Conference PaperPDF Available

Interpersonal violence against children in sport in Belgium and the Netherlands

Authors:

Abstract

Notwithstanding the difference in prevention policy on child protection in sport between Belgium and the Netherlands, both regions suffer under the lack of reliable prevalence rates on interpersonal violence against children in sport. This presentation reports the first large scaled prevalence study in both countries. In accordance with the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, this study defines interpersonal violence against children as “all forms of physical or mental violence, injury and abuse, neglect or negligent treatment, maltreatment or exploitation”. A cross-sectional, retrospective design, using an online survey, provides a quantitative assessment of psychological, physical and sexual violence in a representative sample of adults, prescreened on having participated in organized sport before the age of 18 (N=4043). Because of the broad definition of violence, experiences are classified into severity categories, based on the intensity and frequency. Hypotheses of increased risk of victimization related to sex, sport type and level, sexual orientation or disability are tested using chi square tests and binary logistic regression. 37% of the total sample reported at least one experience with psychological violence in sport. Physical violence is reported by 11% of respondents, sexual violence by 14%. When only considering the most severe category, psychological violence is reported in 9% of respondents, physical in 9% and sexual violence in 6%. Competing at international level, LGB (lesbian, gay, bisexual) and disability proved to be risk-increasing factors for all types of violence. These results are in conformity with international prevalence rates on sexual violence in sport. We suggest that Dutch and Flemish safeguarding policy should focus on all forms of interpersonal violence against children, with particular attention to peer-to-peer violence, elite level athletes and minority groups. The development of a uniform methodology to measure and internationally compare the prevalence of interpersonal violence is now required, to legitimize continuing efforts in child protection in sport.
Book
Full-text available
Ongeveer 250.000 kinderen en volwassen doen in Nederland aan gymsport. Naast het sportplezier komen er ook incidenten voor, zoals blijkt uit diverse mediaberichten. Dit onderzoek beschrijft in welke mate grensoverschrijdend gedrag voorkomt in alle gymdisciplines en – niveaus. Ook is nagegaan wat de aard van die misdragingen is en wat ermee is gebeurd als slachtoffers dit hebben gemeld. In dit grootschalige onderzoek zijn online vragenlijsten afgenomen onder oud-gymsporters en huidige gymsporters, zijn tal van interviews gehouden met gymsporters, ouders, bestuurders, trainers, experts en documenten bestudeerd die gaan over de opvolging van meldingen, het beleid en de (tucht)rechtspraak ten aanzien van grensoverschrijdend gedrag. In dit voor Nederland unieke sportspecifieke onderzoek worden aanbevelingen gedaan om de gymsport veiliger en gezonder te maken.
Thesis
Full-text available
Football (soccer) is believed to be facing an ongoing moral crisis, illustrated by a diverse set of ethical issues, ranging from financial fraud and match-fixing to sexual abuse and hooliganism. While the policy support of (inter)national authorities and football federations is important to tackle this moral crisis, ethics management in football clubs is also believed to be part of the desired response to this crisis. However, very little is known about the meaning, perception, and influence of ethics management in football clubs. Drawing on the insights of four distinct empirical studies, this doctoral dissertation reports on the influence of two important tools of ethics management in football clubs, namely ethical codes and ethical leadership. Among other findings, this dissertation indicates that ethical leadership by both board and coaches is needed to translate the content and spirit of the ethical code into practice in football clubs. The influence of ethics management is assessed by examining the ethical climate in football clubs. An ethical climate contributes to the promotion of ethical behaviour, as well as to the discouragement of unethical behaviour. In the end, the reported results have important practical implications for football clubs in their quest to restore football as what is claimed to be: a beautiful game.
Article
Full-text available
Recent prevalentieonderzoek bij een steekproef van 4.000 Nederlandse en Vlaamse volwassenen toont aan dat 1 op de 7 volwassenen die in kindertijd of jeugd sportten, op z'n minst eenmalig seksueel grensoverschrijdend gedrag heeft ervaren in de sport. Sinds 2012 maakt de Vlaamse sportwereld werk van de preventie van seksueel grensoverschrijdend gedrag in de sport. Dit artikel beschrijft een stand van zaken van het preventiebeleid en licht een veelbelovend instrument 'Sport met grenzen' toe. De auteurs doen tevens een oproep aan de sportarts om een actieve rol op te nemen bij het ontwikkelen, installeren en uitdragen van een preventief en curatief beleid in de sportvereniging.
ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any references for this publication.