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The Elderly and Their Relations with Their Families

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Abstract

งานวิจัยนี้มีวัตถุประสงค์เพื่อวิเคราะห์เนื้อหาวรรณกรรมไทยและประกอบสร้างภาพสะท้อนวิถีชีวิตของผู้สูงอายุและสัมพันธภาพกับครอบครัว โดยใช้วิธีการวิเคราะห์เนื้อหา การตีความและการสนทนากลุ่ม ตัวบทที่ใช้ในการศึกษา ได้แก่ นวนิยายและเรื่องสั้น จานวน 50 เรื่อง ผลการศึกษาพบว่า แก่นเรื่องที่พบมากที่สุด ได้แก่ ความขัดแย้งและการจัดการความขัดแย้งระหว่างคนต่างวัยในครอบครัว แนวเรื่องส่วนใหญ่เป็นแนวสัจนิยมที่สะท้อนวิถีชีวิตของผู้สูงอายุที่เรียบง่ายและวนเวียนอยู่กับกิจกรรมเดิม ๆ พฤติกรรมสังคมและงานอดิเรกมักเป็นงานเบา ๆ ตามความถนัดและความสนใจ มีเพียงส่วนน้อยที่สนใจเรื่องการทาบุญและฟังธรรมเทศนา ในด้านบุคลิกภาพนั้น แม้ว่าส่วนใหญ่จะมีบุคลิกภาพที่น่าอบอุ่นและน่าไว้วางใจ แต่สัมพันธภาพระหว่างผู้สูงวัยกับผู้อ่อนวัยมักไม่ใช่สัมพันธภาพทางบวก ถึงกระนั้นความสัมพันธ์ที่ดีนี้สามารถพัฒนาได้โดยการให้อภัย การให้ความรักและความจริงใจ ความสุขของผู้สูงอายุคือ การได้เห็นความสาเร็จในชีวิตของลูกหลาน การมีความรักความอบอุ่นในครอบครัว การได้เลี้ยงดูอบรมลูกหลาน การมีสุขภาพแข็งแรงสมบูรณ์และการเข้าถึงธรรม ส่วนความทุกข์ที่สาคัญคือ ความอ้างว้างเดียวดายและการยึดติดกับอดีต This research aims to analyze the content of Thai literary works in order to illustrate elderly people’s ways of life and their relationships with their families. The research employed content analysis, interpretation, and focus group discussion to investigate a total of 50 novels and short stories. This study found that the most frequent themes were conflict and conflict management between younger and older generations in the family. The largest number of plots found in this study revealed a realistic approach that reflects the simple way of life of the elderly, as they engage in routine, typical activities such as socializing and taking part in hobbies, usually with other people of their age who have similar interests. Furthermore, the story lines indicated that a number of elderly people paid attention to merit making and sermons by monks. Although their personality was usually presented as reliable and warm, their relationships with younger generations were displayed in a relatively negative manner. The stories, however, showed that such negative relationships could be improved with forgiveness, love, and sincerity. Happiness for the elderly is seeing their children’s success, having love and warmth in their families, being healthy, being able to take care of their children’s children, and having access to Dharma teachings, while their great miseries are loneliness and living in the past.
31
51
: 1
The Elderly and Their Relations with Their Families: Reflections of their
relationships in Thai literature1

3





 50 

 



 
1



5
3 1
52


 

: 
Abstract
This research aims to analyze the content of Thai literary works in order to illustrate
elderly people’s ways of life and their relationships with their families. The research employed
content analysis, interpretation, and focus group discussion to investigate a total of 50 novels
and short stories. This study found that the most frequent themes were conflict and conflict
management between younger and older generations in the family. The largest number of plots
found in this study revealed a realistic approach that reflects the simple way of life of the
elderly, as they engage in routine, typical activities such as socializing and taking part in
hobbies, usually with other people of their age who have similar interests. Furthermore, the
story lines indicated that a number of elderly people paid attention to merit making and sermons
by monks. Although their personality was usually presented as reliable and warm, their
relationships with younger generations were displayed in a relatively negative manner. The
stories, however, showed that such negative relationships could be improved with forgiveness,
love, and sincerity. Happiness for the elderly is seeing their children’s success, having love and
warmth in their families, being healthy, being able to take care of their children’s children, and
having access to Dharma teachings, while their great miseries are loneliness and living in the
past.
Key words: Elderly, literature, relationships, and family

31
53

ageing
society) 21 













2545)













(fiction)
-





 (Sauerberg et al., 1983)

 

(what if…) 
 (if only…) 





 3
54
(imagination)
(social reality) 





(key informant)






(Phillips, 1985)














30
2523 
 
 21


1. 

2. 




5 

1. 
(Hermeneutical circle) 
31
55











 Ast, 1990)
2 


(Eco,
1992) 






3. 







4 





5. 



(Correspondence
Theory of Truth) 
(Coherence Theory of Truth) 



56


 
1







2 

1 




15-20 

1







2523-2552

50 
2 

1.  

2. 




2523 -2552 
331
57



1

 
2
 





11
5 
1) 

 2) 

3) 


 4) 

5) 





realism) 
romanticism)


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












 





 


2.  




3 
61












4 



2.1 























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 64
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2.4 -
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









4. 











4.1 












68



-

!” 
 



15-20 









4.2 













 
4.3 












3 
69
 
























 











70

2545). : 

:

Ast, F. (1990). Hermeneutics In The hermeneutic tradition: From Ast to Ricoeur (pp. 39- 56).
Albany: SUNY Press.
Phillips, H. P. (1985). Using Thai literature to understand Thai culture. Thai journal of
development administration, 25, 96-105.
Sauerberg, L.O. et al. (1983). The practice of literary criticism. Odense: Odense University
Press.
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