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Review of the Caucasian Species of the Subgenus Peryphanes Jeannel (Coleoptera: Carabidae: Bembidion)

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A taxonomical review, based on re-examination of the types and extensive original materi­als of the Caucasian species of the subgenus Peryphanes Jeannel, 1941 (Coleptera: Carabidae: Bembidion Latreille, 1802) is given. Altogether, 8 species are recognized as valid within the area in question, three of them being new to science: Bembidion imereticum n. sp., B. phryganobium n. sp., and B. adygorum n. sp. B. zechneticum Müller-Motzfeld, 1989 is considered as a junior synonym of B. lirykense Reitter, 1908. Both the latter taxon and B. olegleonidovici Fassati, 1990 are promoted to full specific status. A lectotype for B. grandipenne Schaum, 1862 is designated. Distributions of all species considered are mapped. A key is provided to all the hitherto known Caucasian species and some of their most close congeners from adjacent lands. Phylogenetic and ecological relatioships between all species are briefly discussed.
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... Hence, these two species are geographically separated and their only common distribution zone is Turkey, where, so far, they have not been found sympatrically. Bembidion haupti is easily distinguishable from B. dalmatinum by following features: elytra of B. dalmatinum are unicoloured, metallic blue-green, while B. haupti has two distinct reddish maculae on the apical part of elytra; B. haupti further has more protruding eyes; also, the two differ in some details of the aedeagal shape (Müller-Motzfeld 1986;Belousov and Sokolov 1996). Besides, genetic data show that B. dalmatinum and B. haupti are genetically clearly distinct. ...
Article
In this study, we examined members of the ground-beetle genus Bembidion Latreille, 1802 from northern Iran using a combination of COI sequences and morphological data. A total number of 29 specimens belonging to 12 species of the genus Bembidion and one species of the genus Trechus from the Alborz Mountains were collected and analysed. 107 sequences from NCBI Genbank were added for molecular analysis. Our results confirm a high efficiency of DNA barcodes to resolve species of the genus. A clear barcoding gap, allowing a robust identification of the analysed species, was observed. Based on our results we propose species status for Bembidion haupti Reitter, 1908, formerly ranked as subspecies of Bembidion dalmatinum Dejean, 1831. This study represents the first effort generating DNA sequence data for members of the genus Bembidion in Iran and is a starting point for more local barcoding studies in the high-diversity regions of Iran.
... The nomenclature of the sclerites of the male internal sac follows Belousov and Sokolov (1996), as well as Neri and Vigna Taglianti (2010). The measurements as follows: ALaedeagus length; EL -greatest length of elytra; EW -greatest width of elytra; HL -length of head, measured along the median line from fore margin of clypeus to rear edge of the temples; HW -greatest width of head; M -arithmetic mean; PA -width of pronotal apex; PB -width of pronotal base; PLm -length of pronotum, measured along the median line; PLt -greatest length of pronotum; PW -greatest width of pronotum; TL -total body length without labrum (from anterior margin of clypeus to the elytral apex along the suture). ...
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Bembidion (Peryphanes) sanatum iwanai ssp. n. is described from the solfatara fields of the Mendeleev Volcano (Kuril Archipelago: Kunashir Island). It slightly differs from the nominative subspecies by body proportions, as well as the relatively narrow external intervals of the elytra and their microsculpture, yet showing stable distinctions in endophallus armature (basal part of lamina 1 is rounded, vs. angular in the nominative sub-species) and in the spermatheca duct (5-6 convolutions, vs. 7-8 in the nominative subspecies). Endemism of insects on the island's large volcanic massifs of Kunashir Island is discussed.
... After having carefully analyzed the literature regarding these taxa (e.g., Ménétriés 1832;Faldermann 1836;Schaum 1861;Netolitzky 1910Netolitzky , 1914bKryzhanovskij et al. 1995;Belousov and Sokolov 1996), we confirm that B. lucidum Faldermann is a synonym of B. fraxator Ménétriés and not of B. dimidiatum Ménétriés, which, moreover, belongs to another subgenus (see above). The type specimen of B. sanatum is rather well preserved, except for the broken antennae (the left one complete but divided in three portions, the right one missing three antennomeres in the middle) and legs (the right median leg and the hind right leg with detached tarsi). ...
Article
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Some corrections to the section of subtribe Bembidiina of the Catalogue of Palaearctic Coleoptera, Vol. 1, together with geographic, systematic, and synonymic updates are reported and commented upon. The following five new synonymies are proposed (with junior synonym listed first): Bembidion (Peryphanes) dostali Kirschenhofer, 1984 = Bembidion (Peryphanes) sanatum Bates, 1883 syn. nov. ; Bembidion (Terminophanes) pseudoconsumatum Kirschenhofer, 1984 = Bembidion (Terminophanes) sjoelanderi Jedlička, 1965 syn. nov. ; Bembidion (Asioperyphus) sapporense Jedlička, 1951 = Bembidion (Politophanes) chloreum Bates, 1873 syn. nov. ; Bembidion (Peryphus) torosiense Jedlička, 1961 = Bembidion (Peryphus) subcostatum vau Netolitzky, 1913 syn. nov. ; Sinechostictus (Sinechostictus) multisulcatus cariniger Korge, 1971 = Sinechostictus (Sinechostictus) multisulcatus (Reitter, 1890) syn. nov . Furthermore we confirm the following synonimies: Asaphidion weiratheri Netolitzky, 1935 = Asaphidion ganglbaueri J.Müller, 1921; Sinechostictus (Sinechostictus) effluviorum (Peyron, 1858) = Sinechostictus (Sinechostictus) tarsicus (Peyron, 1858). The following nine new combinations are proposed: Bembidion (Euperyphus) dimidiatum Ménétriés, 1832 comb. nov. ; Bembidion (Peryphus) psuchrum Andrewes, 1922 comb. nov. ; Bembidion (Plataphus) pseudolucillum Netolitzky, 1938 comb. nov. ; Bembidion (Politophanes) chloreum Bates, 1873 comb. nov. ; Bembidion (Politophanes) gotoense Habu, 1973 comb. nov. ; Bembidion (Politophanes) shunichii Habu, 1973 comb. nov. ; Bembidion (Politophanes) umeyai Habu, 1959 comb. nov. ; Bembidion (Politophanes) yoshidai Morita, 2009 comb. nov. ; Bembidion (Terminophanes) sjoelanderi Jedlička, 1965 comb. nov. The species Bembidion psuchrum Andrewes, 1922 and Bembidion sanatum Bates, 1883 are here redescribed.
... The measurements (in mm) were made with an ocular-micrometer mounted on a Leica M165c (Carl Zeiss) stereo microscope, as follows: CI -confidence interval; ELgreatest length of elytra; EW -greatest width of elytra; Lae -length of the aedeagus; Llm2 -length of lamina 2; Lms -length of main sclerite; PLm -length of pronotum, measured along the median line; PW -greatest width of pronotum; TL -total body length without labrum (from anterior margin of clypeus to the elytral apex along the suture). The nomenclature of the sclerites of the male internal sac in Bembidion follows Belousov and Sokolov (1996), as well as Neri and Vigna Taglianti (2010). ...
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