[Immediate results of complex treatment of resectable rectal neoplasms of distal localization]
The impact of neoadjuvant chemoradiation on immediate results of treatment of resectable cancer recti, using large-fractionized radiation in combination with endolymphatic chemotherapy, was estimated. Using the method proposed 64 patients were treated (the main group). In control groups there were included 63 patients, to whom a course of a large-fractionized radiation on background of intravenous chemotherapy was applied, and in 91 patients a large-fractionized radiation only was used. The intraoperative complications rate in the main and control groups have had constituted, accordingly, 16, 6.3 and 3.3%. Postoperative complications have had occurred in 12.5% of patients in the main group, and in 15.9% and 14.3% - in the control groups. The abscesses formation was noted in a small pelvis cavity in 4.7% patients of the main, and in 4.8 and 4.4% - in the control groups. Necrosis of the descended gut was revealed in 10 (4.6%).
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