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The lack of knowledge on the distribution and taxonomy of ichthyofauna from coastal Atlantic Rainforest of Santa Catarina state, Brazil, is noteworthy. This study presents a rapid but comprehensive survey of fish species from the coastal hydrographic regions of Santa Catarina. The samples were conducted in October 2012, in 19 sampling sites of five hydrographic regions, using sieves, seine nets, and throw nets. A total of 1,878 individuals belonging to 51 species distributed in 16 families are reported; four freshwater fish species represent distribution novelties for the region. The families Characidae and Loricariidae were predominant, mainly due to the abundance of Astyanax sp., Mimagoniates microlepis, Epactionotus itaimbezinho, and Pareiorhaphis stomias. Therefore, this study provides important contributions to the knowledge of the freshwater fishes from the studied area.
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Check List the journal of
biodiversity data
Rapid survey of ichthyofauna from rivers and streams of
coastal hydrographic regions of Santa Catarina state, Brazil
Vitor Pimenta Abrahão1*, Alexander Claro-García1, Lenice Souza-Shibatta1 and Oscar Akio Shibatta2
1 Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Departamento de Biologia Animal e Vegetal, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Biológicas,
Rodovia Celso Garcia Cid - PR 445, Km 380, Campus Universitário, CEP 86057-970, Londrina, PR, Brazil
2 Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Departamento de Biologia Animal e Vegetal, Museu de Zoologia, Rodovia Celso Garcia Cid - PR 445
Km 380, Campus Universitário, CEP 86057-970, Londrina, PR, Brazil
* Corresponding author. E-mail: vitorabrahao32@gmail.com
Abstract: e lack of knowledge on the distribution
and taxonomy of ichthyofauna from coastal Atlantic
Rainforest of Santa Catarina state, Brazil, is noteworthy.
is study presents a rapid but comprehensive survey
of sh species from the coastal hydrographic regions
of Santa Catarina. e samples were conducted in
October , in  sampling sites of ve hydrographic
regions, using sieves, seine nets, and throw nets.
A total of , individuals belonging to  species
distributed in  families are reported; four freshwater
sh species represent distribution novelties for the
region. e families Characidae and Loricariidae were
predominant, mainly due to the abundance of Astyanax
sp., Mimagoniates microlepis, Epactionotus itaimbezinho,
and Pareiorhaphis stomias. erefore, this study provides
important contributions to the knowledge of the
freshwater shes from the studied area.
Keywords: taxonomy, Atlantic Forest, freshwater
shes
INTRODUCTION
At . km long, the coastline of Santa Catarina
state is the longest in Southern Brazil (compared to
. km for Rio Grande do Sul state and . km for
Paraná state). e coast of Santa Catarina represents
. of the total coastline of Brazil (IBGE ). e
major river basins of Atlantic slope of Santa Catarina
are Araranguá, Cubatão, Itajaí, Itapocu, Mampituba,
Tijucas, and Tubarão (Prates et al. ). ese
hydrographic basins are isolated from each other, but
all drain directly from the Serra Geral scarp to Atlantic
Ocean; some have their headwaters up to  m above
sea level (Gaplan ; Égas et al. ). River valleys
are lled with alluvial fan and uvial sediments, and the
coastal region is marked by a barrier island/lagoonal
system that reect the shallow marine environment that
once occupied this coastline (Caruso et al. ). e
rivers of Santa Catarina are included in  hydrographic
regions in the state, which were determined by law
(./). Of these  hydrographic regions, ve
are localized near the coast. e hydrographic region
of Baixada Norte encompasses an area of , km
and includes the basins of the Rio Cubatão (Norte) and
Rio Itapocu and includes  cities. e Vale do Itajaí is
the greatest hydrographic coastal region of the state,
at , kmand includes the Rio Itajaí basin and 
cities. e Litoral Centro region has an area of , km.
It includes the basins of the Tijucas, Biguaçu, Cubatão
(Sul), and da Madre, and drains a total of  cities. e
hydrographic region of Sul Catarinense covers  cities
and has an area of , km, including the basins of the
Rio Tubarão and D’Una. Finally, the region of Extremo
Sul Catarinense has a drainage area of , km and
comprises the basins of Rio Urussanga, Araranguá and
Mampituba and includes  cities. All these coastal
drainages together represent approximately  of the
hydrographic basins of Santa Catarina state and occupy
about  of its territory (Silva and Kirchheim ).
e coastal drainages were inuenced by the opening
of the Atlantic Ocean that allowed watercourses to
evolve along with tectonic and erosive processes in
the region (Villwock et al. ). e eastern Brazilian
coast regions have great biogeographical signicance
due to their large amount of habitat diversity, which
reect the highly endemic sh faunas (Ribeiro ).
Studies on freshwater shes of the Atlantic Rainforest,
conducted by many authors, reveal a great diversity
(e.g., Bizerril ; Duboc and Abilhoa ; Oyakawa
et al. ; Menezes et al. ). However, studies on
freshwater shes of Santa Catarina state (e.g., Godoy
; Hostim-Silva et al. ; Duboc and Abilhoa ;
Abilhoa and Bastos ; Bertaco ) are scarce
Check List 11(5): 1781, 31 October 2015 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.15560/11.5.1781
ISSN 1809-127X © 2015 Check List and Authors
5
11
1781
31 October 2015
Lists of species
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Abrahão et al. | Fishes from coastal basins of Santa Catarina state, Brazil
are characterized by rocky or sandy bottoms, with tree
trunks and plant debris. ere are rapids with backwater
portions and some small waterfalls. Most sample sites
have the typical pattern of human occupation found in
the Atlantic Rainforest, a biome that has been heavily
impacted by pollution and deforestation resulting in
a great habitat alteration (Barreto and Aranha ;
Menezes et al. ; Anselmo et al. ; Bertaco ).
e exceptions are the sampling sites of Araranguá and
Mampituba river basins, located further from urban
centers, with a better condition of conservation.
Data collection
Collections were made using sieves, seine nets, and
throw nets. Specimens were xed in absolute ethanol.
e collection of shes was authorized by Instituto Chico
Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade (ICMBIO),
permit number -. Species were identied using
available literature and specialists were consulted
when necessary, especially for the families Characidae
and Loricariidae. e taxonomy follows Eschmeyer
(). Voucher specimens were deposited in the sh
collection of the Museu de Zoologia da Universidade
Estadual de Londrina (MZUEL), Londrina, Paraná state,
Brazil (Appendix ). Photos of voucher specimens are
presented in the Figures –. Authorships of the species
compared to the large amount of state’s hydrographic
basins (CASAN ). Researches and evaluations of sh
community allow for inferring the evolution of diversity
in environments and regions. erefore, this paper
aims to contribute to the knowledge of the sh fauna
of Santa Catarina state by providing a comprehensive
list of freshwater sh species from coastal hydrographic
regions of the state.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Study site
e list of species provided here is based on sampling
conducted during expeditions carried out between –
October  at  sample sites in the hydrographic
regions of Atlantic slope of Santa Catarina state, Brazil
(Figure ; Table ). e sampled hydrographic areas are
all within the Atlantic Rainforest and its lower portions,
close to the Atlantic Ocean, and are characterized by
the presence of islands of mangrove and sandbanks
(Klein ; Vibrans et al. ). e climate is humid
subtropical, classied as Cfa according to Köppen-
Geiger criterion, and characterized by hot summers,
mild winters, and an average annual temperature of
C; the annual rainfall is between , and , mm
(Monteiro ). Sampling sites are detailed in Table  and
showed in Figure . e watercourses at the study sites
Figure 1. Map of study area, indicating the sampled coastal drainages, Santa Catarina state, Brazil. Symbols correspond to sampled sites; squares: Rio
Cubatão basin; pentagons: Rio Itapocu basin; circles: Rio Itajaí basin; lozenges: Rio Maciambu basin; triangle: Rio da Madre basin; star: Rio D’Una basin;
asterisks: Rio Araranguá basin; and trapeze: Rio Mampituba basin.
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Abrahão et al. | Fishes from coastal basins of Santa Catarina state, Brazil
Table 1. Collecting sites in the coastal Atlantic Rainforest basins of Santa Catarina state, Brazil.
Site Hydrographic region Drainage Watercourse Locality Latitude, longitude
Altitude (m)
1 Baixada Norte Rio Cubatão Norte Rio Pirabeiraba Joinville 26°07ʹ24.8ʺ S, 048°56ʹ10.9ʺ W 43
2 Rio Cubatão Norte Rio Pirabeiraba Joinville 26°08ʹ43.5ʺ S, 048°54ʹ25.9ʺ W 14
3 Rio Itapocu Rio Itapocu Jaraguá do Sul 26°26ʹ47.4ʺ S, 049°09ʹ49.3ʺ W 79
4 Rio Itapocu Ribeirão do Cavalo Jaraguá do Sul 26°28ʹ16.8ʺ S, 049°10ʹ56.0ʺ W 7
5 Vale do Itajaí Rio Itajaí Tributary of Rio Itajaí-açu Gaspar 26°57ʹ54.4ʺ S, 048°55ʹ01.6ʺ W 8
6 Rio Itajaí Rio Itajaí-mirim Botuverá 27°11ʹ30.1ʺ S, 049°03ʹ52.2ʺ W 9
7 Litoral Centro Rio Maciambu Rio Maciambu Palhoça 27°48ʹ42.4ʺ S, 048°38ʹ41.9ʺ W 7
8 Rio Maciambu Rio Maciambu Palhoça 27°48ʹ42.1ʺ S, 048°39ʹ06.0ʺ W 7
9 Rio da Madre Rio da Madre Paulo Lopes 27°54ʹ22.0ʺ S, 048°40ʹ57.3 ʺ W 7
10 Sul Catarinense Rio D’una Rio D’una Imaruí 28°10ʹ48.8ʺ S, 048°47ʹ12.0ʺ W 4
11 Extremo Sul Catarinense Rio Araranguá Rio Jordão Siderópolis 28°35ʹ12.7ʺ S, 049°29ʹ11.2ʺ W 10
12 Rio Araranguá Rio Manin Siderópolis 28°34ʹ48.6ʺ S, 049°29ʹ08.0ʺ W 12
13 Rio Araranguá Rio Manin Siderópolis 28°33ʹ22.1ʺ S, 049°29ʹ25.5ʺ W 12
14 Rio Araranguá Tributary of Rio Manin Siderópolis 28°37ʹ38.4ʺ S, 049°32ʹ10.2ʺ W 26
15 Rio Araranguá Rio Serrinha Siderópolis 28°36ʹ39.5ʺ S, 049°35ʹ13.6ʺ W 12
16 Rio Araranguá Rio São Bento Siderópolis 28°36ʹ40.6ʺ S, 049°34ʹ57.3ʺ W 12
17 Rio Araranguá Rio Amola Faca Siderópolis 28°50ʹ15.9ʺ S, 049°48ʹ16.2ʺ W 17
18 Rio Araranguá Rio Serra Velha Siderópolis 28°48ʹ30.6ʺ S, 049°54ʹ06.7ʺ W 25
19 Rio Mampituba Rio Sanga da Paca Jacinto Machado 29°04ʹ40.7ʺ S, 049°49ʹ05.2ʺ W 10
Figure 2. Photos of sampling sites of coastal Atlantic Rainforest rivers of Santa Catarina state, Brazil: a and b) Rio Pirabeiraba; c) Rio Itapocu; d) Ribeirão
do Cavalo; e) Tributary of Rio Itajaí-açu; f) Rio Itajaí-mirim; g) Rio Maciambu; h) Rio Maciambu; i) Rio da Madre; j) Rio D’Una; k) Rio Jordão; l) Rio Manim;
m) Rio Manim; n) Tributary of Rio Manim; o) Rio Serrinha; p) Rio São Bento; q) Rio Amola Faca; r) Rio Serra Velha; and s) Rio Sanga da Paca.
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Abrahão et al. | Fishes from coastal basins of Santa Catarina state, Brazil
Figure 3. Characiformes species collected in sampling sites of coastal Atlantic Rainforest rivers of Santa Catarina state, Brazil. a) Hoplias malabaricus
MZUEL 7494, 64.0 mm SL; b) Astyanax eigenmanniorum MZUEL 7475, 40.8 mm SL; c) Astyanax jacuhiensis MZUEL 7574, 44.3 mm SL; d) Astyanax laticeps
MZUEL 7458, 73.3 mm SL; e) Astyanax sp. MZUEL 7890, 72.6 mm SL; f) Bryconamericus iheringii MZUEL 7502, 32.5 mm SL; g) Cyanocharax itaimbe MZUEL
7538, 35.7 mm SL; h) Deuterodon stigmaturus MZUEL 7459, 71.0 mm SL; i) Hollandichthys multifasciatus MZUEL 7460, 62.5 mm SL; j) Hyphessobrycon
igneus MZUEL 7578, 23.4 mm SL; k) Mimagoniates microlepis MZUEL 7527, 37.7 mm SL; l) Mimagoniates rheocharis MZUEL 7592, 39.7 mm SL; m) Odontos-
toechus lethostigmus MZUEL 7608, 38.0 mm SL; n) Oligosarcus robustus MZUEL 7493, 45.2 mm SL; o) Characidium occidentale MZUEL 7468, 55.5 mm SL;
p) Characidium pterostictum MZUEL 7467, 57.3 mm SL.
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Abrahão et al. | Fishes from coastal basins of Santa Catarina state, Brazil
Figure 4. Siluriformes species collected in sampling sites of coastal Atlantic Rainforest rivers of Santa Catarina state, Brazil. a) Microglanis cottoides MZUEL
7446, 51.0 mm SL; b) Heptapterus mustelinus MZUEL 7552, 43.8 mm SL; c) Heptapterus sp. MZUEL 7553, 75.2 mm SL; d) Impar nis sp. MZUEL 7508, 135.6
mm SL; e) Pimelodella australis MZUEL 7520, 56.5 mm SL; f) Rhamdia quelen MZUEL 7482, 73.3 mm SL; g) Trichomycterus davisi MZUEL 7461, 73.5 mm SL; h)
Trichomycterus sp. MZUEL 7547, 38.6 mm SL; i) Corydoras ehrhardti MZUEL 7478, 36.1 mm SL; j) Ancistrus multispinis MZUEL 7540, 75.7 mm SL; k) Epactionotus
itaimbezinho MZUEL 7479, 42.8 mm SL; l) Hisonotus leucofrenatus MZUEL 7485, 34.3 mm SL; m) Otothyris rostrata MZUEL 7518, 30.9 mm SL; n) Pareiorhaphis
nudulus MZUEL 7549, 29.1 mm SL; o) Pareiorhaphis splendens MZUEL 7463, 42.1 mm SL; p) Pareiorhaphis stomias MZUEL 7550, 37.5 mm SL; q) Pareiorhaphis
sp. MZUEL 7462, 51.2 mm SL; r) Parontocinclus cf. maculicauda MZUEL 7496, 40.7 mm SL; s) Rineloricaria aequalicuspis MZUEL 7488, 86.0 mm SL; t) Rinelori-
caria quadrensis MZUEL 7489, 57.6 mm SL; u) Rineloricaria sp. MZUEL 7507, 48.7 mm SL.
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Abrahão et al. | Fishes from coastal basins of Santa Catarina state, Brazil
studied are available in Table .
Data analysis
e map of study area was prepared using Quantum
GIS .. software (QGIS Development Team ) (Figure
). Species accumulation curves were used to assess the
eciency of sh sampling method and, additionally, the
richness extrapolation estimator Chao  (Chao ) and
ACE (Abundance-based Coverage Estimator; Lee and Chao
) were calculated (Figure ). e software EstimateS
. (Colwell ) was used for these analyzes.
Figure 5: Gymnotiformes, Cyprinodontiformes, Synbranchiformes, and Perciformes species collected in sampling sites of coastal Atlantic Rainforest
rivers of Santa Catarina state, Brazil. a) Gymnotus pantherinus MZUEL 7531, 153.7 mm SL; b) Gymnotus sylvius MZUEL 7465, 124.3 mm SL; c) Phalloceros
caudimaculatus MZUEL 7509, 33.2 mm SL; d) Phalloceros spiloura MZUEL 7534, 32.2 mm SL; e) Phalloceros sp. MZUEL 7466, 41.9 mm SL; f) Jenynsia
multidentata MZUEL 7571, 46.7 mm SL; g) Jenynsia unitaenia MZUEL 7544, 51.9 mm SL; h) Synbranchus marmoratus MZUEL 7524, 74.1 mm SL; i) Mugil sp.
MZUEL 7513, 24.0 mm SL; j) Cichlasoma portalegrense MZUEL 7500, 35.3 mm SL; k) Crenicichla lepidota MZUEL 7523, 61.8 mm SL; l) Geophagus brasiliensis
MZUEL 7473, 81.2 mm SL; m) Dormitator maculatus MZUEL 7511, 47.6 mm SL; n) Awaous tajacica MZUEL 7512, 128.6 mm SL.
Table 2: Fish species collected in ve coastal hydrographic regions of the Santa Catarina state, Brazil. Species with * were rst recorded in the sampling
sites. Cubatão Norte basin: 1 and 2) Rio Pirabeiraba, 3) Rio Itapocu, and 4) Ribeirão do Cavalo; Itajaí basin: 5)Tributary of rio Itajaí-açu, and 6) rio Itajaí-
mirim; Maciambu basin: 7 and 8) Rio Maciambu; da Madre basin: 9) Rio da Madre; D’Úna basin: 10) Rio D’Úna; Araranguá basin: 11) Rio Jordão, 12 and 13)
Rio Manin; 14) Tributary of Rio Manin, 15) Rio Serrinha, 16) São Bento, 17) Rio Amola Faca, 18) Rio Serra Velha, 19) Sanga da Paca.
Taxa
Sampling sites
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
CHARACIFORMES
Erythrinidae
Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch, 1794) X X X X
Characidae
Astyanax eigenmanniorum (Cope, 1894) X X X X X
Astyanax jacuhiensis (Cope, 1894) X X X X
Astyanax laticeps (Cope, 1894) X X X X X
Astyanax sp. X X X X X X X X X
Bryconamericus iheringii (Boulenger, 1887) X
Cyanocharax itaimbe Malabarba & Weitzman, 2003 X X X X X X
Continued
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Abrahão et al. | Fishes from coastal basins of Santa Catarina state, Brazil
Taxa
Sampling sites
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
Deuterodon stigmaturus (Gomes, 1947) X X X X
Hollandichthys multifasciatus (Eigenmann & Norris, 1900) X X
Hyphessobrycon igneus Miqueralena, Menni, Lopez & Casciotta, 1980 X
Mimagoniates microlepis (Steindachner, 1877) X X X X X
Mimagoniates rheocharis Menezes & Weitzman, 1990 X
Odontostoechus lethostigmus Gomes, 1947 X
Oligosarcus hepsetus (Cuvier, 1829) X
Crenuchidae
Characidium occidentale Buckup & Reis, 1997 X X X X X X
Characidium pterostictum Gomes, 1947 X X X X X X X X X
SILURIFORMES
Pseudopimelodidae
Microglanis cottoides (Boulenger, 1891) X X X X X X X
Heptapteridae
Heptapterus mustelinus (Valenciennes, 1835) X X X
Heptapterus sp. X
Imparnis sp. X X X
Pimelodella australis Eigenmann, 1917 X
Rhamdia a. quelen (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) X X X X X X
Trichomycteridae
Trichomycterus davisi (Haseman, 1911) X
Trichomycterus sp. X
Callichthyidae
Corydoras ehrhardti Steindachner, 1910 X X X X
Loricariidae
Ancistrus multispinis (Regan, 1912) X X
Epactionotus itaimbezinho Reis & Schaefer, 1998 X X X X X X X X X X
Hisonotus leucofrenatus (Miranda Ribeiro, 1908) X
Otothyris rostrata Garavello, Britski & Schaefer, 1998 X
Pareiorhaphis nudulus (Reis & Pereira, 1999) X X
Pareiorhaphis splendens (Bizerril, 1995) X
Pareiorhaphis stomias (Pereira & Reis, 2002) X X X X X
Pareiorhaphis sp. X X
Parotocinclus cf. maculicauda (Steindachner, 1877) X X X
Rineloricaria aequalicuspis Reis & Cardoso, 2001 X X X X X X X X X X
Rineloricaria quadrensis Reis, 1983 X X X X X X
Rineloricaria sp. X
GYMNOTIFORMES
Gymnotidae
Gymnotus pantherinus (Steindachner, 1908) X X
Gymnotus sylvius Albert & Fernandes-Matioli, 1999 X X
CYPRINODONTIFORMES
Poeciliidae
Phalloceros caudimaculatus (Hensel, 1868) X X X X
Phalloceros spiloura Lucinda, 2008 X X
Phalloceros sp. X X X
Anablepidae
Jenynsia multidentata (Jenyns, 1842) X
Jenynsia unitaenia Ghedotti & Weitzman, 1995 X X X X
SYNBRANCHIFORMES
Synbranchidae
Synbranchus marmoratus Bloch, 1795 X X X
PERCIFORMES
Mugilidae
Mugil sp. X
Cichlidae
Cichlasoma portalegrense (Hensel, 1870) X X X
Crenicichla lepidota Heckel, 1840 X X
Geophagus brasiliensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) X X X X
Eleotridae
Dormitator maculatus (Bloch, 1792) X
Gobiidae
Awaous tajasica (Lichtenstein, 1822) X
Table 2. Continued.
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Abrahão et al. | Fishes from coastal basins of Santa Catarina state, Brazil
RESULTS
A total of , individuals belonging to  species,
distributed in  families and six orders, were captured
(Table ; Figures –). e orders Siluriformes and
Characiformes were predominant, with  and 
species, respectively. Among all collected species, .
are Siluriformes, . Characiformes, . Perciformes,
. Cyprinodontiformes, . Gymnotiformes, and
. Synbranchiformes. e families with highest
species richness were Characidae with ., followed
by Loricariidae with . and Heptapteridae with .
of all collected species. e species with highest number
of individuals collected were Epactionotus itaimbezinho
(.), Pareiorhaphis stomias (.), Cichlasoma
portalegrense (.), Mimagoniates microlepis (.),
Astyanax sp. (.), and Microglanis cottoides (.).
Of these, E. itaimbezinho and Astyanax sp. were found
in half of the sampling sites. Characidium pterostictum
and Rineloricaria aequalicuspis showed wide distribution
but low abundance. Eight taxa were only provisionally
identied due to uncertain taxonomy (e.g., Astyanax sp.,
Heptapterus sp., Imparnis sp., Mugil sp., Pareiorhaphis
sp., Phalloceros sp., Rineloricaria sp., and Trichomycterus
sp.). Representatives of Awaous tajasica (one specimen),
Mugil sp. (two specimens), and Dormitator maculatus
(one specimen) were collected in brackish regions. ese
low values are because the majority of collections were
made in places that had little or no salinity, as observed
by salinity values obtained by a conductivity meter.
Records of the following species constitute
distributional novelties to the Santa Catarina coastal
rivers: Astyanax eigenmanniorum, A. jacuhiensis,
Cichlasoma portalegrense, and Rineloricaria quadrensis. No
introduced species were collected. None of the collected
species are endemic to the rivers of Santa Catarina state,
but  are endemic to the coastal rivers of the Atlantic
Rainfores: Astyanax eigenmanniorum, A. jacuhiensis, A.
laticeps, Cichlasoma portalegrense, Cyanocharax itaimbe,
Deuterodon stigmaturus, Jenynsia unitaenia, Microglanis
cottoides, Mimagoniates rheocharis, Odontostoechus
lethostigmus, Oligosarcus robustus, Pareiorhaphis nudulus,
Phalloceros spiloura, Pimelodella australis, Rineloricaria
aequalicuspis, and Rineloricaria quadrensis. According to
Reis et al. (), one species is Near-threatened and one
Vulnerable in the Red List of shes of Santa Catarina
state: Hollandichthys multifasciatus and Mimagoniates
rheocharis, respectively.
According to the species accumulation curve, the
sampling eciency was high, because the curves of Sobs
richness ( species) and the estimators (Chao  =  and
ACE =  species) are very close. is indicates that most
of the species were collected (. of species) (Figure ).
DISCUSSION
e composition of sh assemblages observed in
this study follows the pattern described for Neotropical
rivers, with the predominance of Characiformes and
Siluriformes (Sabino and Castro ; Lowe-McConnel
; Esteves and Lobón-Cerviá ; Gerhard et al.
; Barreto and Aranha ; Quintela et al. ;
Lévêque et al. ), and in particular, the predominance
of families Characidae and Loricariidae (Reis et al. ;
Buckup et al. ). e results of species accumulation
curve show that the collecting methods were ecient
(Figure ). e available time, steep topography, and
characteristics of sampled watercourses limited the
use of others methods such as electro shing, gill nets,
hooks, and pots.
Despite the historical introduction of non-natives
species in Brazil, such as Tilapia rendalli (Boulenger,
), Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, ), and Poecilia
reticulata Peters, —which are widely distributed
throughout the tropical regions of the world—all
specimens collected belonged to native species.
Rapids and low winter temperatures could limit the
establishment of these three non-native species (Azaza
et al. ; Kour et al. ; Reeve et al. ).
Species that were provisionally identied due to their
uncertain taxonomic status those that are the subject of
revision (e.g., Astyanax sp., Mugil sp., Pareiorhaphis sp.,
Phalloceros sp., Rineloricaria sp., and Trichomycterus sp.)
and/or those that lack a comprehensive treatment (e.g.,
Heptapterus sp. and Imparnis sp.). With the exception of
some species that reach medium to large sizes (Awaous
tajasica, Gymnotus pantherinus, Geophagus brasiliensis
and Rhamdia a. quelen), most species collected are small
in agreement with sh faunas in many other Brazilian
streams (Castro ).
ree brackish water species were captured despite
the estuarine regions were rarely sampled in this study.
e presence of these species is expected in the lower,
tidally inuenced reaches of some rivers (Por ).
Figure 6. Species accumulation curves, generated by species richness
(Sobs) and richness estimators (Chao 1 and ACE), of shes from coastal
Atlantic Rainforest rivers of Santa Catarina state, Brazil.
Check List | www.biotaxa.org/cl Volume 11 | Number 5 | Article 1781 9
Abrahão et al. | Fishes from coastal basins of Santa Catarina state, Brazil
Additionally, it is important to note the collection of
a young specimen of Mugil sp., considered a shery
resource of high value, commercially explored by
artisanal sheries in the Brazilian coast (Menezes ;
Paiva ).
e greater diversity in tributaries of Araranguá and
Mampituba basins may be associated to better conditions
relating to their conservation. Despite of the greater
number of sampling sites in the Araranguá basin, the
average number of species per site was higher than other
sites. Hollandichthys multifasciatus and Mimagoniates
rheocharis, both listed in the Red List of threatened
species of Santa Catarina state, were collected in this
basin. ese species are very dependent on the forested
streams which provide favorable conditions for their life
cycles and feeding (Sabino and Castro, ; Azevedo
; ; Dufech et al.; Abilhoa and Bastos,
; Bertaco ). Hollandichthys multifasciatus feeds
mainly plants, aquatic and terrestrial insects and small
spiders, and lives in transparent and shallow, shaded
lentic waters (Abilhoa and Bastos, ). In turn,
Mimagoniates rheocharis feeds mainly of allochthonous
insects and lives in clear rapids with shaded areas of
forested margins (Dufech et al.; Malabarba et
al.). erefore, the sampling and documentation
of the diversity in this region as a whole is extremely
important for species conservation. e preservation
of natural areas subject to intense urbanization and
changing environments, resulting in changes in natural
communities is urgent.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
e authors are indebted to Edson Santana for his
assistance in eldwork. Juliano Emerick of FATMA
facilitated the collections around Siderópolis. We also
thank Carlos Oliveira (NUPÉLIA-UEM) and Flávio Lima
(UNICAMP) for the identications of some species. e
Universidade Estadual de Londrina provided the vehicle
for eldwork. Fundação Araucária provided nancial
support (Protocol ., conv. /).
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–.
Silva, D.R.A. and R.E. Kirchheim. . Informações hidrogeológicas
básicas do Estado de SC. XIX Simpósio Brasileiro de Recursos
Hídricos. Maceió. pp.
Vibrans, A.C., L. Sevgnani, D.V. Lingner, A.L. Gasper and S. Sabbagh.
. Inventário orístico orestal de Santa Catarina (IFFSC):
aspectos metodológicos e operacionais. Pesquisa Florestal
Brasileira (): –.doi: ./.pfb..
Villwock, J.A., G.C. Lessa, K. Suguio, R .J. Ang ulo and S.R. Dillenburg.
. Geologia e geomorfologia de regiões costerias; pp. –,
in: C.R.G. Souza, K. Suguio, A.M.S. Oliveira and P.E. Oliveira
(eds.). Quaternário no Brasil. Ribeirão Preto: Holos.
Authors’ contribution statement: VPA, LSS and OAS collected
the data, VPA, ACG and OAS identied the specimens, VPA and OAS
wrote the text, and VPA and ACG made the analysis.
Received:  May 
Accepted:  September 
Academic editor: Manoela Marinho
APPENDIX 
List of examined material. All from Santa Catarina state,
Brazil
CHARACIFORME S: Erythrinidae: Hoplias malabar-
icus: MZUEL ,  ( mm SL), Tributary of Rio
Itajaí-açu, Gaspar. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W.
MZUEL ,  (. mm SL), Rio Itajaí-mirim, Botu-
verá. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,  (.
mm SL), Rio da Madre, Palhoça. ʹʺ S, ʹ.ʺ
W. MZUEL ,  (. mm SL), Rio São Bento, Sid-
erópolis. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. Characidae:
Astyanax eigenmanniorum: MZUEL ,  (.–.
mm SL), Rio Itapocu, Jaraguá do Sul. ʹ.ʺ S,
ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio
Itajaí-mirim, Botuverá. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W.
MZUEL ,  (. mm SL), Rio da Madre, Palhoça.
ʹʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,  (.–.
mm SL), Rio Manim, Siderópolis. ʹ.ʺ S,
ʹʺ W. MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio
Sanga da Paca, Jacinto Machado. ʹ.ʺ S,
ʹ.ʺ W. Astyanax jacuhiensis: MZUEL , 
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Abrahão et al. | Fishes from coastal basins of Santa Catarina state, Brazil
(. mm SL), Rio Itapocu, Jaraguá do Sul. ʹ.ʺ S,
ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL),
Tributary of rio Itajaí-açu, Gaspar. ʹ.ʺ S,
ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio
Amola Faca, Sideópolis. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W.
MZUEL ,  (. mm SL), Rio Sanga da Paca, Jacinto
Machado. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. Astyanax lati-
ceps: MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio Pirabeiraba,
Joinville. ʹʺ S, ʹʺ W. MZUEL , 
(.–. mm SL), Rio Pirabeiraba, Joinville. ʹ.ʺ
S, ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,  (. mm SL), Rio
Manim, Siderópolis. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹʺ W.
MZUEL ,  (. mm SL), Rio Amola Faca, Sideópo-
lis. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL , 
(.–. mm SL), Rio Serra Velha, Siderópolis.
ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. Astyanax sp.: MZUEL
,  (.–. mm SL), Rio Pirabeiraba, Joinville.
ʹʹʹS, ʹʹʹW. MZUEL ,  (.–.
mm SL), Rio Itapocu, Jaraguá do Sul. ʹ.ʺ S,
ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio
Maciambu, Palhoça. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W.
MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio Maciambu, Pal-
hoça. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹʺ W. MZUEL , 
(.–. mm SL), Rio DʹUna, Imaruí. ʹ.ʺ S,
ʹʺ W. MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio
Jordão, Siderópolis. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W.
MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio Manim, Sid-
erópolis. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹʺ W. MZUEL , 
(.–. mm SL), Rio Serrinha, Siderópolis. ʹ.ʺ
S, ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL),
Rio Amola Faca, Sideópolis. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ
W. Bryconamericus iheringii: MZUEL ,  (.–.
mm SL), Rio Itajaí-mirim, Botuverá. ʹ.ʺ S,
ʹ.ʺ W. Cyanocharax itaimbe: MZUEL , 
(. mm SL), Rio Itapocu, Jaraguá do Sul. ʹ.ʺ S,
ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio
Manim, Siderópolis. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹʺ W.
MZUEL ,  (. mm SL), Rio Manim, Siderópolis.
ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,  (.–.
mm SL), Rio Amola Faca, Sideópolis. ʹ.ʺ S,
ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio
Serra Velha, Siderópolis. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W.
MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio Sanga da Paca,
Jacinto Machado. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. Deuter-
odon stigmaturus: MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL),
Rio Pirabeiraba, Joinville. ʹʺ S, ʹʺ W.
MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio Maciambu, Pal-
hoça. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹʺ W. MZUEL , 
(.–. mm SL), Tributary of rio Manim, Siderópolis.
ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,  (.–.
mm SL), Rio Amola Faca, Sideópolis. ʹ.ʺ S,
ʹ.ʺ W. Hollandichthys multifasciatus: MZUEL
,  (. mm SL), Rio Pirabeiraba, Joinville. ʹʺ
S, ʹʺ W. MZUEL ,  (. mm SL), Rio Serra
Velha, Siderópolis. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W.
Hyphessobrycon igneus: MZUEL ,  (.–. mm
SL), Rio Amola Faca, Sideópolis. ʹ.ʺ S,
ʹ.ʺ W. Mimagoniates microlepis: MZUEL , 
(.–, mm SL), Rio DʹUna, Imaruí. ʹ.ʺ S,
ʹʺ W. MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio
Manim, Siderópolis. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹʺ W.
MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Tributary of rio
Manim, Siderópolis. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W.
MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio Amola Faca,
Sideópolis. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,
 (.–. mm SL), Rio Serra Velha, Siderópolis.
ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. Mimagoniates rheocharis:
MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio Serra Velha, Sid-
erópolis. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. Odontostoechus
lethostigmus: MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio
São Bento, Siderópolis. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W.
Oligosarcus hepsetus: MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL),
Tributary of rio Itajaí-Açu, Gaspar. ʹ.ʺ S,
ʹ.ʺ W. Crenuchidae: Characidium occidentale:
MZUEL ,  (. mm SL), Rio Pirabeiraba, Joinville.
ʹʺ S, ʹʺ W. MZUEL ,  (.–.
mm SL), Rio Pirabeiraba, Joinville. ʹ.ʺ S,
ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio
da Madre, Palhoça. ʹʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL
,  (.–. mm SL), Rio DʹUna, Imaruí. ʹ.ʺ
S, ʹʺ W. MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio
Manim, Siderópolis. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹʺ W.
MZUEL ,  (. mm SL), Rio Serrinha, Siderópolis.
ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. Characidium pterostictum:
MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio Pirabeiraba,
Joinville. ʹʺ S, ʹʺ W. MZUEL , 
(.–. mm SL), Rio Pirabeiraba, Joinville. ʹ.ʺ
S, ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,  (. mm SL), Rio
DʹUna, Imaruí. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹʺ W. MZUEL
,  (. mm SL), Rio Manim, Siderópolis. ʹ.ʺ
S, ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL),
Tributary of rio Manim, Siderópolis. ʹ.ʺ S,
ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,  (. mm SL), Rio Ser-
rinha, Siderópolis. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL
,  (. mm SL), Rio São Bento, Siderópolis.
ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,  (.–.
mm SL), Rio Amola Faca, Sideópolis. ʹ.ʺ S,
ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio
Serra Velha, Siderópolis. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W.
SILURIFORMES: Trichomycteridae: Trichomycterus
davisi: MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio Pirabeira-
ba, Joinville. ʹʺ S, ʹʺ W. Trichomycterus
sp.: MZUEL ,  (. mm SL), Rio Manim, Siderópo-
lis. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. Callychthyidae:
Corydoras ehrhardti: MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL),
Rio Itapocu, Jaraguá do Sul. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ
W. MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Ribeirão do
Cavalo, Jaraguá do Sul. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹʺ W.
MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Tributary of rio
Itajaí-açu, Gaspar. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL
Check List | www.biotaxa.org/cl Volume 11 | Number 5 | Article 1781 12
Abrahão et al. | Fishes from coastal basins of Santa Catarina state, Brazil
,  (.–. mm SL), Rio Itajaí-mirim, Botuverá.
ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. Loricariidae: Ancistrus
multispinis: MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio
Manim, Siderópolis. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹʺ W.
MZUEL ,  (. mm SL), Rio Amola Faca, Sideópo-
lis. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. Epactionotus
itaimbezinho: MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio
Pirabeiraba, Joinville. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W.
MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio Itapocu, Jara-
guá do Sul. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,
 (.–. mm SL), Ribeirão do Cavalo, Jaraguá do
Sul. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹʺ W. MZUEL ,  (.–
. mm SL), Rio Itajaí-mirim, Botuverá. ʹ.ʺ S,
ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio
DʹUna, Imaruí. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹʺ W. MZUEL
,  (.–. mm SL), Rio Manim, Siderópolis.
ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,  (.–.
mm SL), Tributary of rio Manim, Siderópolis. ʹ.ʺ
S, ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL),
Rio Serrinha, Siderópolis. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W.
MZUEL ,  (–. mm SL), Rio Amola Faca,
Sideópolis. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,
 (.–. mm SL), Rio Sanga da Paca, Jacinto Macha-
do. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. Hisonotus leuco frenatus:
MZUEL ,  (. mm SL), Ribeirão do Cavalo, Jara-
guá do Sul. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹʺ W. Otothyris
rostrata: MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio da
Madre, Palhoça. ʹʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. Pareiorha-
phis nudulus: MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio
Manim, Siderópolis. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W.
MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio Amola Faca,
Sideópolis. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. Pareiorhaphis
splendens: MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio Pira-
beiraba, Joinville. ʹʺ S, ʹʺ W. Pareiorhaphis
stomias: MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio Manim,
Siderópolis. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹʺ W. MZUEL ,
 (.–. mm SL), Rio Manim, Siderópolis. ʹ.ʺ
S, ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL),
Rio Serrinha, Siderópolis. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W.
MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio São Bento, Sid-
erópolis. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL , 
(.–. mm SL), Rio Amola Faca, Sideópolis.
ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. Pareiorhaphis sp.: MZUEL
, .–. mm SL), Rio Pirabeiraba, Joinville.
ʹʺ S, ʹʺ W. MZUEL ,  (. mm SL),
Ribeirão do Cavalo, Jaraguá do Sul. ʹ.ʺ S,
ʹʺ W. Parontocinclus cf. maculi cauda: MZUEL
,  (. mm SL), Ribeirão do Cavalo, Jaraguá do Sul.
ʹ.ʺ S, ʹʺ W. MZUEL ,  (.–.
mm SL), Tributary of rio Itajaí-açu, Gaspar. ʹ.ʺ
S, ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,  (. mm SL), Rio
Itajaí-mirim, Botuverá. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W.
Rineloricaria aequalicuspis: MZUEL ,  (.–.
mm SL), Rio Pirabeiraba, Joinville. ʹʺ S,
ʹʺ W. MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio
Itapocu, Jaraguá do Sul. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W.
MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Ribeirão do Cavalo,
Jaraguá do Sul. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹʺ W. MZUEL
,  (. mm SL), Tributary of rio Itajaí-açu, Gaspar.
ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,  (.–.
mm SL), Rio DʹUna, Imaruí. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹʺ W.
MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio Manim, Sid-
erópolis. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹʺ W. MZUEL , 
(.–. mm SL), Rio Manim, Siderópolis. ʹ.ʺ
S, ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL),
Rio Serrinha, Siderópolis. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W.
MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio São Bento, Sid-
erópolis. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL , 
(.–. mm SL), Rio Amola Faca, Sideópolis.
ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. Rineloricaria quadrensis:
MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio Itapocu, Jaraguá
do Sul. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL , 
(.–. mm SL), Ribeirão do Cavalo, Jaraguá do Sul.
ʹ.ʺ S, ʹʺ W. MZUEL ,  (. mm
SL), Tributary of rio Itajaí-açu, Gaspar. ʹ.ʺ S,
ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio
da Madre, Palhoça. ʹʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL
,  (.–. mm SL), Rio Manim, Siderópolis.
ʹ.ʺ S, ʹʺ W. MZUEL ,  (.–.
mm SL), Rio Sanga da Paca, Jacinto Machado. ʹ.ʺ
S, ʹ.ʺ W. Rineloricaria sp.: MZUEL , 
(.–. mm SL), Rio Itajaí-mirim, Botuverá.
ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. Pseudopimelodidae:
Micro glanis cottoides: MZUEL ,  (.–. mm
SL), Rio Itapocu, Jaraguá do Sul. ʹ.ʺ S,
ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL),
Ribeirão do Cavalo, Jaraguá do Sul. ʹ.ʺ S,
ʹʺ W. MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio
Manim, Siderópolis. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W.
MZUEL ,  (.– mm SL), Rio Serrinha, Sid-
erópolis. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL , 
(.–. mm SL), Rio Amola Faca, Sideópolis.
ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,  (. mm
SL), Rio Serra Velha, Siderópolis. ʹ.ʺ S,
ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio
Sanga da Paca, Jacinto Machado. ʹ.ʺ S,
ʹ.ʺ W. Heptapteridae: Heptapterus musteli-
nus: MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL) Rio Manim,
Siderópolis. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,
 (. mm SL), Tributary of rio Manim, Siderópolis.
ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,  (.–.
mm SL), Rio Serra Velha, Siderópolis. ʹ.ʺ S,
ʹ.ʺ W. Heptapterus sp.: MZUEL ,  (.–
. mm SL), Rio Manim, Siderópolis. ʹ.ʺ S,
ʹ.ʺ W. Imparnis sp.: MZUEL ,  (. mm
SL), Rio Itajaí-mirim, Botuverá. ʹ.ʺ S,
ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,  (. mm SL), Rio São
Bento, Siderópolis. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W.
MZUEL ,  (. mm SL), Rio Serra Velha, Sid-
erópolis. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. Pimelo della
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Abrahão et al. | Fishes from coastal basins of Santa Catarina state, Brazil
australis: MZUEL ,  (. mm SL), Rio da Madre,
Palhoça. ʹʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. Rhamdia a. quelen:
MZUEL ,  (. mm SL), Rio Pirabeiraba, Joinville.
ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,  (.–.
mm SL), Rio Itapocu, Jaraguá do Sul. ʹ.ʺ S,
ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,  (. mm SL), Tributary
of rio Itajaí-açu, Gaspar. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W.
MZUEL ,  (. mm SL), Rio da Madre, Palhoça.
ʹʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,  (. mm
SL), Rio DʹUna, Imaruí. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹʺ W.
MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio Sanga da Paca,
Jacinto Machado. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. GYM-
NOTIFORMES: Gymnotidae: Gymnotus pantherinus:
MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio DʹUna, Imaruí.
ʹ.ʺ S, ʹʺ W. MZUEL ,  (. mm
SL), Rio Serra Velha, Siderópolis. ʹ.ʺ S,
ʹ.ʺ W. Gymnotus sylvius: MZUEL , 
(.–. mm SL), Rio Pirabeiraba, Joinville. ʹʺ
S, ʹʺ W. MZUEL ,  (. mm SL), Rio
Maciambu, Palhoça. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹʺ W.
CYPRINODONTIFORMES: Poecilidae: Phalloceros
caudimaculatus: MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio
Maciambu, Palhoça. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W.
MZUEL ,  (.–, mm SL), Rio da Madre, Pal-
hoça. ʹʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL , 
(.– mm SL), Rio DʹUna, Imaruí. ʹ.ʺ S,
ʹʺ W. MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio
Sanga da Paca, Jacinto Machado. ʹ.ʺ S,
ʹ.ʺ W. Phalloceros spiloura: MZUEL , 
(.–. mm SL), Rio Jordão, Siderópolis. ʹ.ʺ S,
ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio
Sanga da Paca, Jacinto Machado. ʹ.ʺ S,
ʹ.ʺ W. Poecilia vivipara: MZUEL ,  (.–
. mm SL), Rio Pirabeiraba, Joinville. ʹʺ S,
ʹʺ W. MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio
Pirabeiraba, Joinville. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W.
MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Ribeirão do Cavalo,
Jaraguá do Sul. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹʺ W. Anablep-
idae: Jenynsia multidentata: MZUEL ,  (.–.
mm SL), Rio Amola Faca, Sideópolis. ʹ.ʺ S,
ʹ.ʺ W. Jenynsia unitaenia: MZUEL , 
(.–. mm SL), MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL),
Rio São Bento, Siderópolis. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ
W. MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio Amola Faca,
Sideópolis. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,
 (.–. mm SL), Rio Serra Velha, Siderópolis.
ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. SYNBRANCHIFORMES:
Synbranchidae: Synbranchus marmoratus: MZUEL
,  (. mm SL), Rio da Madre, Palhoça. ʹʺ
S, ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,  (. mm SL), Rio
DʹUna, Imaruí. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹʺ W. MZUEL
,  (. mm SL), Tributary of rio Manim, Siderópo-
lis. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. PERCIFORMES:
Mugilidae: Mugil sp.: MZUEL ,  (.– mm SL),
Rio Maciambu, Palhoça. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W.
Cichlidae: Cichlasoma portalegrense: MZUEL ,  (.
mm SL), Ribeirão do Cavalo, Jaraguá do Sul. ʹ.ʺ
S, ʹʺ W. MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL),
Tributary of rio Itajaí-açu, Gaspar. ʹ.ʺ S,
ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio
Amola Faca, Sideópolis. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W.
Crenicichla lepidota: MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL),
Rio da Madre, Palhoça. ʹʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W.
MZUEL ,  (. mm SL), Rio Sanga da Paca, Jacinto
Machado. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. Geophagus
brasiliensis: MZUEL ,  (.–. mm SL), Rio Pira-
beiraba, Joinville. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL
,  (.–. mm SL), Rio Maciambu, Palhoça.
ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,  (. mm
SL), Tributary of rio Manim, Siderópolis. ʹ.ʺ S,
ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,  (. mm SL), Rio Sanga
da Paca, Jacinto Machado. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ
W. Eleotridae: Dormitator maculatus: MZUEL , 
(. mm SL), Rio Maciambu, Palhoça. ʹ.ʺ S,
ʹ.ʺ W. Gobiidae: Awaous tajacica: MZUEL
,  (. mm SL), Rio Pirabeiraba, Joinville. ʹ.ʺ
S, ʹ.ʺ W. MZUEL ,  (. mm SL), Rio
Maciambu, Palhoça. ʹ.ʺ S, ʹ.ʺ W.
... Por isso, destaca-se a importância do desenvolvimento de pesquisas direcionadas ao diagnóstico da biodiversidade de peixes no Brasil (e.g. ABRAHÃO et al., 2015;BARBOSA et al., 2017;FROEHLICH et al., 2017). Nesse sentido, esse trabalho visa: a) contribuir com o conhecimento da fauna de peixes de um fragmento de Mata Atlântica e; b) avaliar a influência das condições locais sobre os padrões de composição e distribuição da ictiofauna. ...
... Complementarmente, puçá malha 5 mm (entre nós adjacentes) foi aplicado ativamente por 30 minutos em cada ponto, sob a vegetação marginal e no substrato, revolvendo troncos e pedras. As identificações foram baseadas em literatura relativa à ictiofauna regional (OYAKAWA et al., 2006;ABRAHÃO et al., 2015), bem como trabalhos de descrição e/ou revisão de algumas espécies (LUCINDA, 2008;THOMAZ et al., 2019;ARGOLO et al., 2020;COSTA et al., 2021 ...
... Os riachos da região costeira do estado de Santa Catarina possuem 58 espécies de peixes documentadas (BERTACO, 2009;ABRAHÃO et al., 2015). Contudo, não foram registrados trabalhos abordando especificamente a ictiofauna de água doce da ilha de São Francisco do Sul, o que dificulta comparações. ...
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A ictiofauna de um trecho de aproximadamente 200 m do curso médio de um riacho, na Floresta Costeira Atlântica da região de Ubatuba, São Paulo, teve suas espécies estudadas quanto a constância de ocorrência, biologia alimentar (hábitos, dieta e comportamento), distribuição espacial e período de atividade. Foram feitos 21 períodos de coleta de dados empregando-se metodologia habitual de estudo de peixes, combinada com observação e coleta subaquáticas. Dentre as oito espécies estudadas, Deuterodon iguape foi considerada como onívora, diurna e de corredeira; Hollandichthys multifasciatus, insetívora, diurna e de remanso; Mimagoniates microlepis, insetívora, diurna e de remanso e corredeira moderada; Characidium sp., insetívora, diurna e de fundo correntoso; Rhamdella minuta, insetívora, crepuscular-noturna e de fundo remansoso; Phalloceros caudimaculatus, onívora com tendência à herbivoria, diurna e de remanso; Geophagus brasiliensis, onívora, diurna e de remanso e Awaous tajasica como onívora, predominantemente diurna e de fundo. A análise de dieta das diversas espécies mostrou que o principal item alimentar foi representado por insetos, tanto terrestres como aquáticos, e que as algas filamentosas corresponderam ao segundo item mais freqüente. O cálculo da sobreposição alimentar das dietas revelou vários casos de alta sobreposição; no entanto, nesses casos as espécies apresentaram distribuições espaciais diferenciadas ou não tinham períodos de atividade alimentar sobrepostos. A metodologia de observação direta e coleta através de mergulho foi decisiva na realização desse estudo, sendo passível de aplicação em vários ambientes de água doce com características similares.
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The Catalog of Fishes covers more than 61,700 species and subspecies, over 11,000 genera and subgenera, and includes in excess of 34,000 bibliographic references. Entries for species, for example, consist of species/subspecies name, genus, author, date, publication, pages, figures, type locality, location of type specimen(s), current status (with references), family/subfamily, and important publication, taxonomic, or nomenclatural notes. Nearly all original descriptions have been examined, and much effort has gone into determining the location of type specimens. Online version: http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp
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