Article

Annual Report 2012 by AK Biospeleology and Department of Biospeleology

Authors:
  • Hesse Federation for Cave and Karst Research
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In a collaboration involving cave biologists and spider researchers, the large cave spider (Meta menardi) was elected both as cave animal of the year and European spider of the year for 2012. This spider species is geographically widely distributed throughout the Palaearctic region. Because of its large size it is one of the most conspicuous underground animals and it lives all year round in caves, mine shafts and cellars. The spider is thus a good example of a larger number of animals who depend on protected and frost-free retreats associated with mines.