Responsible wildlife tourism in Africa

Chapter · September 2012with 62 Reads
In book: Responsible tourism: Concepts, theory and practice, Edition: 1, Chapter: 10, Publisher: CABI, Editors: David Leslie, pp.130-141
Abstract
Tourism is one of the world's biggest industries. Responsible tourism is concerned with the effects of tourism on people, ecology, and communities, and seeks to ameliorate these impacts by providing tourism which benefits host communities, improves working conditions, involves the local community, promotes cultural heritage, and benefits the environment. This book discusses responsible tourism as a whole, including the politics, policy and planning behind it, and the major subject sub-topics, such as poverty reduction, the environment, transport, governance, wildlife tours and heritage. It is suitable for university libraries, policy makers and researchers in responsible and sustainable tourism.

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  • ... Other innovative mechanisms for involving communities in conservation on private land have been explored in South Africa. For example, game reserves such as Phinda and Mala Mala were claimed by communities, who then leased the land back to the reserve mangement, maintaining wildlife as the land use and retaining the expertise and capital of the former owners, but bringing revenue to the community (Masombuka, 2015; Spenceley & Rylance, 2012). Similar programmes have also been successful in national parks. ...
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    This paper formulates a bio-economic model to analyze community incentives for wildlife management under benefit-sharing programs like the Communal Areas Management Programme for Indigenous Resources (CAMPFIRE) in Zimbabwe. Three agents influence the wildlife stock: a parks agency determines hunting quotas, outside poachers hunt illegally, and a local community may choose to protect wildlife by discouraging poaching. Wildlife generates revenues from hunting licenses and tourism; it also intrudes on local agriculture. We consider two benefit-sharing regimes: shares of wildlife tourism rents and shares of hunting licenses. Resource sharing does not necessarily improve community welfare or incentives for wildlife conservation. Results depend on the exact design of the benefit shares, the size of the benefits compared with agricultural losses, and the way in which the parks agency manages hunting quotas. KeywordsBio-economics–Benefit sharing–CAMPFIRE–Conservation–Elephants–Hunting quotas–Poaching–Renewable resources–Wildlife
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