This chapter focuses on the attitudes of the Japanese, who came to Shanghai on board the Senzaimaru in 1862, toward Westerners in the city. One of the main objectives of the mission to Shanghai was to observe and assess the international community engaged in international commerce. To achieve that goal, the Japanese had to interact with and examine the Westerners in Shanghai. This chapter ... [Show full abstract] considers what they had to say about how the Westerners were behaving in the city. In particular, the Japanese noted the Westerners' arrogance and condescension with respect to the Chinese. The chapter also looks at Shanghai customs and the admiration of the Japanese for the West's technical achievements.