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The Data Journalism Handbook

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  • King's College London
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... As it emerged as a distinct field with few text books, data journalism's pioneers (Hepp and Loosen, 2019) regularly shared their expertise through public appearances at training courses, conferences, networks (Bounegru and Gray, 2021). In selecting pioneers for this analysis, key starting points were contributors to the first edition of the Data Journalism Handbook (Gray et al., 2012) and the instructors for the European Journalism Centre's 2014 MOOC for Doing Journalism with Data, accessed by over 21,000 people from more than 170 countries (Howard, 2014). The International Journalism Festival is the largest annual media event in Europe and regularly discusses data journalism providing another source of visible experts as did networks and organisations such as The Global Editors' Network, The Tow Center for Digital Journalism and the Nieman Foundation which "shape the field of journalism" (Creech and Mendelson, 2015: 184). ...
Article
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Becoming a data literate, technologically competent journalist is represented as a desirable goal that will benefit the individual, the industry and society as a whole. Data journalism skills are increasingly being taught in journalism programmes around the world. This article applies Foucault’s distinctive conceptualisation of discourse to critically examine data journalism as constructed in the ‘talk’ of its most visible pioneers. The analysis is driven by three distinctive aspects of Foucault’s theory of discourse – power, knowledge and materiality. Using these tools, I investigate how data journalism knowledge is produced, the practices that reinforce it and the strategic power relations it conceals. I argue that data journalism draws on four discourses – journalism, technology, enterprise and citizenship – and wraps itself in the power relations embedded in these prestigious discourses. I argue that there is a political imperative for journalism educators to examine these power relations because material injustices along race, gender, class lines are built into them and have consequences for our students and society.
... The essence of the workshop was to explain the relevance of data journalism in Nigeria. Gray, Bounegru & Chambers (2012) state that: ...
Article
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This study attempts to provide the basis for restructuring data-driven reporting among Nigerian journalists by examining its content and practice. Field Theory and Normalization Theory provide the theoretic framework, while focus group discussions by 30 respondents help generate the requisite data. Findings show that Nigerian journalists are not only knowledgeable about the concept of data-driven journalism, but they are also actively engaged as practitioners. Discussants attest to the factuality, verifiability, and reliability associated with data-driven journalism, the challenges notwithstanding. It turned out that its reshaping and sustainability would hinge on two factors. The first is to intensify data-driven journalism training and research. The second is for government to formulate policies or popularize the legislations that guarantee access to data and make data-driven journalism more professional.
... The possibility for anyone to deal in-depth with data sources is a key characteristic of data journalism, which also emphasizes its democratizing strength (Hammond, 2017;Bounegru et al., 2012). The implementation of extensive sensor networks in smart cities contributes to the expansion of data-oriented journalistic practices. ...
Thesis
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In times of increasing digitalization and urbanization, local journalism is facing the challenge to stay relevant for society as a key contributor to democratic values. Qualitative and objective information is irreplaceable for any society since individuals need reliable information as a basis for decision-making. However, the impending loss of journalistic institutions draws very bleak perspectives about the future of democracy, and it is time to re-think journalism, to propose a realistic and fresh outlook for the future of news. Advanced technologies have an extensive impact on everyday life since they offer many touchpoints and fields of applications. The application of advanced technologies in urban areas, in particular, has great potential to transform the perception of news. And it is of special interest to find out how advanced technologies can further improve the relationship between people and news by providing unprecedented possibilities to create new news formats and styles. Historically, cities were the home of local journalism with newspapers as their main distribution medium. Due to the rapidly changing environment, local journalism needs a fundamental reorientation in the context of a smart city. This thesis investigates the implementation of smart city technologies in five cases, to elaborate the impact of smart city technologies on journalism. The ultimate aim of this thesis is to suggest a best practice for publishers to counter the current predicament of journalism and to derivate recommendations for action to safeguard and improve the essential role of local journalism.
... It can also be seen as a process that consists of using graphs that make sense and weaving them into compelling, action-inspiring stories 1 . A well-known subfield of data storytelling in the literature is the data journalism, where journalists make use of large databases to produce stories (Gray et al. 2012;Kalatzi et al. 2018). In the context of open data, in addition to turning data into stories for data exploration or development of digital services, data storytelling is also about users using datasets published on open data portals for the following purposes: to better understand governments actions and to enable deeper and easier monitoring of government work (Brolcháin et al. 2017). ...
Conference Paper
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Enabling users to better understand government actions is one reason why governments have sought to open their data to the public. Data storytelling tools help to achieve this goal by facilitating users to turn data into stories. However, existing tools are not able to provide the necessary features to overcome the barriers users face at different data storytelling stages. This paper provides findings regarding the features in the design of these data storytelling tools in the open data context and also presents a generic and end-to-end tool called ODE, which helps users through the different data storytelling stages. To achieve the paper's objectives, a literature review was first conducted to collect the features needed for the different data storytelling stages. Then, the identified features were integrated into ODE and its effectiveness in helping users to easily turn data into stories was demonstrated through an evaluation involving 11 users.
Thesis
In den letzten Jahren haben Innovationen bei Datenquellen und Methoden für die sozialwissenschaftliche Forschung zugenommen. Diese Forschungsarbeit zielt darauf ab, die Auswirkungen dieser Innovationen auf drei Praxisgemeinschaften besser zu verstehen: qualitativ Forschende, Big Social Data Forschende und Datenkurator*innen. Folgenden Forschungsfragen werden behandelt. RQ1: Wie unterscheidet sich die Kuratierung von Big Social Data und qualitativen Daten? RQ2: Welche Auswirkungen haben diese Ähnlichkeiten und Unterschiede auf die Kuratierung von Big Social Data und qualitativen Daten und was können wir aus der Kombination dieser beiden Communities lernen? Ich beantwortete diese Fragen durch eine Literaturrecherche, in der ich Gemeinsamkeiten zwischen qualitativer Datennachnutzung und Big Social Data identifizierte. Dann führte ich semi-strukturierte Interviews mit den drei Praxisgemeinschaften durch. Die Analyse identifizierte sechs Schlüsselthemen für die qualitative Datennachnutzung und Big Social Data: Kontext, Datenqualität und Vertrauenswürdigkeit, Datenvergleichbarkeit, informierte Einwilligung, Datenschutz und Vertraulichkeit sowie geistiges Eigentum und Dateneigentum. Ich habe außerdem fünf weitere Themen identifiziert: Domänenunterschiede, Strategien für eine verantwortungsvolle Praxis, Fragen der Datenpflege, Menschen oder Inhalte als Untersuchungsobjekte sowie unterschiedliche Schwerpunkte und Ansätze. Die Verbindung dieser drei Praxisgemeinschaften kann ein breiteres Verständnis der Schlüsselfragen unterstützen und zu verantwortungsbewussteren Forschungspraktiken führen. Datenkurator*innen verfügen über die Fähigkeiten und Perspektiven, um zwischen den Praxisgemeinschaften zu übersetzen und eine verantwortungsvolle qualitative Nachnutzung von Daten und Big Social Data zu unterstützen.
Article
Cet article propose d’étudier, au prisme du design, comment les données transforment la pratique du journalisme. Bien qu’elle ne constitue pas une rupture majeure dans le métier de journaliste, l’introduction de données dans la fabrique de l’information n’est pas neutre pour la profession, au sens où elle modifie le cadre de la production de l’information (Gitlin, 1980 ; Hackett, 1984). En favorisant d’un côté une nouvelle capacité d'enquête du journaliste et de l’autre une nouvelle rhétorique, le journalisme de données exacerbe un dilemme aussi vieux que le journalisme lui-même : l’objectivité de l’information face à la subjectivité de ceux qui la façonnent.
Article
This article explores the relationship between legal and journalistic perspectives on the way editorial independence can be safeguarded in the context of automation. It aims to bridge two discussions. First, the journalism studies literature that has explored how automation challenges the way editors and journalists fulfil their role in newsrooms and society. Second, the legal discussion that is revisiting how the conditions for editorial independence can be created in a media system where automation is increasingly important. To do so, this article contrasts a normative framework that outlines the functions of editorial independence in European media law with interviews with editors and journalists involved in data journalism and news personalisation. It finds excellent potential for a complementary relationship between legal and journalistic perspectives on editorial independence. However, the challenges posed by automation fall outside the mechanisms through which this relationship has traditionally been operationalised.
Chapter
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Bu bölüm, dijital çağda bireyleri ve teknolojik gelişmeleri tüketim toplumu ve postmodernizmin ayırt edici özellikleri üzerinden açıklamaktadır. Bu iki temel perspektif üzerinden yapılan açıklamalardan sonra yeni teknolojik gelişmeler (yapay zeka, nesnelerin interneti, sosyal medya, artırılmış gerçeklik, blokzincir, metaverse, NFT vb.) ve tüketicilerin bunlarla olan etkileşimi ele alınmıştır. Sonuç olarak ise geleceğin meta-tüketicilerinin temel özellikleri belirlenmeye çalışılmıştır.
Article
Data journalism storytelling has become an important aspect of journalism during the twenty-first century. This cross-disciplinary research draws the attention of data journalism stakeholders to the mental operations (conscious choices and nonconscious mental processing) of a person who experiences storytelling with data. It is argued that data journalists can learn from the availability heuristic, the cognitive bias, and other concepts of cognitive science in an effort to become more attentive to the mental meFchanisms of their audience. Research from other disciplines, such as law (guilt determination) and economics, suggests that taking nonconscious decision-making seriously would be very productive for the field. Evidence suggests that a better understanding of the human brain's decision-making as well as of cognitive control may provide important insights for the data storytellers. This study is undertaken with an initial focus on the reasons why the audience acts upon emotional stories rather than data and statistics. We begin by arguing that data collection methods, measurement, and quantification may not be the only ‘obscure’ and difficult part to control for a data journalist, but after the cleaning, the analysis, and the visualization, the workings of the brain of the receptor, play a crucial role on what the individual will decide to do. The acts of journalism do not enter a tabula rasa, but rather a terra incognita. The research also examines the role of the language use by the data journalist; and whether language can overshadow data and consequently influence the reader’s perception on the information from an article. The study uses theories from various disciplines (communication, psychology, neuroscience, and cognitive science) and gathers data by the use of qualitative research through interviews with cognitive scientists, neuroscientists, and psychologists. Keywords: Data Journalism, Cognitive Science, Data storytelling, Data, Bias, Language, perception.
Article
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There are few advancements in science and technology that hold as much promise for the future of mankind as the set of computer science-enabled talents collectively known as artificial intelligence (AI). Individuals, communities, and countries have the potential to benefit from artificial intelligence (AI), which has the potential to contribute to the attainment of the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) agenda for 2030 by improving their health and well-being. The use of artificial intelligence applications, like with earlier advancements in technology, has the potential to threaten international peace and security, especially when incorporated into the tools and systems of state militaries. This is recognised in UN Secretary-General António Guterres' disarmament agenda, Securing Our Common Future, which focuses on the need for UN member states to gain a better understanding of the nature and implications of emerging technologies that have the potential to be used in military applications, as well as the necessity of maintaining human control over weapon systems. It is stressed by him that dialogue between governments, civil society, and the private sector is becoming more important as a complement to present international channels. Especially true in the case of artificial intelligence (AI), which, as an enabling technology, is intended to be integrated into a broad variety of military
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