Article

TIC, conocimietno y crecimiento económcio: un análisis empírico, agregado e internacional sobre las fuentes de la productividad

Economía industrial, ISSN 0422-2784, Nº 360, 2006 (Ejemplar dedicado a: Economía de la información y la comunicación: difusión e impacto de las TIC), pags. 41-60 01/2006;
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ABSTRACT

On the transition process from an industrial economy towards a global and knowledge based economy, the investment and the use of the information and communication technologies (ICT) have become determining explanatory factors of productivity advances, and, consequently, of economic growth. This article analyses the links between the ICT and the productivity, from an empirical, aggregated and international contribution, for a wide range of OECD countries. The results of the investigation suggest an important contribution of knowledge capital to capital dependence. In this way, knowledge capital has become a growth source of the labour productivity growth since the second half of the Nineties for an ample set of countries. En el proceso de transición desde una economía industrial hacia una economía global basada en el conocimiento, la inversión y el uso de las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación (TIC) se ha convertido en un factor explicativo determinante de los avances de productividad, y en consecuencia, del crecimiento económico. Este artículo analiza las vinculaciones entre las TIC y la productividad, a partir de una contribución empírica, agregada e internacional para un amplio conjunto de países de la OCDE. Los resultados de la investigación sugieren una importante contribución del capital conocimiento a la intensificación/dependencia del capital, de manera que éste se ha convertido en una fuente de crecimiento de la productividad del trabajo para un amplio conjunto de países a partir de la segunda mitad de la década de los noventa.

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