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Effect of meditation on Chakra Energy and Hemodynamic Parameters

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  • Dayalbagh Educational Institute (Deemed to be University)

Abstract and Figures

Meditation is a technique of achieving harmony between the physical, mental, intellectual and spiritual personalities of man. The technique of meditation where a flow of thoughts is encouraged thus using mind in a natural way. Meditation has number of positive effect on the physiology of human body. The aims of this study to observe the effect of meditation on eye center and throat center (Chakra) Energy and the hemodynamic parameters (blood pressure, blood oxygen content, and body temperature). Data was collected from 26 Meditators from a meditation centre for 9 days and the results are tabulated and analysed before and after meditation to study the effect of meditation on these parameters. This study will help in proving the positive impact of mediation on life and increase consciousness through chakra energy.
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International Journal of Computer Applications (0975 8887)
Volume 126 No.12, September 2015
52
Effect of meditation on Chakra Energy and
Hemodynamic Parameters
D.K. Chaturvedi
Deptt. of Electrical
Engineering, Dayalbagh
Educational Institute,
Dayalbagh, Agra
Jyoti kumar Arora
Deptt. of Applied Sciences &
Humanities | Technical
College, Dayalbagh
Educational Institute,
Dayalbagh, Agra
Ravindra Bhardwaj
Deptt. of Electrical
Engineering, Dayalbagh
Educational Institute,
Dayalbagh, Agra
ABSTRACT
Meditation is a technique of achieving harmony between the
physical, mental, intellectual and spiritual personalities of
man. The technique of meditation where a flow of thoughts is
encouraged thus using mind in a natural way. Meditation has
number of positive effect on the physiology of human body.
The aims of this study to observe the effect of meditation on
eye center and throat center (Chakra) Energy and the
hemodynamic parameters (blood pressure, blood oxygen
content, and body temperature). Data was collected from 26
Meditators from a meditation centre for 9 days and the results
are tabulated and analysed before and after meditation to
study the effect of meditation on these parameters. This study
will help in proving the positive impact of mediation on life
and increase consciousness through chakra energy.
Keywords
Meditation, Consciousness, Chakra Energy, Regular
Practices, Cardiovascular diseases, prevention, Regular
Practices
1. INTRODUCTION
There are three level of consciousness, namely, physical
consciousness, mental consciousness and highest level of
consciousness (Spiritual consciousness). The brain
consciousness is related to physical consciousness and it
simply shows the reflections of mind consciousness where the
reflection of spiritual consciousness appears. Since ancient
age Conscious would be controlled or improved by meditation
(Yoga). There are mainly three types of Yogas eg. i. Yoga for
betterment of physical consciousness such as different
Yogaasans or Mudras; ii. Yoga for better of mind or mental
consciousness such as concentrative Yoga; iii. Yoga for
spiritual consciousness such as spirit-sound yoga. The linkage
between mind and body widely accepted in ancient time
which is now scientifically proven. Theere are number of
scientific studies have undoubtedly proved that physio-
cosmetic diseases are increasing such heart problems, stress in
life (i.e. wariness, depressions, tensions) and physio-cosmatic
reactions like asthma, insomnia, and even heart attacks. In
addition, the physical inactivity, stress and behavioral
patterns, hormones and an untreated menopausal problems are
the risk factor for coronary artery diseases. The human body
is so harmoniously arranged that if even any minutest part of
it were hurt a little, the whole system become disturbed.
Meditation is one of the effective tools for prevention as well
as management of stress. Meditation is the science and
harmonizing spiritual mental and physical energy through
connection with the ultimate source of spiritual energy called
the supreme soul. The fundamental axiom of macrocosmic/
microcosmic system of spiritual consciousness is that the
origin of the macrocosm is attributable to an infinite spiritual
energy source [1]. It is the state of Spirit consciousness and
positive life style. It involves concentration but no physical
object is involved [2]. The object of concentration is the inner
self. The positive flow of thoughts is based on an accurate
understanding of the self and so it acts as a key to unlock the
treasure trove of peaceful experiences which are lying within
oneself. A man comes to experience peace within himself
through meditation.
Relaxation is one of the ways to control undesirable nervous
tension and it requires to be learnt through meditation which
is directly related to awareness. It can be shown by awareness
hierarchy [3]. The figure 1 explains awareness of different
levels including Physical awareness (Breath, Senses, etc.),
Mental Awareness (Internal thoughts and activities), Spiritual
awareness (consciousness currents). This paper deals with the
effect of meditation on chakra energy (specially the eye center
and throat center). Also it shows the positive effect on blood
pressure and other blood related parameters.
Fig 1 Awareness of different levels
2. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES
This study was contemplated to observe the effect of
meditation on Chakra energy and hemodynamic body
parameters such as blood pressure, blood oxygen level,
temperature, etc.. By adopting these non-pharmacological and
easy techniques in one’s life style, people can lead a healthier
life.
3. METHODOLOGY
This study was conducted on 26 healthy people between age
of 40-70 years who were selected from meditation centre,
were performing meditation regularly for at least 60 minutes
of a day before and after meditation. Subjects having a history
of hypertension, jaundice, alcoholism, and smoking were not
included in the study. The heart rate was counted with the
Physical
Awareness
Mental
Awareness
Spiritual
awareness
International Journal of Computer Applications (0975 8887)
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53
stethoscope being kept over the apex for one full minute. The
systolic and diastolic blood pressure, oxygen level,
temperature was checked respectively by a standard
sphygmomanometer , pulse oximeter, thermometer.
The self made Sensor (shown in Fig. 2 -3) have been
designed to measures the energy level of human at different
energy centres (Chakras) of the human body which is directly
related to the consciousness level of a person [2]. The probe
was placed at the throat and third eye energy centres.
Fig 2 Block diagram of proposed system
4. EXPERIMENTAL SETUP OF
ENERGY MEASURING DEVICE
The Sensor shown in Fig 3 is used to measure the Energy
Level at different energy centers of the body, which is
developed in Dept of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of
Engineering, D.E.I. Dayalbagh, Agra, India. This sensor
contains a copper electrode that applied to the energy centre
and a reference terminal, which is applied to left palm of a
body. A few microampere current flows from energy centers
to palm through different channels, which indicates the
Chakra energy of a person. It is mentioned in the literature
that Chakra Energy is directly related to consciousness [2].
Sensor is connected to computer via DAQ card and LabVIEW
has been used as software tool to measure consciousness level
of a person. The Sensor has been connected to NI 6216 DAQ
card which converts analog signals to digital signals (ADC)
and this card is further connected to computer via USB. NI
MAX (National Instrumentation- Measurement and
Automation Explorer) has been used. This Device is also
called Meridian Energy Analysis Devices (MEAD). In
Taiwan more than 80% hospitals uses MEAD system for
diagnosis of different diseases.
5. EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS
The above mentioned quantities (BP, Heart Rate,
Temperature, Oxygen Level, Throat and Eye center energies)
are measured before meditation. Then meditation is performed
for one hour and the measurements are repeated. The mean
value of heart rate of different candidates before meditation
was 79.55 and after meditation 71.42. The mean value for
systolic and diastolic blood pressure before meditation were
131.36 and 85.35 and after meditation 120.59 and 77.35.
Similarly, oxygen level and temperature in the meditators
before meditation were 95.84 and 34.45 and after meditation
94.50 and 34.92 respectively. The Chakra Energy level is
measured at the throat centre and the centre of the line
between the two eyes of Human using DEI Meridian Analysis
System (DEI-MAS).The mean value for energy level at throat
and eye centre before meditation was 49.49 and 67.86 and
after meditation 56.70 and 77.65. The difference was also
highly significant. The results are tabulated in Table 1 to 8.
The results clearly show that the BP, Heart rate, temperature,
oxygen level and chakra energies are changed by meditation
as shown in Fig. 5-11. Person feel relaxed after meditation as
physiological parameters indicates like heart rate, BP, body
temperature, oxygen level in blood reduced after meditation.
On the other hand, the eye center and throat center (chakra)
energy increased after meditation.
Fig 3 Experimental setup
Table 1 Systolic Blood Pressure(Mean Value)
Sl.
No.
Systolic blood pressure(mm
Hg)
Difference
Before
meditation
After
Meditation
1
139.25
117.125
22.125
2
124.75
118.75
6
3
136.5
126
10.5
4
144.375
129
15.375
5
136.75
123.125
13.625
6
126.875
123
3.875
7
129.5
112.625
16.875
8
140.375
123.75
16.625
9
124.875
116.625
8.25
10
131.125
117.375
13.75
11
131.125
126.25
4.875
12
145.75
130.75
15
13
127.125
115.875
11.25
14
128.125
112.625
15.5
Human
Sensor DAQ ADC
Computer
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15
131.125
125.375
5.75
16
126.375
120.25
6.125
17
125
115.875
9.125
18
126.25
122.25
4
19
125.625
116.25
9.375
20
125.5
116
9.5
21
129.25
122.875
6.375
22
140.75
126
14.75
23
133
116.75
16.25
24
132.625
122.625
10
25
125.75
122.875
2.875
26
127.625
115.375
12.25
Avg.
131.36
120.59
Table 2 Diastolic Blood Pressure(Mean Value)
Sl.
No.
Diastolic blood pressure(mm
Hg)
Difference
Before
meditation
After
Meditation
1
80.625
78.875
1.75
2
80.625
77.5
3.125
3
88.625
75.125
13.5
4
83
76.125
6.875
5
83
75.625
7.375
6
82.5
78.375
4.125
7
80.5
70
10.5
8
85.625
83.5
2.125
9
82.625
81.375
1.25
10
88.75
81.25
7.5
11
88.75
82.625
6.125
12
88.75
82.5
6.25
13
80.25
73.125
7.125
14
80.375
73.375
7
15
82.625
80.375
2.25
16
80.375
75.625
4.75
17
80.375
74.375
6
18
82.375
79.25
3.125
19
80.75
68.625
12.125
20
80.125
73.375
6.75
21
80
73.125
6.875
22
80.125
76.125
4
23
88.875
79.125
9.75
24
88.625
82.625
6
25
84.875
82.625
2.25
26
84
76.5
7.5
Avg.
83.35
77.35
Table 3 Heart Rate (Mean Value)
Sl.
No.
Heart Rate
Difference
Before
meditation
After
Meditation
1
3.50255
8.86405
6.375
2
6.30051
7.78276
1.875
3
4.086126
11.2432
15
4
7.679983
3.62530
5.125
5
7.704359
8.77394
7.875
6
4.062019
5.07092
0.75
7
4.978525
5.17549
6.5
8
8.42509
8.60128
4.5
9
14.54979
18.1575
18
10
3.105295
6.73874
4.875
11
5.849298
4.52769
1
12
2.712405
11.2686
12.875
13
3.399054
7.00510
0.625
14
4.926242
7.62982
7.875
15
3.73927
10.4710
9.125
16
5.365232
6.39195
6.25
17
5.365232
12.6913
10
18
2.976095
13.9840
14.375
19
7.754031
7.64852
1.125
20
7.869471
7.00510
2
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21
9.724784
8.75764
10.625
22
8.514693
10.6234
5.75
23
3.700869
6.05775
3.5
24
4.96955
8.97217
7.125
25
4.840307
9.98212
21.75
26
10.58216
4.45413
26.5
Avg.
79.55
71.42
Table 4 Temperature (Mean Value)
Sl.
No.
Temperature (Oc)
Difference
Before
meditation
After
Meditation
1
34.8125
34.1
0.7125
2
34.55
34.1
0.45
3
34.975
34.45
0.525
4
35.3
35.1
0.2
5
34.775
34.4375
0.3375
6
35.2875
35.1375
0.15
7
35.3125
34.9
0.4125
8
35.2375
34.35
0.8875
9
35.775
35.225
0.55
10
34.1875
33.75
0.4375
11
35.175
34.675
0.5
12
34.0125
33.55
0.4625
13
35.325
34.725
0.6
14
35.3375
34.725
0.6125
15
35.375
35.1625
0.2125
16
35.075
34.75
0.325
17
34.8125
34.175
0.6375
18
34.7375
33.65
1.0875
19
34.6875
34.175
0.5125
20
34.55
34.075
0.475
21
34.775
34.25
0.525
22
34.6625
33.9625
0.7
23
34.8375
34.625
0.2125
24
34.65
34.4
0.25
25
34.675
34.5125
0.1625
26
35.1375
34.7875
0.35
Avg.
34.92
34.45
Table 5 Oxygen Level (Mean Value)
Sl.
No.
Oxygen level
Difference
Before
meditation
After
Meditation
1
93
92.375
0.625
2
95
94.25
0.75
3
98.125
95.375
2.75
4
97
96
1
5
94
91.875
2.125
6
96.625
93.375
3.25
7
94.25
93.75
0.5
8
97.625
96
1.625
9
96.375
94.875
1.5
10
95
94
1
11
95.5
94.125
1.375
12
96.125
94.75
1.375
13
95.875
95.625
0.25
14
97
95.875
1.125
15
97.375
95.875
1.5
16
95.75
94.75
1
17
97.375
95.5
1.875
18
97.25
95.75
1.5
19
96.625
95
1.625
20
96.25
95
1.25
21
94.625
94
0.625
22
95.75
94.75
1
23
96.375
94.25
2.125
24
95.25
93.625
1.625
25
96.125
95.25
0.875
26
91.625
91.25
0.375
Avg.
95.84
94.50
Table 6 Energy Level at Throat Centre (Mean Value)
Sl.
No.
Energy level at Eye centre
Difference
Before
meditation
After
Meditation
1
77.125
88.75
11.625
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2
62.5
75.875
13.375
3
86.875
94.25
7.375
4
68.875
74.125
5.25
5
72.75
86.875
14.125
6
76.25
87.25
11
7
85.375
93
7.625
8
57.625
69.125
11.5
9
74.875
90
15.125
10
76.125
85.75
9.625
11
57.5
71.625
14.125
12
59.375
67.875
8.5
13
57.25
68.5
11.25
14
42.125
55.75
13.625
15
65.125
76.5
11.375
16
78.625
80.875
2.25
17
43.375
52.75
9.375
18
72.5
83.125
10.625
19
71.625
78.5
6.875
20
46.25
60.125
13.875
21
66
68.375
2.375
22
68.125
78
9.875
23
68.75
76
7.25
24
80.125
87.625
7.5
25
79.625
86.125
6.5
26
69.625
82.375
12.75
Avg.
67.86
77.65
Table 7 Energy Level at Eye Centre(Mean Value)
Sl.
No.
Energy level at Throat
centre
Difference
Before
meditation
After
Meditation
1
58.75
63.875
5.125
2
44.875
51.5
6.625
3
74.125
78.375
4.25
4
50.25
52.375
2.125
5
63
63.875
0.875
6
47.25
55.25
8
7
65
73.875
8.875
8
42
53.85
11.85714
9
57.375
62.5
5.125
10
56.125
64.25
8.125
11
36.25
47.125
10.875
12
39.625
53.125
13.5
13
43.875
48.14
4.267857
14
30
41
11
15
44
55.375
11.375
16
50.375
56.875
6.5
17
32.625
37.625
5
18
51.625
61.875
10.25
19
56.375
62.875
6.5
20
41
53.125
12.125
21
41.875
50.75
8.875
22
54.25
64.375
10.125
23
41.25
45.625
4.375
24
52.875
54.5
1.625
25
68
71.375
3.375
26
44.125
50.875
6.75
Avg.
49.49
56.70
Different studies stated that benefit of meditation, by
modifying the state of anxiety, reduces the stress induced
sympathetic overactivity resulting in lowering the blood
pressure and heart rate. The consciousness increases by
meditation.
Table 8 Statistical Analysis
Factor
Before
Medita
tion
(Mean
Value)
Standar
Deviati
on
After
Medi
tation
(Mea
n
Valu
e)
Standa
rd
Deviat
ion
Differ
ence(
Mean
Value)
Differen
ce(S.D.)
Systolic
blood
Pressur
e
131.36
6.36
120.5
9
4.98
10.77
1.38
Diastoli
c blood
Pressur
e
85.35
3.36
77.35
4.09
6
.73
Heart
Rate
79.55
2.80
71.42
3.26
8.13
.46
Oxygen
Level
95.84
1.48
94.50
1.25
1.34
.23
Temper
atue
34.45
.46
34.92
.39
0.47
.07
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Energy
level(E
ye
centre)
67.86
11.96
77.65
11.07
9.79
.89
Energy
level(T
hroat
centre)
49.49
10.88
56.70
9.70
7.21
1.18
A. Measurement at Eye centre
Fig 4.1 Measurement at eye centre
B. Measurement at Throat centre
Fig 4 Measurement at Throat centre
Fig. 5 Comparison Of Systolic Blood Pressure Before And
After Meditation
Fig. 6 Comparison Of Diastolic Blood Pressure Before
And After Meditation
Fig. 7 Comparison Of Heart Rate Before And After
Meditation
Fig. 8 Comparison Of Body temperature Before And After
Meditation
Fig. 9 Comparison Of Oxygen Level Before And After
Meditation
33
33.5
34
34.5
35
35.5
36
010 20 30
Before
After
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Fig10 Comparison Of Energy Level Before And After
Meditation (Throat Centre)
Fig. 11 Comparison Of Energy Level Before And After
Meditation(Eye Centre)
6. CONCLUSION
From the above result it is concluded that the meditation
increases eye center and throat center (chakra) energy, which
increases consciousness in the body. The study conducted
here, proves that chakra energy does not depend on hemo-
dynamic parameters. Although, Mediation has positive Effect
on hemo-dynamic parameters of the body like the cardio
vascular System and is used as non Phrmacological Method to
Prevent Heart Diseases. The decrease the Mean Heart Rate
and regulates the Systolic Blood Pressure, Diastolic Blood
Pressure in the Meditators due to activation of
parasymphythetic state and it indicated that they have lower
risk of developing the Cardiovascular Diseases. Meditation
help to built up physical resistance, emotional harmony, and
balance in life through eradiction of root cause in mind. It
reduces tensions and help inflowing positive energy in the
body by stilling the brain.
7. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
The authors are really grateful to Prof. P.S. Satsangi Sahab,
Chairman Advisory Committee on Education, Dayalbagh
Educational Institutions, Dayalbagh, Agra, India for inspiring
guidance and motivation to work in this area. I also thanks to
Sh. Virendra Kumar Garg and Nirmala Garg Head of
Hemsantusti Meditation Centre, Ellora Enclave Agra, Sh. U.S.
Srivastav, Sh. Shanti (Incharge) and my fellow students and
friends Mr. Sumit., Ravi, Rajat Sethia, Manish Arya, Akash
Gautam, Devendra Kumar and Himanshu for their useful
support towards the completion of this project.
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... Gayatri Mantra, also known as Savitri Mantra, is a highly respected mantra of Rig Veda dedicated to the sun god Savitr. Gayatri is the name of the Vedic meter in which the poem is composed [49][50][51]. Vishwa Mitra Mantra is said to have founded or written Gayatri. Mantra Gayatri is an unimaginable spiritual armor, a true fortress that protects and protects voting, turns him into God, and blesses him with the best spiritual light and spiritual awakening. ...
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There has been a great interest of researchers in Vedic knowledge using the symbol of OM, and this word Om is considered to be the beginning and end of the past and future. Mr. Slogan's motive is a subtle understanding of the human body, mind, and the world of reality. Emotions, Thoughts and Beliefs in our lives are important characteristics. In accordance with the Indian philosophy, OM which is a spiritual symbol is also called Atman Brahman (reality, God, supreme soul, truth, cosmic principles, world, and knowledge). The research is a symbol of Global OM. The main aim of this research was to calculate the effects of Gayatri Mantra and Ohm readings on human health. The Gayatri Mantra is a very potential mantra mentioned in Rigveda. This research was performed on some patients (male = 4) and (female = 7) in the age range 44 to 70 years. All the patients were trained to read the Gayatri Mantra for 3 days. We used basic data. Participants at the Mantra Gayatri Meeting and Om Conference attended for approximately 15 minutes on two consecutive days. The order of meetings was randomly assigned to participants. This previous study showed that both Gayatri's mantra and comfort are of interest, as measured by Stormwork. However, Mantra Gayatri's work was much more numerous than Om's reading. The manuscript also provides an analysis of the well‐being index before and after the Yaina process and radiation analysis of various devices.
... Therefore, by achieving a command over the Chakra all glandular secretions and mental function can be controlled [2]. Several research articles supports the physiological effects of Yoga on central nervous system [3][4][5][6][7], cardiovascular system [8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16], autonomic nervous system [17][18][19][20][21] and respiratory system [22][23][24][25]. ...
... This fact is supported by the big data when we look deeper into the details then we found that even in type-I case only female subject is of middle age while all male subjects are below 25 year of age group. (Chaturvedi, 2019;Chaturvedi et al., 2015) In type-II category female seems to dominate by 16% that indicates females are having more bad habits for food, life style etc. When we look into insight of gender with age group distribution it has been found that in every age group females are dominating. ...
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The Delhi and NCR healthcare systems are rapidly registering electronic health records and diagnostic information available electronically. Furthermore, clinical analysis is rapidly advancing, and large quantities of information are examined and new insights are part of the analysis of this technology experienced as big data. It provides tools for storing, managing, studying, and assimilating large amounts of robust, structured, and unstructured data generated by existing medical organizations. Recently, data analysis data have been used to help provide care. The present study aimed to analyse diabetes with the latest IoT and big data analysis techniques and its correlation with stress (TTH) on human health. The authors have tried to include age, gender, and insulin factor and its correlation with diabetes. Overall, in conclusion, TTH cases increasing with age in case of males and not following the pattern of diabetes variation with age, while in the case of females, TTH pattern variation is the same as diabetes (i.e., increasing trend up to age of 60 then decreasing).
... Without treatment, hyperglycemia can oppose the effects of the body on insulin, a hormone which allows the cells to absorb glucose. (Chaturvedi, 2015), (Chaturvedi, 2015b). ...
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Full-text available
The Delhi and NCR healthcare systems are rapidly registering electronic health records, diagnostic information available electronically. Furthermore, clinical analysis is rapidly advancing—large quantities of information are examined and new insights are part of the analysis of this technology—and experienced as big data. It provides tools for storing, managing, studying, and assimilating large amounts of robust, structured, and unstructured data generated by existing medical organizations. Recently, data analysis data have been used to help provide care and diagnose disease. In the current era, systems need connected devices, people, time, places, and networks that are fully integrated on the internet (IoT). The internet has become new in developing health monitoring systems. Diabetes is defined as a group of metabolic disorders affecting human health worldwide. Extensive research (diagnosis, path physiology, treatment, etc.) produces a great deal of data on all aspects of diabetes. The main purpose of this chapter is to provide a detailed analysis of healthcare using large amounts of data and analysis. From the Hospitals of Delhi and NCR, a sample of 30 subjects has been collected in random fashion, who have been suffering from diabetes from their health insurance providers without disclosing any personal information (PI) or sensitive personal information (SPI) by law. The present study aimed to analyse diabetes with the latest IoT and big data analysis techniques and its correlation with stress (TTH) on human health. Authors have tried to include age, gender, and insulin factor and its correlation with diabetes. Overall, in conclusion, TTH cases increase with age in case of males and do not follow the pattern of diabetes variation with age while in the case of female TTH pattern variation (i.e., increasing trend up to age of 60 then decreasing).
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The 21st century has brought many unpredicted changes in our lives. Science in 18th, 19th, and 20th century was developed in different dimensions and spread rapidly to make human life more comfortable. Unknowingly, its vision was blind so it became uncontrolled. It bypassed the basic human emotions, ethics, and responsibilities, and consequently, the happiness, prosperity, and peace of mind from our lives were lost. The ancient Hindu Vedic life style was completely scientific and they experienced and searched the formula of being contented and making themselves optimistic and healthy in all adverse circumstances, less resources and less. The present article is a trial to establish the scientific way of living in Hindu religion. The experimental analysis and logical explanation have been presented to readers to understand this fundamental aspect in view of Covid-19 and its various effects on physical, mental, social, and spiritual health of individual, family, and society. The present paper is a hope for humanity amidst pandemic threats surrounded over globe.
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The mantra becomes more powerful when that sound is chanted in front of purified fire and light; sound and heat energy mixtures are converted into high level of energy and spread around the atmosphere. Through this paper, the well experienced author team of various domains is continuously working in experimenting in joint collaboration with different GoI departments. They have observed the slow but continuous progress in different ails on many subjects through scientific study and approach. The main case studies where the patients got significant benefits through this alternate therapy have been systematically presented here. The power of yajna and mantra has attracted the intellectuals of this era. In the future, we may expect some automated intelligent healthcare expert system using this way of life. Yagya science and its treatment power of different diseases is surprising; the need is that current science should accept it logically with an open mind and heart and let the humanity take the complete benefit of it.
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With the advancement of computation power and internet revolution, IoT, big data, and cloud computing have become the most prevalent technologies in present time. Convergence of these three technologies has led to the development of new opportunities and applications which solve the real time problems in the most efficient way. Though cloud computing and big data have an inherent connection between them, IoT plays a major role of a data source unit. With the explosion of data, cloud computing is playing a significant role in the storage and management. However, the main concern that accompanies IoT are the issues related to privacy, security, power efficiency, computational complexities, etc. Misinterpretation of data and security limitations are the bottlenecks of big data whereas the limitations of cloud computing involve network connection dependency, limited features, technical issues, and security. The chapter considers use cases to address their real time problems and discusses about how to solve these issues by combining these technologies.
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Many apps and analyzers based on machine learning have been designed already to help and cure the stress issue, which is an epidemic. The project is based on an experimental research work that the authors have performed at Research Labs and Scientific Spirituality Centers of Dev Sanskriti VishwaVidyalaya, Haridwar and Patanjali Research Foundations, Uttarakhand. In their research work, the correctness and accuracy have been studied and compared for two biofeedback devices named as electromyography (EMG) and galvanic skin response (GSR), which can operate in three modes—audio, visual, and audio-visual—with the help of data set of tension type headache (TTH) patients. They have realized by their research work that these days people have lot of stress in their life so they planned to make an effort for reducing the stress level of people by their technical knowledge of computer science. In their project, the authors have a website that contains a closed set of questionnaires from SF-36, which have some weight associated with each question.
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Diabetes especially is a serious problem in today's world. Stress due to Tension Type Headache (TTH) is a another epidemic which is growing with a very fast pace. Diabetes is a disease of the body which does not cause metabolism of blood sugar (glucose). This increases the blood glucose to the risky level. The present study aims to analyze diabetes with the latest IoT and Big Data analysis techniques and its correlation with stress (TTH) on human health. Authors have tried to include age, gender, and insulin factor and its correlation with diabetes. IoT helps us to connect each other, i.e., it is known as smart connecting thing (a sort of “Universal Global Neural Network” in cloud). It comprises of smart connecting machine with other machine, object, and a lot more. Big Data refers to huge sets of data which are also large enough in terms of variety and velocity. Due to this, it becomes more difficult to handle, organize, store, process, and manipulate such data using traditional techniques of storage and processing. Stress especially TTH is a serious problem in today's world. Now every person in this world is facing headache and stress-related problems in daily life. We have collected this Big Data and studied the people; we have studied their tension level and helped them to cure it. In this chapter, we did our best to analyze the correlation between diabetes and stressors. For the analysis, we have been collected sample of 30 subjects from hospitals of Delhi in random fashion who has been suffering from diabetes from their Health Insurance Providers without disclosing any Personal Information (PI) or Sensitive Personal Information (SPI) by Law. To identify each case sample ids like S1, S2, etc., have been allotted to the subjects. Sample Data has been collected for following parameters: gender, age, diabetes type, insulin dependency, obesity status, coronary artery disease status, and cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy status. We have used the Tableau s/w for this analysis. Overall, interesting observation during our research was that none of our female subject having diabetes is below 25 years, i.e., early age diabetes cases were very less in females comparative to males subjected to the case sampling should not be impacted for age group gender biasing.
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As we all know that our neighboring country China is facing Corona Virus, and common symptoms of this virus is common cold and flu which become life threatening. So what is the solution? First is wearing good quality mask in public places and maintaining good hygiene. Other is environmental purification which one can do by medicinal havan with Geloye and Pragya pey, herbal tea along with common Havan Samagri, made by one cup decoction of Geloye along with Vasa and kalmegha which can boost up the immunity of individual. The smoke of Mango wood and Googgal can kill a deadly virus like corona; a person infected with corona and other deadly viruses can be cured by such smoke. It can be a matter of debate about Indian culture. It is about biological science. Havan Samagri specially was designed for Asthmatic patients with 3:1 ratio, and Surya Gayatri Mantra chanting was performed 24 times and Nadi Shodhan Pranayam was executed for half an hour duration daily. Subjects were asked to take kwath of Havan Samagri twice in a day. Lung Function Test (LFT) was experimented on 18 Dec 2018 up to 24 Dec 2018 to check the efficacy of Yagyopathy. Three important parameters were tested in LFT which were FVC-Forced vital capacity, FEV-Forced expirartory volume, and FEV1/FVC known as MER-measured expiratory rate. FVC is used to calculate the capacity of human lungs/volume of air which is exhaled after deep inhalation. MER is directly related to proportion of lung size to be exhaled per second. The results were measured for one year and nine months and demonstrated a significant improved performance in lung function parameters. It was noted that if experiments are done twice in a day results are more improved.
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Background: Ancient India presented to the world a great solution in the form of Meditation. Meditation is one healthy means which control the brain electrical activity to maintain a good health and healthy society. Objective: To study the effect of meditation on electro encephalograph and on other parameters like blood pressure, heart rate and respiratory rate. Methods: Twenty healthy individuals who were practicing meditation regularly since last five years were compared with 20 healthy individuals who never practiced meditation. EEG, blood pressure, heart rate and respiratory rate was recorded on these selected Individuals before and during meditation. Results: Meditators as a group showed significant increase in Alfa actitivity in occipital region of frequency of 8 Hz and decrease of ß- activity in parietal region compared to controls. Diastolic blood pressure, heart rate and respiratory rate showed a significant reduction before and during meditation among study subjects compared to controls. But this was not significant in case of systolic blood pressure. Conclusion: It was found that meditation has a positive impact on the EEG changes and other parameters studied among meditators as compared to non-meditators. Key Words: Electrical activity, Electo encephalogram, Meditation
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The purpose of this experimental study was to determine the energy levels corresponding to the different focal points (Chakras or centers) of the body, which is related with consciousness. In this experiment, the energy level is measured at four different centers, namely, the navel center, the heart center, the throat center and the eye center of the Human beings. The measurements have been taken using Energy Measurement System (EMS) developed at Department of Electrical Engineering, Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Dayalbagh, Agra, India, which works on the principle of tissue resistance of body. The probe was placed at different centers and subsequent readings were taken. The measurements clearly showed that the energy level in terms of tissue conductance or current at constant voltage is highest at the eye center and decreases at lower center, which represents at the correlation between consciousnesses which is highest at eye center and lower at lower centers.
Chapter
The reluctance of conventional medicine to accept hypnotherapy tends to be attributed to the ‘Svengali’ image, and to the aura of charlatanry promoted by fairground hypnotists. Qualified hypnotherapists, however, must share part of the blame. Too often, presentations — both in professional meetings and in public discussion — are anecdotal, emphasizing the more striking or bizarre manifestations in deep-trance subjects. These both distort the public image and create expectations that in many cases will not be fulfilled. The ‘bread and butter’ case seldom gets an airing.
Article
Introduction: Meditation is a technique of achieving harmony between the physical, mental, intellectual and spiritual personalities of man. Rajyoga is one of the techniques of meditation where a flow of thoughts is encouraged thus using mind in a natural way. Meditation has a number of positive effects on the physiology of human body. It has shown to reduce diastolic blood pressure, systolic blood pressure, heart rate and serum cholesterol levels thus reducing the risk of coronary artery disease. Aims and Objectives: This study aims to highlight haemodynamic effects of meditation by studying its impact on blood pressure, heart rate and ECG. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on 100 healthy subjects (50 meditators and 50 non-meditators) from Brahma Kumari Ashram. They were further subgrouped on the basis of their sex, age and duration for which they had been practicing yoga. A detailed history was taken and detailed general physical examination was conducted on all of them. Anthropometric measurements were taken. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures, heart rate and ECG was recorded in all of them. Data was collected and statistically analyzed to achieve the results. Results: The mean heart rate, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, heart rate were significantly lower in subjects who practised meditation regularly than in subjects who did not. ECG did not show any significant change except for decreased heart rate in meditators. Conclusions: Coronary Heart Disease remains one of the most important causes of morbidity and mortality in Indian population. Yoga and Meditation, given its positive effects on physiology of human body,if practised regularly, can emerge as one of the important non-pharmacological method of prevention of heart disease.
Article
When mammals, including man, are confronted with a stressful event, their core body temperature rises, stress-induced hyperthermia. In mice, the stress-induced hyperthermia procedure has been developed to measure antistress or anxiolytic-like effects of psychoactive drugs. Group-housed and singly housed versions of the stress-induced hyperthermia generate comparable results. Because the number of animals needed to perform an experiment is much lower in the singly housed versus the group-housed procedure, the former is the test of choice for pharmacological testing. A typical stress-induced hyperthermia test starts with an injection 60 min before the first rectal temperature measurement (T1), followed by a second temperature measurement (T2) 10–15 min later. The difference ΔT (=T2−T1) is the stress-induced hyperthermia. The procedure also measures the intrinsic activity of drugs on the basal body temperature and ΔT is relatively independent from the intrinsic temperature effects of drugs. Anxiolytic drugs (benzodiazepines, -HT1A receptor agonists, alcohol) reduce ΔT suggestive of anxiolytic-like effects. Because the parameter measured for anxiety in the stress-induced hyperthermia procedure is not dependent on locomotor activity, like in almost all other anxiety tests, the stress-induced hyperthermia procedure is an attractive addition to tests in the anxiety field. Because the stress-induced hyperthermia is also present with a comparable pharmacological profile in females, this procedure has a wide species and gender validity. The procedure was applied in various genetically modified mice [5-HT1A and 5-HT1B receptor knockout (KO) mice and corticotropin-releasing hormone overexpressing (CRH-OE) mice] to study phenotypic influences of the various mutations on aspects of anxiety. The stress-induced hyperthermia test in singly housed male and female mice appears a useful and extremely simple test to measure effects of drugs on certain aspects of anxiety or to help to determine phenotypic differences in mutant mice.
Article
Chronic sympathetic nervous system overactivity has been implicated as a factor capable of elevating and maintaining high serum cholesterol levels independent of dietary measures. We conducted a controlled trial to determine the effect of a relaxation technique. Transcendental Meditation, on serum cholesterol levels in hypercholesterolemic subjects. Serum cholesterol levels were measured at beginning and end of an 11-month period in 12 hypercholesterolemic subjects who regularly practiced meditation. Eleven hypercholesterolemic controls who did not practice the technique were similarly followed up for 13 months. Paired comparisons showed a significant (p less than 0.005) reduction in fasting serum cholesterol levels of those subjects who practiced meditation. These results suggest that the regular practice of a relaxation technique may contribute, most likely through a reduction in adrenergic activity, to the amelioration of hypercholesterolemia in certain subjects.
Effect of inspiratory and expiratory phases of normal quiet breathing, deep breathing and savitri pranayam type breathing on heart rate and mean ventricular QRS axis was investigated in young, healthy untrained subjects. Pranayam type breathing produced significant cardioacceleration and increase in QRS axis during the inspiratory phase as compared to eupnea. On the other hand, expiratory effort during pranayam type breathing did not produce any significant change in heart rate or QRS axis. The changes in heart rate and QRS axis during the inspiratory and expiratory phases of pranayam type breathing were similar to the changes observed during the corresponding phases of deep breathing.