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Psycholinguistic variables involved in concept recall from the successive presentation of features / Variables psicolingüísticas involucradas en la evocación de conceptos a partir de la presentación de atributos sucesivos

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to analyse the psycholinguistic variables of the attributes and concepts involved in the recall of a concept. One hundred and twenty adults (18–40 years old) participated. A lexical recall task was administered by presenting a successive list of defining attributes. Forty concepts from different semantic categories were used. The attributes were obtained empirically from local Semantic Features Production Norms. The influence of the characteristics and attributes of the concepts on the number of participants who accessed the name of the concept and the correct guess trend was analysed. Significant values for Age of Acquisition, Presence of Distinctive Attributes and Presence of Taxonomic Attributes were observed. Results show that concepts which are acquired earliest are more easily recalled; presenting taxonomic categories narrows the search and the presence of distinctive attributes allow differentiating between such concepts within a category.
Variables psicolingüísticas involucradas en la evocación de conceptos a
partir de la presentación de atributos sucesivos
Psycholinguistic variables involved in concept recall based on the
presentation of successive features
Leticia Vivas*1, Mauro MacIntyre*, Lila Ricci** y Jorge Vivas*
*Centro de Procesos Básicos, Metodología y Educación (CIMEPB), Facultad de
Psicología, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Argentina.
**Departamento de Matemática, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata,
Argentina.
Link to full text: http://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/9UgFXfeuIJn43aaiieUG/full
Resumen
Son numerosas las variables que intervienen en la evocación de un concepto y
determinan el nivel de dificultad del proceso. En el presente trabajo se analizan algunas
de ellas a partir de una tarea de denominación frente a la presentación de atributos
definidores sucesivos. Las variables contempladas fueron Familiaridad, Edad de
Adquisición (EdA), Frecuencia Léxica, Presencia de Atributos Taxonómicos,
Distintivos y Relevantes. El presente trabajo tiene la particularidad que los atributos
presentados así como el orden de presentación fueron obtenidos empíricamente a partir
de las Normas locales de Producción de Atributos Semánticos. La misma fue
administrada a 120 participantes (18-40 años). Se trabajó con 40 conceptos de las
categorías frutas/verduras, animales y objetos. La presentación de los estímulos se
1 Este trabajo fue realizado con financiamiento proveniente de la Secretaría de Ciencia e Innovación
Tecnológica de la Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, 15/H209. Dirección para correspondencias:
Leticia Vivas, Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata. Funes 3280, Mar del Plata.
Correo electrónico: lvivas@mdp.edu.ar
realizó mediante el programa RecSem. Se analizó la incidencia de las variables
mencionadas sobre la cantidad de participantes que efectivamente accedieron al nombre
del concepto y la moda de aciertos (el número de atributo en el que la mayoría de los
participantes evocó el concepto). Los resultados obtenidos indican que la EdA influye
significativamente en ambas variables dependientes, la Presencia de Atributos
Distintivos principalmente en la cantidad de participantes que logran evocar el nombre
del concepto y la Presencia de Atributos Taxonómicos principalmente en la moda de
aciertos. Por lo tanto, se podría pensar que los conceptos que son adquiridos más
tempranamente son evocados con más facilidad, mientras que la presentación de la
categoría taxonómica permitiría delimitar la búsqueda y la presencia de atributos
distintivos permitiría diferenciar entre conceptos semejantes en una categoría.
Palabras clave: Evocación Conceptual Edad de Adquisición Distintividad
Atributos Taxonómicos
Abstract
Many variables affect concept recall and determine the level of difficulty. In the
present work there were analyzed some of the intervenient variables through a naming
to description task consisting on the presentation of successive defining features. The
variables included in the analysis were Familiarity, Age of Acquisition (AoA), Lexical
Frequency, Presence of Taxonomic, Distinctive and Relevant Features. This work has
the particularity that the features presented for each concept and their order of
presentation were empirically derived from local Semantic Feature Production Norms.
The task was administered to 120 participants (18 to 40 years). There were included 40
concepts of the semantic categories fruits/vegetables, animals and objects. The stimuli
were presented by the RecSem software. It analyzes the effects of the aforementioned
variables on the number of participants who effectively recall the concepts´ name and
the mode of correct answers (the number of feature in which most of the participants
recall the concept). The results indicate that AoA influences significantly both
dependent variables, whereas the Presence of Distinctive Features is a significant
variable in the number of participants that could recall the concept´s name and the
Presence of Taxonomic Features is a significant variable in the mode of correct answers.
Therefore, it appears that the concepts that are acquired earlier in life are easier to recall,
whereas the presentation of the taxonomic category would allow to delimit the search in
semantic memory and the presence of distinctive features would allow to differentiate
between similar concepts within a category.
Key words: Conceptual Recall – Age of Acquisition – Distinctiveness – Taxonomic
Features
Article
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