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Handbook of Sustainable Development

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This timely and important Handbook takes stock of progress made in our understanding of what sustainable development actually is and how it can be measured and achieved. This fully updated and revised second edition captures recent developments in the field, adding 14 new chapters by internationally renowned authors from a variety of perspectives and disciplines. The authors explain that the gap between public commitments to sustainable development and real-world action towards achieving it is still significant, but not insurmountable, and that opportunities do exist to reduce that margin. Contributors synthesize the established knowledge and clearly present cutting edge concepts from the frontier of sustainability research with direct relevance to theory and practice. Topics covered include: the fundamentals of sustainability; equity within and between generations; the capital approach; green growth; measurements and indicators of sustainability; climate change and wellbeing. This accessible, comprehensive and multidisciplinary approach to exploring the theory and practice of sustainable development will prove an invaluable reference tool for researchers, students, academics and practitioners with an interest in the field of sustainable development.
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... Ezt követően sorra jelentek meg az egyidejűleg veszélyesen globalizálódó környezeti, társadalmi és gazdasági folyamatokról szóló és az új fenntarthatósági megközelítést bemutató tanulmányok [pl. Michelcic et al., 2003;Swart et al., 2004;McNeill, 2004;Komiyama & Takeuchi, 2006 147 ;Dasgupta, 2007;Atkinson et al., 2009;Brown, 2011;Kates, 2011;Spangenberg, 2011;Bakari, 2013;Blewitt, 2015]. ...
... […] b. solutions of international economic, social, health, and related problems" a hidegháború kitörését, elmélyülését megelőzően sikerült tető alá hozni a Nemzetközi Természetvédelmi Szövetség megalakítását (1948), 248 valamint legalább egy természeti "erőforrás", nevezetesen a bálnák "túlvadászattal" szembeni védelmét szabályozó egyezményt [ICRW, 1946]. 1957-1959közötti időszak. Az 1940 évek végétől majd két évtizeden át szinte töretlenül tartó hidegháborús (első) időszakban a "politikai klíma" rövid távú javulása tette lehetővé az 1957/58-as Nemzetközi Geofizikai Év programjának megszervezését az ICSU kezdeményezésére (a WMO közreműködésével és az UNESCO támogatásával). ...
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The globalisation has had significant and severe impacts on the Earth’s environment, which is the common home of all human societies, and from which state and resources the life and the wellbeing of the present and the future generations depend. This book is devoted to the analysis of evolution of the environmental globalization process, its drivers and dangerous consequences, the development of the international environmental scientific and policymaking cooperation. The most important international organisations, programmes and agreements are presented, which deal with various global environmental problems, together with the evaluation of their effectiveness. Based on this comprehensive overview, the most essential conclusions and lessons are drawn. A very large number of references is added and in many cases the most relevant quotes from the referred books and papers are also provided. A globalizáció már eddig is rendkívül nagy és kockázatos hatással volt a földi környezetre, amely a társadalmak közös otthona, és amelynek állapotától, erőforrásaitól függ a jelen és a jövő nemzedékek élete, életminősége. E kötet szerzője áttekinti a tágan értelmezett környezeti globalizációs folyamat kibontakozását, az okok és a veszélyes következmények feltárását, a nemzetközi tudományos és politikai együtt¬működés fejlődését. Bemutatja a főbb nemzetközi szervezeteket, programokat, megállapodásokat, értékeli azok hatékonyságát és levonja a legfontosabbnak tartott tanulságokat.”
... In recent years, sustainable development has become a significant issue affecting the tourism industry (Atkinson, Dietz, Neumayer, & Agarwala, 2014;Blewitt, 2014;Sachs, 2015). The concept of sustainable development became popular because it made a promise to maintain a standard of living similar to what we have today, while at the same time recognising that we cannot continue to use the global environment as we did in the past (Ritchie, Goeldner, & McIntosh, 2003). ...
... However, the concept of sustainable development is not new as it was coined years ago (Blewitt, 2014). When people began to pay attention to climate change, natural resource reduction and pollution in the late 1980s, the concept of sustainable development was recognised (Atkinson et al., 2014;Emas, 2015). Emas (2015) indicated that the key principle of sustainable development underlying all others is integrating environmental, social, and economic concerns into all aspects of decision making. ...
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Tourism development is crucial in small island economic developments, but such activities involve trade-offs between the benefits and environmental, social and cultural detriment. Sustainability is one of the critical factors determining tourism development success-promoting the balance between protecting the environment, maintaining cultural integrity, establishing social justice, and promoting economic benefits. This paper explores how relevant stakeholder groups perceive sustainable tourism development in the Egang-egang Resort Bum-Bum Island Semporna. A survey was conducted on the locals residing within the area of Egang Egang Water Chalet (EEWC). The study discovered that EEWS operations produce positive impacts on the sustainability of economic, social and environmental factors. Our findings show that the local community is interested in the wider aspects of tourism development, which require careful management of social and environmental resources.
... Weak sustainability, in other words, places development first but with minimal cost to the natural environment, including the atmosphere. Strong sustainability, contrarily, places the natural environment first, where environmental pollution and resource depletion must cease, regardless of the economic costs to society (Atkinson et al., 2007). This position rejects the view that natural capital is substitutable with other forms of capital. ...
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Many argue that free markets drive climate change and harm environmental sustainability. They suggest that democratic controls over profligate capital and unregulated markets better secure economic wellbeing and environmental objectives. Eco‐modernists, contrarily, argue that economic freedoms generate entrepreneurial technological change for reducing poverty and increasing environmental quality since people's demands for cleaner consumption are likely to be met by markets, and free markets are less likely to be affected by rent‐seeking. Moreover, democratic publics also demand higher consumption and the protection of jobs in dirty industry, which would work against environmental causes. This study contrasts the effects of economic freedom and egalitarian democracy on environmental sustainability and atmospheric pollution, assessed as both weak and strong sustainability. The results show that economies that are friendlier to free markets increase physical capital (wealth) with lower damage to total environmental sustainability, measured as depletion of physical, human, and natural capital, including atmospheric pollution. Egalitarian democracy consistently reduces economic sustainability and increases atmospheric pollution. There is some evidence for an inverted‐U shape relationship between egalitarianism and CO2 emissions independently of economic freedom and the level of development. The results are robust to a battery of testing procedures, alternative models and data, different sample sizes, a barrage of relevant diagnostic tests of robustness, and potential endogeneity.
... In recent times, there have been recommendations that a further pillar sphere is needed for sustainable development of cultural diversity as the root of more spiritual, ethical moral and sustainable way of life (Atkinson, G., Dietz, S., Neumayer, E. et al., 2014). The regulation of economics has also been essential in shaping the idea and practice of sustainable development. ...
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Purpose: To focus on the concept of sustainability and the environmental management by concerning its dimensions, challenges and opportunities that are helpful in maintaining the sustainable environment in the underdeveloped countries. Methodology: Qualitative research design has been employed to evaluate the sustainability and its development in the regions that are lacking sustainable environment. Findings: The World Conference on Environment and Development (WCED) has emphasized on the insistence of issues and challenges of sustainable development. Sustainable development might bring the change in the underdeveloped countries especially for the poorer groups, as the objectives of sustainability are enough to bring sustainable economic and social welfare.Environmental, economic and social dimensions can prove to be the main source of transformation in the society by being interrelated. Originality: Sustainable development has been identified as a significant element to bring improvements in underdeveloped countries, particularly for poorer groups. Practical Implications: The paper has identified in some aspects the beginning of the notion of sustainable development and its existing means in terms of decisions and alternative patterns of development to meet the requirements of the global community.
... The concept of sustainability can be considered as an aim and as a process (Atkinsons, Dietz and Neumayer, 2007). Based on the nature of the answers concerning substitutability of certain forms of capital, in the process of generating economic growth, four versions of sustainability can be defined: very weak sustainability, weak sustainability, strong sustainability and very strong sustainability (Dragulanescu and Dragulanescu, 2013). ...
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The concept of human development combines the production and distribution of goods. The use of income is as important as its generation. There are four components of human development: equity, productivity, competence and sustainability. The paper considers the sustainability paradigm as a component of human development. Sustainability, in short terms, signifies a responsible attitude toward future generations. Namely, future generations should have the same development opportunities as the present generation, that is, the opportunity to enjoy the level of well-being of the current generation should not be denied to them. Equal opportunities must be provided for intragenerational and intergenerational justice. Based on the nature of the answers about the substitutability of certain forms of capital in the process of generating economic growth, four versions of sustainability can be defined; very weak sustainability, weak sustainability, strong sustainability and very strong sustainability. The authors came to the conclusion that the concepts of very poor and poor sustainability are not in agreement with the basic idea and goals of the concept of human development that concerns expanding the possibility of choosing. On the contrary, the concept of strong and particularly very strong sustainability expresses a responsible attitude toward future generations and functions in expanding opportunities for people as well as maximizing the level of their well-being in the long run.
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This work was carried out during the years 2018 and 2019 in the Calatafimi Segesta commune, Trapani province, Sicily region, in the far south of Italy. The objective was to analyze the sustainability of family agroecosystems by identifying the key elements that account for the performance of the studied premises. It is a research of mixed methods of the Sequential transformative strategy type. The theoretical-methodological framework was the Framework for Evaluation of Natural Resource Management Systems incorporating Sustainability Indicators [MESMIS] which based on systemic theory allows a multicriteria measurement using sustainability indicators. We analyzed 32 family farms and listed 28 indicators grouped into 5 attributes. It was observed that the physical dimension of the rural premises is a crucial factor for their performance, as this aspect has limited or allowed the implementation of other associated strategies, contributing to improve sustainability. Farms with up to nine hectares perform worse on all sustainability attributes when compared to larger ones. Historical factors such as land reform and the successive division of settlements over the generations have resulted in a panorama of land fractionation that seriously undermines its sustainability.
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Environmental sustainability rather than a trans-disciplinary and a scientific issue, is the main problem that characterizes all modern cities nowadays. In developing countries, this concern is expressed in a plethora of critical urban ills: traffic congestion, air pollution, noise, urban decay, increase in energy consumption and CO 2 emissions which blemish cities' landscape and might threaten citizens' health and welfare. As in the same manner as developing world cities, the rapid growth of Algiers' human population and increasing in city scale phenomena lead eventually to increase in daily trips, energy consumption and CO 2 emissions. In addition, the lack of proper and sustainable planning of the city's infrastructure is one of the most relevant issues from which Algiers suffers. The aim of this contribution is to estimate the carbon deficit of the City of Algiers, Algeria, using the Ecological Footprint Model (carbon footprint). In order to achieve this goal, the amount of CO 2 from fuel combustion has been calculated and aggregated into five sectors (agriculture, industry, residential, tertiary and transportation); as well, Algiers' biocapacity (CO 2 uptake land) has been calculated to determine the ecological overshoot. This study shows that Algiers' transport system is not sustainable and is generating more than 50% of Algiers total carbon footprint which cannot be sequestered by the local forest land. The aim of this research is to show that the Carbon Footprint Assessment might be a relevant indicator to design sustainable strategies/policies striving to reduce CO 2 by setting in motion the energy consumption in the transportation sector and reducing the use of fossil fuels as the main energy input.
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UNDP Rio +20 summit in 2012 evolved a set of indicators to realise the targets of SDGs within a deadline. Measurement of the performances under these goals has followed the methodology as developed by UNDP which is nothing but the simple average of performances of the indicators under different domains. This work concludes that this methodology to measure the goal-wise as well as the composite performances is suffering from major shortcomings and proposes an alternative using the ideas of artificial intelligence. Here it is accepted that the indicators under different goals are interrelated and hence constructing index through simple average is misleading. Moreover the methodologies under the existing indices have failed to assign weights to different indicators. This work is based on secondary data and the goal-wise indices have been determined through normalised sigmoid functions. These goal-wise indices are plotted on a radar and the area of the radar is treated as measure under composite SDG performance. The whole work is presented through an artificial neural network. Observed that the goal-wise index as developed and tested here has shown that the UNDP as well as NITI Aayog index has delivered exaggerated values of goal-wise as well as composite performances.
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The paper aims to establish a long-run and the Granger causal relationship between economic growth, emissions, international trade, energy consumption, and population density in Malaysia. The study will use annual data from 1970 to 2014. A unique cointegrating relationship between our variables was identified. The study employed the Auto-Regressive Distributed Lag model to examine the Environmental Kuznets Curve. Our empirical results analysis showed a long-run relationship between per capita emissions and our explanatory variables. To investigate the Granger causal relationship between, the Vector Error Correction Model was employed and our results, associated the absence of Granger causality between emissions and economic growth in the short-run while revealing a uni-directional Granger causality movement from economic growth to emissions in the long-run. Hence, an increase in will lead to a rise in emissions in Malaysia.
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ZET Sürdürülebilir kalkınmanın temel amacı, insan yaşamının iyileştirilmesi ve gelecek nesillere ihtiyaçlarını karşılayabilecek bir dünya bırakılmasıdır. Bu nedenle sürdürülebilir kalkınmanın yapıtaşı insandır. Bu bağlamda yapılan çalışmaların önemi her geçen gün artmaktadır. Birleşmiş Milletler 2030 sürdürülebilir kalkınma hedefleri aynı zamanda gelecekte ihtiyacımız olan dünyayı göstermektedir. Söz konusu hedeflerin temelindeki unsur beslenmedir. Bu bağlamda sürdürülebilir üretim ve tüketim desteklenmektir. Özellikle kaliteli ve sağlıklı beslenme, sürdürülebilir kalkınmanın ayırt edici unsurlarından biri olmuştur. Kaliteli beslenme, refah düzeyinde artış ve sürdürülebilir kalkınma unsurlarının merkezinde gastronomi bulunmaktadır. Gastronominin sürdürülebilir bölgesel kalkınmaya etkisi eko-gastronomi ile açıklanabilir. Eko-gastronomi, sadece karın doyurmak değil aynı zamanda nitelikli, lezzetli ve sağlıklı yiyecekler tüketilmesiyle ilgilidir. Kültür ve ekonomiye bağlı kalarak ve gastronomik tekniklerle gıda üretilmesi demektir. Bu çalışmada önce gastronomi ve eko-gastronomi yaklaşımı açıklanmıştır. Daha sonra turizm gelirlerinin önemi ve eko-gastronominin sürdürülebilir bölgesel kalkınmaya etkileri açıklanmaya çalışılmıştır. Sonuç ve öneriler kısmında eko-gastronominin geliştirilmesiyle ilgili tespitler tartışılmıştır. Eko-gastronominin hem turizm hem bölgesel kalkınma politikaları açısından oluşturduğu etkinin tüm toplumları ilgilendirdiği düşünülmektedir. ABSTRACT The main aim of sustainable development is improving human life and leave an earth that can meeting the needs of future generations. There are a lot of issues and factors that effect on human's quality of life. In this context, the importance of the researches are increasing day by day. The United Nations 2030 sustainable development goals also show the world we need in the future. Nutrition is the basis of these objectives. In this regard, sustainable production and consumption should be support to for nutrition by the regions.
Material in Chapters 2 and 22 by Kirk Hamilton and Esther Naikal, and Chapter 21 by Glenn-Marie Lange appears by kind permission of The World Bank. Figure 30.6 appears with kind permission from Springer Science and Business Media. It was adapted from Figure S-7 (in supplementary material
  • A Cherp
  • J Jewell
  • V Vinichenko
  • N Bauer
  • E Cian
Finally, we would also like to express our appreciation to all at Edward Elgar Publishing, and particularly Edward Elgar for the continued faith shown in this endeavour as well as this book's publishing editors, Alexandra O'Connell and Tori Nicols, and copy editor Yvonne Smith. We thank the following for permission to reprint or use material: University of Chicago Press for the use of Figure 7.1 in Chapter 7. This originally appeared in Norton, B. (2005) Sustainability: A Philosophy of Adaptive Ecosystem Management, University of Chicago Press, Chicago. Material in Chapters 2 and 22 by Kirk Hamilton and Esther Naikal, and Chapter 21 by Glenn-Marie Lange appears by kind permission of The World Bank. Figure 30.6 appears with kind permission from Springer Science and Business Media. It was adapted from Figure S-7 (in supplementary material) from Cherp, A., Jewell, J., Vinichenko, V., Bauer, N. and Cian, E. (2013), 'Global energy security under different climate policies, GDP growth rates and fossil resource availabilities', Climatic Change, pp. 1-12.