Pre-Columbian Cultural Connections between Mesoamerica and Ecuador

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... milarities, suggesting that the production of ceramics had either developed independently in two separate regions on the northwest coast of south America, or that there existed a yet undiscovered earlier culture from which both had evolved (raymond–oyuela-Caycedo–Carmichael 1994: 47). in spite of increasing evidence for inter-regional contacts (cp. Borhegyi 1959; paulsen 1977; shimada 1999 ), it is still unclear whether the art of pottery making spread northward and southward to the regions of the later high civilisations from these two early centres. Be as it may, pottery manufacture appeared at a later date in these regions. from the very moment of its appearance, pottery production underwent ...
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The 8300 pieces in the America Collection of the Museum of Ethnography includes 3150 archaeological finds, of which 220 pieces from Mesoamerica and the Central Andes are described in this catalogue. There were published every vessels, figurines, musical instruments, stamps, pipes etc. made of pottery kept in the Pre-Columbian Collection of the Museum of Ethnography omitting the fragments of vessels and figurines. In the introductory part of the catalogue was described the history of the collection corresponding to the material published in the recent volume and was briefly surveyed the ceramic art of Mesoamerica and Central Andes with the main emphasis on the cultures and styles represented by the pieces in the collection. The Introduction is completed with chronological charts including the main Pre-Columbian cultures and styles and maps showing the finding spots of the objects identifiable from the different kinds of written documents of the Museum of Ethnography. The second part of the catalogue includes the description of 220 objects with colour photos and together with drawings of 40 pieces.
Maritime traditions that extend along coastlines are more vulnerable to disruption and disappearance than areal trading networks. The paper describes two cases from Africa, the likely early movement of Bantu speakers down the coast of West Africa and the Swahili trading diaspora that reached southern Mozambique by at least the seventh century. Both of these have disappeared from the ethnographic and historical record but can be recovered through archaeology and linguistics. A parallel is made with the trade route that linked the coastal region of Peru and Ecuador with Western Mexico and may have been active from as early as 4,000 bp until the Spanish conquest. The hypothesis is that areal networks, such as those in island Southeast Asia and the Pacific, which are driven by colonisation and bidirectional exchange, are more likely to persist because they are more resilient due to the number of broken ‘links’ they can withstand. Linear expansions may be driven by a quest for trade and resources but are usually not necessary to survival.
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