Adverse health conditions and health risk behaviors associated with intimate partner violence - United States, 2005 (Reprinted from MMWR, vol 57, pg 113-117, 2008)

JAMA The Journal of the American Medical Association (Impact Factor: 35.29). 08/2008; 300(6):646-647.
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    • "No protected health identifiers were collected. A final sample size of 2000 was chosen because we estimated that approximately 25% of the sample, or roughly 500 women, would have a history of violence based on national violence prevalence rates [1]. Further, we conservatively estimated that approximately 10% of women without violence would use a " hidden " method of contraception [injectable and implantable progestins, intrauterine device (IUD)/intrauterine system (IUS), sterilization] based on age range of the sample national averages [9]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Partner violence may interfere with a woman's ability to maintain continuous contraception and therefore contribute to increased risk of pregnancy among childbearing women. A retrospective review of medical records (N=2000) was conducted from four family planning clinics in the northeast United States. Eligibility criteria for inclusion were as follows: (1) female, (2) reproductive age (menarche through menopause), (3) seeking reproductive services and (4) clinic visit for annual gynecologic exam between 2006 and 2011. Partner violence was documented in 28.5% (n=569) of medical records. Chronicity of violence influenced contraceptive patterns and pregnancy risk. Women reporting past year partner violence only [odds ratio (OR)=10.2] and violence during the last 5 years (OR=10.6) had the highest odds of not using a current method of contraception. Women reporting recent exposure to violence were most likely to change birth control methods and use emergency contraception (OR=6.5). Women experiencing any history of violence reported more frequent contraceptive method changes during the previous year. A history of partner violence was common among women utilizing family planning services. The chronicity of violence appeared to play a significant role in contraceptive method changes, types of methods used and pregnancy risk. These results may be one explanation for increased pregnancies among women who experience partner violence.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2012 · Contraception
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    ABSTRACT: Power in intimate relationships is an important predictor of sexual risk behavior. The purpose of this study was to better understand African American men's perceptions of interpersonal power. A total of 20 African American men participated in focus groups to elicit their perceptions of power in intimate relationships; their responses were analyzed using grounded theory. From this analysis, a conceptual framework was developed that, among African American men, power in relationships was largely determined by the contribution of financial resources, and/or withholding sex. These findings were then considered in light of existing social-psychological theories of power in relationships. Future research should consider how to incorporate this understanding of interpersonal power into current theories of sexual risk behavior in order to develop more effective HIV risk reduction programs.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2008 · American journal of men's health
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    ABSTRACT: Newspapers continue to be a readily available and important source of information for much of the U.S. public. However, the meaning of domestic violence used in newspaper articles often excludes forms of violence that are not blatantly physical. Through an analysis of newspaper articles about domestic violence appearing in 5 cities during 3 months in 2008, I discuss the exclusion of emotional abuse in articles about domestic violence. Through recounting my narrative of an emotionally abusive relationship, I highlight the painful emotionally violent behaviors that are slighted in contemporary news stories about domestic violence. I also discuss reasons the media does not focus on emotional forms of abuse, and the implications of this exclusion for victims of emotional abuse.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2008 · Journal of Emotional Abuse
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