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A monograph of the Anisophylleaceae (Cucurbitales) with description of 18 new species of Anisophyllea

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A monographic study of the family Anisophylleaceae in the order Cucurbitales was carried out. Four genera, Anisophyllea (67 spp.), Combretocarpus (1 sp.), Poga (1 sp.), and Polygonanthus (2 spp.), and together 71 species are recognized, of which 18 are described as new. The 18 new species are all in Anisophyllea and include A. bakoensis, A. biokoensis, A. borneensis, A. cuneata, A. dinghoui, A. glandibeccariana, A. glandulipetiolata, A. insularis, A. malayensis, A. myriostictoides, A. neopurpurascens, A. obanica, A. rengamensis, A. rubroglandula, A. sabahensis, A. sarawakensis, A. sessiliflora, and A. sumatrana. Keys to the genera and to species of Anisophyllea and to those of Polygonanthus are provided. All species are described in detail and all but two are illustrated. Information on their distribution and habitat, phenology, and vernacular name and local usage, if available, is given. Distribution map of every species is presented. Taxonomic history, taxonomic characters, and various taxonomic issues are discussed. We also lectotypify or neotypify 30 names in the family including Anisophyllea apetala Scortechini ex King, A. beccariana Baillon, A. boehmii Engler, A. brachystila Engler & von Brehmer, A. buettneri Engler, A. cabole Henriques, A. cordata Engler & von Brehmer, A. curtisii King, A. exellii P. A. Duvigneaud & Dewit, A. fissipetala Engler & von Brehmer, A. fruticulosa Engler & Gilg, A. gaudichaudiana Baillon, A. gossweileri Engler & Brehmer, A. griffithii Oliver, A. guianensis Sandwith, A. mayumbensis Exell, A. meniaudi Aubréville & Pellegrin, A. obtusifolia Engler & Brehmer, A. poggei Engler ex De Wildeman & T. Durand, A. pomifera Engler & Brehmer, A. purpurascens Hutchinson & Dalziel, A. scortechinii King, A. sororia Pierre, A. strychnoides Engler & Brehmer, A. tomentosa Rolfe, A. trapezoidalis Baillon, A. zeylanica Bentham, Combretocarpus motleyi J. D. Hooker, Macrosolen rotundatus Miquel, and Poga oleosa Pierre.
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... In the same prism, Nkengurutse et al. (2016) find out that another species A. boehmii bears a considerable potential for oil production. It is an indigenous and wild tree species from miombo woodland forests, savannahs and fallows of central-eastern and southern Africa (Chen, He, & Zhang, 2015;Malaisse & Parent, 1985). ...
... mm in diameter. The inflorescence is axillary spike, most often in axils of small leaves at base of the young branches, sometimes in axils of large leaves and bisexual flowers (Chen et al., 2015). The fruits are generally mature from mid-November to the end of December and sometimes until January in of Burundi, fruits cost up to one euro/kg. ...
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... Anisophylleaceae Ridl. and Coriariaceae DC. have monoecious, dioecious or polygamous sexual systems with unisexual or bisexual flowers (Tobe & Raven 1988, Thompson & Gornall 1995, Chen et al. 2015, while Corynocarpaceae Engl. have hermaphrodite or gynodioecious sexual systems with strictly bisexual flowers (Matthews & Endress 2004, Kubitzki 2010. ...
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