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Critical issues on violence against women: International perspectives and promising strategies

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Abstract

Violence against women is a global problem and despite a wealth of knowledge and inspiring action around the globe, it continues unabated. Bringing together the very best in international scholarship with a rich variety of pedagogical features, this innovative new textbook on violence against women is specifically designed to provoke debate, interrogate assumptions and encourage critical thinking about this global issue. This book presents a range of critical reflections on the strengths and limitations of responses to violent crimes against women and how they have evolved to date. Each section is introduced with an overview of a particular topic by an expert in the field, followed by thoughtful reflections by researchers, practitioners, or advocates that incorporate new research findings, a new initiative, or innovative ideas for reform. Themes covered include: • advances in measurement of violence against women, • justice system responses to intimate partner violence and sexual assault, • victim crisis and advocacy, • behaviour change programs for abusers, and • prevention of violence against women. Each section is supplemented with learning objectives, critical thinking questions and lists of further reading and resources to encourage discussion and to help students to appreciate the contested nature of policy. The innovative structure will bring debate alive in the classroom or seminar and makes the book perfect reading for courses on violence against women, gender and crime, victimology and crime prevention.
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... Some suggestions were made for improving the cultural diversity of services. These include having bilingual services and employing caseworkers with different cultural perspectives that could help lessen Western perspectives on services and enrich the understanding of women's cultures (inTouch, 2010;Johnson et al., 2014;Sokoloff, 2008). Consistent with previous studies (Belur, 2008;Johnson et al., 2014;Vaughan et al., 2015), this study identified particular challenges around the use of interpreters from the Afghan community because they were often known to the woman. ...
... These include having bilingual services and employing caseworkers with different cultural perspectives that could help lessen Western perspectives on services and enrich the understanding of women's cultures (inTouch, 2010;Johnson et al., 2014;Sokoloff, 2008). Consistent with previous studies (Belur, 2008;Johnson et al., 2014;Vaughan et al., 2015), this study identified particular challenges around the use of interpreters from the Afghan community because they were often known to the woman. While enhanced capacity by Australian service workers to respond to cultural diversity is necessary, the findings of this study showed that women's preferences for a service provider to be a member of the same community are not always uniform. ...
Article
Help seeking for domestic violence is complex and multifaceted, and settling in a new country might make the help-seeking process more challenging and complicated. This study explored the barriers to seeking help for domestic violence, specifically experienced by Afghan women after settling in Australia. The study involved 21 semistructured interviews with newly arrived Afghan women. Interviews were audio recorded and transcribed, and the data were analysed thematically. The barriers Afghan women experienced were embodied in cultural norms to stay in marital relationships, demands to preserve the family’s reputation, personal circumstances, and women’s experiences with, and perspectives on, available services. The findings suggest that policy and practice should recognise those barriers and respond to them in a culturally appropriate way. IMPLICATIONS • Domestic violence services’ procedures and processes should be developed based on an understanding of multiple layers of oppression and barriers to seeking help for migrant women. • Service providers should apply an intersectional lens along with antioppressive perspectives to address barriers to domestic violence services women experience at different levels. • Social workers in domestic violence services need relevant training to provide culturally appropriate services to migrant women.
Chapter
In this chapter we look at the contemporary developments of the hate crime model. Here we dissect how the model has been developed, implemented and maintained across a small number of police forces. We do this by drawing on data gathered across police forces who have more recently implemented the model since 2006 until the time of writing (2021), North Yorkshire and Cambridgeshire. We also reflect on the journey experienced by Merseyside police since the policy inception in 2006.
Article
Polish women have not been studied in regard to fear, likelihood, or confidence about dangerous situations, nor has there been an instrument to measure those perceptions. The purpose of the study was fourfold: first, to present the Polish translation and validation of the Perception of Dangerous Situations Scale (PDSS-P) and second, to assess Polish women’s perceived fear, likelihood, and confidence about dangerous situations using the PDSS-P (41 items). The third purpose was to determine to what degree the General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES) and/or the Hope for Success Scale (KNS) correlated with any of the three subscales of the PDSS-P. The fourth purpose was to determine the congruence of the PDSS-P to the original PDSS. Two other tools (GSES and KNS) were administered to determine concurrent validity with the PDSS. A sample of 208 women aged 19 to 27 years ( M = 21.04, SD = 1.88) participated in the study. Five factors were determined for each subscale, similar to the original version of the PDSS. Women reported they were more afraid of being raped by a stranger than being murdered. Their estimation of the likelihood of some serious events occurring was not congruent with statistical realities. The women thought the least likely events to happen to them in the next year would be being raped or beaten by someone they know, or being held prisoner by someone who wanted to murder them. Confidence to manage dangerous situations was low in cases of being raped by strangers or known people, being kidnapped, or being attacked. The GSES and KNS provided useful information, in that they did not measure the same constructs as the PDSS-P.
Chapter
A summary of a police report of a fight, resulting in the arrest of a woman for breaching a civil domestic violence court order, introduces the problem addressed in the book: the male, and White-centric, nature of the law and its implications for Black women. The chapter proceeds with a discussion of the approach to the analysis of the problem. The second part of the chapter provides the context of the problem. It starts with a demographic overview of Australia’s First Nations Peoples, including the distribution of the population, the proportion who speak a language other than English at home; and the gap between First Nations Peoples and other Australians in wellbeing, overall. A summary of Australia’s civil domestic violence protection order system and its operation follows.
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Sexual experience and child sexual abuse in Bulgaria: a research paper based on randomized survey in five Bulgarian universities, conducted in May-June 2018. The questioannire includes adjusted definitions of sexual violence, sexual harassment and child sexual abuse; as well as modules on risk perception, sexual experience (including violence, harassment and abuse), 10-items "rape myths", and 10-items "CSA myths"
Chapter
The Jyväskylä model of working with intimate partner violence (IPV) started twenty years ago as a multi-professional collaborative project in Jyväskylä, Finland. The two main collaborating agencies, the local Crisis Centre Mobile and Jyväskylä University Psychotherapy Training and Research Centre, serve both victims and perpetrators of IPV, and co-operate with various social and welfare agencies and the police. Perpetrators are offered group treatment preceded by individual treatment. From the outset, the process and utility of group treatment for male perpetrators of IPV has mainly been researched by applying discursive and narrative approaches. The treatment program combines a feminist perspective and psychotherapeutic approaches to violence-specific interventions, such as safety planning. These aspects have also been a focus of research. Dialogical and discursive approaches have been applied in analyzing interaction at both the group and individual levels. This chapter reviews the latest results of this research project. Recently, languagebased analyses have focused on the identity construction of male perpetrators as well as on the discursive processes and therapeutic strategies used in the treatment group. From the gendered viewpoint, the findings point to the importance of focusing on the construction of masculine identity, especially in relation to fatherhood. The findings also demonstrate how therapists can model the division of power between the genders as well as how sexuality and sexual violence are addressed in the group discussions. Moreover, the findings of the project show how IPV perpetrators vary in their individual processes of change. Change has been approached from the perspectives of reflexivity, mentalization, attachment style, and problem assimilation. In these studies, the success of the process has been evaluated on the basis of partner interviews. Overall, the results demonstrate the diversity that exists among perpetrators and point to the importance of adapting the therapeutic strategies deployed in group interventions for IPV to serve clients' individual needs.
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