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The paper will describe a federate ecosystem for OER using the example of the German educational system ,where a variety of ROERs (Muuß-Merholz & Schaumburg, 2014) and reference platforms have been established over the past years. In order to develop this ecosystem not only metadata standards are necessary, but also open APIs to exchange information. In conclusion, it is essential that all relevant stakeholders agree on one transparent policy that they develop collaboratively. A metadata exchange service can act as the connector of all partners.
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Open educational resources are not available "as such". Their provision relies on a technological infrastructure of related services that can be described as an informational ecosystem. A closed informational ecosystem keeps educational resources within its boundary. An open informational ecosystem relies on the concurrence of independent stakeholders that jointly provide (meta-) information also beyond its boundaries. Mechanisms of open informational ecosystems are described and how they contribute to the delivery of educational resources and to opening education. The paper describes the case of the German Bildungsserver that aims at establishing a federated network of providers of open and closed educational resources. It points out that the design of (inter-)national informational ecosystems has a major influence on the future of open educational resources in education.
Conference Paper
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Referatories or reference platform can be filled in three ways: By editorial staff, by automatic aggregation or with user generated content. The article presents two cases of reference platforms (Elixier and Edutags) using different ways to aggregate the contents. A comparison of the inventories of both systems makes visible that each system can benefit from the other’s metadata. For the example of OER (open educational ressources) it can be shown how automatic aggretation can support manual tagging. As a conclusion a joint system is suggested that combines different aspects of both platforms.
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Zusammenfassung Der Beitrag stellt einführend Open Educational Resources (OER) als ein mögliches zukünftiges Handlungsgebiet für wissenschaftliche Bibliotheken vor. Dazu werden die Grundlagen des OER-Begriffs erläutert und eine 2012 an der Universität Strathclyde (Glasgow) durchgeführte Studie zur Beteiligung von Bibliotheken und Bibliothekaren an OER-Projekten vorgestellt, die zum Ergebnis kommt, dass diese wichtige Kompetenzen in OER-Projekte einbringen können, was allerdings sowohl seitens der Bibliotheken als auch seitens vieler OER-Projekte noch nicht ausreichend bekannt sei. Nach Ansicht des Autors bietet OER wissenschaftlichen Bibliotheken die Chance, noch stärker am akademischen Lehrprozess zu partizipieren als bisher. Dabei entstehen neue Herausforderungen in den Bereichen Bewusstseinsbildung, Metadatenstandardisierung, Bereitstellung von OER, Herstellung von OER und OER-Management.
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Open educational resources (OER) are teaching and learning materials which are freely available and openly licensed. Repositories of OER (ROER) are platforms that host and facilitate access to these resources. ROER should not just be designed to store this content – in keeping with the aims of the OER movement, they should support educators in embracing open educational practices (OEP) such as searching for and retrieving content that they will reuse, adapt or modify as needed, without economic barriers or copyright restrictions. This paper reviews key literature on OER and ROER, in order to understand the roles ROER are said or supposed to fulfil in relation to furthering the aims of the OER movement. Four themes which should shape repository design are identified, and the following 10 quality indicators (QI) for ROER effectiveness are discussed: featured resources; user evaluation tools; peer review; authorship of the resources; keywords of the resources; use of standardised metadata; multilingualism of the repositories; inclusion of social media tools; specification of the creative commons license; availability of the source code or original files. These QI form the basis of a method for the evaluation of ROER initiatives which, in concert with considerations of achievability and long-term sustainability, should assist in enhancement and development. Keywords: open educational resources; open access; open educational practice; repositories; quality assurance
This review focuses on the use of Web 2.0 tools in Higher Education. It provides a synthesis of the research literature in the field and a series of illustrative examples of how these tools are being used in learning and teaching. It draws out the perceived benefits that these new technologies appear to offer, and highlights some of the challenges and issues surrounding their use. The review forms the basis for a HE Academy funded project, ‘Peals in the Cloud’, which is exploring how Web 2.0 tools can be used to support evidence-based practices in learning and teaching. The project has also produced two in-depth case studies, which are reported elsewhere (Galley et al., 2010, Alevizou et al., 2010). The case studies focus on evaluation of a recently developed site for learning and teaching, Cloudworks, which harnesses Web 2.0 functionality to facilitate the sharing and discussion of educational practice. The case studies aim to explore to what extent the Web 2.0 affordances of the site are successfully promoting the sharing of ideas, as well as scholarly reflections, on learning and teaching.
Opening the Curriculum: Open Educational Resources in U.S. Higher Education, 2014. Pearson
  • I Allen
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  • Jeff Seaman
Allen, I. Elaine; Seaman, Jeff (2014). Opening the Curriculum: Open Educational Resources in U.S. Higher Education, 2014. Pearson. accessed March 2015.
Stratosphere: Integrating technology, pedagogy, and change knowledge. Pearson Canada. .pdf
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Fullan, M. (2012). Stratosphere: Integrating technology, pedagogy, and change knowledge. Pearson Canada.,accessed March 2015.
Der Deutsche Bildungsserver–Internet-Ressourcen für Bildungspraxis
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