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Revision der Gattung Kotlabaea: K. deformis, K. delectans und K. benkertii

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Der Artikel befasst sich mit der Revision der Discomycetengattung Kotlabaea. Die phylogenetischen Untersuchungen zeigen, dass K. deformis kongenerisch mit den Arten der Gattung Byssonectria ist. K. delectans ist verwandt mit den Arten aus der Gattung Geopyxis, K. benkertii mit den Arten aus den Gattungen Boubovia und Pulvinula, bildet aber eine eigene Abstammungslinie. Aufgrund der Ergebnisse der phylogenetischen Analyse und der Untersuchungen der Morphologie wird für K. deformis die generische Einordung in Byssonectria vorgeschlagen. Für K. benkertii wird die neue Gattung Pseudoboubovia geschaffen. A b s t r a c t: The article focuses on the revision of the genus Kotlabaea. Phylogenetic studies show that K. deformis is congeneric with the species of Byssonectria. K. delectans is related to the species of Geopyxis and K. benkertii to the species of Boubovia and Pulvinula, but forms a separate lineage. Based on the results of the phylogenetic analysis and the study of morphological features a new generic placement of K. deformis in Byssonectria is proposed as well as the new genus Pseudoboubovia to accommodate K. benkertii.
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© 2015 – Deutsche Gesellschaft für Mykologie
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Revision der Gattung Kotlabaea:
K. deformis, K. delectans und K. benkertii

 Revision of the genus KotlabaeaK. deformis
K. delectans and K. benkertii. 
Key WordsBoubovia, Byssonectria, Kotlabaea, Octosporopsis, Pseudo-
boubovia, Pulvinula
Abstract:Kotlabaea
that K. deformisByssonectria. K. delectans
of Geopyxis and K. benkertiiBoubovia and Pulvinula,

K. deformis in ByssonectriaPseudo-
boubovia K. benkertii.
Zusammenfassung: Kotlabaea.
K. deformis
Gattung Byssonectria ist. K. delectansGeopyxisK. ben-
kertii  Boubovia und Pulvinula

K. deformisByssonectria
Für K. benkertii Pseudoboubovia geschaffen.
Einleitung
      Kotlabaea   
  Kotlabaea nicolai   
Octosporopsis nicolai 


K. deformis  K. delectans
K. benkertii
K. deformis, K. delec-
tans und K. benkertiiK. deformis
Byssonectria Karst. und
K. delectans    Geopyxis K. benkertii
steht BouboviaPulvinula Boud. nahe. Die
Kotlabaea

Anschrift der Autoren:


Kotlabaea
© 2015 – Deutsche Gesellschaft für Mykologie
 
PyronemataceaeOctosporopsis Kotlabaea nicolai ist in der
OctosporaK. deformis in der CheilymeniaK.  delectans
in der Geopyxis-Linie und K. benkertii
Material und Methoden
Morphologische Untersuchungen







       




      


DNA-Extraktion, Amplifikation und Sequenzierung

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
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



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© 2015 – Deutsche Gesellschaft für Mykologie
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


Phylogenetische Analyse


von  
tef1

Kotlabaea benkertii
tef1rpb2


tef1 and rpb2tef1
tef1
tef1rpb2tef1rpb2






tef1tef1rpb2







Kotlabaea
© 2015 – Deutsche Gesellschaft für Mykologie
 
Tabelle 1: 







Art Herbar-Nr.
[Labor-Nr.]
geographische
Herkunft, Jahr,
Sammler
LSU ITS TEF-1α Rpb2
Boubovia .




  
Byssonectria
(Kotlabaea)
deformis





   
B. deformis 





   
B. deformis 




   
B. deformis 



tiansen
 
B. deformis 




   
B. deformis 




 
B. fusispora  



   
B. fusispora  




   
B. fusispora  




   
B. fusispora  




   
© 2015 – Deutsche Gesellschaft für Mykologie
377
B. terrestris  




   
B. terrestris  




   
Kotlabaea
delectans





   
K. delectans T.R.L.





   
K. delectans T.R.L.





   
Pseudoboubovia
Kotlabaea
benkertii 






  
P. benkertii  




   
P. benkertii  



Kaounas
   
P. benkertii  





   
Ergebnisse
tef1tef1rpb2



 PseudombrophilaGeopyxisPulvinula und Boubovia
ScutelliniaTrichophaea und Cheilymenia 


Kotlabaea
K. delectans  eine signi
 Geopyxis Geo-
pyxis

Kotlabaea
© 2015 – Deutsche Gesellschaft für Mykologie
 
K. delectans
Geopy-
xis G. carbonaria K. delectans
G. vulcanalis 
K. deformisKotlabaea
Cheilymenia
Byssonectria terrestris
Byssonectria fusispora
K. deformis
und B. fusispora


B. terrestrisThele-
bolus terrestrisB. obducens
Byssonectria
K. deformis und B. terrestris



K. deformis et

Scutellinia-
Trichophaea

K. deformis




K. deformis
K. deformis


Fig. 1 tef1






© 2015 – Deutsche Gesellschaft für Mykologie

© 2015 – Deutsche Gesellschaft für Mykologie
 
Kotlabaea benkertii 
 
tef1

Gattungen Pulvinula und BouboviaK. benkertii besteht. 
tef1rpb2

K. benkertii








 K. benkertii
Boubovia
Boubovia

Boubovia
Boubovia

Diskussion
1. Kotlabaea deformis und Byssonectria terrestris
Kotlabaea deformis  Byssonectria ter-
restris Gattung Byssonectria 
     
K. deformis und B. terrestris
K. deformis

von B. terrestris
K. deformis und B. terrestris  
   



B. terrestris       
B. ter-
restris und B. fusispora
© 2015 – Deutsche Gesellschaft für Mykologie

Fig. 2
tef1rpb2





Kotlabaea
© 2015 – Deutsche Gesellschaft für Mykologie
 
K. deformis und B. terrestris
K. deformis 
      B. terrestris  




K. defor-
mis
 Humaria callichroa 
B. terrestris
 Inermisia fusispora  Byssonectria
aggregata 

   K. deformis und B. terrestris    
    
K. deformis in die Gattung Inermisia
I. aggregata B. terrestris  
Inermisia   Byssonectria    
   Inermisia deformis   
Byssonectria
K. deformis  
 Kotlabaea in Byssonectria
        Kotlabaea
Svr. steht offenbar der Gattung Byssonectria

      Byssonectria     Kotlabaea 
         
Gattung Kotlabaea       Kotlabaea 
Byssonectria
Byssonectria
K. deformis 
K. deformis
Byssonectria


K. deformis
Byssonectria
© 2015 – Deutsche Gesellschaft für Mykologie

Byssonectria deformis (P. Karst.) U. Lindemann & M. Vega
comb. nov.
Basionym: Peziza deformis 
MycoBank 
Synonyme:
Humaria deformis
Pyronema deforme

Humarina deformis
Octospora deformis
Kotlabaea deformis
Inermisia deformis
Humaria callichroa
Neottiella callichroa
Octospora callichroa
* Humaria cinnabarina 
* Pyronema tapesioides 
* Pyronema tapesioides var. saccharinumAnnls mycol.
B. deformisHumaria cinnabarina
Pyronema tapesioides      


K. deformisKotlabaea
Byssonectria
       


K. deformisK. macrospora
und K. trondiiK. carestiae

KotlabaeaK. deformis
betrifft insbesondere K. danuviana      
K. deformisK. aurantiaca

              Kotlabaea
K. alutacea     K. spaniosa
Kotlabaea
Boubovia
         Kotlabaea benkertii
Kotlabaea
© 2015 – Deutsche Gesellschaft für Mykologie
 
          


         

2. Byssonectria terrestris und B. fusispora
  K. deformis und B. terrestris geriet auch
     B. terrestris  B. fusispora    

          
 

von B. terrestris und B. fusispora    


von B. terrestris und B. fusispora 
Tabelle 2: B. terrestris und B. fusispora
B. terrestris B. fusispora
 






 






 






 



B. terrestris 


B. fusispora




Byssonectria
© 2015 – Deutsche Gesellschaft für Mykologie

Tafel 1: K. deformis 
         B. fusispora   
B. terrestrisB. terrestris
 
Kotlabaea
© 2015 – Deutsche Gesellschaft für Mykologie
 
Tafel 2  K. deformis B. terrestris   B. fusispora
 von K. deformisB. terrestrisB. fusispora 
 K. deformisB. terrestrisB. fusispora 
 
© 2015 – Deutsche Gesellschaft für Mykologie

B. terrestris und B. fusispora
B. terrestris

B. fusispora eine
     

B. fusispora


        
B. terrestris und B. fusispora nicht
  B. ter-
restris            B. fusi-
spora         
B. fusi-
spora B. terrestris


    B. terrestris   
   B. fusispora


B. terrestris
3. Byssonectria globifila
Byssonectria
Byssonectria globifila
B. terrestris


CoprotusB. globifila
Byssonectria
B. globifila

B. globi-
filanicht Byssonectria

4. Kotlabaea delectans
Bereits K. delectans
Kotlabaea


Kotlabaea
© 2015 – Deutsche Gesellschaft für Mykologie
 
KotlabaeaK. delectans
Humaria delectansGeopyxis
majalis           
Geopyxis
     
K. delectans
 
K. delectans    
Geopyxis 
           
Geopyxis
Geopyxis carbonaria

K. delectans 
Geopyxis
ob K. delectansGeopyxis

Geopyxis
K. delectansGeopyxis

K. delectans
K. delectans in Geopyxis 

5. Kotlabaea benkertii
          
Kotlabaea benkertii

Kotlabaea


        





K. benkertii  bei 


K. benkertii  K. deformis
Kotlabaea 
© 2015 – Deutsche Gesellschaft für Mykologie



K. benkertii und K. deformisK. deformis
hat K. benkertiiK. benkertii
K. deformis K. benkertii

K. deformis
tef1K. benkertii

Pulvinula und Boubovia
tef1rpb2

tef1rpb2
die Gattungen Geopyxis und Tarzetta 
 K. benkertii    


K. benkertii und
B. luteola Boubovia  


      
K. benkertii und der Gattung Boubovia    
         
         
      
Boubovia
Kotlabaea
© 2015 – Deutsche Gesellschaft für Mykologie
 
Tabelle 3: Kotlabaea benkertii und Boubovia luteola
Kotlabaea benkertii Boubovia luteola
Ascusbasis einfach gegabelt
Ascosporen 




mit
warzig-scholligem Ornament,
einigen wenigen

 
dünn 
K. benkertiiohne Perispor


Paraphysen 




reagierend


spiralig eingerollt
hyalin

Exzipulum 


einschichtig

Ökologie 

Cupressiaceae und Pinaceae






 K. benkertii  
Pulvinula
     
Pulvinula
 Pulvinula
 Pulvinula
P. ovalispora Boud. Für
P. ovalispora    
BouboviaPulvinula

die Gattung Pulvinula
Pulvinula
rend diese bei K. benkertii
© 2015 – Deutsche Gesellschaft für Mykologie
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PulvinulaP. archeri
P. salmonicolorP. niveoalba
ere Funde von P. niveoalba      
 Pulvinula
          
et
 

K. benkertii
Geopyxis und Tarzetta
Tarzetta
Geopyxis
TarzettaGeopyxisTarzetta

Tarzetta
 
      Geopyxis  
        
   Geo-
pyxis und Tarzetta


Ascodesmis Tiegh. oder
Eleutherascus
K. benkertii


von K. benkertiiBouboviaPulvinulaGeopyxis und Tarzetta

   K. benkertii      
 
Pseudoboubovia U. Lindemann, M. Vega, Perić & R. Tena
gen. nov.
Typus: Kotlabaea benkertiiMycologia Montenegrina 15
MycoBank 
Diagnosis
           


Kotlabaea
© 2015 – Deutsche Gesellschaft für Mykologie
 



  






Übersetzung:


         
        
        



    



Etymologie: Pseudoboubovia = 
BouboviaBoubo-
via

Pseudoboubovia benkertii (Perić) U. Lindemann, M. Vega,
Perić & R. Tena comb. nov.
Basionym: Kotlabaea benkertiiMycologia Montenegrina 15
MycoBank 
6. Nachträge zu Octosporopsis nicolai
      
Octosporopsis nicolai. Sie be
     Lunularia cruciata

   
© 2015 – Deutsche Gesellschaft für Mykologie


 

  
von O. nicolai
 
           
Lunularia cruciata.
        
         
L. cruciata.
 

L. cruciata.
 
 L. cruciata und

 
L. cruciata.
         
, 
steinen auf L. cruciataBarbula convoluta
Collema tenax 
 
L. cruciata
von L. cruciata       

          
L. cruciata

 


 
L. cruciata.
     


Kotlabaea
© 2015 – Deutsche Gesellschaft für Mykologie
 
Untersuchte Funde
Boubovia luteola


Kristiansen.
Boubovia sp.


Fraxinus

Byssonectria deformis

























© 2015 – Deutsche Gesellschaft für Mykologie

 


Byssonectria fusispora




Polytrichum





Polytrichum






Byssonectria terrestris








Polytri-
chum




Kotlabaea
© 2015 – Deutsche Gesellschaft für Mykologie
 






Kotlabaea delectans













Pseudoboubovia benkertii
Cupressus


Juniperus 
Quercus
robur



Cupressus sempervirens L. und
Pinus halepensis



Pinus halepensis und Cupressus semper-
virens
© 2015 – Deutsche Gesellschaft für Mykologie

Pseudopythiella minuscula
Wilcoxina sp.

Dank

        


          
 
           
K. benkertii  
 O. nicolai geführt

Byssonectria   
Kotlabaea-delectans






Literatur
Moravecia hvaleri und Kotlabaea trondii
65
B
Gattungen ArpiniaKotlabaeaMiladina und Smardaea4
Byssonectria.
15
Kotlabaea macrospora
104
Kotlabaea
17





Kotlabaea
© 2015 – Deutsche Gesellschaft für Mykologie
 
Octospora and Inermisia
28


18.
           
2

Geopyxis foetidaG. alpina
 57


1
Tarzetta
1
          
Orbicula parietina and Lasiobolidium orbiculoides
97


67
36

14
Octospora and Kotlabaea
77
Pulvinula
20.
21

51

6
Boubovia luteola122
Byssonectria
69

2005/3

Octosporopsis nicolai 
 . 80/2

© 2015 – Deutsche Gesellschaft für Mykologie

         
16


Inocybe
35
10



51
Pulvinula laeterubra
181
Pulvinula convexella
 186
KotlabaeaK. benkertii
15

111
Pulvinula
24
Pulvinula
9
Byssonectria
85
 Beauveria
  Cordyceps
97(1)
Pulvinula niveoalba5
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
Kotlabaea
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Kotlabaea benkertii
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.
Kotlabaea
© 2015 – Deutsche Gesellschaft für Mykologie
 
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4

3.

4.
           
Cryptococcus
172
  Kotlabaea delectans



           


Boubovia and Pulvinula
100
Byssonectria
100
   Tarzetta 
Research 106
© 2015 – Deutsche Gesellschaft für Mykologie

Extended English summary
Octosporopsis nicolai and continues the revi
sion of the genus KotlabaeaK. deformis is congeneric
Byssonectria. K. delectansGeopyxis and
K. benkertiiBoubovia and Pulvinula, but K. benkertii

K. deformis in Byssonectria
Pseudoboubovia K. benkertii


BouboviaPulvinulaGeopyxisTarzetta
K. benkertiiK. benkertii 
 K. deformisKotlabaea
         Byssonectria
 
KotlabaeaKotlabaea 

          

 Byssonectria terrestris and
B. fusispora

B. terrestris and B. fusispora

Byssonectria globifila
Byssonectria
B. terrestris
Byssonectria
Octosporopsis nicolai in regard to
Lunularia cruciata
O. nicolai

Kotlabaea
© 2015 – Deutsche Gesellschaft für Mykologie
 
Pablo Alvarado




Uwe Lindemann



Marcel Vega

... According to our analysis, the specimen PM2189 belonged to the Cheilymenia-Byssonectria P. Karst. lineage described by Lindemann (2015). The ITS sequence of this specimen, in fact, closely matched that of C. stercorea. ...
... Similar patterns resulted from the LSU tree. According to Lindemann et al. (2015) the genus Cheilymenia is polyphyletic. In fact, based on LSU and Ef1a sequences, these authors hypothesized that C. stercoraria not belonged to Cheilymenia but, rather, it was more related to Scutellinia. ...
... Phylogram generated from maximum likelihood analysis based on combined ITS, LSU, SSU and TEF1-a sequence data for Boubovia species and several closely related genera in Ascodesmidaceae. Related sequences are taken fromPerry et al. (2007),Hansen et al. (2013),Lindemann et al. (2015) andKušan et al. (2018). Sixteen strains are included in the combined analyses which comprise 3584 characters (669 characters for ITS, 890 characters for LSU, 1043 characters for SSU, 982 characters for TEF1-a) after alignment.Pseudoboubovia benkertii (V.K. 3202) is used as the outgroup taxon. ...
Article
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This article is the tenth series of the Fungal Diversity Notes, where 114 taxa distributed in three phyla, ten classes, 30 orders and 53 families are described and illustrated. Taxa described in the present study include one new family (viz. Pseudoberkleasmiaceae in Dothideomycetes), five new genera (Caatingomyces, Cryptoschizotrema, Neoacladium, Paramassaria and Trochilispora) and 71 new species, (viz. Acrogenospora thailandica, Amniculicola aquatica, A. guttulata, Angustimassarina sylvatica, Blackwellomyces lateris, Boubovia gelatinosa, Buellia viridula, Caatingomyces brasiliensis, Calophoma humuli, Camarosporidiella mori, Canalisporium dehongense, Cantharellus brunneopallidus, C. griseotinctus, Castanediella meliponae, Coprinopsis psammophila, Cordyceps succavus, Cortinarius minusculus, C. subscotoides, Diaporthe italiana, D. rumicicola, Diatrypella delonicis, Dictyocheirospora aquadulcis, D. taiwanense, Digitodesmium chiangmaiense, Distoseptispora dehongensis, D. palmarum, Dothiorella styphnolobii, Ellisembia aurea, Falciformispora aquatic, Fomitiporia carpinea, F. lagerstroemiae, Grammothele aurantiaca, G. micropora, Hermatomyces bauhiniae, Jahnula queenslandica, Kamalomyces mangrovei, Lecidella yunnanensis, Micarea squamulosa, Muriphaeosphaeria angustifoliae, Neoacladium indicum, Neodidymelliopsis sambuci, Neosetophoma miscanthi, N. salicis, Nodulosphaeria aquilegiae, N. thalictri, Paramassaria samaneae, Penicillium circulare, P. geumsanense, P. mali-pumilae, P. psychrotrophicum, P. wandoense, Phaeoisaria siamensis, Phaeopoacea asparagicola, Phaeosphaeria penniseti, Plectocarpon galapagoense, Porina sorediata, Pseudoberkleasmium chiangmaiense, Pyrenochaetopsis sinensis, Rhizophydium koreanum, Russula prasina, Sporoschisma chiangraiense, Stigmatomyces chamaemyiae, S. cocksii, S. papei, S. tschirnhausii, S. vikhrevii, Thysanorea uniseptata, Torula breviconidiophora, T. polyseptata, Trochilispora schefflerae and Vaginatispora palmae). Further, twelve new combinations (viz. Cryptoschizotrema cryptotrema, Prolixandromyces australi, P. elongatus, P. falcatus, P. longispinae, P. microveliae, P. neoalardi, P. polhemorum, P. protuberans, P. pseudoveliae, P. tenuistipitis and P. umbonatus), an epitype is chosen for Cantharellus goossensiae, a reference specimen for Acrogenospora sphaerocephala and new synonym Prolixandromyces are designated. Twenty-four new records on new hosts and new geographical distributions are also reported (i.e. Acrostalagmus annulatus, Cantharellus goossensiae, Coprinopsis villosa, Dothiorella plurivora, Dothiorella rhamni, Dothiorella symphoricarposicola, Dictyocheirospora rotunda, Fasciatispora arengae, Grammothele brasiliensis, Lasiodiplodia iraniensis, Lembosia xyliae, Morenoina palmicola, Murispora cicognanii, Neodidymelliopsis farokhinejadii, Neolinocarpon rachidis, Nothophoma quercina, Peroneutypa scoparia, Pestalotiopsis aggestorum, Pilidium concavum, Plagiostoma salicellum, Protofenestella ulmi, Sarocladium kiliense, Tetraploa nagasakiensis and Vaginatispora armatispora).
... The phylogenetic affinity of Coprotus was studied using molecular data by Hansen et al. (2013), who showed that the genus belongs to the Pezizomycetes and forms a strongly supported monophyletic group with Boubovia Svrček (Pyronemataceae). This was confirmed by Lindemann et al. (2015) and Lindemann and Alvarado (2017). Wijayawardene et al. (2017) placed the genus Coprotus in the family Ascodesmidaceae (Pezizales, Pezizomycetes), and included 29 species. ...
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In a mycological research performed in the Sjeverni Velebit National Park, Croatia, a new species of Coprotus was discovered, described here as C. epithecioides. Along with the microscopic examination, phylogenetic analysis of the type material, based on ITS and LSU sequences, was performed in order to evaluate its relationship with the type species, C. sexdecimsporus. The type species was sequenced in this study for the first time, providing ITS and LSU sequences from two separate collections which displayed differences in macroscopic characters and content of paraphyses. An extended description of C. sexdecimsporus based on Croatian material is also provided. A worldwide identification key to the species assigned to the genus Coprotus is presented, along with a species overview, containing a data matrix. The phylogenetic position of Coprotus in the Boubovia-Coprotus clade within Pyronemataceae s.l. is discussed. Coprotus sexdecimsporus is also reported here as new to the Croatian mycobiota.
... Geopyxis delectans has most recently been treated in Kotlabaea (Svrček 1974, Benkert 2008. Phylogenetic studies in Kotlabaea using ITS and 28S sequences showed, however, that the genus is polyphyletic, and K. delectans is more closely related to species of Geopyxis and Tarzetta (Lindemann et al. 2015). In our ITS-28S phylogeny, these "K. ...
Article
Species limits in the small genus Geopyxis are debatable because of problems with interpreting the few phenotypic features and poor documentation of types. To clarify species boundaries and diversity, we studied the morphology of 74 specimens of Geopyxis from the Northern Hemisphere, including five types, and sequenced four loci for 57 representatives: the nuc rDNA ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 (ITS), D1-D2 domains of nuc 28S rDNA (28S), translation elongation factor (tef1), and (or) part of the second largest subunit of the RNA polymerase II (rpb2) (5-7 region). Eight species are delimited. Six species are shown to be highly supported as reciprocally monophyletic: G. aleurioides sp. nov., G. alpina s. l., G. carbonaria, G. delectans, G. korfii, and G. majalis In addition, coalescent-based Bayesian species delimitation shows G. alpina s. l. constitutes three cryptic species: G. alpina s. str., G. deceptiva sp. nov., and G. rehmii ITS-28S sequences of type material show that G. vulcanalis and G. foetida are synonyms of G. carbonaria A lectotype is designated for Humaria delectans and the name is combined in Geopyxis Morphological characters that can be used to distinguish Geopyxis species are presence/absence of a long stipe, spore size and shape, and pigmented resinous exudates in medullary and ectal excipulum. Geopyxis carbonaria and G. delectans produce apothecia almost exclusively on burned ground. Bayesian analyses detected highly supported conflicts among different loci regarding generic delimitation and species relationships. Two hypogeous genera, Stephensia and Hydnocystis, are confirmed to nest within Geopyxis The relationships between species of Geopyxis and Tarzetta, Stephensia shanorii and Paurocotylis pila, are unresolved. Six out of eight species of Geopyxis recognized in this study have intercontinental disjunct distributions.
Article
Németh, Cs. 2020. Bryophilous ascomycetes (Pezizales) in Hungarian cemeteries. – Herzogia 33: 319 –339. During a systematic survey conducted in 59 cemeteries in Hungary 150 occurrences of 12 bryophilous ascomycetes (Lamprospora dictydiola, L. miniata var. miniata, L. seaveri, Octospora axillaris var. axillaris, O. axillaris var. tetraspora, O. coccinea, O. gemmicola, O. grimmiae, O. gyalectoides, O. itzerottii, O. leucoloma var. leucoloma, O. leucoloma var. tetraspora) were detected. O. gyalectoides was the most frequent species occurring in 90 % of the studied cemeteries, whilst the rarest ones O. grimmiae, O. itzerottii and O. leucoloma var. tetraspora were observed only in one cemetery each. Phascum cuspidatum proved to be the most common bryophyte host, being the host of L. miniata var. miniata, O. axillaris var. axillaris, O. axillaris var. tetraspora and O. gyalectoides. The highest diversity represented with six bryophilous taxa was observed in Budapest-Rákoskeresztúr cemetery, which is by far the largest of those visited. L. dictydiola, O. gemmicola, O. grimmiae and O. leucoloma var. tetraspora are reported here for the first time from Hungary. This study is the first one focusing on bryophilous Pezizales in burial places.
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Knowledge of the relationships and thus the classification of fungi, has developed rapidly with increasingly widespread use of molecular techniques, over the past 10–15 years, and continues to accelerate. Several genera have been found to be polyphyletic, and their generic concepts have subsequently been emended. New names have thus been introduced for species which are phylogenetically distinct from the type species of particular genera. The ending of the separate naming of morphs of the same species in 2011, has also caused changes in fungal generic names. In order to facilitate access to all important changes, it was desirable to compile these in a single document. The present article provides a list of generic names of Ascomycota (approximately 6500 accepted names published to the end of 2016), including those which are lichen-forming. Notes and summaries of the changes since the last edition of ‘Ainsworth & Bisby’s Dictionary of the Fungi’ in 2008 are provided. The notes include the number of accepted species, classification, type species (with location of the type material), culture availability, life-styles, distribution, and selected publications that have appeared since 2008. This work is intended to provide the foundation for updating the ascomycete component of the “Without prejudice list of generic names of Fungi” published in 2013, which will be developed into a list of protected generic names. This will be subjected to the XIXth International Botanical Congress in Shenzhen in July 2017 agreeing to a modification in the rules relating to protected lists, and scrutiny by procedures determined by the Nomenclature Committee for Fungi (NCF). The previously invalidly published generic names Barriopsis, Collophora (as Collophorina), Cryomyces, Dematiopleospora, Heterospora (as Heterosporicola), Lithophila, Palmomyces (as Palmaria) and Saxomyces are validated, as are two previously invalid family names, Bartaliniaceae and Wiesneriomycetaceae. Four species of Lalaria, which were invalidly published are transferred to Taphrina and validated as new combinations. Catenomycopsis Tibell & Constant. is reduced under Chaenothecopsis Vain., while Dichomera Cooke is reduced under Botryosphaeria Ces. & De Not. (Art. 59).
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Pulvinula laeterubra (Rehm) Pfister is a new species of the montenegrin micological flora. Macroscopic and microscopig descriptions, photographs made in situ and drawing of microscopic elements are presented. The author also proposes some comments in ecological and taxonomic aspects.
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2014): Octosporopsis nicolai – a mysterious member of the Pyronemataceae. Zeitschrift für Mykologie 80/2: 565-592. Abstract: Several recent finds of Kotlabaea nicolai provided the opportunity to examine this rarely found discomycete in more detail. Molecular data was obtained from various collections. Based on the results of the phylogenetic analysis and the study of morphological features the new genus Octosporopsis U. Lindemann & M. Vega is proposed to accommodate K. nicolai. Zusammenfassung: Auf Basis mehrerer rezenter Funde von Kotlabaea nicolai war es möglich, diesen bisher nur selten nachgewiesenen Discomyceten genauer zu untersuchen. Ein Teil der Aufsammlungen wurde sequenziert, so dass erstmals DNA-Daten für diese Art vorliegen. Aufgrund der Ergebnisse der phylogenetischen Analyse und der Untersuchungen der Mor-phologie wird für Kotlabaea nicolai die neue Gattung Octosporopsis vorgeschlagen.
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Description et illustrations d'une nouvelle espèce du genre Kotlabaea Svrček K. benkertii, caractérisée par ses asques, ses paraphyses, son habitat, et par la durée de son développement. Abstract Description and illustration of a new Kotlabaea species, K. benkertii, characterized by its asci, paraphises, habitat and development time.
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Byssonectria, previously placed in the Hypocreales, is treated as a member of the Pezizales; Pseudocollema and Inermisia are considered synonyms. Four species are recognized from North America: B. terrestris, a new combination which provides the oldest traceable name for the common North American and European species; B. cartilagineum, also a new combination, is based on the type species of Pseudocollema; B. fusispora; and B. seaveri, a new species for a large-spored North American collection. The ascomata of Byssonectria cartilagineum and B. terrestris are initially cleistohymenial. They open during the mesohymenial phase. The ascogonium is a multicellular filament, one cell of which produces ascogenous hyphae. This filament becomes surrounded by vegetative hyphae which build up the body of the ascoma. Young cleistohymenial ascomata could be mistaken for perithecia; such a mistake seems to account for original placement of the type species of Byssonectria in the Hypocreales.
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Parsimony, maximum-likelihood and Bayesian analyses of SSU rDNA sequences of representative taxa of Pezizomycetes, Eurotiomycetes, Dothideomycetes, Leotiomycetes and Sordariomycetes, all strongly support the cleistothecial fungi Orbicula parietina and Lasiobolidium orbiculoides to be of pezizalean origin. Previous hypotheses of close affinities with cleistothecial or highly reduced fungi now placed in the Thelebolales, Eurotiales or Onygenales are rejected. Orbicula parietina and L. orbiculoides are deeply nested within Pyronemataceae (which subsumes the families Ascodesmidaceae, Glaziellaceae and Otideaceae). LSU rDNA sequences suggest that Orbicula is nested within the apothecia-forming genus Pseudombrophila (including Nannfeldtiella and Fimaria) and that L. orbiculoides is closely related. Ascodesmis and Lasiobolus, which have been suggested as closely related to Orbicula and Lasiobolidium, are identified as a sister lineage to the Pseudombrophila lineage. Cleistothecial forms that have lost the ascus operculum and ability to discharge spores actively have evolved at least once in the Pseudombrophila lineage. Some species of Pseudombrophila produce subglobular ascomata initials that are closed early in development and open only in the mid-mesohymenial phase. We hypothesize that, in the Pseudombrophila lineage, ascomata forms that never open are derived from ascomata that open late in development. The placement of O. parietina and L. orbiculoides within Pseudombrophila is supported by morphological characters, ecology and temperature optima for fruiting.
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Boubovia vermiphila spec. nov. (Pezizales) is described from the mycologically interesting Hvaler archipelago in southern Norway, occurring on casts of earthworms. The relationship with Pulvinula and Boubovia luteola is discussed. Some distinctive characters between Pulvinula and Boubovia are considered.