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Biochemistry ; Questions and Answers

Authors:
  • Indian biomedical innovation center, Guntur
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Benzapyrins and asbestos also cause cancer
  • Nitrosamine
Nitrosamine, Benzapyrins and asbestos also cause cancer.
Increased plasma calcium level is known as hypercalcemia. It occurs in hyper parathyroidism, vit. D toxicity etc. In infants idiopathic hypercalcemia occurs. Clinical symptoms are cardiac abnormalities
  • Hypercalcemia
b. Hypercalcemia : Increased plasma calcium level is known as hypercalcemia. It occurs in hyper parathyroidism, vit. D toxicity etc. In infants idiopathic hypercalcemia occurs. Clinical symptoms are cardiac abnormalities, neurological disturbances.
Since liver is rich in ALT this test is specific for liver dysfunction. ALT is more in hepatitis
  • Alanine Transaminase
Alanine transaminase (ALT) : It is an enzyme involved in amino acid break down in liver and other tissues. Since liver is rich in ALT this test is specific for liver dysfunction. ALT is more in hepatitis. In alcoholic cirrhosis also ALT is more.
It is a protein and it is tumour marker for lung cancer, breast cancer, colon cancer and pancreas cancer
  • Carcino
Carcino embryonic antigen (CEA): It is a protein and it is tumour marker for lung cancer, breast cancer, colon cancer and pancreas cancer.