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Wege zum Wissen. Emotionen und innerer Dialog als ein Schlüssel zur Erkenntnis in der qualitativen Forschung.

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... B. Subjektivität, die Beziehungen zwischen Forschenden und Beforschten, Anthropomorphismus, Anekdoten, intuitives Alltagswissen oder "embodiment" werden auch für wissenschaftliches Arbeiten, vor allem in der humanwissenschaftlichen Forschung (z. B. Breuer, 2003;Davies & Spencer, 2010;Devereux, 1976;Hubbard et al., 2001;Linska, 2012;Stodulka, Dinkelaker & Thajib, 2019a, 2019b), aber auch in der Forschung an nichtmenschlichen Primaten und anderen nichtmenschlichen Tieren (z. B. Despret, 2013, S. 21;Kirk, 2017, S. 131f;Palmer et al., 2015;Reinhardt, 2003;Schal- ler, 1987;de Waal, 1999 "Regulatory law and ethical codes are unable to determine all aspects of the humananimal relationship within the laboratory. ...
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We human primates are often emotionally touched while watching other primates. We are fascinated, amazed, delighted, appalled etc. by them. In addition, our phylogenetically closest relatives arouse a great deal of scientific interest. However, the scientific discourse is lacking a reflection of the researchers´ affects, because they are just regarded as unscientific, non-objective and disturbing factors. So far it has not been empirically addressed, what kind of feelings scientists experience in different areas of primate research, whether and in what way they perceive them as problematic and how they deal with them. Thus, I did a qualitative analysis of 14 interviews with researchers working with primates in the field, in zoos, in sanctuaries or who do invasive research in laboratories. By applying the “Reflexive Grounded Theory Method”, I developed a theoretical model that is grounded in the empirical data. It depicts the phenomena and structures, which I discovered in and derived from the accounts of the interviewees. The results of my study show that various interspecific encounters inevitably arouse emotions and intuitive impressions, i. e. feelings, in the scientists. My theoretical model depicts how primate researchers manage the potential dangers and benefits of their feelings in order to achieve different goals in the context of their work. The researchers are often very sceptical against their feelings. They anticipate potentially detrimental effects of their feelings on the production of scientific results. To protect the scientific results from adverse impacts, the researchers employ several prevention strategies, e. g. the separation of feelings from work. Moreover, feelings are also beneficial for the research process. To make use of their feelings´ beneficial features, the researchers employ diverse utilisation strategies. I found out, besides the production of scientific results, primate researchers pursue five more goals in the context of their work: their scientific and their ethical reputation, the wellbeing of the nonhuman primates, their own physical safety and their own emotional wellbeing. The feelings can have detrimental and beneficial effects on these goals, too. Therefore, the researchers use again prevention and utilisation strategies when dealing with their feelings. Due to the complexity of this area of conflicting goals and different potential effects of feelings, the researchers need to apply their strategies flexibly. Hence, they act multi-strategic. My model of the multi-strategic management of the potential dangers and benefits of feelings shows, how important a reflexive communication about the role of emotions and intuitive impressions is in research on nonhuman primates. Furthermore, it offers applicable knowledge for a professional research practice.
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