This article discusses the relations between fiction and reality on a TV program and its implications to education. It shows the results of an investigation in which, among other goals, it was aimed to investigate the authenticity of the images in the "society of the spectacle", emphasizing the profusion of "home-produced images" in contemporary television series. It studies some scenes of Cidade dos Homens, presented by Rede Globo from 2002 until 2004. The analysis of the program structure, syntax and narrative forms allowed exposing the visibility ways of the reality effects in the series. The conclusions point to the utilization of the very resources of programs with documentary characteristics, like "homeproduced scenes" and "real time" testimonies, searching for images authenticity. By the end it emphasizes that studies about TV media always imply an ethical and political position, therefore becoming a fundamental task on subject's ethical and aesthetic education.