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Martins Sarmento e a arqueologia portuguesa dos anos setenta e oitenta do século XIX

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  • University of Minho, Braga - Guimarães, Portugal
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... Sabe-se agora que foi justamente a Academia Real das bellas Artes, por intervenção dos dois especialistas mencionados. Também em 1876 Teixeira de Aragão foi chamado a participar na Conferência da Citânia, organizada por Francisco Martins Sarmento (1833-1899) para ouvir a opinião de várias personalidades portuguesas acerca dos resultados das escavações arqueológicas realizadas pelo próprio desde 1874 nas ruínas da Citânia de Briteiros, Guimarães (LEMOS, 1995;CALDAS, 1996) (Fig. 11) , conforme foi possível apurar por um de nós (J.L.C.) com base em documentação da época que se encontra em estudo pelo próprio. ...
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Teixeira de Aragão (1823‑1903), pioneer of archaeological collecting in Portugal. The scientific contributions of Teixeira de Aragão are determined by a combination of various social, cultural and economic factors that also explained the emergence of archaeological collections in Europe in the second half of the 19th century. In a universe that unfolded between the exercise of a militar career (as a) and the cultivation of art and erudition, Aragão develop a network of contacts that included the most financially wealthy collectors, including King D. Luís. The beginnings of his long activity as collector was characterized by its relationship with landowners or simple rural workers in a geographical area located near the city of Tavira, close to which abundant Roman remains were collected, which constituted the essence of its archaeological collection. He worked with two of the main archaeologists and authors of museological projects of his time – Estácio da Veiga and Leite de Vasconcelos – and the effective contributions in the field of Archeology that are owed to him, were until now underestimated by his notoriety and excellence in the field of Numismatics. Such are the objectives of the present work, which will also contribute to the knowledge of the trajectories of some archaeological pieces of this collection, from the last decades of the 1800s to to the present.
... Foi professor de Árabe no Liceu Nacional, professor de Literatura Moderna e de História Universal no Curso Superior de Letras e sócio efetivo da Academia Real das Ciências de Lisboa(Tavares 2009, 75; Marques 2016, 389). Devido ao seu interesse pela arqueologia integrou um grupo de intelectuais com quem planeou em 1868 a criação do Real Instituto Archeologico de Portugal e foi convocado para a primeira conferência sobre arqueologia que aconteceu no ano de 1877, a designada Conferência da Citânia(Lemos 1995). Augusto Soromenho alimentava uma rede de contactos com colecionadores e outras personalidades que se interessavam por história e antiguidades. ...
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From the 1980s, researchers in the history of science field have approached scientific objects as primary research sources, revealing an innovative perspective about the local and global relations in knowledge production. Scientific objects reflect the technologies and contexts involved in knowledge production, and the range of economic, cultural, social and intellectual factors at work in societies. The study of scientific objects can also reveal the social and scientific dynamics that enabled individuals to collect objects and create museum collections, and their role in founding and developing museums; furthermore, it provides a deeper understanding about the role of the individuals that produced knowledge about the past, that established networks for communication, exchange and knowledge dissemination throughout the western world. This article outlines a single object biography, a roman archaeological artefact – a silver and gold patera (2nd – 1st century AD) – that is part of the Museu Nacional de Arqueologia (MNA) collections since 1905. This approach highlights the potentialities of this methodology applied to the history of museological institutions, in this case archaeology museums.
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Les poteries campaniformes de la fortification chalcolihique de Leceia (Oeiras, Portugal): étude pétrographique, analyse des provenances et degraissants / The bell beaker potteries of the chalcolithic fortification of Leceia (Oeiras, Portugal): petrographic study, analysis of origins and tempers - Os enigmáticos “báculos” de xisto pré‑históricos: a propósito de um exemplar da Lapa da Galinha (Alcanena) / The enigmatic prehistoric schist “croziers”: about a piece from Lapa da Galinha (Alcanena) - O Casal do Clérigo (Cascais) entre o século V e o século X / The Casal do Clérigo (Cascais) between the 5th and 10th centuries - Da Alta Idade Média à Época Contemporânea: resultados dos trabalhos arqueológicos realizados no Centro Histórico de Oeiras (rua das Alcássimas) entre 2000 e 2007 / From the Early Middle Ages to the Contemporary Period: results of archaeological works carried out in the Historic Center of Oeiras (Rua das Alcássimas) between 2000 and 2007 - A conferência de Martinho de Mendonça de Pina e de Proença Homem de 30 de Julho de 1733 na Academia Real da História Portuguesa, ou o primeiro ensaio pré‑científico sobre a antiguidade dos dólmenes / The lecture given by Martinho de Mendonça de Pina e de Proença Homem on July 30, 1733 at the Royal Academy of Portuguese History, or the first pre‑scientific essay on the antiquity of dolmens - A chamada “conferência da Citânia”: revisitando um evento pioneiro da Arqueologia Portuguesa / The so called “conferência da Citânia”: a precursor event of the Portuguese Archaeology revisited - Teixeira de Aragão (1823‑1903), pioneiro do coleccionismo arqueológico em Portugal / Teixeira de Aragão (1823‑1903), pioneer of archaeological collecting in Portugal - Arqueologia em Espanha e Portugal através da correspondência de Julio Martínez Santa‑Olalla (1905‑1972) de e para arqueólogos portugueses / Archaeology in Spain and Portugal through the correspondence of Julio Martínez Santa‑Olalla (1905‑1972) to and from Portuguese archaeologists
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Apresenta-se a temática do ensino da Arqueologia no Portugal do século XIX. São analisadas propostas de âmbito académico, assim como os programas curriculares e os cursos que as acompanham. Relacionam-se as alterações no Ensino com a incorporação e afirmação da Arqueologia enquanto prática de produção científica no país. Palavras chave: História da Arqueologia portuguesa; Formação; Século XIX.
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The Citânia de Briteiros is a fortified Iron Age settlement, from early present in archaeological bibliography due to the large excavation campaigns directed by Francisco Martins Sarmento in the 19th century, and by Mário Cardozo in the 20th century. Since 2004 new field works have been developed in the monument, such as excavation, surveys in order to analyse the internal organization of the settlement and field walks in the surrounding territory. It is located at the middle Ave valley, in a central point of the «large castros» area, at almost the same distance between the Minho River (north) and the Douro River (south). Briteiros is, as well, positioned halfway between the coastline and the inner mountain ranges. Paradigmatic monument of the «Castro Culture», Briteiros has a total area of 24 hectares inside his walls, from which 7 hectares were already excavated. Meanwhile, for a better understanding of its dimensions and morphological complexity, it’s important to analyse the territorial insertion of the settlement, using Geographic Information Systems (GIS). So, it was applied a location analysis to Briteiros and, with a complementary and comparative meaning, to the Sabroso and Santa Iria hillforts, using different patterns. There were analyzed the following variables in GIS: visibility, accessibility and relative altitude. The first objective of this study was to explore some ideas about the territorial dynamics of the Late Iron Age-Roman transition communities in the middle Ave valley, using GIS tools.
A Conferencia de 1877 na Citania de Briteiros
  • Francisco Lemos
  • Sande De
Lemos, Francisco de Sande (1985) -A Conferencia de 1877 na Citania de Briteiros. Cadernos de Arqueologia, Serie II, Braga, pp. 215-294. -(1987) -As Tres [dades da Arqueologia Portuguesa. Forum, 2, Braga, pp. 5-12.