In the context of a new wave of women’s activism for equality, the body is once again at the centre of the discussion today, in the USA and globally. Analysing American discourses about health and illness at the turn of the century, Tasha Dubriwny (2013) has argued that the current narratives are dominated by neoliberal and postfeminist philosophies that have thrived in a framework of ... [Show full abstract] biomedicalisation and self-surveillance. What happens, then, when a successful feminist artist is diagnosed with uterine cancer? How does Eve Ensler, author of The Vagina Monologues and founder of V-Day, face the fact that her life may have a painful ending? How does a woman so aware of her physical and psychological self come to terms with illness? Is she willing to put her political project aside to become a patient?Through a close reading ofEnsler’s uterine cancer memoir In the Body of the World (2013), and focusing particularly on its structure and narrative strategies, this paper situates her work within the corpus of female literature about health and illness in the twenty-first century, exploring her meaning-making process in the light of the current tensions between feminism and postfeminism.