ArticlePDF Available

Fosterland, familj och föräldraföreningar: moralisk mobilisering och myndighetsmisstro i dagens Ryssland. Nordisk Østforum 28(4). p.329-254 https://www.idunn.no/nof/2014/04/fosterland_familj_och_frldrafreningar_moralisk_mobilis

Authors:

Abstract

I Ryssland har familj och familjevärderingar sedan mitten på 2000-talet kommit att bli centrala för en allmän ideologisk svängning mot konservativa värderingar och patriotism. Symptomatisk för denna tendens är den så kallade Föräldrarörelsen, en växande och starkt nationalistisk gräsrotsmobilisering med syfte att försvara föregivet traditionella ryska familjevärderingar mot förmodat destruktiv västerländskt moraliskt inflytande. Föräldrarörelsen primära fokus är en pågående anpassning av rysk lagstiftning till FN:s konvention om barnets rättigheter, vilket av ortodoxa ultranationalister ses som en konspiratorisk västerländsk strategi med syftet att eliminera familjen som institution och, därmed, även rysk kultur och tradition som helhet. Men kampanjens popularitet bottnar även i den generella ryska misstron mot den egna statsadministrationen, som antas missbruka Barnkonventionen för att förvärra korruption och maktmissbruk. Dessa skilda lokaliseringar av ansvar – ”våra” byråkrater versus ”deras” fientliga imperialism – förenas i svartmålningar av västerländska (i synnerhet skandinaviska) system för barnskydd som får representera en dystopisk rysk framtid. Artikeln diskuterar implikationerna av denna sammanblandning för Familjerörelsens förmåga att locka anhängare och få sin röst hörd offentligt.
... The success was triggered by an increasing number of media reports about children taken from their families on unjust grounds, in Russia as well as among Russian emigres in the West (cf. Höjdestrand 2014Höjdestrand , 2017. Representatives of the Parents Movement managed to carve out a niche as experts on the topic, thus firmly anchoring their version of the state of matters in the public debate. ...
Article
Full-text available
This is a revised and extended version of my contribution to the Vega Symposium on Resurgent Nationalisms and Populist Politics in the Neoliberal Age, held at the Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, in April 2018. It is part of a Special Issue of Geografiska Annaler, Series B which also includes articles by Gillian Hart, Kanishka Goonewardena, and Manu Goswami. The article investigates how understandings of the concept ‘liberalism’ have shifted among ultranationalist Russian grassroots as the ‘roll-back’ neoliberalism (in Peck and Tickell’s terms) of the turbulent 1990s has developed into ‘roll-out’ governance during Putin’s presidency. A moral conservative Russian grassroots mobilization is traced from its origins as a crusade against sexual education in the late 1990s, to a campaign against reforms of the state child protection system initiated in the mid-2000s. In this time span, understandings of ‘liberalism’ as chaos and elimination of boundaries have been superseded by an image of liberalism as totalitarianism, a conception resembling academic criticism of neoliberal governmentality despite the movement’s rejection of the purportedly ‘liberal’ Academy. The principal rejection of ‘liberalism’ is in practice mitigated also by ideals of communitarianism and civic engagement bearing many similarities to Western notions of ‘civic liberalism’.
... The inclusion of Juvenile Justice into the agenda was triggered by a number of public awareness campaigns at the time about the social and legal vulnerability of battered and 4 The Parents' Movement has largely escaped academic attention, besides Sherstneva's (2014) analysis of its nationalist discourse and brief references by Haksvåg (2009) and Schmidt & Shchurko (2014) in the contexts of policy on youth criminality and child protection respectively. Elsewhere, I have elaborated substantially on its characteristics as a social movement (Höjdestrand 2014;. 9 socially disadvantaged children (Riabichenko 2010). ...
Article
Full-text available
Since the mid-2000s, Russia has increased its efforts to strengthen the legal rights of children and to improve the systems of social assistance to vulnerable families in line with the un Convention of the Rights of the Child. The reform drive has met fierce resistance by a grassroots mobilization in defence of 'traditional Russian family values'. Child rights are conceived of as weapons in a Western moral war against Russia, but simultaneously, the popular appeal of the campaign stems from a profound distrust in Russian state administrators, who purportedly use the crc for personal gain. This paper suggests that this disbelief makes the protesters locate notions of citizenship primarily to the intimate social sphere, prioritizing 'parental rights' rather than 'civil rights' defined by the state-citizen relationship. It is also suggested that the confidence of citizens in their own state administration must be considered if the Convention is to be successfully implemented.
( &' ÿ / *$1%ÿ %&2 " &' ÿ &1ÿ &' ( ! 0%' &ÿ %1 18+&
  • Hij J Klm Lÿ
  • Olp Qrolm Lÿ
  • S Ot
  • Lÿ
5&+3( ( ÿ 2 <' ÿ %" " ÿ.&" " %ÿ 6' ÿ &" " ÿ 2 ( 8)" ! 0" ÿ 2 6( " D ÿ-! / / %ÿ *' 0%1! / %" ! *1&' ÿ 6' ÿ / " %; 5! ( %ÿ *7+ÿ %( ( " !.ÿ / 81( ! 0%: ÿ 18%ÿ " ! ( ( )*$$&' ÿ $&1ÿ 2 <' &2 %( ( &' ÿ / *$1%ÿ %&2 " &' ÿ &1ÿ-! / / ÿ " !.: ÿ 8" " &' ( ! 0%' &ÿ %1.' %ÿ 2 <' &)*$$&' ÿ / *$ÿ 1%$1ÿ ! ÿ *" %( ! 0% 9&" ! " ! *1&' ÿ $&1ÿ 2 <' &-! / %' ÿ ! 10&1ÿ <-' ! 0ÿ-&' )/ %$+&" = ÿ E6' " ! ( ( ÿ )*$$&' &1ÿ /-3' <-&' / )3.( ! 0ÿ /-6' $ÿ%-ÿ *( ! )%ÿ / ( %0/ ÿ*1( ! 1&0&$&1/ )%9&' = ÿ F %0 +%' ÿ," 03" " ÿ 2 ' 31ÿ "-3ÿ 7&1" ' %( %ÿ 4&55/ %@ " &' ÿ / *$ÿ @ %0ÿ / &.%1ÿ $%' / ÿ >BG> 2 <( @ " ÿ.%0( ! 0&1= ÿ HIJ J KLM Lÿ OLP QROLM Lÿ S T OT M Lÿ U V8/ )%ÿ 2 *( )( ! 1@ &1W ÿ 6' ÿ &1 %( ( $61ÿ 9%" ' ! *" ! / ): ÿ *' " *.*Cÿ *7+ÿ $*1%' )! / " ! / )ÿ 18+&" / ; ÿ *7+ÿ.&5%" " ;
082 -, )!ÿ , "2 $ 8% % 8"D ÿ <2 !" % 2 $ 79!$ ÿ 52 ÿ (5")!ÿ '-, 4!ÿ 05--ÿ 15#8ÿ $ 8), '"!-2 ÿ '/0ÿ 65ÿ '-, 4!ÿ
  • G Hijjk
G HIJJK ÿ % 5ÿ 7$ ÿ (!42 8"ÿ, "2 8ÿ 8"ÿ ('"'-, 2 ÿ (8#ÿ 8"082 -, )!ÿ, "2 $ 8% % 8"D ÿ <2 !" % 2 $ 79!$ ÿ 52 ÿ (5")!ÿ '-, 4!ÿ 05--ÿ 15#8ÿ $ 8), '"!-2 ÿ '/0ÿ 65ÿ '-, 4!ÿ ", 958$ ÿ, % 2 !2 % !66!$ !2 8"% ÿ 9, "#-, ")!$ : ÿ @8"ÿ 0+)% 2 !ÿ * 8#8$ !-!ÿ -8#", ")8"ÿ 6$, '$, >