The main goal of this chapter is to reflect on the different insights and overviews of the concept of marginality, its problems and how it is applied to Malargüe. It analyzes different processes, which are deeply related to environmental, socio-economic, cultural and political issues. Also, it considers the correlation between local territorial dynamics and provincial, national and international ... [Show full abstract] scales of the last decades of the 20th and the early 21st centuries. The topics are linked to structural and circumstantial aspects which have provoked partial policies or recent political decisions regarding local development. This scientific work expresses not only the advances made but also further topics to study or solve. The advances make reference to all the contributions to the concept of marginality in general and of marginality in Malargüe in particular. Also, this analysis wants to motivate future studies of the complex concept of marginality and its implications, as well as further research about different alternatives to face the issue.