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Creating Opportunities for Social Change in Women’s Sport Through Academic and Industry Collaborations: An Interview With Kate Fagan

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... The papers included here accomplish this objective. Specifically, the authors demonstrate that participating in sport-based service learning courses can empower and motivate students to work toward social justice in their communities (Fuller et al., 2015); describe how displaying small acts of inclusion and respect can challenge gendered norms in intercollegiate sport (Taylor, 2015); develop a conceptual model for how athletic departments can be agents of change (Cunningham, 2015); show how community-based social marketing plays a vital role in promoting proenvironmental behaviors at sporting events (Martin, Ross, & Irwin, 2015); explore how academic and industry partnerships provide opportunities for social change in women's sport (Walker & Melton, 2015); and outline challenges and opportunities for future research . In the following space, I diverge from the traditional introduction to the special issue format and instead, present the work within a broader, multilevel conceptual framework. ...
... Several sport management scholars have argued that because of the tradition, leader behaviors, and prevailing stereotypes, gender discrimination has become institutionalized in sport (Burton, 2014;Cunningham, 2008;Walker & Sartore-Baldwin, 2013). In this special issue, Taylor (2015), Walker and Melton (2015), and Cunningham (2015) emphasize the influence of institutionalized practices on social change in intercollegiate sport. Taylor (2015) described his personal journey as an athlete, coach, and advocate to illustrate the challenges and opportunities associated with supporting inclusion for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals within intercollegiate sport. ...
... Those who conform to the athlete archetype are rewarded, while those who challenge the norm face ridicule and often decide (voluntarily or reluctantly) to leave intercollegiate sport. Walker and Melton (2015) also observed that institutionalized practices within sport media discourage journalists from focusing on women's sport because they receive greater rewards for covering men's sport. Consequently, the most talented employees prefer to work in men's sport organizations. ...
... Sport organizations want to identify unique aspects of their institution that will provide them with a competitive advantage, if even for a short moment in time. Qualitative inquiry is primed to provide this service, which becomes mutually beneficial for sport organization and researcher alike (see Walker & Melton, 2015 for a discussion on developing industry collaboration). ...
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The following article is an edited transcript of, "Critical Conversations About Qualitative Research in Sport Management" from the 2017 North American Society of Sport Management conference in Denver, CO, from May 30 to June 3. This 60-min roundtable session included a group of scholars with keen interest and background experiences in qualitative inquiry. They responded to questions about the state of qualitative research in the field, influential qualitative work both within and outside the field, and future considerations for research in the field. The purpose of this article is to synthesize the discussions from this roundtable session and our collective responses in the spirit of continuing to question how we use qualitative research in sport management. In this regard, we ended this article with each of the panelists, including the moderator, offering some postscript reflections.
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This study assessed entrepreneurial attitudes of female managers in sports clubs of Tehran (22 regions). It aims to identify and evaluate these attitudes and prioritize the characteristics of entrepreneurship among managers of women’s clubs. Study population included managers of all women’s sports club in Tehran in 2015, the number of which was 550, according to Statistics Department of Sport Ministry in Tehran province. One hundred-sixteen people were selected randomly for study. Data was collected using a standardized questionnaire which measured five major personality traits important for entrepreneurship: risk taking, internal locus of control, need for achievement, tolerance for ambiguity, and creativity. Data was analyzed using both descriptive and inferential (one-sample t test and Friedman test) statistical methods. Results showed that managers of women’s sports clubs in Tehran had entrepreneurial attitudes. Prioritizing these traits revealed that internal locus of control and risk taking had the highest and lowest priority, respectively. No significant difference was observed in entrepreneurial attitude of managers of public versus private sports club.
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