Metodología de entrenamiento de observadores para investigaciones sobre Educación Física y Deporte en las que se utilice como método la observación

Motricidad: revista de ciencias de la actividad física y del deporte, ISSN 0214-0071, Nº. 5, 1999, pags. 69-86 5.
Source: OAI


The importance of the observation in the research on Physical Activity and Sport is manifested in all the lines of research of this knowledge area. Before the imnportance that in this method has the observers, we intend to offer a trainning methodology of the observers that assure the reliability in the data collection and, consistently, it will be a useful instrument for the investigation lines that certify this knowledge area. La Importancia de la Observación en la investigación sobre la Actividad Física y el Deporte es manifiesta, dado que se utiliza prácticamente en todas las líneas de investigación de esta área de conocimiento. Ante la importancia que en este método tiene la utilización de observadores, con este estudio pretendemos ofrecer una Metodología de Entrenamiento de Observadores que asegure la fiabilidad en la recogida de datos y por tanto, sea un instrumento útil para las diferentes líneas de investigación que conforman esta área de conocimiento.

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    • "Los resultados de la concordancia interobservadores demostraron que ninguno bajó del índice 0 . 80 en cada código registrado , considerado como el grado mínimo de confiabilidad necesario que debe alcanzar un observador antes de participar en una investigación ( Medina & Delgado , 1999 ) , estando siempre por encima del 0 . 85 . "
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to establish the factors which affect the level of participation among players of different youth male volleyball teams. Number of transitions, continuity, point finalization and its result, were analyzed. The study was focused on the 2002 Male under 14 Scholar Spanish Championship, through a synchronic, symmetric and multidimensional investigation design. The Number of transitions to the other court and continuity had a straight relation with the focus of the research; however, there is no statistical signification between the increased participation with more likely of completing finish points and achieving a most points. We concluded that it can be considered that this volleyball category is characterized by the existence of a specialized and hierarchical game style, in which the best players show a highest level of involvement during the game.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2014 · Revista Internacional de Medicina y Ciencias de la Actividad Fisica y del Deporte
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    • "The basic training stage, similar to the preparatory phase of training described by Medina and Delgado (1999), involves learning about the behavior to be observed and understanding its operational definition. One way of doing this is through observation exercises involving video recordings of part of the behavior to be observed. "
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    ABSTRACT: In the field of observational methodology the observer is obviously a central figure, and close attention should be paid to the process through which he or she acquires, applies, and maintains the skills required. Basic training in how to apply the operational definitions of categories and the rules for coding, coupled with the opportunity to use the observation instrument in real-life situations, can have a positive effect in terms of the degree of agreement achieved when one evaluates intra- and inter-observer reliability. Several authors, including Arias et al. (Apunts, 4:40–45, 2009) and Medina and Delgado (Motricidad: Revista de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte, 5:69–86, 1999) , have put forward proposals for the process of basic and applied training in this context. Reid and De Master (ORI Res Bull, 12:1–13, 1972) focuses on the observer’s performance and how to maintain the acquired skills, it being argued that periodic checks are needed after initial training because an observer may, over time, become less reliable due to the inherent complexity of category systems. The purpose of this subsequent training is to maintain acceptable levels of observer reliability. Various strategies can be used to this end, including providing feedback about those categories associated with a good reliability index, or offering re-training in how to apply those that yield lower indices. The aim of this study is to develop a performance-based index that is capable of assessing an observer’s ability to produce reliable observations in conjunction with other observers.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2014 · Quality and Quantity
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    • "Históricamente, no sólo en baloncesto sino en todos los deportes colectivos, uno de los métodos más empleados para conocer esas características del esfuerzo ha sido y es la metodología observacional a través del análisis de video (Abdelkrim y col., 2007; Boyle, Mahoney y Wallace, 1994; McInnes y col., 1995; Taylor, 2003; Tessitore y col., 2006). En el momento actual, el carácter científico de la metodología observacional, contrastado por múltiples autores (Anguera, 1990; Medina y Delgado, 1999) nos lleva a pensar en ella como una buena herramienta para utilizar en el baloncesto femenino, que al igual que otros deportes colectivos cumple con los requisitos necesarios (Gil y Contreras, 2008): espontaneidad de los comportamientos, el juego se desarrolla en su contexto natural y permite la utilización de la tecnología para acceder con precisión a las conductas. "

    Full-text · Article · Oct 2013 · RICYDE. Revista internacional de ciencias del deporte
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