Cosmetics are defined as "articles intended to be rubbed, poured, sprinkled, or sprayed on, introduced into, or otherwise applied to the human body, for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance." Consequently, they include products such as skin moisturizers, perfumes, lipsticks, shampoos, deodorants, as well as any material intended for use as a component of a ... [Show full abstract] cosmetic product. In order to enhance cosmetic properties, promote cosmetic efficacy and produce more viable products, many cosmetics contain chemical additives, such as parabens. However, recent studies have cautioned that exposure to parabens may have harmful consequences on human health. Therefore, the safety of parabens for use as preservatives in cosmetics has come into controversy, and as a result, consumer demand for paraben-free products, is widely increasing. In this paper, is reviewed parabens usage, characteristics and legislation associated, as well as hazards to human health. This study also aims to determine the safety of prolonged exposure to parabens used in cosmetics. For this literature review without meta-analysis were used as databases PubMed and b-on in order to find reliable information on the subject under study. Therefore, it was possible to confirm that parabens are safe, when used at the maximum authorized concentrations.