale of larval damage to Pelargonium plants
in the area remains to be done. This area is a touristic region in the southwest of Turkey
near the Aegean Sea. The approximate location of our observation in Turkey is given
in the distribution map (Fig. 3). Bodrum Peninsula is only about 15 km linear distance
from the Greek Dodecanese island of Kalymnos, where C. marshalli was observed at
several locations near Panormos in October 2011 (Kissling 2012). It is to be expected
that this invasive species will spread further in the Eastern Mediterranean Region along
the Turkish coast.
Nota lepidopterologica, 20.12.2013, ISSN 0342-7536
190 Soyhan et al.: First record of Cacyreus marshalli from Turkey
We would like to thank two anonymous Nota reviewers for their valuable comments on an earlier draft
of this paper.
Anastassiu, H. T., N. Ghavalas & J. G. Coutsis 2010. First record of Cacyreus marshalli in Greece, and
comments on the potential occurrence of Zizeeria karsandra on the Greek island of Crete (Lepidoptera:
Lycaenidae). – Phegea 38 (3): 85 – 92.
Coutsis, J. G., H. T. Anastassíu & N. Ghavalas 2011. An explanatory note on a previous article of ours,
po pulation uctuations of the imported Cacyreus marshalli in Greece, and an assessment of its being
a potential threat through larval competition to native butteries with Geranium feeding larvae (Le pi
do ptera: Lycaenidae). – Phegea 39 (2): 43 – 44.
Eitschberger, U. & P. Stamer 1990. Cacyreus marshalli Butler, 1898, eine neue Tagfalterart für die euro-
päische Fauna? (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae). – Atalanta 21 (1/2): 101 – 108.
Kissling, T. 2012. Cacyreus marshalli. – http://www.lepiforum.de/cgi-bin/2_forum.pl?md=read;id=84671.
Accessed December 2012.
Marko, K. & R. Verovnik 2009. First record of Cacyreus marshalli (Lycaenidae) from the Balkan Penin-
su la. – Nota lepidopterologica 32 (1): 81 – 82.
Martinou, A. F., D. Papachristos & P. G. Milonas 2011. Report of the Geranium Bronze Buttery, Cacyreus
marshalli for mainland Greece. – Hellenic Plant Protection Journal 4: 31 – 34.
Parker, R. 2010. Cacyreus marshalli Butler, 1898 (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae) newly recorded for Corfu,
with notes on other butteries on the island in September 2008. – Entomologist’s Gazette 61: 40 – 42.
Tshikolovets, V. V. 2011. Butteries of Europe and the Mediterranean Area. – Vadim Tshikolovets publica-
tions, 544 pp.
Figs 1, 2. Cacyreus marshalli specimen from Turkey 1. Upper side. 2. Underside.
Fig. 3. Known distribution of Cacyreus marshalli in Europe and North Africa (shaded area; modied from
Tshikolovets 2011), and the approximate position of the observation in Turkey (red circle, arrow).