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Зараженість риб Дністровського водосховища риб'ячою п'явкою Piscicola geometra (Linnaeus, 1761) і характеристика умов її існування / Infection of piesces of the Dniester storage pool by fish leech Piscicola geometra (Linnaeus, 1761) and description of its existence

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Abstract

17. Garmatyuk O.M., Khudyi O.I., Khuda L.V., Cherevatov V.F. 2010. Infection of piesces of the Dniester storage pool by fish leech Piscicola geometra (Linnaeus, 1761) and description of its existence. Scientific notes Ternopil National Pedagogical University named after Volodymyr Hnatiuk. Series Biology. 2 (43): 82-85. (in Ukrainian; summary in English).
5" "#
ISSN 2078-2357. . . . . . -. . ., 2010, 2 (43)
82
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5/0  /0 2
6 6 PISCICOLA GEOMETRA (LINNAEUS, 1761)
// 3 11 3
8 ),&2 ,%,2 * % 2,,),2 -,- *- - %-%&/ -%2-,6
4%-,0 ,: ,Piscicola geometra L. ,%- /-,, 6 %,%*  -%2-,6,
%,*,- * -, &' -,. 8 ,*, (%7,2 -,- ,( P. geometra -,*- 
:%,. 0-,6 7%& 2 * *6.
 : ,  , 3,, %, -
5,1 4 -4/3 %-3 (&-*+ '%,%/,. D+ *% % 
&%,0 % (%& -,-,/&  '-* 2*+-, -,)3), /1%&
/- +2 %-*.
8 :' (, % , 7,& - ,, (,),2  (,),2
1-. "& (,),2 1- 4 %(,- -7,-3 * ,-. / '')
%(,-%  '2/),0 7,/ (& -,)&,/,  1/- /- +2 %-*.
--,0 ,%-,0 7,/  *-%& /,2 ' 3- /7 -%,, %
,-,  % , -0/,. "/* /%0 1/-*
'-& ,- '%%&--7,-,2 ' '/- /4  ,: ,),  0
) ,) )*. ",( 4 %-,/ -,/ 7,-,/ %%/. '/,0 -,-  %-
2,%,,,  7  -,7,-* / ,( ),*& *-,. 1/* 6 '
(%0 % 4 -&3 [2, 5, 10, 11],  / -,/'4 -+.
3 (, 4 -%-* 7% *-/, ,2 -,- ,( 0(&:+ -0/,
2' ' +,%-%&' -%2-,6.
  ! " #$%
2'),0 / * -* %7& (,, *'/ -%*'  (:
-, -*) 2009–2010 .  )% -* &,2 -,-- ,(,  %-%&/
-%2-,6 - -+ %. , $,%&' 0 -&+ (%. ",( -,,
%-,/, %/, &' *  // -) - 28×28  100×100 //. %& -,-
-,  *-%& ,-.
,- ,7%& *- -%-3-,  -,),/, [1, 6, 7, 9].  %-
(' / -,), ,, 7% /,2 -,- ,(: %%,-%& (P,%)
)% 7,2 /*- - '&+ &% -,-,2 %(, ' -, ,(,;
%3 %,-%& (I
M
) – % &%& ,-  / /* ,(, '
-,; /%,/& (I
max
)  //& (I
min
) %,-%& /%,/&  //& &%
,-  / /* ,(, ' -, [12].  & 1%-,2 10% ),/
1/ *- -,), -7, .
5& -,,%& %%7*  '2/),/ 7,//. $/),0 % -,
-,),  %,/, /,/, [8].
&'%! " #$%  () *+,$$-
8 &/, -,2 -),2 %%7&  %-%&/ -%2-,6  ,(2 (
-,*- ,: Piscicola geometra (Linnaeus, 1761),   '&,/, ,/, ,/, 
-2&/  ,7&/ %  ,(2 ,3& ),, -,, *-: Caspiobdella fadejewi
(Epstein, 1961), Piscicola geometra (Linnaeus, 1761), Piscicola fasciata Kollar, 1842  Hemiclepsis
marginata (O.F. Müller, 1774) [2, 5, 10, 11].
8-,)0 ,(*) *- ,4  -2   %,-,2 (2 (*(, -
7,) %-,2 ,( [7]. 50 &  % / ,%%,  /'3 *+
, ,34&%*  7-,. 8* ,%% /: /.  ,,), -7,3 
35//, :,,3  3// (,%. 1.).
5" "#
ISSN 2078-2357. . . . . . -. . ., 2010, 2 (43) 83
",%. 1. Piscicola geometra (L.)  %-%&' -%2-,6 (1 .. $',
25.05.2010)
P. geometra 4 %,1&,/ -,/ [3, 13], 6 (/74 0' :,*  %*),2 -0/2
[13]. , --  -2 %%7&, *2 -,)0 7,&  O-
/%(-, %&, -4 - :,3 ')3 -%3, 6 -*4 +0
/-, - '2 -0/  -,6,/ -/ 3- [4]. )-,, 6 %-,/
/3),/ (,),/ 1/ :,* ' -, 4  (*,  *
),'  - ,%3.
  %-%&/ -%2-,6 2,4&%* %/ -/ '&+ 7%%
((. 1). 8 ,/, ,%-' 7,/ - -2&+ *, %-%&' -%2-,6
--4  % *%  '+),%”.
 1
5,, *% -,  %-%&/ -%2-,6 (%. ,, -&-& 2009 .)
,
1
2
,
1
2
/ -,,
0
+ 16

20
, /'
2
//
3
6,2
5,2
%,-%& 2, (,
2
2
5/'. ,%%&, /'
2
//
3
6,3
5,2
$ 2
)-,0
8'& 7%%&, /'
-
-//
3
6,8
7,6
&
-%&, '%,
26,8
250
2,0 ,:, /'//
3
440
435
5%&, %/
18,4
17,6
$,,, /'//
3
55,4
47,5
5-3) /:,, -,
-%
&1,, /'//
3
116
112

7,68
7,56
/0, /'
N
//
3
0,09
0,06
7%&, /'
-
-//
3
5,5
4,6
,,, /'
N
//
3
0,
02
0,02
"),,0 ,%&, /'//
3
9,20
10,08
,, /'
N
//
3
0,10
0,15

5
, /'
2
//
3
4,68
3,90
&, /'//
3
0,007
0,007
5,/,: 1– -&; 2– -&.
 ,*, (%7,2 -,- ,( P. geometra -,*-  :%, ((. 2.).
(%7,2 152 /*- ,( ,2 -,- ( 0 276 %(, ,(*)+ *-,: 213 2009
.  63 2010 .
 2
87%& ,(, - 2009–2010 . *-3 Piscicola geometra L.  %-%&/ -%2-,6
, ,(,
2009  2010 
n !I n !I
min max min max
Rutilus rutilus (Linnaeus, 1758) 6 - - - - 6 - - - -
Rutilus frisii (Nordmann, 1840) 1 - - - - 1 100 5 5 5
Squalius cephalus (Linnaeus, 1758) 4 - - - - - - - - -
Abramis brama (Linnaeus, 1758) 37 100 5 10 5,5 11 91 1 13 4,7
Ballerus sapa (Pallas, 1814) 8 12,5 1 1 0,1 - - - - -
Vimba vimba (Linnaeus, 1758) 5 - - - - 1 - - - -
Carassius gibelio (Bloch, 1782) 7 42 1 2 0,1 - - - - -
Cyprinus carpio carpio Linnaeus, 1758 2 - - - - 3 100 1 3 2
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (Valenciennes, 1844) - - - - - 5 - - - -
Sander lucioperca (Linnaeus, 1758) 34 6 1 1 0,1 6 - - - -
Perca fluviatilis Linnaeus, 1758 11 - - - - 6 - - - -
5,/,: n – &%& (%7,2 ,(, .; !%%,-%&; >%,-%&.
5" "#
ISSN 2078-2357. . . . . . -. . ., 2010, 2 (43)
84
5%&  %-%&/ -%2-,6 2,4&%* )3 %,-%3, 6
%--%,&%*  ,/, ,/,, ' *,2 -,)0  0 ,( ,4 1–3 *-,
[10]. ,* %-,& *6, %%,-%& 7* *' 0-,6 *'/ (2 %-.
8' ,2 ,2  (%0 -2&' % P. geometra 4  '-*, -**, ,,
%,,  *6 [2, 5],   ,7&/ % * *- -/)  *, -,- ,( [11].
 :0 -, -* -7 (&:%& (,2 /*- *- %-
%-,/, %(,/,,  6 %-)& +2 /, ((. 3).
 3
0 /, () Piscicola geometra L.  :0 -, -* 2009–2010 .
%-%&/ -%2-,6
N,  M ± m
min
max 
2009 211 10,60 ± 0,15
5
25 10
2010 58 8,93 ± 0,27
5
15 10
/, 6 %-+ % %(,, P. geometra %*'3&  - 3–4 ,7 , -7, 
16–17//  ,- /73&%*  -- [7].  --%& /7 (, *%
%(,-%3 ,-' , *2,. )-,, -7 (&:%& %-,2 %(,
 )% -* %%7&  ,-  ,(2, - , / 2,%*
 -,60 -0 %,% ( :/ %(%, /  )% 2' * '
  -*. ",( 74 /& *-, * ,- 2)4&%*  %.
%,/&,/, %7*/, , 6 0-,6 ,, ,% / *-
%%'3&%* , +2 2)- -3 -,2 2(,2 -, [4].
5%,& 2,4&%* *-%3  /%*2 ,%/-* -),-,2  
-,, %-74&%* -,%7*/, -`*/, 143 -:2 '-, -3 /%,
,(,. 5*2, /7& (, %,/, '/'',, ,%/, ,(0,  :7,2
*2  %*3&%* ',(,  Saprolegnia, Achlya  . / -,, /%-+ ',(
/ ,(, 7+ *-/, &'  [3].
!"$,.!
8 ),&2 ,%,2 * % 2,,),2 -,- *- - %-%&/ -%2-,6
4%-,0 , Piscicola geometra L. ,%- /-,, 6 %,%*  -%2-,6, 4
%,*,-,/, * -, &' -,. 8 ,*, (%7,2 -,- ,( P. geometra -,*- 
:%,: -,(, *6, *, %* %(*%', , %. 0-,6 ,, 7%
 *6.
1. " .0.,& ,- %-=2 =( 1= " / .. . .: , 1987. .3.
583 %.
2. =- $..5,, ,( -2-* % / 82- .., -%& .5. // . . &--%&' .
,. /3  "". – 1951. – .I. – . 150–155.
3.  0..5,= %-=2 =( / .. <3/-. – .: 8,, 1978. – 64 %.
4.  . .G0@',* ',1= &*-%0 (%, : -1. ,%%. … . (,'. : 03.00.16
G',*” / .. ,/,. – &*-%, 2009. – 23 %.
5. " . .5,= =( (%%0 2' % : -1. ,%%. … . (,'. : 03.00.25
5,',*, '&/'*” / .5. -%*. – &--, 1955. – 14 %.
6. &" 8.. . ". .I. 5,*-, %=2 , %-=2 -/- / .<. ,.: , 1976. – 484 %.
7. &" F.>.. +,.: - 40 . / .. .: ,--  "", 1962. – .30. 5*-,. – 1962. – 196 %.
8.  ''),2 %7& -2-,2 - / .. %, .. -,-, .. &*) [ .], 
. .. "/ +,. - '('+. – .: , 2006. – 408 %.
9. , ,- %-=2 =( " / <.. =2-%*-5--%*, ..%-, ..(,,
[, .]. – .-.: <-- .  ", 1962. – 776 %.
10. <" !. . -%  ,1 =( ,-&- , % / ".5. 9/, // <-. -%'
1,,  ". – 1958. – 8 (53). –.31–41.
11. 9/, ".5. <2,,1 , % / 9/, ".5., -%* .5. // 5,= 7,-=2
-,, , -%= -0 ,',,. – 1963. – .45–56.
12. Bush A.O. Parasitology meets ecology on its own terms: Margolis et al. revisited / A.O. Bush, K.D. Lafferty, J.M. Lotz,
A.W. Shostak // J. Parasitol. – 1997. – Vol. 83, N 4. – P. 575–583.
5" "#
ISSN 2078-2357. . . . . . -. . ., 2010, 2 (43) 85
13. Mann K.H. A study of the oxygen consumption of five species of leech / K.H. Mann // J. Exp. Biol. – 1956. – Vol. 33.
– P. 615–626.
.. ', .. 7")(, &.$. 7", $.1. A
-,,0 ,&=0 ,-%, ,/. I,* .&-,), ,
8"?B "A " $"<<E "AB! 5<#!
PISCICOLA GEOMETRA (LINNAEUS, 1761) < $""<< <! 
E<#
< )=2 ,%=2 * % ,2,,,)%,2 -,- ,*- - %-%/
-2,,6 ',%,- -%' , Piscicola geometra L. ,%= %-,* -
-2,,6 *-*3%* (',*=/, * -,,* ' -,. < ,,
(%-=2 -,- =( P. geometra (7  :%,. ,-=%:, , 7%,
2= * 6.
) : , ) ), 3,, % -
.. Garmatyuk, O.I. Khudyy, L.V. Khud, V.F. Cherevatov
Yuriy Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University, Ukraine
INFECTION OF PISCES OF DNESTR STORAGE POOL BY FISH LEECH PISCICOLA
GEOMETRA (LINNAEUS, 1761) AND DESCRIPTION OF TERMS OF ITS EXISTENCE
From four described for the Dniester fish parasites species of leeches in the Dniester reservoir only one was
recorded – Piscicola geometra L. Oxygen conditions, which were formed in the reservoir are favorable for
the development of this species. Of the eleven studied fish species P. geometra was detected in six. The
highest levels of infection are characteristic for bream.
Key words: leeches, fishess, infection, Dnister reservoir
 (574.2:595.771) (591.524.1+628.19) 001.53
.. "
%, '('+  +,
- +- ', 12, ,+- 04210
 1 CHIRONOMUS RIPARIUS (DIPTERA:
CHIRONOMIDAE)  /3 6 
%7 -- + ,* Chironomus riparius M e i g e n (Diptera: Chironomidae)
%-,6, (' /3. %-, 6 -,( /%* -*  %/,*/,,
7 -,( %(% ,),/,  /,14&%* -%*/ / -  0 0,1–10
/'//
3
Cu
+2
.
 : Chironomus riparius, 5 ", ,
"+ ,* /7& -'-, %4- & - ,%%- -*,2 '/-  /-
%-*.  -- + -0 -7,- * -,7,-* *0  %,)/
%-,6 [5].
 ,,2 %,-, 6  3&%*  3&%*  ,2 -2,
  -,2 /%& 7,& -7,/ // [3, 4]. / -',- (* -,2
%,%/ ,-,&  '+, %/, ,2 (-. 8-*, %-+0 /%-% 
(-% 2/, 4 -,)0 -7,-,/ // ,2 (-. 5, 6
-, ,0/3& ,- )%&  %2 %/),6*  ) %,),2 )-, 
1),/ 3'/ [2].
8'*%-* 0,2 /7,-%0 (%,2 '/-, -3)  %7*
--,2 0  + %,),2 )-,, 4 -7,-,/  &,/ -*/.
3 (, ( -,-)* --,2 0 Chironomus riparius M e i g e n
(Diptera: Chironomidae)  ,2 %*2 7,4-' ,  %-,6, (/ /3.
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The condition of a level of scrutiny of fauna of fish parasites in different sites of the Dniester river is analyzed. It is made the list of fishes parasites species for upper and lower Dniester generalised for last 60 years. Priority directions of the future parasitological researches are defined.
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We consider 27 population and community terms used frequently by parasitologists when describing the ecology of parasites. We provide suggestions for various terms in an attempt to foster consistent use and to make terms used in parasite ecology easier to interpret for those who study free-living organisms. We suggest strongly that authors, whether they agree or disagree with us, provide complete and unambiguous definitions for all parameters of their studies.