The abiotic stresses such as drought and salinity are an increasing problem in agricultural soils in many parts of the world, and stress tolerant cropping systems are in great demand. Chickpea is known as sensitive plant and abiotic stresses are responsible for considerable yield loss. The increase of chickpea production by exploiting better colonization of the roots through application of effective plant beneficial bacteria to the seed or to the soil considered as the best agricultural technology. Mixed inoculation with PGPR and Rhizobium creates synergistic interactions that may result in a significant increase in growth, symbiotic performance, and uptake of mineral nutrients such as phosphorus, nitrogen, potassium and increase stress resistance of plants. Thus, co-inoculation of chickpea with rhizobia and PGPR could be a useful approach for improving growth, nodulation and yield by reducing dependence on chemical fertilizers. This paper examines recent studies on the impact of salt and drought stresses on plant growth and symbiotic performance of chickpea; interactions of rhizobia and PGPR in the rhizosphere; the ameliorative and beneficial effects of PGPR on plant growth and yield of chickpea under hostile environment.