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Effect of B and Cr on elastic strength and crystal structure of Ni3Al alloys under high pressure
Samples of Ni3Al, Ni3Al:B and Ni-Al-Cr super alloys were prepared by directional solidification method and their effect of alloying with ternary elements on the mechanical properties was investigated. In-situ X-ray diffraction studies were carried out on undoped Ni3Al, Ni3Al:B with boron 500 ppm and Ni-Al-Cr with 7.5 at.% of chromium super alloys at high pressure using diamond anvil cell. The results indicate that micro-alloying with B forms γ′-phase (L12 structure), similar to the pure Ni 3Al, while Ni-Al-Cr alloy consists of γ′ precipitates in a matrix of γ-phase (Ni-FCC structure). The crystal structure of all three alloys was stable up to 20 GPa. Micro alloying with boron increases bulk modulus of Ni3Al by 8% whereas alloying with chromium has the opposite effect decreasing the modulus by 11% when compared to undoped alloy. Further, the elastic modulus and hardness of Ni3Al, Ni3Al:B and Ni-Al-Cr alloys were determined using the nano-indentation technique, in combination with compressibility data which enabled the estimation of shear modulus and Poisson’s ratio of these alloys.