Article

Los adolescentes y el consumo de drogas

Papeles del Psicologo 05/2013; 77.
Source: OAI

ABSTRACT

El consumo de drogas constituye en la actualidad un importante fenómeno social que afecta especialmente a los adolescentes, La prevalencia del uso y abuso de drogas en la etapa adolescente y adultez temprana son altas, Ante la alta disponibilidad, en la actualidad los adolescentes tienen que aprender a convivir con las drogas, tomando decisiones sobre su consumo o la abstinencia de las mismas. El proceso de socialización, con la familia, amigos, escuela y medios de comunicación es importante en ello. La percepción de riesgo y los factores de riesgo, junto al ocio, tiempo libre y vida recreativa, son elementos que debemos considerar para comprender esta problemática. Los psicólogos tenemos un importante papel que cumplir tanto para explicar esta compleja conducta como para la puesta en práctica de programas adecuados y eficaces de prevención y tratamiento.

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    • "outh is considered an important life stage by various authors because lifelong behaviors begin to develop and are strengthened during this time (Becoña, 2000; Chambers, Taylor, & Potenza, 2003). Therefore, it constitutes a fragile stage for the acquisition of the risky behaviors (van Sluijs, Page, Ommundsen, & Griffin, 2010) that often result in many of the problems people face in their youth. "

    Full-text · Dataset · Dec 2015
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    • "En su conjunto, las CAS suelen asociarse a un temprano inicio en el consumo de drogas, a la realización de actos temerarios y peligrosos (López y López, 2008) y al uso de la violencia en las relaciones interpersonales (Farrington, 2005). Las encuestas sobre consumo de drogas en población escolar, señalan que ésta es una de las amenazas a la salud más destacadas durante la adolescencia (Sánchez, Moreno, Muñoz y Pérez, 2007) y que es en este periodo cuando se inicia el abuso de las mismas (Becoña, 2000). En España, la Delegación del Gobierno para el Plan Nacional sobre Drogas (DGPNSD, 2009) en su informe apunta los siguientes datos sobre consumo en jóvenes de 14 a 18 años: el 23% consume alcohol los fines de semana de manera habitual; del mismo modo el 20% consume cannabis; usa tranquilizantes sin receta médica el 9.4% y el 9.5% conduce un vehículo bajo los efectos del alcohol. "
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    ABSTRACT: Social and personal risk behaviours are extending behaviours among adolescents. Drugs abuse and problems in family and school rela-tionships stand out among these behaviours, where bullying is detected, every time more, as a social dysfunction. This paper presents (1) the analysis of some social and personal well being risk behaviour among adolescents (N=1239) secondary school pupils, (612 boys and 627 girls) and (2) a context intervention proposal for a class-group (n=27), where bullying were detected performed by 2 bullies, 2 victims and 1 provoke-victim pupils. Findings point out that, more than one in four pupils shows social and health risk behaviour, such as drugs abuse or drive under alcoholics’ effects. We did not find differences in abuse measure between boys and girls but boys score higher in other risk behaviours. We also observed high relations among risk behaviours, scholar failure and bullying. Analysis for the intact group-class revealed that bully pupils not only present a high level of scholar failure and also perpetrate other delinquent actions but they find support in their friends and family. The intervention proposal for this group is oriented not only for those pupils involved in bullying, but also for all educative agents.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2012 · Anales de Psicología
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    • "In Spain, this type of behavior is frequent and give cause for concern, especially when it is combined with the driving of automobiles. Becoña (2000) points out that in 1988, 80% of school pupils between the ages of 14 and 18 reported that they had drunk alcohol in the previous year; in a recent study with teenagers from Madrid (Spain) aged 14 to 16, 67% reported that they drank alcohol at weekends (Caballero, Carrera, Sánchez, Shih, Muñoz, Toro, Fuente, and Muñoz, 2004). The consumption of alcohol by young people is not a problem exclusive to the Spanish context, but is unfortunately present in many cultures, including Western ones such as the USA (e.g. "
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    ABSTRACT: In this work we present two types of emotional message, negative (sadness) versus mixed (joy and sadness), with the aim of studying their differential effect on attitude change and the probability estimated by participants of repeating the behavior of occasional excessive drinking in the near future. The results show that for the group of participants with moderate experience in this behavior the negative message, compared to the mixed one, is associated with higher probability of repeating the risk behavior and a less negative attitude toward it. These results suggest that mixed emotional messages (e.g. joy and sadness messages) could be more effective in campaigns for the prevention of this risk behavior.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2008 · Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
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