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Otros ámbitos, nuevas voces: territorialidad de la poesía cubana (1987-2000)

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Abstract

Ante el éxito internacional de la narrativa cubana de la última década, el presente artículo se dedica a reflexionar sobre el papel desempeñado por la poesía en el nuevo panorama sociodiscursivo de Cuba a partir de los 90. Si dicha poesía se fragmenta, se vuelve cada vez más sobre sí misma, y se hace crítica consigo misma, acorde con el proceso seguido por ese género literario en Occidente, también ella manifiesta rasgos que contribuyen a distinguirla en todo ese proceso. a saber, la revisión de su propio lugar en (la) relación con la vieja Utopía de los 60. la reconsideración de sus funciones en el trasfondo de una época marcada por el paso del mito a la tragedia. el diálogo replicante con la tradición poética cubana que más participó de la orientación épica-mitificante… En ese contexto de fragmentación, diversificación y diasporización del tramado sociodiscursivo y de sus principales contribuyentes, se impone un reacomodamiento semántico e ideológico de términos como exilio, «quedarse», «adentro», «afuera», entre otros. Así pues, la poesía cubana de la década de finales del siglo XX sigue siendo —como ha solido serlo a lo largo de su historia— un género de punta, extremadamente sensible a las nuevas o alteradas vibraciones de su contexto sociocultural. Given the international success achieved by Cuban narrative during the last decades of the 20th century, this article focuses on the role and function of Cuban poetry. Cuban poetry participates in the process of fragmentation and self-criticism which has been predominant in this genre of the modern Western tradition. However, its insertion in a social and discursive context led by a political revolution, has contributed to the originality of this poetry, which has had to reconfigure its own space through an interesting and sometimes tense dialogue with discourses regarding power which have been selfidentified with a Utopia. This article deals with some consequences of that dialogue in a critical context at the end of the 20th century. One of the most important consequences of this dialogue which has arisen in the midst of the most serious crisis within the Cuban political system is the difficulty of locating the points of enunciation of the recent Cuban poetry.

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Cuban poetry from the time of the Cuban revolution focuses on the topic of the nation. From a testimonial perspective, poets seek to reflect in their texts the new achievements of the homeland that is taking shape, but also the memory of those who have not been able to live this historic moment, and who fought for it to be a reality, will be remembered in order to consolidate the revolutionary nation. Towards the end of the seventies, when poetry becomes resistance, another type of nation is envisioned and memory will serve to evoke another time and another nation as possible.
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