Highlights • In 2003/04, youth courts in Canada processed 70,465 cases, involving 191,302 charges. This represents a 17% decline in the overall youth court caseload from 2002/03, and a 33% drop from the 1991/92 caseload. • The overall youth court caseload has been declining gradually since 1991/92, primarily due to the steady decline in the number of Crimes against property cases. However, the ... [Show full abstract] most recent decline follows the introduction of the Youth Criminal Justice Act in April 2003, and represents the largest single annual decrease during this period. The number of charges laid by police against youth also fell in 2003. • Five offences accounted for just over half of the total youth court caseload in 2003/04. These were theft (13%), failure to comply with a disposition under the Youth Criminal Justice Act/Young Offenders Act (11%), common assault (11%), break and enter (9%) and possession of stolen property (7%). • Over half (55%) of the cases before youth courts involved older youth, aged 16 and 17 years. Youth aged 15 years were involved in 20% of cases while younger adolescents aged 12 to 14 accounted for about one quarter of cases.