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Presentation for master students
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Types of Research Projects
and Research Methods
Ella Roubtsova
Presentation for master students
Content
Motivation
Types of Research Projects
Types of Research Methods
Relations between the Types of Research Projects
and Research Methods
Questions
Dr.Ir. E.E.Roubtsova. OU Nederland
2
Motivation
A master student should make own contribution to the research community.
Contribution = new knowledge
Building of the new knowledge depends on the choice of the reseach method that
can lead your to the new knowledge in the given time.
Dr.Ir. E.E.Roubtsova. OU Nederland
3
Research object
A business process
Behaviour of people
A problem or a success of a business
Inconsitencoes in theory and practice
Influence of new technologies on business and life
.......
Dr.Ir. E.E.Roubtsova. OU Nederland
4
Types of Research Projects
Quantitative project.The goal is to describe a reseach object
using already known concepts
Qualitative project.The goal is to describe the properties of a
research object using the concepts related tot he numeric
data
Correlation study.The goal is to describe and compare the
properties of n research objects ( n>=2)
Experimental project.The goal is to describe the properties
of a reseach object by an intrusion into the object
Meta project Combination of results of several projects
The strongest
Dr.Ir. E.E.Roubtsova. OU Nederland
5
Knowledge building and cognition
1. Borrowing from a source (book, article, human).
Quoting is required
2. Observe and summarize. The object is not
changed
3. Intervention. The object is changed. Research
by the association of the researcher and the
object
Dr.Ir. E.E.Roubtsova. OU Nederland
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Project types / research methods
Methods
Project types
Borrowing from
a source
Observe and
summarize
Intervention
Quantitative project vv -
Qualitative project v-
Correlation study v
Experimental project
v v v
Meta project v v v
Dr.Ir. E.E.Roubtsova. OU Nederland
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1. Borrowing from a source
Dr.Ir. E.E.Roubtsova. OU Nederland
8
2. Observe and summarize.
The research object is not changed
Dr.Ir. E.E.Roubtsova. OU Nederland
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3. Intervention. The object is changed.
Research by the association of the researcher
and the object
Dr.Ir. E.E.Roubtsova. OU Nederland
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Quantitative project
The dominant method is:
Borrowing from a source
EXAMPLES:
“User evaluation of businesswebsites”.
Riscs of agile projects”
Dr.Ir. E.E.Roubtsova. OU Nederland
11
Qualitative project (correlation study)
The dominant method is:
Observe and summarize
Examples:
Analysis of program-logs to find the most used design patterns”
“Correlation between the lijfestyle and the life duration”.
Dr.Ir. E.E.Roubtsova. OU Nederland
12
Experimental projects
The dominant method is:
Intervention
Examples:
“Application on a new standard for security systems”
“Design of a method to teach elderly”.
Dr.Ir. E.E.Roubtsova. OU Nederland
13
Meta projects- often the strongest
All methods and method combinations are possible
Examples:
“Design of a learning methods voor elderly students and measuring
their success”.
“Comparison of th eproperties if the security systems designed using
“the new and the old standards“
Dr.Ir. E.E.Roubtsova. OU Nederland
14
Choose the methods several times
1. Research question (think about your strong
sides and choose the dominant method)
2. Literature research
3. Partial research questions
4. Apply the chosen methods
5. Generalize. Final report
Your choice defines your success!
Dr.Ir. E.E.Roubtsova. OU Nederland
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Questions
Dr.Ir. E.E.Roubtsova. OU Nederland
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... • an unobservable definition of the research object O, found or not found; • an observable definition of the research object O; Borrow Observe Intervene Figure 1: Categories of research methods (Roubtsova, 2015). ...
... junior researchers. The author have seen this by observing multiple reads and downloads of the presentation on this topic on the Research Gate (Roubtsova, 2015). The junior researchers go deeply into the literature on research methods, where the research methods are thoroughly explained and described, for example in (Berndtsson et al., 2007;Saunders et al., 2009). ...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Research projects are often continuous, they are initiated by one researcher and continued by another. Each researcher needs to understand the continuous project and his part in it. This part we call a mini project. Explanation of research methods and projects results in literature does not help in understanding continuous research projects. Descriptions of research methods are often full of details and do not show relations between projects supported by different research methods. In this paper, we put all research methods into three categories and define two types of results. We suggest defining a mini project by a research method category and its result type. From such mini projects we build continuous projects. This way of structuring is illustrated with a continuous project investigating a view on changes of enterprise architecture. The relations of mini projects of different categories are generalized in a guidance for researchers, supervisors and reviewers.
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