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Institutional logics and the historical contingency of power in organizations: Executive succession in the higher education publishing industry, 1958-1990

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Abstract

This article examines the historical contingency of executive power and succession in the higher education publishing industry. We combine interview data with historical analysis to identify how institutional logics changed from an editorial to a market focus. Event history models are used to test for differences in the effects of these two institutional logics on the positional, relational, and economic determinants of executive succession. The quantitative findings indicate that a shift in logics led to different determinants of executive succession. Under an editorial logic, executive attention is directed to author-editor relationships and internal growth, and executive succession is determined by organization size and structure. Under a market logic, executive attention is directed to issues of resource competition and acquisition growth, and executive succession is determined by the product market and the market for corporate control.

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... From the exogenous shocks perspective, change only occurs at specific moments (Mahoney & Thelen, 2010). The logics alternation perspective understands that, at any given time, one type of logic might prevail in defining a practice or a rule in a specific context, while in the next moment another type of logic might be used (Thornton & Ocasio, 1999;Scott, Ruef, Mendel, & Caronna, 2000;Scott, 2001;Reay & Hinings, 2009;Dunn & Jones, 2010;Waldorff, Reay, & Goodrick, 2013). Authors that have examined change through the practice approach have also tended to analyze the manifestation of the phenomenon in a specific instant. ...
... Scott et al. (2000) examined the changes experienced by five populations of interrelated organizations in the San Francisco Bay area to show the successive dominance of different logics in this domain. Other studies adopted a similar perspective (Scott, Mendel, & Pollack 1997, Thornton & Ocasio, 1999Thornton, 2002). Reay and Hinings (2009) noted that although conflicting logics co-exist during transition times, at some point a specific logic will dominate. ...
... Reay and Hinings (2009) noted that although conflicting logics co-exist during transition times, at some point a specific logic will dominate. Thornton and Ocasio (1999) studied the publishing business and concluded that an editorial logic was replaced by a market logic. In the culinary field, nouvelle cuisine replaced haute cuisine (Rao, Monin, & Durand, 2003). ...
Article
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Institutional studies on change have focused on many issues; however, the frequency of change and which changes can be considered to be institutional have yet to be discussed. The article examines the literature on its mostly implicit perspectives about the frequency of change. To discuss this issue, it analyzes a regulation case where institutional norms underwent several alterations during a restricted time period. Although the practices and structures did not remain the same throughout the entire period under study, the actors confirmed the new norms after each alteration. At the same time, this regulatory framework is still recognizable in terms of its original purpose in spite of the small changes. The paper suggests that these changes in practices, rules, or beliefs only indicate the first stage of new directions that are occurring that will be noticed only after some time. The regulatory norms case discussion has indicated, also, that part of the changes has involved the incorporation of an alternate logic or the combination of two logics.
... Friedland (2013) can be seen to make a similar argument in his more recent writings. Thornton and Ocasio (1999;and Lounsbury, 2012) and Friedland et al. (2014), in particular, have remarked on the affinity of the institutional logic concept to the Weberian understanding of social action in modernity. Because individuals are choosing which values to follow in recognition of choices made by others, life orders with their respective value spheres can ultimately only exist in tension and conflict with each other (Whimster, 2004, p. 207;Symonds and Pudsey, 2008). ...
... Amongst studies that, too, take industries or, more commonly, fields as the relevant unit of analysis, similar notions are offered (Thornton and Ocasio, 1999;Davis and Marquis, 2005). But unlike these, attention is not placed on isomorphic developments and practices converting around templates (cf. ...
... Relatedly, the meaning of "the interests of the firm" was reconsidered by certain members of the family, as is elaborated on in the subsequent chapter. But these changes as related to the emergence of the market logic and appreciation of the trailer industry are not as clearcut a development as what research on shifting institutional logics suggests (Thornton and Ocasio, 1999;Reay and Hinings, 2005;Lounsbury, 2007). Related to the notion of institutional complexity mentioned earlier (Greenwood et al., 2011), a dominant logic remains absent from view. ...
... Une méta-analyse conduite par Thornton et al. (2015) (Thornton, 2002 ;Haveman et Rao, 1997). Les études consacrées au management de l'enseignement supérieur ont ainsi mis en évidence l'introduction progressive d'une logique managériale en lien avec le développement au niveau sociétal de la logique institutionnelle du marché (Gumport, 2000 ;Thornton et Ocasio, 1999 ;Thornton, 2004 ;Dobbins et Leišyte, 2014). Le champ de l'enseignement supérieur est souvent envisagé comme un prototype de champ caractérisé par des conditions de pluralisme institutionnel (Canhilal et al., 2016). ...
... Le tableau 16 synthétise sous forme d'idéaux-types les quatre logiques institutionnelles du management de la RSU qui sous-tendent le développement et la légitimation de cette perspective. Nous avons construit ces schémas de valeurs et de pratiques en croisant les résultats que nous avons présentés dans les sections 1 et 2 du présent chapitre avec les idéaux-types des logiques des institutions sociétales supérieures et de celles du management des organisations académiques (travaux explicités dans le chapitre 2 : Thornton et al., 2012 ;Ferlie et al., 2008 ;Gumport, 2000 ;Thornton et Ocasio, 1999 ;Thornton, 2004 ;Dobbins et Leišyte, 2014) selon la technique du « pattern matching » 332 (Reay et Jones, 2016, p. 442). ...
... 332 Dans le chapitre 3 consacré à la méthodologie, nous avons expliqué que nous nous appuyons sur l'influence exercée par les logiques sociétales supérieures (Friedland et Alford, 1991 ;Thornton et al., 2012) pour décrypter le développement du management de la RSU. Aussi, nous mobilisons la technique de la correspondance : pour saisir les logiques institutionnelles du management de la RSU, nous effectuons des allers-retours entre les discours, normes et pratiques RSU observés de manière empiriques et les résultats de travaux académiques existants consacrés aux logiques institutionnelles supérieures (Thornton et al., 2012) et aux logiques managériales de l'enseignement supérieur (Ferlie et al., 2008 ;Gumport, 2000 ;Thornton et Ocasio, 1999 ;Thornton, 2004 ;Dobbins et Leišyte, 2014). Cette méthode de « pattern matching » (Reay et Jones, 2016, p. 442) procédant par « correspondance » (traduction proposée) rejoint notre choix de mobiliser globalement un mode de raisonnement abductif. ...
Thesis
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Confrontés à l’exacerbation des risques sociaux liés aux dégradations de l’environnement, les États s’engagent à mener des politiques en faveur du développement durable. La responsabilité sociétale des universités (RSU) désigne la manière dont les universités intègrent les principes du développement durable à leurs activités et fonctionnements. Notre recherche permet de faire émerger une conceptualisation de la responsabilité sociétale des universités françaises à partir de l’analyse croisée des dynamiques du contexte institutionnel, du travail d’un réseau « d’entrepreneurs culturels » engagés pour favoriser l’intégration du développement durable par les établissements d’enseignement supérieur et des démarches RSU de cinq universités. Nous identifions trois formes d’opérationnalisation de la RSU, leurs antécédents et leurs implications. Nous montrons que les universités peuvent renforcer leur légitimité et obtenir un accès facilité aux ressources en intégrant en profondeur les enjeux du développement durable à leurs missions d’enseignement et de recherche, ainsi qu’à leurs modalités de fonctionnement. Nous formulons des préconisations pour accompagner la mise en œuvre de cette orientation.
... Institutional logics, which encompass assumptions, values, beliefs, and rules that guide social actors' behaviors and provide meaning to their social reality (Thornton & Ocasio, 1999), have been identified as fundamentally important latent variables (Thornton, Ocasio, & Lounsbury, 2012), affecting individuals' goals, attitudes and actions (Aarts & Dijksterhuis, 2003;Glaser, Fast, Harmon, & Green, 2017;Lounsbury, 2007). Since different institutional logics activate different sets of values, goals, and schemas (Thornton et al., 2012) in an individual's mind and are theorized to affect attitudes (Lounsbury, 2007;Thornton et al., 2012), it can be expected that they will have a profound impact on organizational legitimacy judgments, and thus determine whether the organization is seen as acceptable and appropriate within the system of norms, values, and beliefs of evaluators (Suchman, 1995). ...
... At the same time, an extensive body of macro-social research theoretically differentiates various kinds of institutional logics (Besharov & Smith, 2014;Ocasio, Lowenstein, & Nigam, 2015; Thornton et al., 2012) and describes one logic replacing another (Thornton & Ocasio, 1999), logics being combined to create new 'hybrid' logics (Busco, Giovannoni, & Riccaboni, 2017;Jay, 2013) or modified to include new elements (Busco et al., 2017;Haveman & Rao, 2006). However, in the absence of empirically grounded understanding of which socio-cognitive elements, such as identities, values goals, and schemas (Thornton et al., 2012), belong to which logic, there is no empirically verifiable way to identify which of the three situations described above researchers are facing. ...
... The market logic thus represents the central logic of the market order in society (Friedland & Alford, 1991). Under the market logic, the value is seen in profit maximization (Lamont, 2012), financial controls and efficiency (Benard et al., 2019), as well as in the pursuit of self-interest and competition (Thornton & Ocasio, 1999). The relationships between actors under this logic are constructed through the prism of market settings and a root metaphor of economic transactions (Thornton et al., 2012). ...
Article
The relationship between institutional logics and organizational legitimacy remains largely unaddressed in organizational theory and management research. We explore how individual evaluators primed with a particular institutional logic react to organizational signals sent by a firm's product/service pricing and by its engagement in corporate social responsibility (CSR) activities. In three experimental studies, we identify how the activation of a market logic or a family logic in evaluators’ minds moderates the effect of pricing and CSR engagement signals on their judgments of legitimacy of a firm, as well as on their behavioral intentions. An unexpected finding from our study was that, while participants primed with the family logic reacted positively to a CSR engagement signal sent by the firm but remained indifferent to a market-based premium-pricing signal, those primed with the market logic reacted positively to both premium-pricing and CSR engagement signals, suggesting that CSR engagement forms part of their understanding of the market logic.
... Kurumsal mantıklar örgütlerde, örgütsel alanlarda, ulusal ve hatta uluslararası düzeylerde ortaya çıkan çeşitliliğin ve değişim süreçlerinin dinamiklerini anlamamıza yardımcı olan bir yaklaşım olup, kurumları şekillendiren ve onlarla şekillenen, tarihsellik ile yerleşiklik kazanarak günlük hayatta uygulamaların anlam kazanmasına imkân sağlayan düşünce kalıpları ve uygulamalar bütününü yansıtmaktadır (Friedland ve Alford, 1991;Thornton ve Ocasio, 1999). Verilen tanımdan da anlaşılacağı üzere kurumsal mantıklar sosyal bağlam dahilinde tek bir role sahip olmayıp kimi zaman baskın uygulamaların şekillenmesine (Reay ve Hinings, 2005), kimi zaman aktörlerin eylemlerinin meşruluk kazanmasına (Glynn ve Lounsbury, 2005) kimi zaman ise değişimin tetiklenmesine (Lounsbury, 2007) olanak sağlamaktadır. ...
... Verilen tanımdan da anlaşılacağı üzere kurumsal mantıklar sosyal bağlam dahilinde tek bir role sahip olmayıp kimi zaman baskın uygulamaların şekillenmesine (Reay ve Hinings, 2005), kimi zaman aktörlerin eylemlerinin meşruluk kazanmasına (Glynn ve Lounsbury, 2005) kimi zaman ise değişimin tetiklenmesine (Lounsbury, 2007) olanak sağlamaktadır. Bu kapsamda ilk dönem çalışmalarında baskın mantığın varlığı dikkate alınırken (Thornton ve Ocasio, 1999;Bhappu, 2000) zamanla ilgili analiz düzeyinde birden fazla mantığın bir arada bulunabileceği, bahsi geçen bu mantıkların birbiri ile uyumlu olabileceği gibi rakip mantıklarında eş zamanlı olarak yapı ve uygulamaları şekillendirebileceği ortaya çıkmıştır (Andersson ve Liff, 2018;Glazer, vd., 2019). ...
... Kurumsal mantıklar örgütlerde, örgütsel alanlarda, ulusal ve hatta uluslararası düzeylerde ortaya çıkan çeşitliliğin ve değişim süreçlerinin dinamiklerini anlamamıza yardımcı olan bir yaklaşım olup, kurumları şekillendiren ve onlarla şekillenen, tarihsellik ile yerleşiklik kazanarak günlük hayatta uygulamaların anlam kazanmasına imkân sağlayan düşünce kalıpları ve uygulamalar bütününü yansıtmaktadır (Friedland ve Alford, 1991;Thornton ve Ocasio, 1999). Verilen tanımdan da anlaşılacağı üzere kurumsal mantıklar sosyal bağlam dahilinde tek bir role sahip olmayıp kimi zaman baskın uygulamaların şekillenmesine (Reay ve Hinings, 2005), kimi zaman aktörlerin eylemlerinin meşruluk kazanmasına (Glynn ve Lounsbury, 2005) kimi zaman ise değişimin tetiklenmesine (Lounsbury, 2007) olanak sağlamaktadır. ...
... Verilen tanımdan da anlaşılacağı üzere kurumsal mantıklar sosyal bağlam dahilinde tek bir role sahip olmayıp kimi zaman baskın uygulamaların şekillenmesine (Reay ve Hinings, 2005), kimi zaman aktörlerin eylemlerinin meşruluk kazanmasına (Glynn ve Lounsbury, 2005) kimi zaman ise değişimin tetiklenmesine (Lounsbury, 2007) olanak sağlamaktadır. Bu kapsamda ilk dönem çalışmalarında baskın mantığın varlığı dikkate alınırken (Thornton ve Ocasio, 1999;Bhappu, 2000) zamanla ilgili analiz düzeyinde birden fazla mantığın bir arada bulunabileceği, bahsi geçen bu mantıkların birbiri ile uyumlu olabileceği gibi rakip mantıklarında eş zamanlı olarak yapı ve uygulamaları şekillendirebileceği ortaya çıkmıştır (Andersson ve Liff, 2018;Glazer, vd., 2019). ...
Conference Paper
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Damgalanma, özellikle Covid 19 küresel salgın sürecinde ortaya çıkan riskli ve güvenli olmayan çalışma koşulları karşısında sağlık çalışanlarının sıklıkla maruz kaldığı durumu ifade etmektedir. Literatürde, sağlık çalışanlarının salgın ve bulaşıcı hastalıklar sebebiyle damgalanmayla karşılaştığı ve damgalanmanın doğurduğu çeşitli sonuçların ele alındığı görülmektedir. Bu doğrultuda, çalışmada Covid 19 sürecinde görev yapan sağlık çalışanlarının damgalanmaya maruz kalma şekillerinin ve damgalanmanın sonuçlarının bir model çerçevesinde sunulması amaçlanmaktadır. Araştırma amacı kapsamında farklı hastanelerde görev yapan; kıdem, yaş, çalışma birimi gibi farklı kriterler esas alınarak, 28 çalışan ile yarı yapılandırılmış soru formu aracılığıyla mülakatlar gerçekleştirilmiştir. Mülakatlardan elde edilen veriler MAXQDA nitel veri analizi programı kullanılarak kodlanmış ve kategorize edilmiştir. Kodların ve kategorilerin görselleştirilmesinde frekans analizi, karşılaştırmalı analiz ve ilişki analizlerinden yararlanılmıştır. Analiz sonuçlarına göre, damgalanmaya maruz kalan sağlık çalışanlarının karşılaştığı sonuçlar dört ana tema çerçevesinde sekiz alt-tema olarak sınıflandırılmıştır. Bununla birlikte sağlık çalışanlarının maruz kaldığı damgalanma sonuçları “bireysel”, “örgütsel”, “toplumsal” ve “ailevi” olarak dört ana tema kapsamında sınıflandırılmıştır.
... Les logiques peuvent être définies comme un ensemble cohérent de croyances, de normes et de pratiques, qui définissent ce qui est approprié et qui a du sens (Thornton, Ocasio, 1999 ;Pache, Santos, 2013) ou qui fournissent un guide de comportements à adopter lorsqu'un problème se présente ou qu'une routine s'interrompt. ...
... Nous pouvons retenir le tableau suivant pour caractériser et analyser les logiques institutionnelles en nous appuyant sur Thornton et Ocasio (1999 Oliver (1991), et ensuite actualisées par Pache et Santos (2010) explicitent les réactions organisationnelles face à des pressions, des contraintes, ou un changement institutionnel. Dans le cadre du jeu des logiques institutionnelles, sont ainsi proposées la transposition, le conflit, la pluralité ou cohabitation, et l'hybridation. ...
Article
The Interplay of Institutional Logics at the Launch of a Drive Service at a Large-scale Food Retailer This research will analyze the interplay of institutional logics following the creation of a click and collect service, also called Drive in large-scale food retailing. We ask the following research question: How does an interplay of institutional logics unfold after the adoption of an organizational innovation within a preexisting organization? To answer this question, we have led an interpretive study based on a single case study at the launch of the service. The case has been anonymized. We have collected primary data in the form of semi directive interviews and secondary data based on observations and document analyses. Doing so, we characterize a processual model in three phases specifying the conditions of emergence of new organizational and institutional modalities within the Drive and the store.
... The logics are largely based on what are seen as valid and shared values. Neo-institutional theory includes organisational behaviour, and emphasises how organisations are driven by institutional logics (Friedland & Alford, 1991;Thornton & Ocasio, 1999). Institutional logics create the surrounding conditions that put different, sometimes competing, pressures on organisations. ...
... These conditions can be material or symbolic, articulated or non-articulated, formal or informal rules that guide and restrict actions, behaviour and interpretations in organisations. They establish norms and expectations of how to interpret the organisation and its practices, and how to be successful (Berg Johansen & Waldorff, 2015;Pache & Santos, 2013;Thornton & Ocasio, 1999). In short, institutional logics "define the rules of the game by which executive power is gained, maintained, and lost in organizations" (Thornton & Ocasio, 1999, p. 802). ...
Thesis
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Contemporary planning and governance of cities involves practices of experiments and trials in urban experiments, collaborative platforms, and urban development projects with high ambitions for sustainability and innovative solutions. The introduction of experimental governance establishes a new logic of public administration that results in multiple opportunities and challenges. This thesis aims to examine the municipalities’ organisational capacity for experimental governance and the opportunities to ensure legitimacy. The thesis involves a case study of the City of Stockholm and its innovative practices in general and experimental governance practices in particular. The focus is on the municipal organisation and how it has developed over the past decade, rather than single experiments, collaborations, and projects. Using a qualitative research approach, empirical data was collected through semi-structured interviews, participatory observations, and document studies. The thesis comprises four research articles. The first article provides a discussion of municipal innovation approaches and their influence of institutional logics. The second article is about municipal functions related to experiments, and how these functions challenge the local government. The third article examines the work of experiments and partnerships in policy and practice from a legitimacy perspective. The fourth article explores the institutional capacity for translating innovation actions from high-profile urban development projects into regular processes of the municipality. The findings point towards the need for a more nuanced understanding of practices of experimental governance, and the development of permanent organisational structures and cultures to support and steer these practices. There is also a need for organisational procedures to ensure legitimacy, related to both input in terms of transparency, accountability and equality, and output in terms of results and effectiveness, with a capacity to implement the results.
... Other theories that are learning-focused include Situated Learning theory (Fuller, Hodkinson, Hodkinson, & Unwin, 2005) and Transformative Learning theory (Mezirow, 2000;. Some studies used theories that do not have a learning focus, such as Self-Determination theory (Ryan & Deci, 2000), Self-Efficacy theory (Bandura, 1986), Path-Goal theory (Vroom, 1964), Institutional Logic theory (Thornton & Ocasio, 1999), Social Capital theory (Nahapiet & Ghoshal, 1998), Evolutionary Resource-Based view theory (Mueller, 1996), Organisational Performance theory (Delaney & Huselid, 1996), Systems Thinking theory (Rubenstein-Montano et al., 2001), Functional Psychology theory (Schneider, 1975), Categorization theory (Cantor & Mischel, 1979), Sociomaterial theory (Fenwick, 2010), Systems theory (Senge, 1990), Organisational Support theory (Eisenberger, Huntington, Hutchison, & Sowa, 1986) and Job-Demands-Resources theory (Bakker & Demerouti, 2007). Regarding models and frameworks employed in the studies, all were learning-focused: Knowledge Sharing model (Fullwood & Rowley, 2021), Learning Organisation framework (Watkins & Marsick, 1993), Contextual Model of Learning (Falk & Dierking, 2005), Small Firm Learning Network model (Kelliher, Foley, & Frampton, 2009) and Problem-Based Learning model (Clausen & Andersson, 2019). ...
... Other theories that also tend to emphasise the influence of personal factors on IL, but which were less frequently used, included Knowledge-Based Learning theory (Teece, Pisano, & Shuen, 1997) and Self-Efficacy theory (Bandura, 1986). On the other hand, theories used such as Communities of Practice theory (Lave & Wenger, 1991), Resource-Based View theory (Barney, 1991) and Institutional Logic theory (Thornton & Ocasio, 1999) are more related to work environmental factors. Although some of the studies used multiple theories, apart from Janta et al. (2012) who combined Social Cognitive Learning theory (Bandura, 1977(Bandura, , 1986 and Experiential Learning theory (Kolb, 1984), none of them combined individual-based and work environment-based theories concurrently. ...
Article
Informal learning (IL) in hospitality and tourism (H&T) is a significant contributor to improving individual and organisational performance. However, prior research in this field is fragmented and there is a need to assemble and evaluate these studies. This paper presents the first known systematic review and critique of the literature in this field. A filtered search resulted in 70 empirical studies published in ABDC ranked journals. Analysis of the studies revealed the following: (1) concentration of research in developed-country contexts, (2) limited exploration of theories that encapsulate both personal and work environment factors that might influence participation in informal learning, (3) lack of research designs that incorporate rigour such as multi-source data, mixed-methods, causality testing, or multilevel analysis, and (4) limited exploration of the antecedents and outcomes of employees’ engagement in IL activities. Drawing on these findings, the paper provides several suggestions for future research.
... As such, this was a fitting framework to help us to understand how HBCUs operated as socializing agents for Black students in STEM fields. Thornton and Ocasio (1999) define institutional logics as "…socially constructed historical patterns of material practice, assumptions, values, beliefs, and rules by which individuals produce and reproduce their material subsistence, organize time and space, and provide meaning to their social reality" (p. 804). ...
... Commensurate with our thesis, we delineate the ways in which HBCUs operate as socializing agents for Black students in STEM, and as such engage in deliberate practices to promote Black cultural values, while also preparing students to navigate mainstream contexts as racially minoritized people. We view the realms of social negotiation-posited by Boykin and Toms (1985)-as shaping and shaped by historical, ideological, and socially constructed practices in and beyond HBCUs (Thornton and Ocasio, 1999). While previous studies have applied TQ theory as a lens for understanding how HBCU students are socialized in STEM fields (Jackson, 2013;Smith, 2016) ...
Article
There has been a long-standing policy push to increase the number of students in STEM fields, along with targeted efforts to diversify STEM professions, and enhance participation for certain racial/ethnic groups as a part of an overarching strategy to bolster STEM pathways. One important goal is to increase the number of future Black STEM professionals-a group that continues to be underrepresented in multiple STEM fields. While efforts to increase STEM participation involve many points on the education continuum, higher education is a critical conduit between academic training and the STEM workforce. In this context, it is important to note that Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) have traditionally produced a disproportionate number of Black STEM graduates, often doing so with limited resources. HBCUs are known to create racially affirming environments for Black students. However, there has been limited scholarship on the educational practices therein which promote Black students' STEM success. In this paper, we begin to address the dearth of theoretical literature related to HBCU STEM environments. We discuss extant HBCU STEM literature through the lens of Black educational logics-a set of sensibilities concerning the sociocultural and structural characteristics of HBCUs. We established this lens by synthesizing two theoretical frames: Triple Quandary-a social psychology theory developed to describe the unique socialization agenda for Black people in America; and the concept of institutional logics, which details the guiding ideologies that shape behavior and practices within organizations. Grounded in this literature, we offer the Black Cultural Student STEM Success (BCS 3) Model to explore how Black educational logics shape Black students' STEM success at HBCUs. Implications for organizational transformation and STEM higher education policy are discussed.
... Surprisingly, we find that the CEO-owner does not act as a conformist shareholder (Thornton 2002, andThornton andOcasio 1999). CEO ownership could favor both product and process innovations and increase the number of patents (Francis and Smith 1995). ...
... On the one hand, CEO-ownership could have a positive effect on innovative activities and on the firm performance (Francis and Smith 1995;Baysinger et al. 1991;and Hill and Snell 1989) through the decrease of agency costs and CEOs' risk averseness (Goel and Jong 2017;Lerner and Wulf 2007;Coles et al. 2006;and Balkin et al. 2000). On the other hand, the increase of the CEO's ownership is likely to drive them to escape risky decisions in order to protect their private interests (Thornton 2002, andThornton andOcasio 1999). Francis and Smith (1995), however, point out that only when the CEO holds more than 30%, they could be tempted to invest in innovative projects, while Czarnitzki and Kraff (2004) find that large CEO's ownership is positively associated with less successful innovation. ...
Article
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The study investigates the influence of CEO attributes on innovation outcomes on all firms listed on the SBF120 index between 2001 and 2013. We provide the following results. First, CEOs who graduate in business are less prone to introduce new products, while science-educated CEOs are more likely to increase the number of patents in high-technology firms. Second, the longer is the CEO tenure, the lower are the innovation outcomes, specifically in high-tech industry. Third, CEO owners are likely to invest in long-term profitable activities such as innovative projects. This drives more innovation outcomes. CEO founders, however, are more concerned about the implementation of new processes. Finally, robustness tests show that the number of patents decreases, on the long term, in the presence of female CEOs.
... Considering this complexity, this study used the Theory of Institutional Logics (TIL) presented by Thornton et al. (2012), due to it recognizing that individuals, organizations, and society are influenced by different ILs. These logics can be defined as historical standards of socially constructed practices, suppositions, values, beliefs, and material rules via which individuals produce and reproduce their material existence and organize themselves in time and space, giving meaning to their social reality when dealing with the micro, meso, and macro dimensions (Thornton & Ocasio, 1999). In this paper, it is believed that the TIL, by means of its ILs, is a lens that enables a more comprehensive understanding of the influences over whistleblowing intentions. ...
... The adoption of the TIL with its ILs enabled us to understand dimensions of whistleblowing intentions. The findings ratified the concept that ILs become established through historical standards of socially constructed practices, suppositions, values, beliefs, and material rules, via which individuals produce and reproduce their material subsistence, organize themselves in time and in space, and provide meaning to their social reality (Thornton & Ocasio, 1999). ...
Article
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The main objective of this article is to understand how institutional logics (ILs) - family, religion, community, state, profession, organization, and capital and labor market - influence (or not) the Brazilian accounting professional in their intention to report irregularities. The study helps fill an epistemic gap by using the theory of ILs to comprehensively understand the professional in their world, in contrast with the whistleblowing studies that are generally based on behavioral theories. Most of those studies are quantitative, using the vignette technique (elaborated by researchers), which highlights the relevance of this paper, as it chooses to allow the accountants to reflect on the phenomenon and elaborate explanations for their actions and the dimensions that surround them. The main contribution lies in the theoretical advancement in accounting by extending the classic whistleblowing model, in order to socioinstitutionally recognize the individual’s reflection process (at the micro level) and the structuring elements (macro and meso levels) involved. In methodological terms, the study is qualitative and interpretative, based on content analysis (CA) through the lens of the hermeneutic circle. Standing out among the results are: (a) a typology of the influence of ILs on the accounting professional’s intention to report irregularities; (b) the differentiation of influences that favor whistleblowing or lead to the avoidance of it according to various logics; and (c) discussions about the premises that greater protection and support for the whistleblower would favor whistleblowing or, in contrast, that recognition and financial reward would be considered as factors that would not favor whistleblowing, among other aspects. The impact and applicability of the study derive from an alternative approach in epistemic-methodological terms, enabling an understanding of the socioinstitutional structure that influences whistleblowing intentions, thus allowing for the construction of mechanisms that increase the potential for whistleblowing.
... Institutional logics was first coined by Alford and Friedland in 1985 and has further developed and been defined by Thornton and Ocasio (1999) as the "socially constructed, historical patterns of cultural symbols and material practices, including assumptions, values and beliefs, by which individuals and organizations provide meaning to their daily activity, organize time and space, and reproduce their lives and experiences" (p. 805). ...
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Nonprofits that serve particular communities are in essence products of those communities. Community logics are localized norms, beliefs, and attitudes that may impact local organizational behavior. Gender status beliefs, which are also normative assumptions about the abilities of women, may be transmitted into nonprofit organizations through community logics and may color recruitment choices for board members. This paper attempts to understand the relationship between these gendered community logics and the presence of women on United Way boards of directors over a period of 15 years. This paper uses a nationally representative sample of United Ways across 23 states to identify community characteristics that may change attitudes and receptiveness to women as members of boards of directors, an area of board selection that has been little studied. There is some evidence for community logics such as having more female local business leaders or advanced degree holders in the community being related to an increased presence of women on these prestigious boards, perhaps indicating new status beliefs and community logics around the abilities of women in leadership roles. K E Y W O R D S board composition, community logics, gender, nonprofit boards, representation, status beliefs, women
... It is a reflection of the higher-level cultural order that shapes the industry. Institutional logics are the socially constructed principles that guide how organizations and individuals assign meaning and value to the social world (Friedland & Alford, 1991;Thornton & Ocasio, 1999). They define how we should behave, what we should attend to and care about, and from what we should derive our pride and identity (Lounsbury et al., 2021). ...
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Addressing global sustainability challenges requires a mainstreaming of business models for sustainability (BMfS) in mature industries. However, the presence of an already dominant mainstream business model in an industry tends to hold back BMfS. This article investigates how new types of BMfS can become generally accepted and widely adopted in an industry. It presents a qualitative study of the mainstreaming of BMfS in the Dutch electricity industry. The findings show that this process depends on entrepreneurs’ capacity to (1) incorporate alternative institutional logics into the design of BMfS to achieve optimal distinctiveness and (2) to directly alter the dominant institutional logic of the industry to make it more conducive to BMfS. Furthermore, successful BMfS act as anomalies that indirectly alter the industry’s dominant institutional logic. Anomalies support a self-reinforcing loop that accelerates the mainstreaming process. We integrate these findings into a dynamic model of the mainstreaming of BMfS.
... Through the macro level perspective Vargo & Lusch (2011) highlighted the significance of institutions seen as the "rules of game" (Williamson, 2000). Institutions dictate and drive interaction and integration between actors in order to create value and are seen as social norms accepted as institutional(ized) logics (Friedland & Alford, 1991;Thornton & Ocasio, 1999. ...
Thesis
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This thesis’s central aim is to advance, extend and deepen the understanding of value creation and evaluation. It explores the Value Phenomenon (VP) as initiated in Service Dominant Logic (SDL). In so doing, this study brings forward new theoretical concepts and supports them with an illustrative case. In the initial literature review, value conceptualization in marketing and Service Research SBL are explored and the concept of VP is defined by two constitutive parts, creation and evaluation. The four constitutive dimensions (actors, interaction, resources, and context) of experience and social practice are presented. The overall outcome, being the creation of the Strategic Value Innovation Service (SVIS) framework, that enables one to better understand value creation and evaluation, and the VP, within a SDL context. The literature review is further developed to provide a two-dimensional taxonomy that clarifies the relationship between Value Creation Types (VCT), and in addition advancing our understanding of VP. The rationale for choosing the Extended Case Method (ECM) as a research methodology and autobiographic – Subjective Personal Introspection (SPI), is then discussed. It allows the exploration of taxonomy, meta (interpretative) and macro (social construction) theories, within the context of a Personal Flight Journey (PFJ). It specifically explores the novel four-dimensional typology of Value Creating Practices (VCP) and extends the understanding of VP. Prior to concluding the illustrative case study of the PFJ, as a support for theoretical contribution, and for the Typology of VCP during the SPI, is presented. Using the SVIS Framework, Taxonomy of VCT and the Typology of the VCP, the understanding the multiple nature of VP in micro, mesa and macro context is achieved; and this provides new opportunities for innovation. Keywords: value phenomenon, value creation, value evaluation, service dominant logic, service logic, actors, interactions, resources, context, social context, experience, experience social practice, social ecosystems, extended case method, framework, taxonomy, typology, auto-ethnography.
... This means that institutional logics have both abstract symbolic aspects, such as ideas and meanings and material aspects such as objects, practices, and structures (Friedland, 2013;Jones, Boxenbaum, & Anthony, 2013;Thornton et al., 2012) . This duality of institutional logics provides formal and informal rules that guide and constrain decision makers (Thornton & Ocasio, 1999). Thus, institutional changes can be viewed through changes in these material and symbolic aspects. ...
... Here is where sociological institutionalism continues of offer a broader perspective (e.g., Powell and Colyvas 2008;Thornton and Ocasio 1999;Wooten and Hoffmann 2008;Lawrence and Suddaby 2006;Weber and Glynn 2006). ...
Thesis
Die vorliegende Studie untersucht, wie Hochschulen und ihr Personal politische und gesellschaftliche Erwartungen wahrnehmen, interpretieren und letztendlich in ihre Praxis einfließen lassen. Im Zentrum der Analyse steht der Verbleib hunderttausender internationaler Studierender, die zwischen 2010 und 2019 zum Studium nach Deutschland und Kanada zugewandert sind. Ihnen wird seitens der Politik ein hohes Fachkräfte- und Einwanderungspotenzial attestiert. Das Erkenntnisinteresse der Arbeit umschließt drei Teilbereiche: Erstens, das Ausmaß der deutschen und kanadischen ‚Bleibepolitik‘ sowie die einschlägigen Erwartungen an Hochschulen. Zweitens, die berichtete Hochschulpraxis und drittens, die institutionellen Zusammenhänge zwischen Erwartung und Praxis. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass die Mehrheit der untersuchten Hochschulen den Verbleib internationaler Studierender auch ohne eine von außen zugeschriebene Zuständigkeit aktiv fördert. Einerseits konnten die befragten Hochschulprofessionellen ihre Beratungs- und Betreuungsangebote größtenteils frei und eigenverantwortlich gestalten. Andererseits war der Raum dessen, was aus Sicht des Personals als möglich und wünschenswert erschien, stark vorgeprägt durch den jeweiligen Landeskontext und die dort institutionalisierten Erwartungen: In Kanada stand der Gedanke des Wettbewerbs um internationale Studierende als zahlende Kundschaft und potentielle Einwanderinnen und Einwanderer häufig im Vordergrund. In Deutschland waren Hochschulen vergleichsweise weniger markt- und wettbewerbsorientiert. Die Handlungs- und Interpretationsmuster des Personals zeugten häufig von dem gleichen migrationspolitischen Pragmatismus, der in den vergangenen Jahrzehnten die Bundes- und Landespolitik mitbestimmt hatte. Internationale Studierende wurde somit als potenzielle Fachkräfte konstruiert, nicht aber als mögliche Einwanderinnen und Einwanderer.
... Adopting a service ecosystem perspective, the authors emphasize the iterative and institutionally situated nature of brand meaning cocreation processes, which involve direct and indirect interactions and integration of resources, shaped by governing institutional arrangements. Institutional arrangements are the overlapping formal and informal rules, values, and norms that guide and coordinate embedded actors' practices, behaviors, and assumptions through time and space (Thornton and Ocasio, 1999;2008). These institutionally embedded cocreation processes lead to 1) cocreated brand valuean actor's assessment of the value they 9 derive from collaborative brand-related activities (Hollebeek et al., 2021), and 2) cocreated brand meaningthe emotional and cognitive understanding an actor ascribes to a brand (Tierney et al., 2016). ...
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Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to clarify how brand meaning evolves as an emergent property through the cocreation processes of stakeholders on multiple levels of a brand's service ecosystem. This provides new insight into the intersection between brands, consumers, and society, and emphasizes the institutionally situated nature of brand meaning cocreation processes. It further lays a holistic foundation for a much-needed discussion on purpose-driven branding. Design/methodology/approach: Combining the ecosystem perspective of branding with the concept of social emergence allows clarification of brand meaning cocreation at different levels of aggregation. Emergence means collective phenomena - like social structures, concepts, preferences, states, mechanisms, laws, and brand meaning - manifest from the interactions of individuals. Drawing on Sawyer's (2005) social emergence perspective, we propose a processual multi-level framework to explore brand meaning emergence. Findings: Our framework spans five levels on brand meaning emergence: individual (e.g., employees and customers); interactional (e.g., where work teams or friend groups interact); relational (e.g., where internal and external actors meet); strategic (e.g., markets and strategic alliances); and systemic (e.g., regulators, NGOs, and society). It acknowledges that brand positioning is an inherently co-creative process of negotiating value propositions and aligning behaviors and beliefs among broad sets of actors, as opposed to a firm-centric task. Originality: Service research has only recently embraced a macro-micro perspective of branding processes. This paper extends that perspective by paying attention to the nested service ecosystems in which brand meaning emerges and the degree to which this process can (and cannot) be navigated by individual actors.
... Supported by the idea of institutional logic originally developed by Friedland and Alford (1991), Thornton and Ocasio (1999, p. 804) define institutional logics as "socially constructed, historical patterns of material practices, assumptions, values, beliefs, and rules by which individuals produce and reproduce their material subsistence, organize time and space, and provide meaning to their social reality. " Given this definition, we can say that community policing is configured as an institutional logic, as it presents all the characteristics exposed by Thornton and Ocasio (1999). However, institutional logics tend to manifest in a hybrid and even contradictory way since they are socially regionalized production orders composed of objects and meanings mediated by material practice, i.e., they are orders of practice. ...
Article
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Community policing models have been disseminated in different countries in response to high levels of crime and violence. Despite the broad defense of such models, their effectiveness and concept are still unclear. The phenomenon of community policing is hybrid and multifaceted, with several contradictions between what is idealized and what happens in practice, making it difficult to understand. In this essay, we propose a metatheoretical analytical scheme based on the idea that community policing is based on four pure types of institutional logics-military, professional, managerial, and community-and the intersection of these logics helps to understand the phenomenon. We used this scheme to frame the studies on community policing considering societal and cultural, environmental, organizational, and practical and identity elements, seeking to outline a research agenda. Lógicas institucionais do policiamento comunitário: esquema analítico e agenda de pesquisa para o contexto brasileiro Modelos de policiamento comunitário vêm sendo disseminados em diferentes países como resposta aos altos índices de criminalidade e violência. Apesar da ampla defesa da efetividade de tais modelos, há dúvidas acerca de sua efetividade e do que, de fato, se trata o policiamento comunitário. Olhando como fenômeno, o policiamento comunitário se mostra híbrido, multifacetado e com várias contradições entre o que é idealizado e o que é efetivamente posto em prática, dificultando sua compreensão. Neste ensaio, propomos um esquema analítico metateórico pautado na ideia de que o policiamento comunitário é regido por quatro tipos puros de lógicas institucionais-militar, profissional, gerencial e comunitário-, em que a interseção entre tais lógicas ajuda a compreendê-lo. Com base nesse esquema, enquadramos as pesquisas sobre o tema em elementos societários e culturais, ambientais, organizacionais, práticos e identitários, buscando delinear uma agenda de pesquisa acerca do policiamento comunitário. Palavras-chave: policiamento comunitário; lógicas institucionais; legitimidade; segurança pública. Lógicas institucionales de la policía comunitaria: esquema analítico y agenda de investigación para el contexto brasileño Los modelos de policía comunitaria se han difundido en diferentes países en respuesta a los altos niveles de delincuencia y violencia. A pesar de la amplia defensa de la efectividad de tales modelos, existen dudas no solo sobre su efectividad, sino también sobre de qué se trata realmente la policía comunitaria. Mirándolo como un fenómeno, la policía comunitaria se ve como un híbrido, multifacético y con varias contradicciones entre lo que se idealiza y lo que efectivamente se implementa, lo que dificulta su comprensión. En este ensayo, proponemos un esquema analítico metateórico basado en la idea de que la policía comunitaria se rige por cuatro tipos puros de lógicas institucionales-militar, profesional, gerencial y comunitario-en el que la intersección entre tales lógicas ayuda a comprender cómo se manifiesta. Con base en este esquema, enmarcamos la investigación sobre el tema en elementos sociales y culturales; ambientales; organizativos; y, prácticos e identitarios, buscando esbozar una agenda de investigación sobre la policía comunitaria. Palabras clave: policía comunitaria; lógicas institucionales; legitimidad; seguridad pública.
... These actors-in particular governments, agronomist consultants that prescribe phytosanitary products, and agricultural organizations-may have a very different vision of the issues associated with these substances and may pursue objectives that seem legitimate to them. The concept of institutional logic, which can be defined as "taken-for-granted social prescriptions that represent a shared understanding of what constitutes legitimate goals and how they may be pursued" (Mola & Carugati, 2012, p. 390), highlights the existence of values, beliefs, and practices that are shared by a specific group of organizations or individuals but that are not necessarily aligned with broader social expectations or shared by other categories of actors (Roulet, 2015;Thornton et al., 2012;Thornton & Ocasio, 1999). The analysis of these logics is essential to understanding the socially constructed patterns that, within an institutional field, define the beliefs, practices, expectations, and goals considered acceptable, and that, at a more micro level, structure the functioning of organizations, including the process of organizational greening (Bothello & Salles-Djelic, 2018;Corbett et al., 2018;McLoughlin & Meehan, 2021;Seidler, 2019;Shi et al., 2018). ...
Article
The objective of this study is to analyze the institutional logics underlying pesticide use and the resistance displayed by organizations in this sector against social pressures to reduce the use of these substances. This in‐depth study of a public hearing on pesticides set up by the National Assembly of Quebec (Canada) in 2019 shows the often very strong positions held by the relevant stakeholders and how they legitimize their positions. The qualitative content analysis of 77 briefs and 30 testimonies highlights five main institutional logics that contribute to the institutionalization of pesticide use despite the strong opposition it generates: the economic and strategic logic, the regulatory and administrative logic, the tailored advice and support logic, the research and innovation logic, and the traditional, rural and pragmatic logic. These logics show how the objectives, belief systems, and practices shared by pro‐pesticide organizations can hold sway, including over public bodies that are a priori independent but tend to play a buffering and facilitating role in the use of these controversial products. This article contributes to the literature on institutional logics and corporate sustainability by showing how some of these logics can contribute to the continuation of unsustainable practices over time. The article also contributes to the often highly technical literature on the use and impacts of pesticides by proposing an institutional approach that provides an overall picture of the positions of several interdependent organizations and how their underlying belief systems influence practices. Practical implications and avenues for future research are also discussed.
... Implicated here are axiological commitments (i.e., assumptions about what things are good, valuable, and worth having or doing) on the part of those involved or excluded, as well as questions about the value(s) of the challenges being pursued (Gehman, 2021). Taken seriously, this formulation invites researchers and participants alike to contend with issues such as rationalities, logics, values, practices, orders of worth, and so forth -all longstanding themes in the literature (Friedland & Alford, 1991;Haveman & Rao, 1997;Stark, 2009;Thornton & Ocasio, 1999;Townley, 2002;. Examples in this vein include research on the role of institutional logics in enabling and constraining efforts aimed at addressing grand challenges (Cobb, Wry, & Zhao, 2016;Lounsbury & Wang, 2020;. ...
Chapter
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Societal grand challenges have moved from a marginal concern to a mainstream issue within organization and management theory. How diverse forms of organizing help tackle – or reinforce – grand challenges has become centrally important. In this introductory paper, we take stock of the contributions to the volume on Organizing for Societal Grand Challenges and identify three characteristics of grand challenges that require further scholarly attention: their interconnectedness, fluidity, and paradoxical nature. We also emphasize the need to expand our methodological repertoire and reflect upon our practices as a scholarly community. © 2022 Ali Aslan Gümüsay, Emilio Marti, Hannah Trittin-Ulbrich and Christopher Wickert. Published by Emerald Publishing Limited.
... The second stream of work operates at the market level and focuses on how a new logic replaces or coexists with a previously dominant one (e.g., Dolbec and Fischer 2015;Dunn and Jones 2010;Purdy and Gray 2009;Thornton and Ocasio 1999). New logics emerge following external shocks, such as the oil crisis in the U.S. electric power industry (Sine and David 2003), or internal contradictions, such as contestations between professionals (Dunn and Jones 2010). ...
Article
How markets evolve is a perennial and important question in business. Building on a large qualitative dataset on the coffee market comprising primary and secondary interviews, archival data, and fieldwork, the authors introduce a novel theoretical mechanism—practice expansion—to explain how ongoing institutional complexity fosters market evolution. To theorize practice expansion, the authors combine institutional logics with resource partitioning and introduce a two-by-two typology of firms evolving in markets: craft vs. commercial and generalist vs. specialist. The authors’ analysis, grounded in this typology, identifies three mechanisms that explain practice expansion (elaboration, translation, and transformation). The authors then show how practice expansion contributes to market evolution by increasing product diversity, broadening skills and knowledge, and enriching the market meaning system. The novel theory introduced in this article contributes to extant work by theorizing market evolution as resulting from practice expansion, and by broadening our understanding of the types of firms and their interactions important to that evolution. The novel theory also points to important strategy implications for how different types of firms can contribute to and benefit from the identified evolutionary patterns and ongoing institutional complexity.
... It investigates the embeddedness of individual and organisational actors and their management by deep-structural rules of a broader society; how institutions shape and are shaped by actors' rationality and behaviour. Institutional logics concern the content and meaning of formal and informal institutions, affecting and being affected by action of individual or organisational actors (Thornton and Ocasio 1999). ...
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We witness a promotion of hybrid partnerships, where actors with different competences and resources collaborate for smallholder inclusive value chain development. To better understand the functioning of these partnerships, we used institutional theory and studied the context of a global and emerging regional food value chains in Ghana, the blending of logics by key actors in Innovation Platforms and Public Private Partnerships, and their effect on value chain relations of smallholder farmers. In the global value chain of cocoa, partnerships adhered to ‘green revolution’ and ‘free-market’ logics, and provided all farmers material support. In the more informally organised regional food sector, local executing partners selectively coupled their logics with those of poor smallholders, who rely on low-input agriculture and solidarity logics to make ends meet. This improved the position and transaction costs of smallholders to participate in the value chain. Hence, it is more likely for partnerships to create smallholder inclusive governance in informally organised regional food value chains, than highly structured global value chains controlled by international buyers. To gain insight in the variety of political effects this triggers in different social–historical shaped farmer communities, households and actors, we recommend complementary local research from a critical institutional perspective.
... A lógica institucional procura ligar instituições e ações, fazendo uma ligação entre a abordagem estrutural macro (Dimaggio & Powell, 1983;Meyer & Rowan, 1977) e de processos micro (Zucker, 1977). Posteriormente, as lógicas institucionais foram definidas como padrões históricos socialmente construídos de práticas materiais, suposições, valores, crenças e regras pelos quais os indivíduos dão significado a sua realidade (Thornton & Ocasio, 1999). ...
Conference Paper
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Resumo Situações turbulentas, complexas, de pluralismo e incertezas no setor público como desastres industriais, ataques terroristas, pandemias, entre outros, tem ocorrido em grandes quantidades ao longo do desenvolvimento da população mundial. Sob a ótica institucional, tais eventos geram uma grande incerteza e incompatibilidade de prescrições de lógicas institucionais (complexidade institucional) e exigem uma primeira resposta das organizações para mitigação do problema e posterior busca por soluções. Em estudos sobre estes tipos de problema no setor público, conhecidos como os Public Wicked Problems (PWP) observa-se um impacto no design institucional, conhecimento e arranjo estrutural da sociedade. Apesar dos avanços de pesquisas sob esta ótica das respostas organizacionais, as emoções tem sido negligenciadas em detrimento da abordagem cognitiva. A presente pesquisa tem por objetivo propor um modelo conceitual de resposta organizacional em três dimensões a PWP considerando o efeito moderador das emoções coletivas, mais especificamente o clima emocional, na resposta organizacional.
... Présentons tout d'abord rapidement le courant des logiques institutionnel, ainsi que ces deux intérêts au regard de notre étude. Ce courant tente à l'origine de comprendre comment plusieurs représentation de travail contradictoires, nommées logique institutionnelles, peuvent coexister au sein d'une même organisation (Thornton & Ocasio, 1999). Plus précisément, une logique institutionnelle est définie par Thornton et al. (2012) (Smets & Jarzabkowski, 2013). ...
Thesis
Tandis que la digitalisation du travail est décrite par les milieux stratégiques et managériaux comme une transformation nécessaire et souhaitable, elle rencontre simultanément une résistance parmi certains professionnels. La littérature gestionnaire interprète généralement cette rupture soit à l’échelle « macro », en étudiant comment les usagers résistent à certaines pressions appliquées à l’ensemble d’une organisation ou d’un secteur, soit à l’échelle « micro », en décrivant des processus locaux de contournement des outils digitaux par les usagers. La présente thèse propose de réunir ces deux échelles en mobilisant une approche « multiniveau », consistant à étudier comment la digitalisation se diffuse à différents niveaux afin de transformer la façon dont les professionnels se représentent leur propre activité. Pour comprendre à la fois le rôle spécifique de chacun des niveaux dans cette diffusion ainsi que leurs influences réciproques, nous mobilisons le modèle structural des conventions, et définissons la digitalisation comme une convention d’effort, c’est-à-dire comme une remise en cause de l’effort que les usagers-professionnels appliquent dans leur travail. En étudiant un cas d’adoption du Building Information Modeling (BIM), une base de données modélisable et partagée promue au sein d’une entreprise française de construction, nous montrons comment le niveau institutionnel, composé d’éditeurs de logiciel et de consultants, légitime l’usage du BIM dans l’effort quotidien des professionnels ; comment le niveau organisationnel, composé des cadres digitaux de l’entreprise étudiée, prescrit son mode d’usage, et comment les deux niveaux professionnels, composés des concepteurs de plan en bureau d’étude et des exécutants de bâtiment sur chantier, réalisent (ou non) ce nouvel effort. En outre, nous montrons comment chaque niveau est influencé dans sa diffusion par ses interactions avec les autres niveaux, et parvenons à expliquer grâce à ce phénomène pourquoi les concepteurs acceptent le BIM, et pourquoi les exécutants le refusent. D’un point de vue théorique, ces résultats nous permettent de lire par le même cadre heuristique les interactions intra et inter niveaux, ainsi que d’interpréter leurs effets sur les représentations des professionnels. Ils reconsidèrent également le phénomène de digitalisation, en voyant celui-ci non pas uniquement comme un moyen rationnel de « désiloter » l’entreprise, mais aussi comme une multitude de médiations construites par le mimétisme non-intentionnel de ses acteurs. D’un point de vue managérial, cette recherche énonce diverses recommandations stratégiques à travers une typologie des modes de digitalisation, et enjoint les organisations à interagir avec leurs professionnels en développant des espaces de discussion sur les transformations du travail.
... This characteristic is especially distressing as it implies that society and its organizations, as well as 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 law and politics, are dominated by technique rather than social values; that is, values that reflect "desired conditions [e.g., health, wealth or freedom] that relate to a society, groups of individuals or individuals" (Tsui, 2016: 6). For instance, when journalists focus on maximizing the number of views of their articles or blogs rather than working towards traditionally important civic/professional goals (Christin, 2017), or when editors privilege market objectives, such as market share or profit over traditional professional values (Thornton & Ocasio, 1999). ...
Article
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We review Jacques Ellul’s book The Technological Society to highlight ‘technique’ – the book’s central phenomenon – and its theoretical relevance for organizational and institutional theorists. Technique is defined as “the totality of methods rationally arrived at and having absolute efficiency . . . in every field of human activity” in society (1964: xxv, italics added). More than simply ‘machine technology’, technique involves the rational pursuit of standardized means or practices for attaining predetermined results. What makes Ellul both unique and relevant for organizational and institutional theorists is his historical analysis delineating the characteristics of, and the processes through which, technique has evolved into an autonomic and agentic force. We build on and mobilize Ellul’s analysis to explore two aims in this essay. First, we aim to illuminate the process through which technique transforms values – a process we describe as the mechanization of values in organizations and institutions. Second, we identify the consequences of value mechanization for organizational scholarship. We discuss the wider ramifications of Ellul’s work for management theory, practise, and education.
... Mnoštvo dionika u poduzetničkom okruženju slijede specifičnu institucionalnu logiku (Ingram et al., 2014, Thornton, Ocasio, 1999, Friedland, Alford, 1991, Meyer, Rowan, 1977. Svakoj grupi dionika, primjerice, fondovima rizičnog kapitala, poslovnim anđelima ili gomili (engl. ...
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The paper analyzes the concept of organizational legitimacy of startups and the main features of the process of building the legitimacy of startups through the digital context of crowdfunding. Crowdfunding represents one of the recent models of financing for entrepreneurs, as well as the possible channel for creating organizational legitimacy, i.e. the strategy of evaluating the initial value concept of startups and the strategy of obtaining resources. In such a digital environment, the legitimacy and consequently the success of the realization of the business concept in the market, depends on the specifics of the digital context and the institutional logic of the participants in the two-way digital platform. The purpose of this paper is to explore the concept of organizational legitimacy of startup entrepreneurs in the context of crowdfunding. The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the existing research results on the specifics of the process of building the legitimacy of startups in crowdfunding and the predominant theoretical approaches in the background of the interpretation of entrepreneurial decision making in this process. The methodological approach of the research is the analysis and synthesis of the existing research results of the fundamental concept of organizational legitimacy and the established connection with the context of crowdfunding. According to the research results, implications and guidelines for further theoretical contribution in the process of building the legitimacy of startups are given, as well as practical implications aimed primarily at startups and other stakeholders in the entrepreneurial ecosystem within crowdfunding.
... Institutional logics operate at the societal level, but they permeate organizations because individuals who populate organizations are embedded in the broader social fabric and functioning. In organizations, institutional logics constitute the deeply held beliefs, values and assumptions that justify and legitimize structures, routines, rules, decisions and actions (Thornton and Ocasio 1999). The logics provide frames of reference that direct actors" attention, condition their sensemaking, and impose structure on otherwise ambiguous signals from an organization"s environment. ...
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Climate change can bring about large-scale irreversible physical impacts and systemic changes in the operating environment of public organizations. Research on preconditions for organizational adaptation to climate change has produced two parallel lines of inquiry, one focusing on macro-level norms, rules and expectations and the other on meso-level culture, design and structure within the organization. Drawing on the meta-theory of institutional logics, this study proposes a configurational approach to link institutionally aware top managers with the combination and reconciliation of macro- and meso-level logics. We identify government authority, professionalism and market as macro-level institutional logics, and risk-based logic and capacity-based logic as critical meso-level institutional logics. Our theory proposes that 1) the macro- and meso-level institutional logics co-exist in systematic ways as to produce identifiable configurations, 2) the configurations are differentially associated with climate adaptation, and 3) the effects of each logic differ across the configurations. Using a 2019 national survey on approximately 1000 top managers in the largest U.S. transit agencies, we apply latent profile analysis to identify three distinct clusters: forerunner, complacent and market-oriented. Only the forerunner cluster is adaptive to climate change, while the two others are maladaptive. Findings from the multigroup structural equation modeling also demonstrate varied effects of each institutional logic on adaptation across the clusters, confirming institutional work at play to reconcile and integrate co-existing and potential contradictory logics.
... We integrate the social emergence perspective (Sawyer, 2005) and institutional theory (Scott, 1987; Thornton & Ocasio, 1999) within the service-dominant logic paradigm (Lusch & Vargo, 2014;Vargo & Lusch, 2004. Methodologically, we engage in typology development by identifying distinct conceptual variants related to value creation approaches (Jaakkola, 2020;Miles & Snow, 1978), and illustrate these variants through case examples. ...
Article
In this paper, I draw upon the empirical literatures on arranged marriages among South Asian Muslim immigrants in the U.S. and U.K. in order to (a) provide a multidimensional model of the marital formation process that challenges the binary between arranged and love marriage and to (b) propose how trust operates as a general mechanism to explain both micro‐level personal, interpersonal, and institutional motivations and negotiations around different marriage models as well as macro‐level shifts in marital practices over time.
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