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The effects of economic crisis upon biodiversity conservation policies: Εvidence from Greece

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The economic crisis that has affected Greece recently, has questioned the resilience of the biodiversity conservation policy system. The fiscal measures which have been obtained to address it, have led to the misuse of the biodiversity resources and have highlighted the failure of monitoring the effectiveness, the adequacy and the applicability of the biodiversity conservation policies. The implications of the existing policies on biodiversity resources are described via PSR (Pressure – State - Response) framework by setting up “Pressure” and “Response” indicators for policy and “State” indicators for policy effects, focusing on specified fields of delinquency such as illegal hunting, fishing and logging. The observed change in “Pressure” and “Response” indicators, illustrates the upward trend of delinquency, which in conjunction with the decomposition of funding and protection mechanisms prior the financial crisis, affects structurally the biodiversity exacerbating furthermore the current situation.
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


111
1 
E - mail: zevgolis@env.aegean.gr
           
         
          
         
       
          
         
 PSR [Pressure  - State  - Response   
         
   
          
        
        
         

THE EFFECTS OF ECONOMIC CRISIS UPON BIODIVERSITY
CONSERVATION POLICIES: EVIDENCE FROM GREECE
Zevgolis Y.1, Oikonomou V.1, Troumbis A.1
1 Biodiversity Conservation Laboratory, Department of Environmental Studies,
University of the Aegean, University Hill, 81100, Mytilini, Greece,
E - mail: zevgolis@env.aegean.gr
The economic crisis that has affected Greece recently, has questioned the resilience of
the biodiversity conservation policy system. The fiscal measures which have been
obtained to address it, have led to the misuse of the biodiversity resources and have
highlighted the failure of monitoring the effectiveness, the adequacy and the applicability
of the biodiversity conservation policies. The implications of the existing policies on
biodiversity resources are described via PSR (Pressure State - Response) framework by
           
policy effects, focusing on specified fields of delinquency such as illegal hunting, fishing
and logging.         
the upward trend of delinquency, which in conjunction with the decomposition of
funding and protection mechanisms prior the financial crisis, affects structurally the
biodiversity exacerbating furthermore the current situation.
1. 
           
         
    -   
   [1].
       
         
  [3]         

          
 
          
     
  
  
         
          
         5  
             

           
          
          
[6].  [7]
          [8]
          
910]. 

11].  
        
     biodiversity hotspots) 
  ,       
 
  
           
 - -, 
    

         12  
 , 
   [13],          
       14]    
        
,  
      Natura 2000» [15].   
  [16, 17      

          
        
           
             
          
          
  
          
       
        

2. 
           

PSR [Pressure  - State  - Response  
            
       
   - 
-  - 
 [18] , 
 [19].
         
        .
  
         
o  
 
[20]. -
            


          
       ,    
, 
 [21].
          
    
          
           
.
-
  -2012        
      
             
PSR  
  - 2001 -        
 - - 2012.
3. 
          
         
 -
       2006      
          

          
»  
          
          

 
          ,
         
          
      
        
          3). 
         

  
          
   


       
- - 
        

       , 
         
         
   , 
           
- 
-    

         
 
           
           
.
 

     -
     - 2007    
        
          
.
         
          
     .      
         

  .   
  ,
            6700
          
 ,  
         
        
..

        
         
          
  
  -
 -   
    22    

4. 
        
 

, 
        

 , 
          
     )   » 
,           
  . 
     ,    


         
         



            
 23           


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        Tropical Conservation Science,
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South European Society and Politics, 14(1): 35-54.
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
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