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Recent studies report the effect of biofield treatment on changes in structural characteristics of organic and inorganic matter, on cancer cells in vitro and on overall plant development. This study tested the impact of the same treatment applied to lettuce and tomato seeds and transplants (Lactuca sativa var. capitata and Lycopersiconesculentum var. Roma) in commercial plantings with and without fertilizers and pesticides, in relation to yield, quality, and pest inhibition. Treated lettuce plants with fertilizer and pesticide applications were more vigorous, exhibited less incidence of soil-borne fungal wilt, and subsequent yield was statistically greater 43% compared to untreated plants. Treated plants with no fertilizer or pesticide applications in the field behaved similarly to untreated plants that received routine fertilizer and pest control inputs. Similarly, fertilizer applied and fertilizer non-applied treated tomato plants exhibited a 25% and 31% increase in total observable yields respectively. Treated tomato and lettuce plants also measured higher in total leaf tissue chlorophyll content. The combination of biofield treatment along with administration of chemical additives demonstrated the best results with statistically increased yields and higher pest resistance in both test cropping systems. The specific mechanisms that lead to these preliminary results have yet to be determined.
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Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 6(10): 100-105, 2012
ISSN 1991-8178
Corresponding Author: Shrikant Patil, Trivedi Foundation, Scottsdale, AZ, USA.
E-mail: shrikant@trivedifoundation.org, Tel: 1-877-493-4092 Fax:1-480-320-3727
100
Impact of Biofield Treatment on Growth and Yieldof Lettuce and Tomato
1
Vishal Shinde,
1
Frank Sances,
2
Shrikant Patil and
1
Amy Spence
1
Pacific Ag Research, San Luis Obispo, CA, USA.
2
Trivedi Foundation, Scottsdale, AZ, USA.
Abstract: Recent studies report the effect of biofield treatment on changes in structural characteristics
of organic and inorganic matter, on cancer cells in vitro and on overall plant development. This study
tested the impact of the same treatment applied to lettuce and tomato seeds and transplants (Lactuca
sativa var. capitata and Lycopersiconesculentum var. Roma) in commercial plantings with and without
fertilizers and pesticides, in relation to yield, quality, and pest inhibition. Treated lettuce plants with
fertilizer and pesticide applications were more vigorous, exhibited less incidence of soil-borne fungal
wilt, and subsequent yield was statistically greater 43% compared to untreated plants. Treated plants
with no fertilizer or pesticide applications in the field behaved similarly to untreated plants that
received routine fertilizer and pest control inputs. Similarly, fertilizer applied and fertilizer non-applied
treated tomato plants exhibited a 25% and 31% increase in total observable yields respectively. Treated
tomato and lettuce plants also measured higher in total leaf tissue chlorophyll content. The
combination of biofield treatment along with administration of chemical additives demonstrated the
best results with statistically increased yields and higher pest resistance in both test cropping systems.
The specific mechanisms that lead to these preliminary results have yet to be determined.
Key words: Crop development;Biofield treatment; Fertilizer and Organic; Lettuce; Tomato.
INTRODUCTION
Information-containing biofield energies have been postulated to be associated with living organisms and to
affect their self-regulation processes (Rubik, 2002). Recent studies by Trivedi and Tallapragada (2008, 2009)
present enhanced and lasting transformations seen in the physical and structural properties of organic and
inorganic materials which were the effect of consciousness energy when transmitted using specific techniques.
These authors report that elemental diamond, graphite and activated charcoal powders showed measureable and
significant changes in their molecular structure, and go on to suggest that thebiofield energy may involve
electromagnetic and weak interactions.Dabhadeet al.(2009) suggest thatmeasurable changes in particle size and
hence surface area as well as crystallite size of two test substances, antimony and bismuth metal powders,which
they observed as a consequence of a similar treatment,was due to increased energy states caused within the
treated substances.Trivedi and Patil (2011) reported multiple year results on Alphonso Mangos in Asia. The
mango study showed yield increases and pest infestation decreases over a four year time period versus control
trees which on the contrary showed lower yields and increased pest pressure. More recently the biofield energy
was tested on Patchouli micropropagation (Patilet al., 2012) where it was reported to increase regeneration and
cause an overall improvement in plant health. In related studies, the biofield energy was reported to impact
cancer cells in vitro (Yount et al., 2012).The studies on living organisms are able to probe more relevant aspects
of the information content in biofield energies, in order to establish both the reality of the impact as well as its
nature. However, both the in vitro studies were in protected environments showing variability in the results. It
can be expected that adaptive forces would bebetter testedin vivo in the field where the normal challenge of the
environment is experienced and the informational integrity of the organism is also maintained. The nature of
thebiofield energy in these experiments may be expected to produce more well-defined results under such
conditions. However, the mango study was performed on a pre-existing pest infested mango orchard and does
not document the results of systematic treatment under a variety of conditions.
Although science has earlier tested such energies in plants, in the above-mentioned studies the scientific
facts to support such claimsare for the first time seeingreproducible and significant results in experimental
observations. The source of biofield energy treatments are those of an internationally reputed energy healer
whose name is here withheld according to recommended best scientific practice, but can be provided on demand
for replication experiments. While any improvement in human health under such interaction can be accounted
for by the placebo effect, such results in plant systems indicate some basic properties of living organisms which
need to be noted. An understanding of the energy and its use can help improve the environmental conditions
during plant cultivation.In this paper we report on the observed results of crop quality and yield of treated and
untreated tomato and lettuce plantings in organic conditions and in the presence of needbase fertilizers and
pesticides applied according to standard procedure. Scientific mechanismsare not here speculated upon; at this
Aust. J. Basic & Appl. Sci., 6(10): 100-105, 2012
101
stage we report the positive results observed in our experiments. Further experimentation is necessary in order to
generate the hypotheses regarding underlying mechanisms.
The objective was to conduct a blind study to determine the potential influence of biofield therapy on
growth & development of lettuce & tomato in commercial plantings and to systematically compare the effects
with and without application of fertilizers and pesticides.The treated and untreated plants were planted in plots
in randomized fashion and the location of treated plants remained undisclosed to evaluators during the study.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Seeds were treated and allowed to germinate until ready to be transplanted. The seedlings were treated
again, transplanted into an open field, and allowed to develop according to the season. As a control, untreated
seeds were allowed to germinate in the same manner and transplanted alongside the treated plots in a
randomized fashion. Needbase fertilizers and pesticides were applied onto one set of plots with transplants from
both untreated and treated seeds. Another set of plots for both untreated and treated transplants did not receive
fertilizer and pesticide applications. Lettuce cultivar (Lactuca sativa var. capitata) was Cannery Row (Snow
Seed Co., Salinas, CA). Tomato cultivar (Lycopersiconesculentum) was Roma (Snow Seed Co., Salinas, CA).
Treatment:
The Biofield treatment was applied for about 3 minutes from a distance of about 1 meter from the samples.
The energy source individual was escorted to the laboratory for treating seeds and to the field for treating
transplants, was seated on a chair at the given distance from the material to be treated, and was observed to
focus concentrated thought outwardly towards the seeds or plants ready to be transplanted. The untreated
samples were not in the same room or plot at the time.Each treated set received the treatment twice, the seeds
once before being germinated and the resulting plants 53 days later just before they were transplanted in the
field.
Crop Parameters:
Treated and untreated lettuce plants were planted in separate randomly allocated plots in five replicates
measuring 3.33’ by 60’ on clay loam soil.Treated and untreated tomato plants were similarly planted in separate
plots measuring 6.66’ by 50’ on sandy loam soil.Plots were hand transplanted, hand harvested, and drip
irrigated.
Needbase fertilizer and pesticide applications:
Lettuce:
Fertilizer 18:6:12 was applied at a rate of 600 lb/a slow release pre-planting.The following pesticides were
applied 18 days after transplanting (DAT): (a) Endura at a rate of 11 oz/a for the purpose of controlling
Sclerotinia (Sclerotinia minor and Sclerotinasclerotiorum). (b)Presido at a rate of 4 floz/a for the purpose of
controlling Downy Mildew (Bremialactucae). (c) Maneb at a rate of 2 lb/a for the purpose of controlling Downy
Mildew (Bremialactucae).
Tomato:
Fertilizer 18:6:12 was applied at a rate of 600 lb/a slow release pre-planting.Fertilizer 7:7:7 was applied at
45, 52, 59, 66, and 80 DAT at a rate of 20 gal/a. The following pesticides were applied: (a) Bravo Weatherstik at
a rate of 1.5 pt/a for the purpose of controlling Late Blight (Phytophthorainfestans) on 63, 84, and 90 DAT. (b)
Quadris at a rate of 10.5 oz/a for the purpose of controlling Powdery Mildew (Oidiumneolycopersici) on 63, 84,
and 90 DAT. (c) Ran-man at a rate of 3.0 floz/a for the purpose of controlling Late Blight
(Phytophthorainfestans) on 114 and 121 DAT.
Evaluations:
All evaluations were carried out in blinded fashion, with assessors unaware of the location of treated plants.
Lettuce:
Crop vigor, stand counts and number of wilted lettuce plants due to Sclerotinia sp. infection were assessed
at 21, 35, 50, and 56 DAT. Stand reduction was calculated using the formula:
Percent reduction in stand=100 x (Reduced Stand / Original Stand)
Chlorophyll content was measured using a spad meter (Spectrum Technologies, Inc., Plainfield, IL) from 10
plants per replicate plot at 32 DAT.Lettuce heads were harvested 56 days after transplanting, and were assessed
for marketable quality and size based on market standards.
Aust. J. Basic & Appl. Sci., 6(10): 100-105, 2012
102
Tomato:
Crop vigor and stand counts were assessed at 41 DAT and plants measured for height and diameter.
Chlorophyll content wasmeasured at 89 DAT, just before start of harvesting, using a spad meter,from 10 plants
per replicate plot. Tomatoes were harvested over the course of seven pickings between104 to 126 days after
transplantingand were assessed for marketable quality and size based on market standards.Roots from ten
tomato plants were analyzed for severity of Nematode infection based on a 0-10 scale with 10 representing
maximum severity and lycopene content was assessed at 129 DAT.
Data Analysis:
Statistics were analyzed using ANOVA mean comparison with LSD test and α=0.05.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
Lettuce:
Wilted plants and stand reduction results by treatment are presented in Table 1. Biofield treated seeds with
fertilizers/pesticides (TF) showed the lowest amount of total wilted plants per replicate plot.This resulted in the
lowest stand reduction, 14.2%, in comparison to control seeds with fertilizers/pesticides (CF) at 27%.Although
both control and biofieldtreated seeds without fertilizers/pesticides (designated C and T, respectively) showed
similar wilted plants to the CF, the percent loss of stands in T plots were statistically similar to CF plots,
suggesting that the externally applied energy created healthier and more vigorous plants, able to withstand
unaltered field conditions. Figure 1 shows the differences in chlorophyll content between treatments. TF and T
plots were observed to have statistically higher chlorophyll content than CF and C treatments.Chlorophyll
content is largely determined by plant nutrition, health status, and exposure to sunlight (i.e. conversion of
protochlorophyllide to chlorophyll); however, all plants in the study received the same amount of sun exposure,
suggesting that the energy treatment had changed certain physiological processes which are beyond the scope of
this study. TF plots were observed to have the greatest number and weight of marketable lettuce heads than any
other treatment, and a greater amount of large (18s) and medium (24s) heads were harvested from these plots as
well (Table 2). TF and CF received the same amounts and types of fertilizers and pesticides, yet yield and
quality was approximately 43% greater in the TF plots. Further, Figure 2 shows that the TF treatment resulted in
a statistically higher total of percent marketable heads compared to all other treatments. If the energy transmitted
is generating change in metabolic processes to the plants, this may explain why TF plots exceeded yield and
quality amounts of T plots, enabling a greater intake of fertilizer nutrients and thereby creating stronger and
heartier plants.
Table 1: The number of wilted plants and total stand reduction of control and treated lettuce plants. Means followed by the same letter do
not differ. (Fisher’s LSD test).
Treatment
Wilted Plants (#) Stand Reduction
21 DAT 35 DAT 50 DAT 56 DAT Total %
Control with no fertilizers or pesticides
(C)
3.60 a 10.20 a 17.40 a 9.00 a 40.20 a 38.23 a
Control with needbase fertilizers and
pesticides (CF)
5.00 a 6.60 a 12.00 b 6.00 a 29.60 a 26.73 b
Treated with no fertilizers or pesticides
(T)
5.40 a 9.80 a 15.20 ab 1.40 b 31.80 a 29.07 b
Treated with needbase fertilizers and
pesticides (TF)
3.80 a 3.20 a 5.40 c 0.80 b 13.20 b 14.22 c
Table 2: The number (a) and weight in kg (b) of marketable lettuce heads harvested. Means followed by the same letter do not differ.
(Fisher’s LSD test).
(a) Marketable Lettuce Heads #
Treatment 18s 24s 30s Total
Control with no fertilizers or pesticides (C) 7.60 b 22.80 b 12.40 a 42.80 b
Control with needbase fertilizers and pesticides (CF) 8.60 b 18.60 b 11.60 a 38.80 b
Treated with no fertilizers or pesticides (T) 10.80 ab 17.20 b 13.20 a 41.20 b
Treated with needbase fertilizers and pesticides (TF) 15.60 a 30.20 a 9.80 a 55.60 a
(b) Marketable Lettuce Heads (kg)
Treatment 18s 24s 30s Total
Control with no fertilizers or pesticides (C) 7.85 b 18.36 b 6.03 a 32.24 b
Control with needbase fertilizers and pesticides (CF) 9.20 b 16.11 b 6.37 a 31.68 b
Treated with no fertilizers or pesticides (T) 11.88 b 14.29 b 7.16 a 33.33 b
Treated with needbase fertilizers and pesticides (TF) 20.17 a 28.64 a 5.78 a 54.59 a
Aust. J. Basic & Appl. Sci., 6(10): 100-105, 2012
103
Fig. 1: Average chlorophyll content of lettuce and tomato leaves. Means followed by the same letter do not
differ. (Fisher’s LSD test).
Fig. 2: Percent of marketable lettuce heads harvested. Means followed by the same letter do not differ. (Fisher’s
LSD test).
Tomato:
Table 3 presents data for height and diameter of treated and untreated tomato plants, and shows discernible
differences between treatments. Tshowedsignificantly greater plant heights compared to C, and greater crop
diameters than all other treatments.Chlorophyll content (Figure 1) in tomato plants was similar to lettuce plants
results; TF plots demonstrated higher chlorophyll content than any other plots, and significantly greater than C
plots.Examination of tomato roots indicated that the energy treatment on tomato plants reduced the severity of
root galling by nematodes (Figure 3). If the transmitted energy created healthier and more vigorous plants, a
logical response would be normalized plant growth and development despite pest invasion and damage.
However, in this case, treatments reduced observed galling suggesting the presence of a pest control factor as
well.The number of marketable fruit did not differ among treatments; however, TF resulted in the largest weight
of total fruit harvested and was significantly higher than C (results not shown). Extrapolation of the data into
lb/a is more useable information for the grower, and this result is shown in Table 4. Here, a 31% and 25%
increase in total yield was attributed to TF and T, respectively, compared to C. Similar to lettuce plants, the
transmitted energy facilitates more robust crops with higher yields.
Thus overall it is seen that in both crops the TF plants have statistically outperformed all the others in terms
of health and yield. The final weight of marketable yield and the gross return is significantly higher in the
treated crops in both the leafy as well as the fruiting vegetable crops tested. Numerically the untreated plants in
absence of fertilizer and pesticide, C, had the lowest performance and T performance is both better than C and
comparable to or better than CF plants in the majority of parameters. It is interesting that TF plants, which
received both biofield energies as well as chemical protection, have significant and highly consistent
improvement over all other treatments. Thus a combination of scientifically designed methodologies along with
presence of biofield energy treatment is seen to provide the best inputs for growth and yield.
Aust. J. Basic & Appl. Sci., 6(10): 100-105, 2012
104
The results are consistent with studies already reported in the literature and further studies are increasingly
showing similar results; hence it is apparent that the current paradigm provides a sufficient model for such
studies to probe the beneficial interaction of biofield energies and plants. The results make it necessary that the
findings are fully discussed and further investigated by science, using objective and systematic methodologies,
in order to be able to scientifically address common misconceptions and/or assumptions associated with the
phenomenon, and to derive useful models for prediction and analysis of such results.
Table 3: Crop measurements (height and diameter) of tomato plants in cm. Means followed by the same letter do not differ. (Fisher’s LSD
test).
Treatment
cm
Height Diameter
Control with no fertilizers or pesticides (C) 36.38 b 46.30
b
Control with needbase fertilizers and pesticides (CF) 39.22 ab 47.31
b
Treated with no fertilizers or pesticides (T) 40.13 a 51.66
a
Treated with needbase fertilizers and pesticides (TF) 38.66 ab 47.31
b
Table 4: Total tomato yield (lb/acre). Means followed by the same letter do not differ. (Fisher’s LSD test).
Treatment
Total Yield lb / acre
Control with no fertilizers or pesticides (C) 13016.20 b
Control with needbase fertilizers and pesticides (CF) 13824.30 ab
Treated with no fertilizers or pesticides (T) 16205.20 ab
Treated with needbase fertilizers and pesticides (TF) 17075.60 a
Fig. 3: Nematode root galling severity on a 0-10 basis with 10 representing maximum severity. Means followed
by the same letter do not differ. (Fisher’s LSD test).
Conclusion:
Statistically significant differences of agronomic parameters were here seen between biofield treated versus
untreatedleafy vegetable and fruiting vegetable crops.In the case of lettuce, a leafy green crop, where true
botanical maturity is never reached, the benefits of these treatments included higher percent survivorship of
plant stands in disease infested soil, improved color in plant vigor, and overall yields.In the case of tomatoes, a
fruiting vegetable, where botanical maturation followed anthesis, plant growth and color were improved which
also resulted in higher fruit yields from treated plants.These differences were statistically significant with 95%
confidence using means differenceone-way analysis of variance and Fisher's Least Significant Difference
test.However, while adequately replicated statistically, these studies still represent a single test at a single site
for each crop for the 2011 season. Nevertheless, they support the multiple year results on Alphonso mangos
previously described. The current systematic studies of two crops show that biofield energies applied along with
normal scientific treatments are able to produce healthier plants and higher yield.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
This project was financed by the Trivedi Foundation, AZ, USA.
Aust. J. Basic & Appl. Sci., 6(10): 100-105, 2012
105
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... Moreover, the biofield therapies are reported for the reduction in pain, anxiety and tension [23]. Mr. Trivedi is well known to possess the unique biofield energy treatment (The Trivedi Effect ® ) which is reported to alter the properties such as growth and yield of plants in the field of agriculture [24,25]. The effect was also reported on phenotypic characters of microorganisms in the field of microbiology [26,27]. ...
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The antioxidants play an important role in the preservation of foods and the management of oxidative stress related diseases by acting on reactive oxygen species and free radicals. However, their use in high temperature processed food and pharmaceuticals are limited due to its low thermal stability. The objective of the study was to use the biofield energy treatment on butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) i.e. antioxidant and analyse its impact on the physical, thermal, and spectral properties of BHT. For the study, the sample was divided into two groups and termed as control and treated. The treated group was subjected to biofield energy treatment. The characterization of treated sample was done using X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and UV-visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy. The XRD results showed the alteration in lattice parameters, unit cell volume, and molecular weight along with 14.8% reduction in the crystallite size of treated sample as compared to the control. The DSC analysis showed an increase in the latent heat of fusion from 75.94 J/g (control) to 96.23 J/g in the treated BHT sample. The TGA analysis showed an increase in onset temperature of decomposition (130°C→136°C) and maximum thermal decomposition temperature (152.39°C→158.42°C) in the treated sample as compared to the control. Besides, the FT-IR analysis reported the shifting of aromatic C-H stretching peak towards higher frequency (3068→3150 cm-1) and C=C stretching towards lower frequency (1603→1575 cm-1) as compared to the control sample. Moreover, the UV spectrum also revealed the shifting of the peak at λmax 247 nm (control) to 223 nm in the treated sample. The overall results showed the impact of biofield energy treatment on physical, thermal and spectral properties of BHT sample.
... CAM embraces numerous energy-healing therapies; biofield therapy is one of the energy medicine used worldwide to improve the overall human health. Mr. Trivedi's unique biofield treatment (The Trivedi effect ® ) has been extensively contributes in scientific communities in the field of agricultural science [12][13][14][15]and chemical science [16]. Due to the necessity of rice as the prime food resource and to improve overall productivity of rice plants an effective control measure need to be established. ...
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Food production needs to increase to satisfy the demand due to increasing human population worldwide. To minimize this food crisis, an increase in the rice production is necessary in many countries. The current study was undertaken to evaluate the impact of Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment on rice (Oryza sativa) for its growth-germination of seedling, glutathione (GSH) content in seedling and mature plants, indole acetic acid (IAA) content in shoots and roots and DNA polymorphism by random amplified polymorphic-DNA (RAPD). The sample of O. sativa cv, 644 was divided into two groups. One group was remained as untreated and coded as control, while the other group was subjected to Mr. Trivedi for biofield energy treatment and denoted as treated sample. The growth-germination of O. sativa seedling data exhibited that the biofield treated seeds was germinated faster on day 3 as compared to control (on day 5). The shoot and root length of seedling was slightly increased in the treated seeds of 10 days old with respect to untreated seeds. Moreover, the plant antioxidant i.e. GSH content in seedling and in mature plants was significantly increased by 639.26% and 56.24%, respectively as compared to untreated sample. Additionally, the plant growth regulatory constituent i.e. IAA level in root and shoot was significantly (p<0.05) increased by 106.90% and 20.35%, respectively with respect to control. Besides, the DNA fingerprinting data using RAPD, revealed that the treated sample showed an average range of 5 to 46% of DNA polymorphism as compared to control. The overall results envisaged that the biofield energy treatment on rice seeds showed a significant improvement in germination, growth of roots and shoots, GSH and IAA content in the treated sample. In conclusion, the treatment of biofield energy on rice seeds could be used as an alternative way to increase the production of rice.
... Biofield energy treatment was reported with high genetic variability among species using RAPD fingerprinting [18]. However, the effect was also reported in case of biofield treated ginseng, blueberry [31], and lettuce, tomato [32] with an improved overall agronomical characteristics. Effect on plants genetic characters from control and biofield treated plots were compared and analyzed for their epidemiological relatedness and genetic characteristics. ...
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Eggplant and watermelon, as one of the important vegetative crops have grown worldwide. The aim of the present study was to analyze the overall growth of the two inbreed crops varieties after the biofield energy treatment. The plots were selected for the study, and divided into two parts, control and treated. The control plots were left as untreated, while the treated plots were exposed with Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment. Both the crops were cultivated in different fields and were analyzed for the growth contributing parameters as compared with their respective control. To study the genetic variability in both plants after biofield energy treatment, DNA fingerprinting was performed using RAPD method. The eggplants were reported to have uniform colored, glossy, and greener leaves, which are bigger in size. The canopy of the eggplant was larger with early fruiting, while the fruits have uniform shape and the texture as compared with the control. However, the watermelon plants after the biofield treatment showed higher survival rate, with larger canopy, bright and dark green leaves compared with the untreated plants. The percentage of true polymorphism observed between control and treated samples of eggplant and watermelon seed samples were an average value of 18% and 17%, respectively. Overall, the data suggest that Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment has the ability to alter the plant growth rate, and can be utilized in better way as compared with the existing agricultural crop improvement techniques to improve the overall crop yield.
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Toluic acid isomers are widely used as a chemical intermediate in manufacturing of dyes, pharmaceuticals, polymer stabilizers, insect repellent and other organic synthesis. The aim of present study was to evaluate the impact of biofield treatment on physical, thermal and spectroscopic properties of ortho isomer of toluic acid (OTA). The OTA sample was divided into two groups, served as control and treated. The treated group received Mr. Trivedi’s biofield treatment. Subsequently, the control and treated samples were evaluated using X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis/ derivative thermogravimetry (TGA/DTG), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy. XRD result showed 26.66% decrease in crystallite size in treated OTA sample as compared to control. Furthermore, DSC analysis result showed that latent heat of fusion was considerably reduced by 6.68% in treated OTA sample as compared to control. However, an increase in melting point was observed in treated sample. The melting point of treated OTA sample was found to be 107.96°C as compared to control (105.47°C) sample. Moreover, TGA/DTG studies showed that Tmax (temperature, at which sample lost its maximum weight) was decreased by 1.21% in treated OTA sample as compared to control. It indicates that vaporisation of treated OTA sample might increase as compared to control. The FT-IR and UV-Vis spectra did not show any significant changes in spectral properties of treated OTA sample as compared to control. These findings suggest that biofield treatment has significantly altered the physical and thermal properties of OTA, which could make it more useful as chemical intermediate.
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Pogostemon cablin is a known aromatic plant which is cultivated for its essential oil widely applicated in perfumery and cosmetic industries. In the present study, the effect of biofield treatment was studied on the growth of P. cablin. For this study an in vitro culture system was set up in two groups, viz., control and treatment, each of which was derived from three different explant sources, namely leaf, node and petiole. Further these in vitro plantlets were hardened and transferred to external environment. The stomatal cells and epidermal hair growth were also studied at various morphogenetic stages. The study revealed that a single spell of biofield energy treatment produced significant increase in growth in treated group throughout all the morphogenetic phases from in vitro to in vivo level. A remarkable increase in stomatal cells and epidermal hair was also seen in treated group.
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Next to atoms and molecules the powders are the smallest state of matter available in high purities and large quantities. The effect of any external energy on the shape, morphology and structure can thus be studied with relative ease. The present investigation deals with the effect of a non-contact external energy on the powders of antimony and bismuth. The characteristics of powders treated by external energy are com-pared with the as received powders (control). The average particle sizes, d50 and d99, the sizes below which 99% of the particles are present showed significant increase and decrease indicating that the energy had caused deformation and fracture as if the powders have been subjected to high energy milling. To be able to understand the reasons for these changes the powders are characterized by techniques such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), surface area determination (BET), thermal analytical techniques such as DTA–DTG, DSC–TGA and SDTA and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The treated powder samples exhibited remarkable changes in the powder characteristics at all structural levels starting from polycrystalline particles, through single crystal to atoms. The external energy had changed the lattice parameters of the unit cell which in turn changed the crystallite size and density. The lat-tice parameters are then used to compute the weight and effective nuclear charge of the atom which showed significant variation. It is speculated that the external energy is acting on the nucleus through some reversible weak interaction of larger cross section causing changes in the proton to neutron ratios. Thus the effect is felt by all the atoms, and hence the unit cell, single crystal grain and grain boundaries. The stresses generated in turn may have caused deformation or fracture of the weak interfaces such as the crystallite and grain boundaries.
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This paper provides a scientific foundation for the biofield: the complex, extremely weak electromagnetic field of the organism hypothesized to involve electromagnetic bioinformation for regulating homeodynamics. The biofield is a useful construct consistent with bioelectromagnetics and the physics of nonlinear, dynamical, nonequilibrium living systems. It offers a unifying hypothesis to explain the interaction of objects or fields with the organism, and is especially useful toward understanding the scientific basis of energy medicine, including acupuncture, biofield therapies, bioelectromagnetic therapies, and homeopathy. The rapid signal propagation of electromagnetic fields comprising the biofield as well as its holistic properties may account for the rapid, holistic effects of certain alternative and complementary medical interventions.
Conference Paper
The aim of this project was to observe the impact of Biofield treatment in order to eradicate the spongy tissue disorder (internal breakdown). Two groups of 32-year-old Alphonso mango trees having spongy tissue disorder since more than 2 decades were selected at flowering/ fruitening stages. First group of 55 trees were subjected to Biofield treatment, while second group of 75 were control. Standard cultivation practices were followed in control, while treated trees were cultivated only using water. In treated trees flowering pattern (shape and size) altered to 4-5 inches in length with more female flowers whereas it was 8-10 inches long whereas in control there were few female flowers. Neither malformation nor any cluster of fruit lets at tip of panicles was observed in treated compared to control. No fruit drop was observed in treated trees throughout the season compared to control. Fruits from treated trees on 100% maturity were free from spongy tissue and average weight was 400gms compared to 275 grams in control. Acidity and Vitamin C content increased by 66 and 47% respectively; also reducing sugar and total sugar content decreased by 29 and 26% respectively compared to control. According nature’s law, 2-3 months before flowering starts, every tree itself designs the program of flowering period, fruiting period, and final produce in terms of quality and quantity, any treatment given during or after flowering is ineffective due to predetermined program of the tree. After exposure to Biofield treatment all 55 trees completely transformed even after flowering had started. This reprogramming in 55 trees could have been achieved due to DNA polymorphism. This assumption is supported by fact that in a separate project, similar exposure to the said treatment gave rise to DNA polymorphism up to 69% in 38 different crops.
Article
It's not often that Metal Powder Report departs from the path of hard facts into the somewhat ‘mushier’ area of metaphysics, but opportunities crop up. While recognising that science has its fair share of charlatans, one such opportunity was presented by a paper submitted by an Indian researcher in which he details work aimed at probing the effects on powder samples where changes were apparently generated by thought. Some will laugh, others will cry, but perhaps among our readers there are those who might be able to help elucidate further the phenomena described…
Article
Scientists are searching for eluding link between spirituality and science. Some believe fundamental essences of universe to be energy and information. As per current understanding, energy and matter always coexisted and is considered one and the same. Energy is considered as ‘matter in perpetual motion’ and matter as ‘stationary energy’. Interconversion between matter and energy has been defined by Einstein’s famous energy–mass equation (E=mc2) which has been proven by nuclear physicists using complex nuclear reactions involving high energy particles. However, many spiritual masters have claimed to realise this energy–matter interconversion using their spiritual powers/energy but scientifically unknown and unverified. It is the first time that the lead author (M. K. Trivedi) has been using his unique superconsciousness energy in the form of thought intervention and information signals to bring about dramatic and radical transformations in the physical and structural properties of organic and inorganic materials. The present paper is the first scientific report that deals with the effect of consciousness energy which M. K. Trivedi uniquely communicates through thought intervention by sending an information signal that transforms carbon allotropes. The changes the energy has caused at the atomic, molecular and crystalline levels in diamond, graphite and activated charcoal have been studied very systematically and are reported in this paper. It has been observed that the superconsciousness energy when transmitted to carbon allotropes has changed the lattice parameters of unit cells, crystallite sizes and densities. Computed weight and effective nuclear charge of the treated atoms exhibited significant variation. It is believed that the energy is acting on the nuclei causing their transmutation.
Evaluation of Biofield Therapy Dose and Distance in a
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Yount, G., S. Patil, U. Dave, L. DeSantos, K. Gon, R. Arauz and K. Rachlin, 2012. Evaluation of Biofield Therapy Dose and Distance in a Cell Culture Model. J. Altern. Complement. Med., 18: 1-4.
The biofield hypothesis: its biophysical basis and role in medicine
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