ArticlePDF Available

Abstract and Figures

This paper provides an up-to-date linear sequence of monocot families and genera (excluding Orchidaceae and Poaceae) based on current phylogenetic evidence. The sequence is provided in a numbered list of each of the 1225 genera in 75 monocot families, together with a complementary alphabetical list. The sequence represents a standardized tool for the organisation of monocot herbarium collections.
Content may be subject to copyright.
552
TAX ON
Linear sequence of monocots


INTRODUCTION
  -


  

 



-

-

 
-





  -

-


-


      
  
 



-


   

 



al. 
 







   

-







    





A genus-level phylogenetic linear sequence of monocots
Anna Trias-Blasi, William J. Baker, Anna L. Haigh, David A. Simpson, Odile Weber & Paul Wilkin
Herbarium, Library, Art and Archives, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, TW9 3AB, U.K.
 Anna Trias-Blasi, a.triasblasi@kew.org

DOI
  
Abstract
     

    

Keywords


CLASSIFICATION
553
Linear sequence of monocots
TAX ON


-

   
-





-





 


    

    
 -
-




-






-
-
-


  

Maundia
Tab le 1 .

 

 
  29 
  


  
 32 
 33 
  
 35 
  
  
  
 39 
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
  
  
  
  
  52 
 53 

  


TAX ON
Linear sequence of monocots
Tab le 1 .

 

 

(continued)
 55 

  
  
  
 59 
  

  

   
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  

  
  

  



  



   

   
  
  
  
  
   
  
  
  
  
  

  
  


   


555
Linear sequence of monocots
TAX ON

Acorales, 1 family
29. Acoraceae, 1 genus
Acorus 
Alismatales, 12 families
30. Araceae, 123 genera
Gymnostachys 
Orontium 2
Lysichiton 3
Symplocarpus 
Spirodela 5
Lemna 
Landoltia  
Wolffiella  
Wolffia 9
Anthurium 
Pothos 
Pedicellarum 
Pothoidium 
Stenospermation 
Heteropsis 
Alloschemone 
Rhodospatha 
Holochlamys 
Spathiphyllum 
Anadendrum 
Rhaphidophora 
Scindapsus  22
Monstera 23
Amydrium 
Epipremnum 25
Urospatha 
Dracontium 
Dracontioides 
Anaphyllopsis 29
Podolasia 
Lasia  
Cyrtosperma  32
Pycnospatha  33
Lasimorpha 
Anaphyllum 35
Stylochaeton 
Zamioculcas 
Gonatopus 
Callopsis 39
Anubias 
Cercestis 
Culcasia 
Adelonema 
Philodendron  
Furtadoa 
Homalomena 
Aglaodorum 
Aglaonema 
Nephthytis 
Pseudohydrosme 
Anchomanes 
Zantedeschia 52
Lorenzia 53
Bognera 
Gearum 55
Synandrospadix 
Croatiella  
Spathicarpa 
Taccarum 59
Asterostigma 
Dieffenbachia 
Mangonia 
Incarum 
Spathantheum  
Gorgonidium 
Montrichardia 
Philonotion 
Table 2.


Tab le 1 .

 

 
   
 92 

 93 
  
 95 
  
  
  
 99 


  
  
  

  
  
  


TAX ON
Linear sequence of monocots
Lagenandra 
Cryptocoryne 
Apoballis 
Pichinia  
Piptospatha 
Schottariella 
Phymatarum 
Schottarum 
Schismatoglottis 
Ooia 
Hottarum 
Aridarum 
Bakoa  
Hestia 
Bucephalandra 
Calla 
Amorphophallus  
Jasarum 
Hapaline 
Caladium  
Syngonium 
Filarum 
Ulearum  
Chlorospatha 
Xanthosoma 92
Scaphispatha 93
Zomicarpella  
Zomicarpa 95
Ambrosina 
Arisarum 
Typhonodorum  
Peltandra 99
Arophyton 
Colletogyne 
Carlephyton 
Protarum 
Pistia 
Englerarum 
Ariopsis 
Colocasia  
Remusatia 
Steudnera 
Leucocasia 
Alocasia  
Pinellia 
Arisaema 
Theriophonum 
Lazarum  
Typhonium 
Sauromatum 
Eminium 
Helicodiceros 
Biarum 
Dracunculus 
Gymnomesium 
Arum L. 
31. Tofieldiaceae, 4 genera
Pleea 
Isidrogalvia2
Triantha  3
Tofieldia 
32. Alismataceae, 17 genera
Luronium 
Damasonium 2
Baldellia 3
Alisma 
Burnatia 5
Limnocharis 
Butomopsis 
Hydrocleys 
Ranalisma 9
Caldesia 
Helanthium


Albidella 
Echinodorus 
Sagittaria 
Astonia 
Limnophyton 
Wiesneria 
33. Butomaceae, 1 genus
Butomus L.
34. Hydrocharitaceae, 17 genera
Limnobium  
Hydrocharis 2
Appertiella 3
Lagarosiphon 
Blyxa 5
Ottelia 
Apalanthe 
Egeria 
Elodea 9
Stratiotes 
Hydrilla 
Nechamandra 
Vallisneria 
Najas 
Halophila 
Enhalus 
Thalassia
 
35. Scheuchzeriaceae, 1 genus
Scheuchzeria 
36. Aponogetonaceae, 1 genus
Aponogeton 
37. Juncaginaceae, 4 genera
Tetroncium 
Cycnogeton 2
Triglochin 3
Maundia 
38. Zosteraceae, 2 genera
Phyllospadix 
Zostera 2
39. Potamogetonaceae, 7 genera
Althenia 
Lepilanea 2
Pseudoalthenia3
Zannichellia 
Groenlandia 5
Stuckenia 
Potamogeton 
40. Posidoniaceae, 1 genus
Posidonia 
42. Cymodoceaceae, 6 genera
Ruppia 
Halodule 2
Thalassodendron 3
Cymodocea 
Amphibolis 5
Syringodium  
Petrosaviales, 1 family
43. Petrosaviaceae, 2 genera
Japonolirion 
Petrosavia 2
Dioscoreales, 3 families
44. Nartheciaceae, 5 genera
Metanarthecium  
Aletris 2
Lophiola  3
Nietneria 
Narthecium  5
Table 2.



Linear sequence of monocots
TAX ON

45. Burmanniaceae, 13 genera
Marthella  
Miersiella  2
Campylosiphon  3
Dictyostega  
Hexapterella  5
Gymnosiphon  
Apteria  
Burmannia L.
Oxygyne  9
Afrothismia  
Thismia  
Haplothismia  
Tiputinia  
46. Dioscoreaceae, 4 genera
Stenomeris  
Tacca  2
Trichopus  3
Dioscorea  
Pandanales, 5 families
47. Triuridaceae, 9 genera
Kihansia  
Kupea  2
Peltophyllum  3
Triuridopsis 
Lacandonia 5
Triuris  
Soridium  
Seychellaria 
Sciaphila  9
48. Velloziaceae, 5 genera
Acanthochlamys  
Xerophyta  2
Barbacenia  3
Barbaceniopsis  
Vellozia  5
49. Stemonaceae, 4 genera
Pentastemona  
Stemona  2
Stichoneuron  3
Croomia  
50. Cyclanthaceae, 12 genera
Cyclanthus  
Schultesiophytum  2
Dicranopygium  3
Ludovia  
Sphaeradenia  5
Stelestylis  
Chorigyne  
Thoracocarpus  
Asplundia  9
Carludovica  
Dianthoveus  
Evodianthus  
51. Pandanaceae, 5 genera
Sararanga  
Freycinetia  2
Martellidendron 
 3
Benstonea 
Pandanus  5
Liliales, 10 families
52. Campynemataceae, 2 genera
Campynema 
Campynemanthe 2
53. Melanthiaceae, 16 genera
Zigadenus 
Schoenocaulon  2
Amianthium  3
Veratrum 
Toxicoscordion  5
Stenanthium  
Anticlea  
Chamaelirium 
Helonias 9
Ypsilandra 
Chionographis 
Heloniopsis 
Xerophyllum 
Pseudotrillium 
Paris L. 
Trillium L. 
54. Petermanniaceae, 1 genus
Petermannia 
55. Alstroemeriaceae, 4 genera
Drymophila 
Luzuriaga 2
Bomarea 3
Alstroemeria 
56. Colchicaceae, 16 genera
Uvularia L.
Disporum  2
Burchardia R.Br. 3
Kuntheria  
Tripladenia 5
Schelhammera R.Br.
Camptorrhiza  
Iphigenia  
Baeometra  9
Wurmbea  
Gloriosa L. 
Sandersonia  
Ornithoglossum  
Hexacyrtis  
Androcymbium  
Colchicum L. 
57. Philesiaceae, 2 genera
Lapageria 
Philesia 2
58. Rhipogonaceae, 1 genus
Ripogonum 
59. Smilacaceae, 2 genera
Heterosmilax 
Smilax 2
60. Corsiaceae, 3 genera
Arachnitis  
Corsia 2
Corsiopsis
 3
61. Liliaceae, 16 genera
Tricyrtis  
Streptopus  2
Scoliopus 3
Prosartes  
Calochortus  5
Medeola  
Clintonia  
Gagea  
Tulipa L. 9
Amana  
Erythronium L. 
Notholirion  
Cardiocrinum 
Fritillaria 
Nomocharis  
Lilium  
Asparagales, 14 families
62. Orchidaceae, not included
63. Boryaceae, 2 genera
Alania  
Borya 2
Table 2.



TAX ON
Linear sequence of monocots
64. Blandfordiaceae, 1 genus
Blandfordia 
65. Asteliaceae, 4 genera
Neoastelia  
Milligania  2
Collospermum 3
Astelia  
66. Lanariaceae, 1 genus
Lanaria 
67. Hypoxidaceae, 10 genera
Rhodohypoxis 
Hypoxis 2
Empodium 3
Pauridia 
Saniella 5
Spiloxene 
Sinocurculigo

Hypoxidia 
Molineria  9
Curculigo 
68. Tecophilaeaceae, 9 genera
Conanthera 
Tecophilaea 2
Zephyra 3
Odontostomum 
Kabuyea  5
Cyanastrum 
Walleria  
Eremiolirion  
Cyanella 9
69. Doryanthaceae, 1 genus
Doryanthes 
70. Ixioliriaceae, 1 genus
Ixiolirion  
71. Iridaceae, 69 genera
Isophysis 
Patersonia 2
Geosiris 3
Aristea 
Nivenia 5
Witsenia 
Klattia 
Tritoniopsis 
Melasphaerula 9
Gladiolus 
Micranthus 
Thereianthus 
Pillansia 
Watsonia 
Lapeirousia 
Cyanixia 
Savannosiphon 
Zygotritonia 
Xenoscapa
 
Freesia 
Devia  
Crocosmia 22
Radinosiphon 23
Romulea 
Crocus 25
Syringodea 
Hesperantha 
Geissorhiza 
Chasmanthe 29
Babiana 
Duthiastrum 
Sparaxis 32
Dierama 33
Tritonia 
Ixia 35
Diplarrena 
Iris 
Dietes 
Bobartia 39
Ferraria 
Moraea 
Orthrosanthus 
Libertia 
Solenomelus 
Olsynium 
Tapeinia 
Sisyrinchium 
Pseudiris 
Pseudotrimezia 
Neomarica 
Trimezia 
Larentia 52
Cipura 53
Lethia 
Salpingostylis 55
Nemastylis 
Herbertia 
Calydorea 
Cypella 59
Alophia 
Phalocallis  
Eleutherine 
Hesperoxiphion 
Gelasine 
Mastigostyla 
Ennealophus 
Cobana 
Sessilanthera 
Tigridia 
72. Xeronemataceae, 1 genus
Xeronema 
73. Xanthorrhoeaceae, 38 genera
Asphodeline  
Asphodelus L. 2
Bulbinella  3
Kniphofia  
Trachyandra  5
Eremurus  
Bulbine  
Aloidendron 

Kumara  9
Haworthia  
Aloiampelos 
Aloe L. 
Haworthiopsis  
Gasteria  
Astroloba  
Aristaloe  
Gonialoe
 
Tulista 
Xanthorrhoea  
Simethis  
Hemerocallis 
Hodgsoniola  22
Tricoryne R.Br. 23
Corynotheca  
Caesia R.Br. 25
Arnocrinum  
Hensmania  
Stawellia  
Johnsonia R.Br. 29
Pasithea  
Table 2.


559
Linear sequence of monocots
TAX ON

Phormium  
Geitonoplesium  32
Agrostocrinum  33
Herpolirion  
Stypandra R.Br. 35
Thelionema  
Eccremis  
Dianella  
74. Amaryllidaceae, 75 genera
Agapanthus 
Allium L. 2
Prototulbaghia  3
Tulbaghia L.
Solaria  5
Gilliesia  
Miersia  
Nothoscordum  
Schickendantziella 9
Speea  
Tristagma  
Trichlora  
Leucocoryne  
Amaryllis L. 
Boophone  
Ammocharis  
Crinum 
Crossyne  
Strumaria  
Nerine  
Hessea  
Namaquanula
 22
Brunsvigia  23
Cyrtanthus  
Calostemma R.Br. 25
Proiphys  
Cryptostephanus 
Clivia  
Scadoxus  29
Haemanthus L. 
Apodolirion  
Gethyllis L. 32
Ungernia  33
Lycoris  
Hannonia  35
Lapiedra  
Vagaria  
Acis  
Leucojum L. 39
Galanthus L. 
Pancratium  
Sternbergia  
Narcissus L. 
Worsleya  
Cearanthes 
Griffinia  
Traubia  
Phycella  
Placea  
Eithea  
Tocantinia  
Sprekelia  52
Rhodophiala  53
Habranthus  
Zephyranthes  55
Hippeastrum  
Pyrolirion  
Eustephia  
Chlidanthus  59
Hieronymiella  
Pamianthe  
Paramongaia  
Clinanthus  
Hymenocallis  
Leptochiton  
Ismene  
Rauhia  
Phaedranassa  
Plagiolirion  
Caliphruria  
Eucharis  
Mathieua  
Stenomesson  
Urceolina  
Eucrosia  
75. Asparagaceae, 120 genera
Sowerbaea  
Laxmannia R.Br. 2
Xerolirion 3
Romnalda  
Chamaexeros  5
Acanthocarpus 
Lomandra  
Chamaescilla  
Cordyline 9
Trichopetalum  
Murchisonia 
Thysanotus R.Br. 
Eustrephus 
Dichopogon 
Arthropodium R.Br. 
Hemiphylacus  
Asparagus 
Eriospermum  
Disporopsis  
Maianthemum  
Heteropolygonatum 
 
Polygonatum  22
Theropogon  23
Comospermum  
Dracaena  25
Danae  
Semele  
Ruscus L. 
Peliosanthes  29
Liriope  
Ophiopogon  
Dasylirion  32
Calibanus  33
Beaucarnea 
Nolina  35
Speirantha  
Convallaria L. 
Reineckea 
Rohdea 39
Tupistra  
Aspidistra  
Aphyllanthes 
Anemarrhena  
Behnia  
Herreria 
Herreriopsis  
Clara  
Anthericum 
Diamena 
Diora 
Paradisea  
Trihesperus  52
Duiranthera 53
Hagenbachia  
Table 2.



TAX ON
Linear sequence of monocots
Chlorophytum  55
Leucocrinum  
Echeandia  
Hesperocallis  
Hosta  59
Eremocrinum  
Chlorogalum  
Schoenolirion  
Hastingsia  
Camassia .
Hesperoyucca  
Hesperaloe  
Yucca 
Beschorneria  
Furcraea  
Polianthes L. 
Manfreda 
Agave L. 
Androstephium  
Muilla  
Bloomeria  
Triteleia  
Triteleiopsis  
Dichelostemma  
Brodiaea  
Jaimehintonia  
Petronymphe  
Bessera  
Dandya 
Milla  
Oziroe  
Albuca L. 
Ornithogalum L. 
Pseudogaltonia  
Dipcadi  
Bowiea  
Sagittanthera 
Drimia  92
Pseudoprospero  93
Merwilla  
Schizocarphus  95
Resnova  
Drimiopsis  
Ledebouria  
Eucomis  99
Spetaea  
Daubenya  
Veltheimia  
Lachenalia  
Namophila 
 
Massonia  
Barnardia  
Zagrosia  
Alrawia 
Puschkinia  
Brimeura  
Hyacinthus  
Pseudomuscari  
Fessia  
Hyacinthoides  
Leopoldia  
Prospero  
Hyacinthella  
Muscari  
Bellevalia  
Scilla L. 
Arecales, 1 family
76. Arecaceae/Palmae, 183 genera
Eugeissona  
Oncocalamus 
 2
Eremospatha 
 3
Laccosperma  
Raphia  5
Lepidocaryum  
Mauritia  
Mauritiella  
Korthalsia 9
Eleiodoxa 
Salacca  
Metroxylon  
Pigafetta 
Plectocomia  
Myrialepis  
Plectocomiopsis 
Calamus L. 
Nypa 
Sabal  
Schippia 
Trithrinax  
Zombia  22
Coccothrinax  23
Hemithrinax  
Leucothrinax 25
Thrinax  
Chelyocarpus  
Cryosophila  
Itaya 29
Sabinaria  
Phoenix L. 
Chamaerops L. 32
Guihaia 33
Trachycarpus 
Rhapidophyllum 35
Maxburretia 
Rhapis 
Livistona R.Br. 
Licuala  39
Lanonia 
Johannesteijsmannia  
Pholidocarpus 
Saribus 
Acoelorrhaphe  
Serenoa  
Brahea  
Colpothrinax 
Copernicia  
Pritchardia  
Washingtonia  
Chuniophoenix 
Kerriodoxa  52
Nannorrhops  53
Tahina 
Caryota L. 55
Arenga 
Wallichia  
Corypha L. 
Bismarckia 59
Satranala  
Hyphaene  
Medemia  
Latania  
Lodoicea  
Borassodendron 
Borassus L. 
Pseudophoenix  
Ceroxylon  
Juania 
Table 2.



Linear sequence of monocots
TAX ON

Oraniopsis 
 
Ravenea  
Ammandra  
Aphandra 
Phytelephas  
Iriartella  
Dictyocaryum  
Iriartea  
Socratea  
Wettinia  
Hyophorbe  
Wendlandiella  
Synechanthus  
Chamaedorea  
Gaussia  
Podococcus 
Orania 
Sclerosperma  
Roystonea 
Reinhardtia  
Beccariophoenix 
Jubaeopsis  
Voanioala 92
Allagoptera  93
Attalea  
Butia 95
Cocos L. 
Jubaea  
Lytocaryum  
Syagrus 99
Parajubaea  
Acrocomia  
Astrocaryum  
Aiphanes  
Bactris  
Desmoncus  
Barcella 
Elaeis  
Manicaria  
Hyospathe  
Euterpe  
Prestoea  
Neonicholsonia  
Oenocarpus  
Welfia  
Pholidostachys 
Calyptrogyne  
Calyptronoma  
Asterogyne  
Geonoma  
Leopoldinia  
Pelagodoxa  
Sommieria  
Actinorhytis  
Archontophoenix  
Actinokentia  
Chambeyronia 
Kentiopsis  
Areca L. 
Nenga 
Pinanga  
Basselinia  
Burretiokentia  
Cyphophoenix 
Cyphosperma 
Lepidorrhachis
 
Physokentia 
Carpoxylon  
Satakentia  
Neoveitchia  
Cyphokentia  
Clinosperma  
Dypsis  
Lemurophoenix 
Marojejya 
Masoala  
Calyptrocalyx  
Linospadix . 
Howea  
Laccospadix  
Oncosperma  
Deckenia  
Acanthophoenix 
Tectiphiala  
Ptychosperma  
Ponapea 
Adonidia  
Wallaceodoxa  
Jailoloa 
Manjekia  
Balaka 
Veitchia  
Carpentaria 
Wodyetia  
Drymophloeus  
Normanbya  
Brassiophoenix  
Ptychococcus  
Rhopalostylis 
Hedyscepe  
Nephrosperma  
Phoenicophorium  
Roscheria 
Verschaffeltia 
Bentinckia 
Clinostigma  
Cyrtostachys  
Dictyosperma  
Dransfieldia  
Heterospathe  
Hydriastele  
Iguanura  
Loxococcus 
Rhopaloblaste  
Commelinales, 5 families
77. Hanguanaceae, 1 genus
Hanguana 
78. Commelinaceae, 41 genera
Triceratella 
Cartonema 2
Palisota 3
Anthericopsis  
Murdannia 5
Buforrestia 
Stanfieldiella 
Floscopa 
Pseudoparis 9
Tricarpelema 
Dictyospermum 
Pollia  
Tapheocarpa  
Rhopalephora  
Aneilema R.Br. 
Polyspatha  
Commelina L. 
Aetheolirion  
Streptolirion  
Spatholirion  
Cochliostema  
Table 2.



TAX ON
Linear sequence of monocots
Plowmanianthus 22
Geogenanthus  23
Siderasis  
Dichorisandra  25
Coleotrype  
Porandra  
Amischotolype  
Belosynapsis  29
Cyanotis  
Sauvallea  
Gibasoides  32
Matudanthus  33
Tinantia  
Weldenia  35
Thyrsanthemum  
Callisia  
Tripogandra  
Elasis  39
Gibasis  
Tradescantia  
79. Philydraceae, 3 genera
Philydrella  
Philydrum  2
Helmholtzia 3
80. Pontederiaceae, 6 genera
Hydrothrix  
Scholleropsis  2
Eichhornia  3
Pontederia L.
Monochoria  5
Heteranthera  
81. Haemodoraceae, 14 genera
Tribonanthes
Macropidia2
Anigozanthos  3
Phlebocarya R.Br.
Blancoa  5
Conostylis R.Br.
Dilatris  
Lachnanthes  
Haemodorum  9
Barberetta  
Wachendorfia  
Pyrrorhiza  
Schiekia  
Xiphidium  
Zingiberales, 8 families
82. Strelitziaceae, 3 genera
Ravenala  
Phenakospermum  2
Strelitzia  3
83. Lowiaceae, 1 genus
Orchidantha 
84. Heliconiaceae, 1 genus
Heliconia 
85. Musaceae, 3 genera
Musa L.
Musella  2
Ensete  3
86. Cannaceae, 1 genus
Canna 
87. Marantaceae, 28 genera
Sarcophrynium  
Thaumatococcus  2
Megaphrynium  3
Trachyphrynium  
Hypselodelphys 
5
Haumania  
Goeppertia 
Monotagma  
Calathea  9
Pleiostachya  
Ischnosiphon  
Thalia L. 
Donax  
Schumannianthus  
Phrynium  
Marantochloa  
Afrocalathea  
Stachyphrynium  
Monophyllanthe 
Indianthus  
Halopegia  
Myrosma  22
Hylaeanthe  23
Maranta  
Saranthe 25
Koernickanthe  
Ctenanthe  
Stromanthe  
88. Costaceae, 7 genera
Chamaecostus 
Monocostus 2
Dimerocostus 3
Costus L.
Paracostus  5
Hellenia 
Tapeinochilos 
89. Zingiberaceae, 52 genera
Aulotandra  
Siphonochilus  2
Tamijia  3
Siliquamomum  
Siamanthus  5
Burbidgea  
Pleuranthodium 
Riedelia  
Cyphostigma  9
Leptosolena  
Vanoverberghia 
Geocharis  
Elettaria  
Elettariopsis  
Geostachys  
Plagiostachys 
Hornstedtia  
Aframomum  
Renealmia  
Etlingera  
Amomum  
Alpinia  22
Globba L. 23
Gagnepainia  
Hemiorchis  25
Caulokaempferia  
Camptandra  
Hitchenia  
Laosanthus 29
Smithatris  
Stahlianthus  
Curcuma L. 32
Nanochilus  33
Stadiochilus  
Larsenianthus  35
Hedychium  
Pommereschea  
Rhynchanthus  
Cautleya  39
Roscoea  
Kedhalia  
Table 2.



Linear sequence of monocots
TAX ON

Newmania  
Haniffia  
Parakaempferia  
Myxochlamys  
Cornukaempferia  
Distichochlamys  
Haplochorema  
Scaphochlamys  
Kaempferia L. 
Boesenbergia  
Zingiber  52

90. Dasypogonaceae, 4 genera
Baxteria 
Kingia 2
Dasypogon 3
Calectasia R.Br.
Poales, 16 families
91. Typhaceae, 2 genera
Sparganium L.
Typha L. 2
92. Bromeliaceae, 47 genera
Ayensua 
Brocchinia  2
Connellia  3
Lindmania  
Glomeropitcairnia  5
Catopsis  
Vriesea  
Mezobromelia 
Guzmania  9
Tillandsia L. 
Hechtia 
Cottendorfia  
Brewcaria 
Steyerbromelia  
Navia  
Pitcairnia  
Fosterella 
Deuterocohnia 
Encholirium  
Dyckia 
Puya  
Fascicularia  22
Ochagavia  23
Greigia  
Bromelia L. 25
Fernseea  
Neoglaziovia  
Ananas  
Lapanthus  29
Cryptanthus 
Orthophytum  
Acanthostachys  32
Eduandrea 
 33
Hohenbergiopsis 
Androlepis 35
Disteganthus  
Portea  
Araeococcus  
Lymania  39
Ronnbergia  
Canistrum  
Quesnelia  
Nidularium  
Hohenbergia  
Billbergia  
Neoregelia  
Aechmea  
93. Rapateaceae, 17 genera
Spathanthus  
Duckea  2
Cephalostemon  3
Rapatea  
Maschalocephalus 5
Windsorina  
Potarophytum  
Monotrema  
Saxofridericia  9
Kunhardtia  
Guacamaya  
Schoenocephalium  
Marahuacaea  
Phelpsiella  
Epidryos  
Amphiphyllum  
Stegolepis  
94. Xyridaceae, 5 genera
Achlyphila  
Xyris  2
Abolboda  3
Aratitiyopea  
Orectanthe  5
95. Eriocaulaceae, 10 genera
Mesanthemum .
Eriocaulon L. 2
Comanthera  3
Syngonanthus  
Leiothrix  5
Rondonanthus  
Tonina  
Lachnocaulon  
Actinocephalus  9
Paepalanthus  
96. Mayacaceae, 1 genus
Mayaca 
97. Thurniaceae, 2 genera
Prionium  
Thurnia  2
98. Juncaceae, 8 genera
Oreojuncus  
Luzula  2
Patosia  3
Rostkovia  
Distichia  5
Marsippospermum  
Oxychloe  
Juncus L.
99. Cyperaceae, 94 genera
Capitularina  
Diplasia  2
Exocarya  3
Lepironia  
Principina  5
Scirpodendron  
Chrysitrix L.
Chorizandra R.Br.
Paramapania  9
Hypolytrum  
Mapania  
Afrotrilepis  
Coleochloa  
Trilepis  
Microdracoides  
Cladium  
Gymnoschoenus  
Koyamaea  
Cephalocarpus  
Everardia  
Lagenocarpus  
Table 2.



TAX ON
Linear sequence of monocots
Bisboeckelera  22
Diplacrum R.Br. 23
Becquerelia  
Scleria  25
Calyptrocarya  
Capeobolus  
Neesenbeckia  
Ptilothrix  29
Reedia  
Rhynchocladium  
Trichoschoenus  32
Evandra R.Br. 33
Morelotia  
Cyathocoma  35
Trianoptiles  
Caustis R.Br. 
Cyathochaeta  
Mesomelaena  39
Tricostularia  
Oreobolus R.Br. 
Epischoenus  
Carpha  
Costularia  
Gahnia  
Machaerina  
Tetraria  
Lepidosperma  
Schoenus L. 
Pleurostachys  
Rhynchospora  
Khaosokia 
 52
Cymophyllus 53
Calliscirpus 
 
Schoenoxiphium  55
Kobresia  
Uncinia  
Carex L. 
Oreobolopsis  59
Trichophorum  
Dulichium  
Sumatroscirpus  
Blysmus  
Amphiscirpus  
Neoscirpus  
Cypringlea  
Phylloscirpus 
Zameioscirpus  
Eriophorum L. 
Scirpus  
Fuirena  
Eleocharis R.Br. 
Nelmesia  
Bolboschoenus  
Fimbristylis  
Actinoschoenus  
Arthrostylis R.Br. 
Trachystylis  
Crosslandia  
Nemum 
Bulbostylis  
Actinoscirpus 
Schoenoplectus 
Pseudoschoenus 
 
Schoenoplectiella  
Karinia  
Scirpoides  
Dracoscirpoides  
Hellmuthia  
Erioscirpus  
Isolepis R.Br. 
Ficinia  92
Androtrichum  93
Cyperus L. 
100. Anarthriaceae, 3 genera
Anarthria R.Br.
Hopkinsia  2
Lyginia R.Br. 3
101. Centrolepidaceae, 3 genera
Gaimardia  
Aphelia R.Br. 2
Centrolepis  3
102. Restionaceae, 42 genera
Hydrophilus  
Mastersiella  2
Nevillea  3
Cannomois  
Hypodiscus  5
Ceratocaryum  
Willdenowia  
Thamnochortus  
Soroveta  9
Platycaulos  
Elegia L. 
Anthochortus  
Askidiosperma  
Staberoha  
Rhodocoma  
Restio  
Sporadanthus  
Calorophus  
Lepyrodia R.Br. 
Eurychorda  
Empodisma  
Taraxis  22
Winifredia  23
Alexgeorgea  
Hypolaena R.Br. 25
Chaetanthus R.Br. 
Apodasmia  
Dapsilanthus 
 
Leptocarpus R.Br. 29
Loxocarya R.Br. 
Platychorda
 
Tremulina  32
Chordifex  33
Baloskion  
Dielsia  35
Cytogonidium 
 
Melanostachya 
 
Tyrbastes  
Catacolea  39
Lepidobolus  
Coleocarya  
Desmocladus  
103. Flagellariaceae, 1 genus
Flagellaria 
104. Joinvilleaceae, 1 genus
Joinvillea  
105. Ecdeiocoleaceae, 2 genera
Georgeantha 

Ecdeiocolea  2
106. Poaceae/Gramineae, not included
Table 2.



Linear sequence of monocots
TAX ON

Acorales, 1 family
29. Acoraceae, 1 genus
Acorus 
Alismatales, 12 families
30. Araceae, 123 genera
Adelonema 
Aglaodorum 
Aglaonema 
Alloschemone 
Alocasia  
Ambrosina 
Amorphophallus  
Amydrium 
Anadendrum 
Anaphyllopsis 29
Anaphyllum 35
Anchomanes 
Anthurium 
Anubias 
Apoballis 
Aridarum 
Ariopsis 
Arisaema 
Arisarum 
Arophyton 
Arum L. 
Asterostigma 
Bakoa  
Biarum 
Bognera 
Bucephalandra 
Caladium  
Calla 
Callopsis 39
Carlephyton 
Cercestis 
Chlorospatha 
Colletogyne 
Colocasia  
Croatiella  
Cryptocoryne 
Culcasia 
Cyrtosperma  32
Dieffenbachia 
Dracontioides 
Dracontium 
Dracunculus 
Eminium 
Englerarum 
Epipremnum 25
Filarum 
Furtadoa 
Gearum 55
Gonatopus 
Gorgonidium 
Gymnomesium 
Gymnostachys 
Hapaline 
Helicodiceros 
Hestia 
Heteropsis 
Holochlamys 
Homalomena 
Hottarum 
Incarum 
Jasarum 
Lagenandra 
Landoltia  
Lasia  
Lasimorpha 
Lazarum  
Lemna 
Leucocasia 
Lorenzia 53
Lysichiton 3
Mangonia 
Monstera 23
Montrichardia 
Nephthytis 
Ooia 
Orontium 2
Pedicellarum 
Peltandra 99
Philodendron  
Philonotion 
Phymatarum 
Pichinia  
Pinellia 
Piptospatha 
Pistia 
Podolasia 
Pothoidium 
Pothos 
Protarum 
Pseudohydrosme 
Pycnospatha  33
Remusatia 
Rhaphidophora 
Rhodospatha 
Sauromatum 
Scaphispatha 93
Schismatoglottis 
Schottariella 
Schottarum 
Scindapsus  22
Spathantheum  
Spathicarpa 
Spathiphyllum 
Spirodela 5
Stenospermation 
Steudnera 
Stylochaeton 
Symplocarpus

Synandrospadix 
Syngonium 
Taccarum 59
Theriophonum 
Typhonium 
Typhonodorum  
Ulearum  
Urospatha 
Wolffia 9
Wolffiella  
Xanthosoma 92
Zamioculcas 
Zantedeschia 52
Zomicarpa 95
Zomicarpella  
31. Tofieldiaceae, 4 genera
Isidrogalvia2
Pleea 
Tofieldia 
Triantha  3
32. Alismataceae, 17 genera
Albidella 
Alisma 
Astonia 
Table 3.




TAX ON
Linear sequence of monocots
Baldellia 3
Burnatia 5
Butomopsis 
Caldesia 
Damasonium 2
Echinodorus 
Helanthium


Hydrocleys 
Limnocharis 
Limnophyton 
Luronium 
Ranalisma 9
Sagittaria 
Wiesneria 
33. Butomaceae, 1 genus
Butomus L.
34. Hydrocharitaceae, 17 genera
Apalanthe 
Appertiella 3
Blyxa 5
Egeria 
Elodea 9
Enhalus 
Halophila 
Hydrilla 
Hydrocharis 2
Lagarosiphon 
Limnobium  
Najas 
Nechamandra 
Ottelia 
Stratiotes 
Thalassia 
Vallisneria 
35. Scheuchzeriaceae, 1 genus
Scheuchzeria 
36. Aponogetonaceae, 1 genus
Aponogeton 
37. Juncaginaceae, 4 genera
Cycnogeton 2
Maundia 
Tetroncium 
Triglochin 3
38. Zosteraceae, 2 genera
Phyllospadix 
Zostera 2
39. Potamogetonaceae, 7 genera
Althenia 
Groenlandia 5
Lepilanea 2
Potamogeton 
Pseudoalthenia3
Stuckenia 
Zannichellia 
40. Posidoniaceae, 1 genus
Posidonia 
42. Cymodoceaceae, 6 genera
Amphibolis 5
Cymodocea 
Halodule 2
Ruppia 
Syringodium  
Thalassodendron 3
Petrosaviales, 1 family
43. Petrosaviaceae, 2 genera
Japonolirion 
Petrosavia 2
Dioscoreales, 3 families
44. Nartheciaceae, 5 genera
Aletris 2
Lophiola  3
Metanarthecium  
Narthecium  5
Nietneria 
45. Burmanniaceae, 13 genera
Afrothismia  
Apteria  
Burmannia L.
Campylosiphon  3
Dictyostega  
Gymnosiphon  
Haplothismia  
Hexapterella  5
Marthella  
Miersiella  2
Oxygyne  9
Thismia  
Tiputinia  
46. Dioscoreaceae, 4 genera
Dioscorea  
Stenomeris  
Tacca  2
Trichopus  3
Pandanales, 5 families
47. Triuridaceae, 9 genera
Kihansia  
Kupea  2
Lacandonia 5
Peltophyllum  3
Sciaphila  9
Seychellaria 
Soridium  
Triuridopsis 
Triuris  
48. Velloziaceae, 5 genera
Acanthochlamys  
Barbacenia  3
Barbaceniopsis  
Vellozia  5
Xerophyta  2
49. Stemonaceae, 4 genera
Croomia  
Pentastemona  
Stemona  2
Stichoneuron  3
50. Cyclanthaceae, 12 genera
Asplundia  9
Carludovica  
Chorigyne  
Cyclanthus  
Dianthoveus  
Dicranopygium  3
Evodianthus  
Ludovia  
Schultesiophytum  2
Sphaeradenia  5
Stelestylis  
Thoracocarpus  
51. Pandanaceae, 5 genera
Benstonea 
Freycinetia  2
Martellidendron 

3
Pandanus  5
Sararanga  
Liliales, 10 families
52. Campynemataceae, 2 genera
Campynema 
Campynemanthe 2
Table 3.



Linear sequence of monocots
TAX ON

53. Melanthiaceae, 16 genera
Amianthium  3
Anticlea  
Chamaelirium 
Chionographis 
Helonias 9
Heloniopsis 
Paris L. 
Pseudotrillium 
Schoenocaulon  2
Stenanthium  
Toxicoscordion  5
Trillium L. 
Veratrum 
Xerophyllum 
Ypsilandra 
Zigadenus 
54. Petermanniaceae, 1 genus
Petermannia 
55. Alstroemeriaceae, 4 genera
Alstroemeria 
Bomarea 3
Drymophila 
Luzuriaga 2
56. Colchicaceae, 16 genera
Androcymbium  
Baeometra  9
Burchardia R.Br. 3
Camptorrhiza  
Colchicum L. 
Disporum  2
Gloriosa L. 
Hexacyrtis  
Iphigenia  
Kuntheria  
Ornithoglossum  
Sandersonia  
Schelhammera R.Br.
Tripladenia 5
Uvularia L.
Wurmbea  
57. Philesiaceae, 2 genera
Lapageria 
Philesia 2
58. Rhipogonaceae, 1 genus
Ripogonum 
59. Smilacaceae, 2 genera
Heterosmilax 
Smilax 2
60. Corsiaceae, 3 genera
Arachnitis  
Corsia 2
Corsiopsis
 3
61. Liliaceae, 16 genera
Amana  
Calochortus  5
Cardiocrinum 
Clintonia  
Erythronium L. 
Fritillaria 
Gagea  
Lilium  
Medeola  
Nomocharis  
Notholirion  
Prosartes  
Scoliopus 3
Streptopus  2
Tricyrtis  
Tulipa L. 9
Asparagales, 14 families
62. Orchidaceae, not included
63. Boryaceae, 2 genera
Alania  
Borya 2
64. Blandfordiaceae, 1 genus
Blandfordia 
65. Asteliaceae, 4 genera
Astelia  
Collospermum 3
Milligania  2
Neoastelia  
66. Lanariaceae, 1 genus
Lanaria 
67. Hypoxidaceae, 10 genera
Curculigo 
Empodium 3
Hypoxidia 
Hypoxis 2
Molineria  9
Pauridia 
Rhodohypoxis 
Saniella 5
Sinocurculigo

Spiloxene 
68. Tecophilaeaceae, 9 genera
Conanthera 
Cyanastrum 
Cyanella 9
Eremiolirion  
Kabuyea  5
Odontostomum 
Tecophilaea 2
Walleria  
Zephyra 3
69. Doryanthaceae, 1 genus
Doryanthes 
70. Ixioliriaceae, 1 genus
Ixiolirion  
71. Iridaceae, 69 genera
Alophia 
Aristea 
Babiana 
Bobartia 39
Calydorea 
Chasmanthe 29
Cipura 53
Cobana 
Crocosmia 22
Crocus 25
Cyanixia 
Cypella 59
Devia  
Dierama 33
Dietes 
Diplarrena 
Duthiastrum 
Eleutherine 
Ennealophus 
Ferraria 
Freesia 
Geissorhiza 
Gelasine 
Geosiris 3
Gladiolus 
Herbertia 
Hesperantha 
Hesperoxiphion 
Table 3.



TAX ON
Linear sequence of monocots
Iris 
Isophysis 
Ixia 35
Klattia 
Lapeirousia 
Larentia 52
Lethia 
Libertia 
Mastigostyla 
Melasphaerula 9
Micranthus 
Moraea 
Nemastylis 
Neomarica 
Nivenia 5
Olsynium 
Orthrosanthus 
Patersonia 2
Phalocallis  
Pillansia 
Pseudiris 
Pseudotrimezia 
Radinosiphon 23
Romulea 
Salpingostylis 55
Savannosiphon 
Sessilanthera 
Sisyrinchium 
Solenomelus 
Sparaxis 32
Syringodea 
Tapeinia 
Thereianthus 
Tigridia 
Trimezia 
Tritonia 
Tritoniopsis 
Watsonia 
Witsenia 
Xenoscapa
 
Zygotritonia 
72. Xeronemataceae, 1 genus
Xeronema 
73. Xanthorrhoeaceae, 38 genera
Agrostocrinum  33
Aloe L. 
Aloiampelos 
Aloidendron 

Aristaloe  
Arnocrinum  
Asphodeline  
Asphodelus L. 2
Astroloba  
Bulbine  
Bulbinella  3
Caesia R.Br. 25
Corynotheca  
Dianella  
Eccremis  
Eremurus  
Gasteria  
Geitonoplesium  32
Gonialoe
 
Haworthia  
Haworthiopsis  
Hemerocallis 
Hensmania  
Herpolirion  
Hodgsoniola  22
Johnsonia R.Br. 29
Kniphofia  
Kumara  9
Pasithea  
Phormium  
Simethis  
Stawellia  
Stypandra R.Br. 35
Thelionema  
Trachyandra  5
Tricoryne R.Br. 23
Tulista 
Xanthorrhoea  
74. Amaryllidaceae, 75 genera
Acis  
Agapanthus 
Allium L. 2
Amaryllis L. 
Ammocharis  
Apodolirion  
Boophone  
Brunsvigia  23
Caliphruria  
Calostemma R.Br. 25
Cearanthes 
Chlidanthus  59
Clinanthus  
Clivia  
Crinum 
Crossyne  
Cryptostephanus 
Cyrtanthus  
Eithea  
Eucharis  
Eucrosia  
Eustephia  
Galanthus L. 
Gethyllis L. 32
Gilliesia  
Griffinia  
Habranthus  
Haemanthus L. 
Hannonia  35
Hessea  
Hieronymiella  
Hippeastrum  
Hymenocallis  
Ismene  
Lapiedra  
Leptochiton  
Leucocoryne  
Leucojum L. 39
Lycoris  
Mathieua  
Miersia  
Namaquanula
 22
Narcissus L. 
Nerine  
Nothoscordum  
Pamianthe  
Pancratium  
Paramongaia  
Phaedranassa  
Phycella  
Placea  
Plagiolirion  
Proiphys  
Prototulbaghia  3
Table 3.



Linear sequence of monocots
TAX ON

Pyrolirion  
Rauhia  
Rhodophiala  53
Scadoxus  29
Schickendantziella 9
Solaria  5
Speea  
Sprekelia  52
Stenomesson  
Sternbergia  
Strumaria  
Tocantinia  
Traubia  
Trichlora  
Tristagma  
Tulbaghia L.
Ungernia  33
Urceolina  
Vagaria  
Worsleya  
Zephyranthes  55
75. Asparagaceae, 120 genera
Acanthocarpus 
Agave L. 
Albuca L. 
Alrawia
 
Androstephium  
Anemarrhena  
Anthericum 
Aphyllanthes 
Arthropodium R.Br. 
Asparagus 
Aspidistra  
Barnardia  
Beaucarnea 
Behnia  
Bellevalia  
Beschorneria  
Bessera  
Bloomeria  
Bowiea  
Brimeura  
Brodiaea  
Calibanus  33
Camassia .
Chamaescilla  
Chamaexeros  5
Chlorogalum  
Chlorophytum  55
Clara  
Comospermum  
Convallaria L. 
Cordyline 9
Danae  
Dandya 
Dasylirion  32
Daubenya  
Diamena 
Dichelostemma  
Dichopogon 
Diora 
Dipcadi  
Disporopsis  
Dracaena  25
Drimia  92
Drimiopsis  
Duiranthera 53
Echeandia  
Eremocrinum  
Eriospermum  
Eucomis  99
Eustrephus 
Fessia  
Furcraea  
Hagenbachia  
Hastingsia  
Hemiphylacus  
Herreria 
Herreriopsis  
Hesperaloe  
Hesperocallis  
Hesperoyucca  
Heteropolygonatum 
 
Hosta  59
Hyacinthella  
Hyacinthoides  
Hyacinthus  
Jaimehintonia  
Lachenalia  
Laxmannia R.Br. 2
Ledebouria  
Leopoldia  
Leucocrinum  
Liriope  
Lomandra  
Maianthemum  
Manfreda 
Massonia  
Merwilla  
Milla  
Muilla  
Murchisonia 
Muscari  
Namophila 
 
Nolina  35
Ophiopogon  
Ornithogalum L. 
Oziroe  
Paradisea  
Peliosanthes  29
Petronymphe  
Polianthes L. 
Polygonatum  22
Prospero  
Pseudogaltonia  
Pseudomuscari  
Pseudoprospero  93
Puschkinia  
Reineckea 
Resnova  
Rohdea 39
Romnalda  
Ruscus L. 
Sagittanthera 
Schizocarphus  95
Schoenolirion  
Scilla L. 
Semele  
Sowerbaea  
Speirantha  
Spetaea  
Theropogon  23
Thysanotus R.Br. 
Trichopetalum  
Trihesperus  52
Triteleia  
Triteleiopsis  
Tupistra  
Table 3.



TAX ON
Linear sequence of monocots
Veltheimia  
Xerolirion 3
Yucca 
Zagrosia  
Arecales, 1 family
76. Arecaceae/Palmae, 183 genera
Acanthophoenix 
Acoelorrhaphe  
Acrocomia  
Actinokentia  
Actinorhytis  
Adonidia  
Aiphanes  
Allagoptera  93
Ammandra  
Aphandra 
Archontophoenix  
Areca L. 
Arenga 
Asterogyne  
Astrocaryum  
Attalea  
Bactris  
Balaka 
Barcella 
Basselinia  
Beccariophoenix 
Bentinckia 
Bismarckia 59
Borassodendron 
Borassus L. 
Brahea  
Brassiophoenix  
Burretiokentia  
Butia 95
Calamus L. 
Calyptrocalyx  
Calyptrogyne  
Calyptronoma  
Carpentaria 
Carpoxylon  
Caryota L. 55
Ceroxylon  
Chamaedorea  
Chamaerops L. 32
Chambeyronia 
Chelyocarpus  
Chuniophoenix 
Clinosperma  
Clinostigma  
Coccothrinax  23
Cocos L. 
Colpothrinax 
Copernicia  
Corypha L. 
Cryosophila  
Cyphokentia  
Cyphophoenix 
Cyphosperma 
Cyrtostachys  
Deckenia  
Desmoncus  
Dictyocaryum  
Dictyosperma  
Dransfieldia  
Drymophloeus  
Dypsis  
Elaeis  
Eleiodoxa 
Eremospatha 
 3
Eugeissona  
Euterpe  
Gaussia  
Geonoma  
Guihaia 33
Hedyscepe  
Hemithrinax  
Heterospathe  
Howea  
Hydriastele  
Hyophorbe  
Hyospathe  
Hyphaene  
Iguanura  
Iriartea  
Iriartella  
Itaya 29
Jailoloa 
Johannesteijsmannia  
Juania 
Jubaea  
Jubaeopsis  
Kentiopsis  
Kerriodoxa  52
Korthalsia 9
Laccospadix  
Laccosperma  
Lanonia 
Latania  
Lemurophoenix 
Leopoldinia  
Lepidocaryum  
Lepidorrhachis
 
Leucothrinax 25
Licuala  39
Linospadix . 
Livistona R.Br. 
Lodoicea  
Loxococcus 
Lytocaryum  
Manicaria  
Manjekia  
Marojejya 
Masoala  
Mauritia  
Mauritiella  
Maxburretia 
Medemia  
Metroxylon  
Myrialepis  
Nannorrhops  53
Nenga 
Neonicholsonia  
Neoveitchia  
Nephrosperma  
Normanbya  
Nypa 
Oenocarpus  
Oncocalamus 
 2
Oncosperma  
Orania 
Oraniopsis 
 
Parajubaea  
Pelagodoxa  
Phoenicophorium  
Phoenix L. 
Pholidocarpus 
Table 3.



Linear sequence of monocots
TAX ON

Pholidostachys 
Physokentia 
Phytelephas  
Pigafetta 
Pinanga  
Plectocomia  
Plectocomiopsis 
Podococcus 
Ponapea 
Prestoea  
Pritchardia  
Pseudophoenix  
Ptychococcus  
Ptychosperma  
Raphia  5
Ravenea  
Reinhardtia  
Rhapidophyllum 35
Rhapis 
Rhopaloblaste  
Rhopalostylis 
Roscheria 
Roystonea 
Sabal  
Sabinaria  
Salacca  
Saribus 
Satakentia  
Satranala  
Schippia 
Sclerosperma  
Serenoa  
Socratea  
Sommieria  
Syagrus 99
Synechanthus  
Tahina 
Tectiphiala  
Thrinax  
Trachycarpus 
Trithrinax  
Veitchia  
Verschaffeltia 
Voanioala 92
Wallaceodoxa  
Wallichia  
Washingtonia  
Welfia  
Wendlandiella  
Wettinia  
Wodyetia  
Zombia  22
Commelinales, 5 families
77. Hanguanaceae, 1 genus
Hanguana 
78. Commelinaceae, 41 genera
Aetheolirion  
Amischotolype  
Aneilema R.Br. 
Anthericopsis  
Belosynapsis  29
Buforrestia 
Callisia  
Cartonema 2
Cochliostema  
Coleotrype  
Commelina L. 
Cyanotis  
Dichorisandra  25
Dictyospermum 
Elasis  39
Floscopa 
Geogenanthus  23
Gibasis  
Gibasoides  32
Matudanthus  33
Murdannia 5
Palisota 3
Plowmanianthus 22
Pollia  
Polyspatha  
Porandra  
Pseudoparis 9
Rhopalephora  
Sauvallea  
Siderasis  
Spatholirion  
Stanfieldiella 
Streptolirion  
Tapheocarpa  
Thyrsanthemum  
Tinantia  
Tradescantia  
Tricarpelema 
Triceratella 
Tripogandra  
Weldenia  35
79. Philydraceae, 3 genera
Helmholtzia 3
Philydrella  
Philydrum  2
80. Pontederiaceae, 6 genera
Eichhornia  3
Heteranthera  
Hydrothrix  
Monochoria  5
Pontederia L.
Scholleropsis  2
81. Haemodoraceae, 14 genera
Anigozanthos  3
Barberetta  
Blancoa  5
Conostylis R.Br.
Dilatris  
Haemodorum  9
Lachnanthes  
Macropidia2
Phlebocarya R.Br.
Pyrrorhiza  
Schiekia  
Tribonanthes
Wachendorfia  
Xiphidium  
Zingiberales, 8 families
82. Strelitziaceae, 3 genera
Phenakospermum  2
Ravenala  
Strelitzia  3
83. Lowiaceae, 1 genus
Orchidantha 
84. Heliconiaceae, 1 genus
Heliconia 
85. Musaceae, 3 genera
Ensete  3
Musa L.
Musella  2
86. Cannaceae, 1 genus
Canna 
87. Marantaceae, 28 genera
Afrocalathea  
Calathea  9
Table 3.



TAX ON
Linear sequence of monocots
Ctenanthe  
Donax  
Goeppertia 
Halopegia  
Haumania  
Hylaeanthe  23
Hypselodelphys 
 5
Indianthus  
Ischnosiphon  
Koernickanthe  
Maranta  
Marantochloa  
Megaphrynium  3
Monophyllanthe 
Monotagma  
Myrosma  22
Phrynium  
Pleiostachya  
Saranthe 25
Sarcophrynium  
Schumannianthus  
Stachyphrynium  
Stromanthe  
Thalia L. 
Thaumatococcus  2
Trachyphrynium  
88. Costaceae, 7 genera
Chamaecostus 
Costus L.
Dimerocostus 3
Hellenia 
Monocostus 2
Paracostus  5
Tapeinochilos 
89. Zingiberaceae, 52 genera
Aframomum  
Alpinia  22
Amomum  
Aulotandra  
Boesenbergia  
Burbidgea  
Camptandra  
Caulokaempferia  
Cautleya  39
Cornukaempferia  
Curcuma L. 32
Cyphostigma  9
Distichochlamys  
Elettaria  
Elettariopsis  
Etlingera  
Gagnepainia  
Geocharis  
Geostachys  
Globba L. 23
Haniffia  
Haplochorema  
Hedychium  
Hemiorchis  25
Hitchenia  
Hornstedtia  
Kaempferia L. 
Kedhalia  
Laosanthus 29
Larsenianthus  35
Leptosolena  
Myxochlamys  
Nanochilus  33
Newmania  
Parakaempferia  
Plagiostachys 
Pleuranthodium 
Pommereschea  
Renealmia  
Rhynchanthus  
Riedelia  
Roscoea  
Scaphochlamys  
Siamanthus  5
Siliquamomum  
Siphonochilus  2
Smithatris  
Stadiochilus  
Stahlianthus  
Tamijia  3
Vanoverberghia 
Zingiber  52

90. Dasypogonaceae, 4 genera
Baxteria 
Calectasia R.Br.
Dasypogon 3
Kingia 2
Poales, 16 families
91. Typhaceae, 2 genera
Sparganium L.
Typha L. 2
92. Bromeliaceae, 47 genera
Acanthostachys  32
Aechmea  
Ananas  
Androlepis 35
Araeococcus  
Ayensua 
Billbergia  
Brewcaria 
Brocchinia  2
Bromelia L. 25
Canistrum  
Catopsis  
Connellia  3
Cottendorfia  
Cryptanthus 
Deuterocohnia 
Disteganthus  
Dyckia 
Eduandrea 
 33
Encholirium 
 
Fascicularia  22
Fernseea  
Fosterella 
Glomeropitcairnia  5
Greigia  
Guzmania  9
Hechtia 
Hohenbergia  
Hohenbergiopsis 
Lapanthus  29
Lindmania  
Lymania  39
Mezobromelia 
Navia  
Neoglaziovia  
Neoregelia  
Nidularium  
Ochagavia  23
Orthophytum  
Pitcairnia  
Table 3.



Linear sequence of monocots
TAX ON

Portea  
Puya  
Quesnelia  
Ronnbergia  
Steyerbromelia  
Tillandsia L. 
Vriesea  
93. Rapateaceae, 17 genera
Amphiphyllum  
Cephalostemon  3
Duckea  2
Epidryos  
Guacamaya  
Kunhardtia  
Marahuacaea  
Maschalocephalus 5
Monotrema  
Phelpsiella  
Potarophytum  
Rapatea  
Saxofridericia  9
Schoenocephalium  
Spathanthus  
Stegolepis  
Windsorina  
94. Xyridaceae, 5 genera
Abolboda  3
Achlyphila  
Aratitiyopea  
Orectanthe  5
Xyris  2
95. Eriocaulaceae, 10 genera
Actinocephalus  9
Comanthera  3
Eriocaulon L. 2
Lachnocaulon  
Leiothrix  5
Mesanthemum .
Paepalanthus  
Rondonanthus  
Syngonanthus  
Tonina  
96. Mayacaceae, 1 genus
Mayaca 
97. Thurniaceae, 2 genera
Prionium  
Thurnia  2
98. Juncaceae, 8 genera
Distichia  5
Juncus L.
Luzula  2
Marsippospermum  
Oreojuncus  
Oxychloe  
Patosia  3
Rostkovia  
99. Cyperaceae, 94 genera
Actinoschoenus  
Actinoscirpus 
Afrotrilepis  
Amphiscirpus  
Androtrichum  93
Arthrostylis R.Br. 
Becquerelia  
Bisboeckelera  22
Blysmus  
Bolboschoenus  
Bulbostylis  
Calliscirpus 
 
Calyptrocarya  
Capeobolus  
Capitularina  
Carex L. 
Carpha  
Caustis R.Br. 
Cephalocarpus  
Chorizandra R.Br.
Chrysitrix L.
Cladium  
Coleochloa  
Costularia  
Crosslandia  
Cyathochaeta  
Cyathocoma  35
Cymophyllus 53
Cyperus L. 
Cypringlea  
Diplacrum R.Br. 23
Diplasia  2
Dracoscirpoides  
Dulichium  
Eleocharis R.Br. 
Epischoenus  
Eriophorum L. 
Erioscirpus  
Evandra R.Br. 33
Everardia  
Exocarya  3
Ficinia  92
Fimbristylis  
Fuirena  
Gahnia  
Gymnoschoenus  
Hellmuthia  
Hypolytrum  
Isolepis R.Br. 
Karinia  
Khaosokia 
 52
Kobresia  
Koyamaea  
Lagenocarpus  
Lepidosperma  
Lepironia  
Machaerina  
Mapania  
Mesomelaena  39
Microdracoides  
Morelotia  
Neesenbeckia  
Nelmesia  
Nemum 
Neoscirpus  
Oreobolopsis  59
Oreobolus R.Br. 
Paramapania  9
Phylloscirpus 
Pleurostachys  
Principina  5
Pseudoschoenus 


Ptilothrix  29
Reedia  
Rhynchocladium  
Rhynchospora  
Schoenoplectiella  
Schoenoplectus 
Schoenoxiphium  55
Schoenus L. 
Scirpodendron  
Table 3.



TAX ON
Linear sequence of monocots
Scirpoides  
Scirpus  
Scleria  25
Sumatroscirpus  
Tetraria  
Trachystylis  
Trianoptiles  
Trichophorum  
Trichoschoenus  32
Tricostularia  
Trilepis  
Uncinia  
Zameioscirpus  
100. Anarthriaceae, 3 genera
Anarthria R.Br.
Hopkinsia  2
Lyginia R.Br. 3
101. Centrolepidaceae, 3 genera
Aphelia R.Br. 2
Centrolepis  3
Gaimardia  
102. Restionaceae, 42 genera
Alexgeorgea  
Anthochortus  
Apodasmia  
Askidiosperma  
Baloskion  
Calorophus  
Cannomois  
Catacolea  39
Ceratocaryum  
Chaetanthus R.Br. 
Chordifex  33
Coleocarya  
Cytogonidium 
 
Dapsilanthus 
 
Desmocladus  
Dielsia  35
Elegia L. 
Empodisma  
Eurychorda 


Hydrophilus  
Hypodiscus  5
Hypolaena R.Br. 25
Lepidobolus  
Leptocarpus R.Br. 29
Lepyrodia R.Br. 
Loxocarya R.Br. 
Mastersiella  2
Table 3.

Melanostachya 
 
Nevillea  3
Platycaulos  
Platychorda
 
Restio  
Rhodocoma  
Soroveta  9
Sporadanthus  
Staberoha  
Taraxis  22
Thamnochortus  
Tremulina  32
Tyrbastes  
Willdenowia  
Winifredia  23
103. Flagellariaceae, 1 genus
Flagellaria 
104. Joinvilleaceae, 1 genus
Joinvillea  
105. Ecdeiocoleaceae, 2 genera
Ecdeiocolea  2
Georgeantha 

106. Poaceae/Gramineae, not included
Table 4.


 a 
   
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
a


Linear sequence of monocots
TAX ON

Aagesen, L . & Sanso, A.M. 
  rps16   rbcL 
Syst. Bot.
   
Andersson, L. 
The families and genera of vascular plants-

APG 
Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 
 
APG II  -

Bot. J. Linn. Soc.  
 
APG III -

Bot. J. Linn. Soc.
 
Azuma, H. & Tobe, H.  
-
J. Pl. Res.
   
Bacon, C.D. & Baker, W.J. Saribus Palms (1999+)

Baker, W.J. Calamus
Phytotaxa
 
Baker, W.J., Savolainen, V., Asmussen-Lange, C.B., Chase, M.W.,
Dransfield, J., Forest, F., Harley, M.M., Uhl, N.W. & Wilkin-
son, M. 
     
Syst. Biol.
   
Barrett , C.F., Specht, C.D., Leebens-Mack, J., Stevenson, D.W.,
Zomlefer, W.B. & Davis, J.I. 

Ann . Bo t. (Ox fo rd)
   
Bauters, K., Larridon, I., Reynders, M., Asselman, P., Vrijdaghs, A.,
Muasya, A.M., Simpson, D.A. & Goetghebeur, P. 
Lipocarpha Volkiella 
Cyperus 

Phytotaxa
 
Bay-Smidt, M.G.K., Jäger, A.K., Kr ydsfeldt, K., Meerow, A.W.,
Stafford, G.I., Van Staden, J. & Rønsted, N. 

    
S. African J. Bot.
  
Bentham, G. & Hooker, J.D. Genera plantarum ad exem-
plaria imprimis in herbariis kewensibus servata def inita


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

   
 

LITERATURE CITED
Birch, J.L., Keeley, S.C. & Morden, C.W. 
Astelia -
Molec.
Phylogen. Evol.
  
Boatwright, J.S. & Manning, J.C. 
JodrelliaBulbineBothalia.
Bogler, D.J., Pires, J.C. & Francisco-Ortega, J. 
ndhFrbcL
Aliso 
Borchsenius, F., Suárez Suárez, L.S. & Prince, L.M. 
Calathea 
Syst. Bot.
 
Boyce, P.C. & Croat, T.B.   



Briggs, B.G. Leptocarpus 
Meeboldina Stenotalis -
. Telopea 
 
Briggs , B.G. Desmocladus 
HarperiaKulinia Onycho sepalum.
Tel ope a 
Briggs, B.G. & Linder, H.P. -
Telop ea
Briggs, B.G., Marchant, A.D., Gilmore, S. & Porter, C.L. 
 
Monocots: Systematics and
evolution.
Briggs, B.G., Marchant, A.D. & Perkins, A.J. 


 Diversity, phylogeny, and evo-
lution in the monocotyledons.
Briggs, B.G., Marchant, A.D. & Perkins, A.J. 

 
Taxo n
Buerki, S., Callmander, M.W., Devey, D.S., Chappell, L. Gallaher,
T., Munzinger, J., Haevermans, T. & Forest, F. -
  -
Ta x on 
Buerki, S., Jose, S., Yadav, S.R., Goldblatt, P., Manning, J.C. &
Forest, F.  
    PLoS ONE
 
Buerki, S., Manning, J.C. & Forest, F.  -

  Ann. Bot.
(Oxford) 
Burns, J.H., Faden, R.B. & Steppan, S. J. 

Syst. Bot.

Caddick, L.R., Rudall, P.J., Wilkin, P., Hedderson, T.A.J. & Chase,
M.W.    
Bo t . J. Linn . Soc. 

Caddick, L.R., Wi lkin, P., Rudall, P.J., Hedderson, T.A.J. & Chase,
M.W.     
Ta x on
   
Callmander, M.W, Chassot, P., Küpfer, P. & Lowry, P.P., II 
Martellidendron
Tax o n 


TAX ON
Linear sequence of monocots
Clennett, J.C.B., Chase, M.W., Forest, F., Maurin, O. & Wilk in, P.
Erythronium -
Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 